Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines

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PAGE CONTENTS:
^ Ford Industrial Power Products: Overview, History, Trivia. Contact Information, etc.
^ ^ Primary Marinizers of Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines.
^ ^ Ford & Lehman “Fixes” that need to be accomplished to prevent serious damage.
^ ^ Rebuilders & Repair Shops that are committed to supporting these Ford Engines.
^ Engine Specifications & Duty Ratings.
^ ^ Ford “Dagenham” Series (1952-1965) 4D & 6D & Spanish EBRO (1965-1999?) 4D.
^ ^ Ford Early “Dorset” Series (1965-1969+) 2700 Range including 2704ET (1968-1981?).
^ ^ Ford Early to Late “Dorset” Transition Series (1969-1970) 2700 Range (“C” suffix w/Parent Bore).
^ ^ Ford Late “Dorset” Series (1970-1982) 2710 Range.
^ ^ Ford “Dover” Series (1982-1991+) 2720 (ESD) Range & Turkish Ford-Otosan.
^ ^ Ford-NH M Series (1987?-2008?) +”Brazilian” Series (1992-2008?) BSD Range.
^ ^ Ford New Holland “Genesis” Series (1991?-2003?) TA Range.
^ ^ Ford “Kent” Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermoto (1975?-1978?).
^ ^ Ford “York” Series (1984-1999) FSD Range (Ford Transit).
^ ^ Ford “DuraTorq” Series (1999-) XLD & ZSD Ranges (Puma, TDCi) (Ford Transit).
^ Product Documentation: Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Manuals, Parts Books, etc.
^ Forum Posts, Tech Tips & Tech Notes.
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Industrial Engine Operation ⇒ Ford Power Products

Ford Motor Company has long been an industry leader in supplying powertrain systems to the industrial and power generation markets. Originally established in 1947 as the Industrial Engine Operation of Ford Motor Company, and going by several names over the years, Ford Power Products is now managed by Ford Component Sales: a wholly owned subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company. In the past, Ford Power Products marketed a wide range of gasoline engines sourced from their automotive and industrial devisions and diesel engines and spare parts sourced from their tractor and truck divisions and adapted to the off-road markets including OEMs and the marinizers: Lehman, Mermaid and Bomac, to name a few. A more complete listing of marinizers follows later in this article. Ford Component Sales today offers select Ford Engines, Transmissions and Service Parts to non-automotive off-road markets through their network of engine up-fitters and resellers. Ford Component Sales’ current engine lineup includes a wide range of engines operable on gasoline, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas and dual fuel. For these engine offerings, go to Ford Power Products.

From Ford Power Products.

Ford 2715E based Lehman 120

This article is most concerned with Ford tractor and truck sourced diesel engines used in marine service for propulsion and power generation. But first, a little background.

Ford Motor Company
Early History

Ford was a major manufacturer of farm tractors for much of the 20th Century beginning in 1917 with the first model being built in Dearborn, Michigan. It was based on the Ford model T automobile and shared many parts with the Ford model TT truck. Initially it was simply called “the Henry Ford tractor”. In early 1918, the name “Fordson” was trademarked, and within a few months it was being marked on the tractors. By mid-1918, more than 6,000 Fordson tractors, all U.S.-built, were in use in Britain, Canada, and the United States. After World War I ended, production began in Cork, Ireland, in parallel with U.S. production. However, Ford ended production at Cork in 1922 due to the Irish revolution and in 1923, shipped the factory’s equipment back to the U.S. In February 1928, Henry Ford shocked everyone by ending U.S. Fordson production. Shortly thereafter, Ford of England restarted Fordson production at Cork, but when the new Dagenham plant opened in 1933 and took over production, the Cork plant was again closed. Tractors from the new plant were sold throughout the UK and exported all over the world including the US. During World War II, these tractors helped to produce much needed foodstuffs while releasing manpower off  of the farms to join the war effort. After World war II, when diesel engines sourced from Perkins were offered in some models of the Ford tractors, and they proved quite popular. Ford decided to develop their own diesel engines for their own Fordson tractors.

Ford “Dagenham” (4D & 6D) Diesel Engines

Fordson
1952 Fordson Tractor with 4D Diesel Engine                         1952 Fordson Thames (ET6/7) Sussex 6×4 Flatbed.

In 1952Ford of Britain launched the “E1A Fordson Major” tractor (see picture above left) with a new Dagenham built overhead valve 4 cylinder 220 cubic inch diesel engine. This engine became known as the “4D” and featured “wet” cylinder liners. Shortly thereafter, the “4D” was made into a higher revving automotive version and fitted into the “Thames ET6/7 range of lorries up to 5 ton payload (see picture above right). There was also a jointly developed petrol version of this engine of approx 200 cubic inches (shown in a cutaway view below left). It shared some of its basic parts such as the cylinder block and crankshaft with the diesel engine.

Trader
Fordson 4 Cylinder Petrol Engine                                      1964 (Ford of Britain) Thames Trader lorry

When the competition offered lorries with 7 ton payload, Ford realized that it needed a new model of lorry to compete. This new lorry was launched in May 1957 and was known as the “Thames Trader” (see picture above right). This high cabbed monster was offered with the option of either an improved 4 cylinder “4D” (Mk2) or a new 6 cylinder “6D” (Mk2) engine depending on the truck’s payload. The “6D” was basically a 6 cylinder version of the “4D” with the same bore and stroke, and therefore had a capacity of 330 cubic inches. It shared some of its parts with the “4D” such as pistons, rings, connecting rods and valve train components. There was also a petrol version of this engine of approximately 300 cubic inches. It shared some of its parts with the diesel engines.

All 4D & 6D engines became known as the “Dagenham” engines and featured an “exposed” fuel injection pump drive and “wet” cylinder liners. One of the weaknesses of these engines compared to the later D-series/Cargo engines was that as they age, they tend to leak coolant into the oil sump. This is usually caused either by a leaky cylinder liner (rusted through from the water jacket side), or corrosion of the cylinder block where the lower sealing ring should seal or hardening of the liner seal due to age and heat. It is important therefore to flush the block around the bottom of the water jackets and use anti-freeze with corrosion inhibitors to prevent corrosion and consequent leakage. This isn’t a problem with the later 2700 range engines since they use “dry” cylinder liners or “parent bore” cylinder blocks.

During the production run of these engines, the 4D from 1952 to 1964 and the 6D from 1957 to 1965, numerous minor changes were made, although the engines retained their basic design and dimensions throughout, with many of the parts being interchangeable across the years. Some of the more significant of these minor changes are chronologically listed below:

  • In 1957, the launch of the Mk2 engine which amongst other changes had “high crown” pistons, and a thicker head gasket.
  • In 1961, The sealing of the “wet” cylinder liners with two O-rings. One at the top, one at the bottom. Previously only one O-ring had been used at the bottom.
  • In 1962, The use of a Simms Minimec mechanically governed fuel injection pump instead of the previous vacuum governed Simms injection pump.
  • In 1962, With the launch of the Mk2 Thames Trader, the 6D engine was fitted with the higher air flow “FL” cylinder head.
  • In 1963, The 4D got a high air flow “FL” head (See the following link for further details of the “FL” head: http://www.ytmag.com/fordson/messages/2506.html courtesy of Steven B).

There were effectively 3 flavors of the 4D engine: Agricultural / Automotive / Industrial. The agricultural version didn’t rev as quickly as the automotive version – approx 1800rpm instead of approx 2400rpm. The industrial version had slight differences like a decompresser for starting with a handle.

Unlike the 4D, the 6D only had 2 flavours: Automotive / Industrial. A limited number of 6D engines were used in Agriculture by companies like County and Roadless in their 6 cylinder 4 wheel drive version of the Fordson Major. A number were also used in combines, grass drying plants, rock crushers, etc, but these were basically Industrial engines being used for agriculture. Ford themselves never developed an agricultural version of this engine, and never built a 6 cylinder Fordson Major, although many were later converted to 6 cylinder engines.

The industrial engines were designated 589E, 590E, 591E, 592E for the 6 cylinder petrol, 6 cylinder diesel, 4 cylinder petrol, 4 cylinder diesel respectively. The Thames Trader 5 ton diesel (RHD) was denoted 510E, and the Thames Trader 5 ton petrol (RHD) was denoted 508E. The Fordson Major was designated the E1A. See the engine specifications tables later in this webpage article for more details.

With regards to 4D parts availability, these engines are fairly easy to get bits for. A significant number of Fordson Major tractors are still in use around the world, and a large number have also been preserved / restored. Consequently, a lot of aftermarket parts are being supplied for the Fordson Major. Also, EBRO in Spain continued producing the 4D under license to Ford up through the 1990s. See more about EBRO later in this article. Suffice it to say that EBRO is a good source for 4D parts and the 6D parts they have in common. It should be easy to get hold of Valves, Valve guides, Pistons, Liners, Small end bearings, big end shells, main bearing shells, crank seals, water pumps etc. since they are all used on the “4D”. Parts specifically for the 6D might not be quite so easy to find, although they shouldn’t pose too many problems.

So in general when looking for parts, try to find parts that start with either 508E (in the case of parts common with the 6 cyl. petrol eg. crankshaft), 510E (in the case of parts specific to the 6 cyl. diesel), or E1A (E1ADDN / E1ADKN) in the case of parts common with the 4 cylinder. Avoid parts that begin with a 2700E number (eg. 2703E / 2704E etc.), since these refer to the later D-series / Cargo lorry type engine.

After Ford ceased production of the 4D in Britain in 1964, Ford sent the tooling to EBRO in Spain where production resumed under license into the late 1990s. Most of the parts for these engines are interchangeable with the earlier Ford 4D and to a lesser extent, the 6D. Lehman marinized these EBRO built engines into the 1990s as the Lehman model 4D220.

The European Fordson brand and US Ford brand were consolidated in 1964 with the creation of a global tractor line. The Fordson Major was produced until 1964, whilst the Thames Trader and Industrial engines were produced until 1965. The Dorset 2700 series engines soon followed.

The easiest way to identify the “4D” & “6D” engines from the later Ford engines is the external drive shaft to the injection pump as shown below. The shaft coupling incorporated a timing adjustment claw bolt as shown below. The marinized version sometimes utilized the tachometer drive on the aft (left) end of the fuel injection pump to drive the raw water pump.

On the 4D engine, either a nylon or a rubber coupling will be found as an injection pump drive shaft coupling. The injection pump drive exits the block from the timing gears, through the aforementioned coupling to the injection pump. On the 6D engine, a drive shaft of approx 6 inches in length is used to connect the pump to the timing gears. On both the 4D & 6D engines, the drive will be seen rotating whilst the engine is running (see pictures below).

Note the exposed couplings & shafts driving the fuel injection pumps below.

1963 Fordson Major 1955 Fordson Major
1963 Fordson Tractor with 4D Diesel Engine                     1955 Fordson Tractor repowered with 6D Diesel Engine.

Early Lehman marinized Ford 6D with Velvet Drive Gear and Walters V-Drive. Note the non-stock chrome.

A feature evident on many marinized 4D and 6D engines is the location of the raw water pump at the aft end of the “Jerk” type fuel injection pump as it was driven by the aft end of the fuel injection pump camshaft (as shown in the picture above) where the tachometer drive was intended to go. But then there were some engines that had belt driven raw water pumps which were located at the front of the engine.

Ford “Dorset” (2700 & 2710 Range) Diesel Engines

The fuel injection pumps on 2700+ engines (1965+) were gear driven directly
without any exposed couplings or extension shafts (see picture below).

Lehman 4cylLehman marinized FORD 2701E Dorset with directly driven fuel injection pump (no external drive shaft).
The directly driven fuel injection pump caused more rapid wear of the engine’s pump driving gears.
Also note the remote oil filter, which had been inverted to fit into the shipping crate is now righted.
The “Two Shaft” Raw Water Pump has yet to be replaced with “Single Shaft” Pump to avoid shaft failure.
See other “Fixes” that need to be accomplished to prevent engine damage listed later in this article.

In 1965, Ford introduced the Early Dorset Series 2700 Range diesel engines which were produced from 2/1965 to 11/1969. This range included the 2701E, 2703E, 2704E, 2704ET (Turbocharged), 2706E (an inclined 2701E), 2708E (an inclined 2703E), and 2709E (an inclined 2704E). All featured “Dry” cylinder liners, a new block, cylinder head, sump, etc. and were distinct from the Dagenham series engines by having the fuel injection pump mounted directly to the timing gear housing and driven directly by the engine’s timing gears (as shown in the picture above) with no moving parts seen whilst the engine is running. But like the 4D & 6D, they still had the pressed steel timing gear covers and angle cut timing gears. The Lehman marinized versions of these engines were fitted with the troublesome two-shaft raw water pump which were developed by Lehman from a Jabsco rubber impeller type water pump and located just under the fuel injection pump. Both the directly driven fuel injection pump and the raw water pump contributed to rapid wear of the engine timing gears. When these gears failed, the engine would suffer significant internal damage. Later, beginning with the Dover series of engines, the angle cut timing gears were replaced with the more robust, but noisier straight cut gears to reduce the rate of wear of the gears. The earlier 4D and 6D engines did not suffer from as much gear wear because the soft shock absorbing fuel injection pump drive coupling had the beneficial effect of minimizing drive gear chatter, and thus engine timing gear wear was not the problem that is was on the later engines.


1967 Ford D-Series Lorry                                                           1986 Ford (Iveco) Cargo Lorry

In April 1965 Ford launched the “D-Series” lorry (see picture above left) to replace the Thames Trader. These vehicles were fitted with automotive versions of the 2700 series engines which were fitted into the lorries on a slant (inclined). The first of these engines were offered in 330 & 360 cubic inch configurations. A Turbo 360 was offered in 1968.

In 1969, Ford introduced the Early-to-Late Transitional Dorset Series 2700 Range “C” suffix (Parent Bore) Engines which were produced for only one year from 11/1969 to 10/1970). This range included the 2701C, 2703C, and 2704C, which were the immediate forerunners of the 2711E, 2713E, and 2714E respectively which they were nearly identical to.

In late 1970, Ford introduced the Late Dorset Series 2710 Range engines which were produced from 11/1970 to 1982. This range included the 2711E, 2712E, 2713E, 2714E, and 2715E, all of which featured boreable “Parent Bore” cylinders. The 2704ET Turbocharged “Dry” Liner engine was carried over from before. This engine series was fitted into the D series lorries on a slant (inclined). The 2712E was marinized into the popular Lehman 80, and the 2715E into the even more popular Lehman 120.

In 1977, Ford licensed Ford-Otosan in Turkey to produce Ford engines.

In 1983, the Ford Cargo (see picture above right) replaced the D-series (see picture above left). The Cargo lorries were fitted with automotive versions of the new Dover 2720 series engines which were fitted into the lorries on a slant. The majority of marinized Ford diesel engines that you will see nowadays are based on D-Series’ Dorset engines and the later Cargo’s Dover engines which are discussed next.

Ford “Dover” (2720 Range) Diesel Engines

In 1982, Ford introduced the Dover Series 2720 (ESD) Range engines which were produced by Ford from 1982 to 1991?. This range included the 2721, 2722 (Lehman Super 90), 2723, 2724, and 2725 (Lehman Super 135) which featured “Parent Bore” cylinders and the 2726T and 2728T (both Turbocharged) which featured “Dry” liner cylinders. The 2720 series can be identified by the cast aluminum timing gear covers, the straight cut timing gears and the highly visible chrome valve covers (see picture below). But not all chromers mean Dovers (see the picture of the old blue 6D above with the non-stock chrome valve cover).

Ford-Lehman Super 135 (Dover 2725). Note chrome valve cover, direct driven fuel injection pump and aluminum timing gear cover.

In 1986, Ford-Otosan began producing “Industrial Engines” for Ford. About that time, the Ford Dover truck and industrial engine production moved to Ford Otosan in Turkey.

From 1986Iveco S.p.A. held a 52% stake in Iveco Ford Truck Ltd, a joint venture (and effectively a merger) with Ford of Europe’s truck division. Ford plants took over production and sales of the major vehicles in the Iveco range and continued production of the Ford Cargo with at least some of the engines sourced from Ford-Otosan.

More from Diesel Engine trader Forum Post by Arthur Ford

Ford-New Holland “Brazilian” (BSD Series) Diesel Engines

The BSD Series was a large family of 112 mm (4.4″) bore engines developed in the 1960’s by New Holland Machine Company and used in New Holland products, mainly their tractors and combines. The engines were designated the M series and produced with 3, 4, and 6 cylinders and with various strokes from over-square, to square, to under-square. This allowed the use of the same 3, 4 and 6 cylinder blocks with various crankshafts to produce a wide range of power and torque values with many of the parts being interchangeable. The engines were of the “Parent Bore” type where the pistons are initially fitted directly into the cast-in-block cylinder bores. The Parent bore cylinders could, if needed due to cylinder wear or scoring, be bored and honed to fit oversized pistons and rings, typically 0.020″, 0.030″, and 0.040″ over, Or if needed, the Parent bore cylinders could be bored even more to fit cylinder repair sleeves, typically 4.506″, 4.590″, and 4.653″ Outside Diameter (OD). The thicker repair sleeves could also be bored and honed to fit the oversized pistons if need be. This family of engines was favorably received and have broadly earned praise for their durability and dependability. They were initially marketed by New Holland to other OEMs, and later marketed through a joint venture with Ford by Ford Power Products for industrial and marine service as the BSD series.

Ford expanded its tractor business when it purchased the Sperry-New Holland skid-steer loader and hay baler, hay tools and implement company from Sperry Corporation in 1985 and formed Ford-New Holland with the tractor plant located northeast of Dagenham in Basildon (see Fordson in Wikipedia).

After Ford acquired New Holland in 1985, Ford offered turbocharged versions of the 6.6L and the 7.8L engine in their Medium Duty F-600, F-800 and F-900 trucks, and in the Ford B series cowled bus chassis (an F series derivative). While the engines were officially the Ford-New Holland 6.6L and Ford-New Holland 7.8L, they are popularly known as the Ford “Brazilian” diesels as they were actually produced by New Holland of Brazil, and acquired through a joint-venture between New Holland of Brazil and Ford. The engines were well received for their durability and dependability, albeit somewhat underpowered. Ford stopped offering these engines in their trucks and buses at the end of the 1994 model year in favor of more advanced engine designs such as Cummins. From DieselHub.com.

In 1991, Ford exited the tractor manufacturing business altogether when it sold New Holland to Fiat. Fiat began phasing out the Ford engines and phasing in their own engines as they also began phasing out the Ford name which they completed by the year 2000. However, Ford was able to continue sourcing the BSD series vehicle and industrial engines from New Holland until 1994+? and New Holland of Brazil until 1994+?

Ford-New Holland “Genesis” Diesel Engines (1991? to 2003?)

The Ford-New Holland “Genesis” Series diesel engines were a North American tractor engine. From ¿1991±? to ¿2003±? they were sourced by Ford Power Products from Case New Holland and available in 4 cylinder 5.0L and 6 cylinder 7.5L configurations. They  were marinized by Mermaid Marine and offered in several versions up to 400 horsepower.

Ford “Kent” Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermoto (1975?-1978?)

Through the 60’s and 70’s, Watermoto had been marinising the Ford Kent petrol engine series (used in the Ford Anglia, Cortina, Escort, Pinto, etc.) and had been successfully marketing them for marine service as the Watermoto Sea Wolf, Sea Otter, and Sea Tiger depending on displacement. By the mid 70’s, Watermoto had developed the cylinder head, pistons, fuel injectors, pump, drive, etc. to convert the Kent 1.6L (1600cc) petrol engine with the A711M block to burn diesel fuel. Watermoto marketed this engine as the Sea Panther Mk 2. Westerbeke sourced this engine from Watermoto and marketed it as the Westerbeke L-25.

Ford “York” Series (1984-1999) FSD Range
(Ford Transit)

The Ford 2.5L “York” DI Series FSD Range diesel engine was developed in 1984 as a “direct-injection” version of the 2.4 Litre 4-cylinder inline Ford York diesel engine used in the Ford Transit between 1972 and 1984. The 2.5 DI replaced the earlier York engine in the Transit in 1984 and became a milestone in reliability, with engines commonly reaching 250,000 miles without overhaul. The industrial (FSD 425) version was marinized by Mermaid and Lancing Marine for marine service until engine stocks were exhausted after Ford ceased production of the model in 1999. Rebuilt FSD 2.5L engines are still being marinized by Lancing Marine.

Ford “DuraTorq” Series (1999-?) XLD, ZSD Ranges
(Puma, TDCi) (Ford Transit)

Through the years, Dagenham has been the primary plant producing most of the Ford of Britain’s diesel engines such as the 4D, 6D and 2700+ series. Most recently the PT-22, PT-24 and PT-32 were produced there. These engines were the marine versions developed from the Ford “Transit” lorry’s Puma DuraTorq ZSD-422 (2005-), ZSD-424 (2007-) and DuraTorq TDCi 3.2 respectively. Unfortunately, these much lighter high-speed engines are not likely to achieve the avid following of their much heavier and more durable predecessors.


Trivia

The Ford 4D engines were built in the Ford of Britain’s engine plant in Dagenham, a suburb east of London, thus inaugurating the Dagenham series of engines in 1952.

Ford’s Engine Plant on the River Thames in Dagenham, UK (just east of London)

Ford’s Engine Plant on the River Thames in Dagenham, UK (just east of London)

The Ford “4D” & “6D”, which are commonly called the Dagenham series engines, and their later offspring, the Dorset (2700+ & 2710+) and Dover series (2720+) became very popular in Europe as well as globally in automotive, agricultural, industrial (eg. power) and marine applications. This is surprising in light of the fact that Ford themselves did not produce a marine rated version of their engines until the Dover Series. Still, many Ford of Britain engines and a number of Ford licensed Spanish (EBRO) and Turkish (Ford Otosan) versions of these engines were marinized by third-party companies or by private parties, and installed in various vessels, especially Asian Trawlers. While most of these engines were factory new when marinized, a few were “used” engines taken out of trucks, tractors, harvesters, rock crushers, etc. and may have accumulated many hours of hard use before they were marinized and fitted into vessels. Have you ever wondered why some marinized Ford diesel engines seemed to last far fewer hours then others? Sometimes an engine survey by a professional is a good idea, if for no other reason then to determine the actual age of an engine.

The Ford Power Product engines came in various colors depending on the agreement in place with the source at the time. Some came with Ford Blue, some Gray, some black, some Clear, some Primed, some oiled, some with a waxy preservative on bare metal. and some with nothing at all. Some were painted or repainted by Ford Power Product before being shipped to their buyer. These engines could be any color. Sometimes the buyer would specify. Ford Power Products favored Blue. Most were repainted by the Marinizer. Lehman Red, Mermaid White or Blue, American Marine Greenish Gold or Yellowish Gold for example. Have you noticed that most repaints done in the vessel are poorly prepped and don’t last long before the paint starts flaking off? See “How to properly paint an engine”. (Coming soon)

In the late 1990s, EBRO finally ceased production of the venerable old 4D diesel engine. And in the late 2000s, Ford Otosan produced the last of the Ford Dover Series derived engines, thus ending Ford’s long dominance of the genre.

On 1 January 2011, Fiat Industrial was formed, incorporating CNH (Case New Holland), Iveco and FPT Industrial, effectively bringing back together what Fordson Tractor and Fordson Trucks had become. Recall that these were the original sources of the Ford diesel engines that became so popular especially in Asian Trawlers in the latter half of the 20th Century.


Ford Industrial Power Products
Contact Information

Ford Industrial Power Products
?
?Dagenham, England?
?Essex, England
?

See Ford Power Products for Current Ford Contact Information.
Current Official Website for New Holland.

Primary Marinizers of Ford Industrial Power Diesel Engines

Lehman 120

The very popular 6.22L Lehman 6D380 120 hp (Ford 2715E)


Ford & Lehman “Fixes” that need to be accomplished before your engine suffers damage:
(Click links below to go to special in-depth “Members Only” articles on each “Fix” + more)

  1. Fix engine misfire before injection pump governor and internal engine damage results.
  2. Fix fuel injection pump lubricant before injection pump & governor damage results.
  3. Fix engine oil filter hoses and attachment before internal engine damage results.
  4. Fix engine oil cooler before cooler fails and engine damage results.
  5. Fix engine drive gears before gears fail and serious internal engine damage results.
  6. Fix “Two Shaft” raw water pump before shaft fails and engine overheat damage results.
  7. Fix Exhaust Elbow before engine overheating or hydrolocking results.
  8. Flush water jacket around rear-most cylinder and fit rear coolant fitting.
  9. Test and maintain engine coolant to prevent corrosion at wet liner cylinder seals.
  10. Fix coolant cap and flange, and fit coolant return tank to prevent scored piston.
  11. Fix coolant hoses before they fail and engine overheat damage results.
  12. Fix cause of premature engine drive belt failure before belt fails.
  13. Properly store spare drive belts in order to get home without a second failure.
  14. Fix substandard engine wiring before faults cause serious failures.
  15. Fix transmission fluid cooler before cooler fails and transmission damage results.
  16. Fix Velvet-Drive CR2 pinion nut before nut loosens and destroys transmission.

Notes: Many parts for these “Fixes” are available from American Diesel Corp‘s Website.


Engine Rebuilders and Repair Shops that are committed to supporting the Ford marine diesel engines

Bomac (100 miles north of Atlanta, Georgia in Blairsville, Ga, USA)
Harbor Marine (Everett, WA, USA)
Lancing Marine (Portslade, Sussex, UK)
• Logan Diesel (14 miles north of Jackson, Michigan in Leslie, MI, USA)

If you know of a business that should be added to this list, email the info to:
Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org


Specifications for Ford Industrial Power Products
4-Stroke Cycle Tractor, Lorry, & Industrial Diesel Engines
And Popular Marinized Versions of These Engines

TABLE KEY:
⊗ = Data Not Available from Data Source. ? = …? = ¿…? = Data Unconfirmed.
BASE ENGINE: Manufacturer & Model of Base Engine.
CYL: Cylinder Orientation & Configuration – (Dash w/no spaces) Number of Cylinders:
Cylinder Orientation: u… = Upright (Vertical). s… = Slanted (Inclined).
Cylinder Configuration: …I = In-Line.
BORE & STROKE: …mm = Millimeters. …in = Inches = …”.
DISPLACEMENT (Swept Vol): …cc = Cubic Centimeters (cm³). …L = Litres/Liters. …ci = Cubic Inches (in³).
BRAND:
= Base Engine Manufacturer. ⇒ = Engine Marinizer/Mariniser.
MODEL: Full Engine Model Number w/Codes.
^ Agr: = Agriculture (Tractors+). Aut: = Automotive (Trucks+). Ind: = Industrial. Mar: = Marine.
^ Fs- = Fordson. Pow = Power. Sup = SP = Super. Maj = Major. Th- = Thames. Leh- = Lehman.
^ EC = Engine Code. Cylinder Block Capacity ID Code. TC = Turbocharged.
ASP: Aspiration-Fueling: N = Naturally Aspirated. T = Turbocharged. …i = Intercooled. …a = Aftercooled.
^ Diesel: M = Mechanical Injection. C = Common Rail. E = …e = Electronic Injection.
POWER: kW = Kilowatts. HP = Horsepower. BHP = Brake Horsepower. MHP = Metric Horsepower.
@RPM = Power Ratings @ Revolutions Per Minute.
YEARS MFR’d: Beginning-Ending. Trailing “–” (Dash) without an Ending Date = Still in Production.

Click on Model Links below for individual Model Pages that contain more detailed information and specifications, plus “DS” (Data Source) Links to Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Manuals, Parts Lists, Articles, etc.


Ford “Dagenham” Series (1952-1965) 4D & 6D Range
& Spanish EBRO (1965-1999?) 4D Range
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Wet” Cylinder Liners, Exposed Injection Pump Drive, Painted Valve Cover, Pressed Steel Timing Gear Cover and Angle Cut Timing Gears.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 4D uI-4 100mm 115mm 3.94in 4.52in 3.6L / 220ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
E1A (Agr: Fs-NM) N-M 40? 1600 1952-1956
530E? (Aut: T-ET6/7) N-M 1952-1956
562E (Ind) N-M 1952-1956
954E (Ind) N-M 40? 2400? 1952-1956
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
4D220 N-M 1952?-1956?
NOTES: Engine was originally developed to fit Fordson New Major tractors and Thames ET6/7 lorries.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 4D (Mk2) uI-4 100mm 115mm 3.94in 4.52in 3.6L / 220ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
E1A? (Agr: Fs Maj) ⊗-⊗ 40?-54 1800 1957-1964
530E (Aut: Th-Trader) N-M 1957-1965
592E (Industrial) N-M 40?-57 1957-1965
⇑ EBRO* ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
592E N-M 41? 1965?-1999?
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
4D220 N-M 1957?-1999?
PARSONS ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Pike N-M 36 1600 1957?-1965?
Porbeagle N-M 52 2250 1957?-1965?
NOTES: Fitted to Fordson Power Major tractors (1958-1961), Fordson Super Major tractors (1960-1964) and Thames Trader lorries (under 5 tons).
*When production of the Ford 4D (Mk2) ceased at Dagenham in 1964, Ford sent the tooling to EBRO in Spain where production resumed and continued under license thru the 1990’s.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 6D (Mk2) uI-6 100mm 115mm 3.94in 4.52in 5.4L / 330ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
510E (Trader) ⊗-⊗ 100 2500 1962-1965
590E (Industrial) N-M 100 2400 1957-1961
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
6D330 N-M 2400? 1952?-1965
PARSONS ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Marlin N-M 65 1800 1957-1965?
Barracuda N-M 86 2250? 1957-1965?
Barracuda Turbo T-M 108 2250? 1957-1965?
NOTES: Fitted to Thames Trader lorries. Never fitted to Ford tractors by Ford.

Ford Early “Dorset” Series (2/1965-11/1969) 2700E Range
Including 2704ET (7/1968~1981?)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Dry” Liner Cylinders, Directly Driven Injection Pump, Painted Valve Cover, Pressed Steel Timing Gear Cover and Angle Cut Timing Gears.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2701E uI-4 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.524in 3.964L / 241ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2701E N-M 53? 71 2500 1965-1969
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
4D242 N-M 1965-1969
PARSONS ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Pike II N-M ? 65 ? 2500 1957?-1965?
Porbeagle II N-M 65 2500 1957?-1965?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2702E uI-6 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in ⊗L / 330ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2702E N-M 1965-1969
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2703E uI-6 100mm 115mm 3.937in 4.524in 5.146L / 330.5ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2703E N-M 99.5 2500 1965-1969
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2704E uI-6 105mm 114.7mm 4.125in 4.516in 5.899L / 360ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2704E N-M 108.5 2500 1965-1969
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
6D363? N-M 98?c 2500 1965-1969
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2704ET uI-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.524in 5.945L / 360ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2704-ET (Ind&Mar) T-M 150 2400 1968-1981?
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
6D363T T-M ? 150 152 2400 1968-1981?
PARSONS ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Force 12 T-M 158 2450 1968?-1981?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Mistral T-M 110 148 150 2400 1968-1982?
595 Ti-M 135-214 2450 1982-1991
Majestic Ti-M 180 182 2500 1968-1974?
Turbo-Plus Ti-M 275 2500 1982-1991
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2706E sI-4 105mm 114.7mm 4.125in 4.516in 3.933L / 240ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2706E N-M 71 2500 1965-1969
NOTES: This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 2701E and was mostly fitted into vehicles.

Inclined (Slanted) Version of Ford 2701E


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2708E sI-6 100mm 114.7mm 3.937in 4.516in 5.408L / 330ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2708E N-M 99.5 2500 1965-1969
NOTES: This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 2703E and was mostly fitted into vehicles.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2709E sI-6 105mm 114.7mm 4.125in 4.516in 5.899L / 360ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2709E N-M 108.5 2500 1965-1969
NOTES: This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 2704E and was mostly fitted into vehicles.

Ford Early to Late “Dorset” Series (11/1969-10/1970) 2700 Range
“C” Suffix “Parent Bore” Engines


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2701C uI-4 107?mm 115?mm 4.22?in 4.52?in 4.15L / 254ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2701C N-M 71? 2500 1969-1970
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
4D254? N-M 71? 2500 1965?-1969
NOTES: The earlier 2701E is not to be confused with the slightly larger parent bore 2701C which was the immediate forerunner of the 2711E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2703C uI-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.524in 5.95L / 363ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2703C N-M 100? 2500 1969-1970
NOTES: The earlier 2703E is not to be confused with the slightly larger parent bore 2703C which was the immediate forerunner of the 2713E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2704C uI-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.524in 6.22L / 380ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2704C N-M 108.5? 2500 1969-1970
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
6D380? N-M 105? 2500 1965?-1969
NOTES: The earlier 2704E is not to be confused with the slightly larger parent bore 2704C which was the immediate forerunner of the 2714E.

Ford Late “Dorset” Series (1970-1982) 2710 Range
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders, Directly Driven Injection Pump, Painted Valve Cover, Pressed Steel Timing Gear Cover and Angle Cut Timing Gears.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2711E uI-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4.150L / 254ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2711E N-M 53? 71 2500 1970-1981
AMMARINE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
254? N-M 71 2500 1969-1981
NOTES: While this engine is similar to the popular 4 cylinder Lehman 80, it is actually the “Econo” reduced horsepower version of the Ford 2712E (Lehman 80) listed below, and it was marinized in-house by American Marine Ltd with Lehman marinizing kits in the ’70s for use in their Grand Banks trawlers. The 2701C was the immediate forerunner of the 2711E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2712E uI-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4.150L / 254ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2712E N-M 66-80 2500 1970-1981
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
4D254 (Lehman 80) N-M 72 80 2500 1969-1981
PARSONS ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Pike N-M 72 2500 1969?-1981?
Porbeagle N-M 72 2500 1969?-1981?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
397 N-M 72-80 2500 1982-1984
Melody N-M 80 2500 1982?-1984?
Flat-Four N-M 80 2500 1982-1984
NOTES: This is the popular engine marinized by Lehman and known as the Lehman 80.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2713E uI-6 105mm 115mm 4.12in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2713E N-M 100 2500 1970-1981
NOTES: The 2703C was the immediate forerunner of the 2713E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2714E uI-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.220L / 380ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2714E N-M 108.5 2500 1970-1981
AMMARINE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
380? N-M 108.5 2500 1969-1981
NOTES: While this engine is similar to the popular 6 cylinder Lehman 120, it is actually the “Econo” reduced horsepower version of the Ford 2715E (Lehman 120) listed below, and it was marinized in-house by American Marine Ltd with Lehman marinizing kits in the ’70s for use in their Grand Banks trawlers. The 2704C was the immediate forerunner of the 2714E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2715E uI-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.220L / 380ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2715-E N-M 120 2500 1970-1981
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
6D380 (Lehman 120) N-M 120 2500 1969-1981
PARSONS ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Barracuda II − C N-M 108 2500 1969?-1981?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Mariner N-M 120 2500 1969-1982
Flat-Six N-M 120 2500 1969-1982
NOTES: This is the popular engine marinized by Lehman and known as the Lehman 120.

Ford “Dover” Series (1982-1991+) 2720 (ESD) Range
& Turkish Ford-Otosan
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders, Directly Driven Injection Pump, Chrome Valve Cover, Aluminum Timing Gear Cover and Straight Cut Timing Gears.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2721E uI-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4150cc / 254ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2721 N-M 58.5 2600 1982-1991
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2722 uI-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4.150L / 254ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2722 N-M 58.5 2600 1982-1991
ESD-442 N-M 1982-1991
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
SD80 (Std) N-M 80 2500 1982-1991
SP90 (Super) N-M 90 2600 1982-1991
SABRE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
80C N-M 59 80 2600 1982?-1991?
90L N-M 66 90 2600 1982?-1991?
160C Ti-M 118 160 2400 1982?-1991?
190L Ti-M 140 190 2400 1982?-1991?
BETA ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BD4 (UK) N-M 63 84 86 2600 199?-?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Melody N-M 90 2600 1988-1994
Turbo-Four Ti-M 200 2600 1982-1984
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2723 uI-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2723 N-M 76.2 2500 1982-1991
ESD-659 N-M 1982-1991
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2724 uI-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.220L / 380ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2724 N-M 90 2600 1982-1991
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2725 uI-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.220L / 380ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2725 N-M 90 2600 1982-1991
ESD-662 N-M 1982-1991
^ FORD Otosan ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2725 N-M 104.51 140 142 2600 1996~20??
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
SD120 (Std) N-M 120 2500 1982-1991
SP135 (Super) N-M 135 2500 1982-1991
SABRE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
120 CN-M 88 120 2600 1982?-1991?
135L N-M 99 135 2600 1982?-1991?
BETA ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BD6 (UK) N-M 96 128 130 2600 199?-?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Mariner N-M 101 135 137 2600 1987-1995+
AMERICAN DIESEL ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
6N125? N-M ? 125 ? 2600 19??~20??
6N140? N-M 104.51 140 142 2600 1996~20??
LANCING MARINE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2725E N-M 136 2600 1982?-1987?
2725ET T-M 185 2600 1982?-1987?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2726 uI-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2726T T-M 107.5 2400 1982-1991
ESD-660T T-M 1982-1991
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
SP160 (Super) T-M 160 2400 1982-1991
SP185 (Super) T-M 138 185 188 2500 1982-1991
SABRE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
180C Ti?-M 132 180 2500 1982?-1991?
185L Ti?-M 136 185 2400 1982?-1991?
225L Ti?-M 165 225 2500 1982?-1991?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Mistral T-M 185 2500 1982-1995+
Majestic Ti-M 212 2500 1982-1995+
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2726TG uI-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2726TG T-M 97 1800 1982-1991
NOTES: G = Generator Rated model.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2728T uI-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
2728T Ti-M 149 2450 1982-1991
ESD-660T – 365TC Ti-M 149 2450 1982-1991
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
SP225 (Super) Ti-M 225 2450 1982-1991
SP275 (Super) TII-M 205 275 279 2500 1982-1991
SABRE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
212C Ti-M 158 212 2500 1982?-1991?
225L Ti-M 165 225 2500 1982?-1991?
255C Ti-M 188 255 2500 1982?-1991?
275L Ti-M 202 275 2500 1982?-1991?
280C Ti-M 260 280 2500 1982?-1991?
320L Ti-M 235 320 2650 1982?-1991?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Monarch Ti-M 250 2600 1982-1995+
595-TP (TurboPlus) Ti-M 184 247 250 2450 1982-1991
Turbo Plus Ti-M 224 300 304 2500 1982-1995+
NOTES:

Ford-NH M Series + “Brazilian”* Series (1987?-2008?) BSD Range
*Built by New Holland of Brazil under Joint-Venture with Ford/Case New Holland.
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft and Boreable “Parent Bore” Cylinders.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
Ford BSD 333 uI-3 111.7mm 106.7mm 4.4in 4.2in 3.15L / 192ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BSD 333 N-M 60 2500 199?-?
BETA ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BD3 (UK) N-M 42 56 56 2500 199?-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 442 uI-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 4.2L / ?ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BSD 442 N-M 199?-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 444 uI-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 4.4L / ?ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BSD 444 N-M 199?-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 666 uI-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 6.6L / ?ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BSD 666 N-M 199?-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 668? uI-6 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 6.798L / ?ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BSD 668? N-M 199?-?
SABRE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
350C Ti-M 257 350 2600 1982?-1991?
370L Ti-M 272 370 2600 1982?-1991?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 678 uI-6 111.8mm 132.1mm 4.4in 5.2in 7.8L / 474ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BSD 678? N-M 1987?-1993?
678 HT T-M 1987?-1993?
678 HTA Ta-M 1987?-1993?
LEHMAN ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
SP355 (Super) Ti-M 265 355 360 2600 1987?-1993?
SABRE ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
385C Ti-M 283 385 2500 1982?-1991?
430L Ti-M 317 430 2500 1982?-1991?
BETA ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
BD8 (UK) N-M 112 150 152 2500 1987?-1993?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Manta N-M 180 2600 1987?-1993?
Mirage Ti-M 325 2600 1987?-1993?
Magnum Ti-M 400 2600 1987?-1993?
NOTES:

Ford New Holland “Genesis” Series (1991?-2003?) TA Range
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft and Boreable “Parent Bore” Cylinders.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD NH 5.0 uI-4 112mm 127mm 4.41in 5.00in 5.0L / 304ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
NH 5.0 N-M 1991?-2003?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Melody-II N-M 90 2200 1995?-?
Turbo-Melody-II Ti-M 160 2500 1995?-?
Turbo-Four-II Ti-M 200 2500 1995?-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD NH 7.5 uI-6 112mm 127mm 4.41in 5.0in 7.5L / 457ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
NH 7.5* N-M 170~240 2100 1991?-2003?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Manta-II T-M 325 2500 2002?-?
Mirage-II T-M 325 2500 2002?-?
Magnum-II Ti-M 240* 2100 2002?-?
NOTES: Ford Years Mfr’d from TractorData.com.

Ford “Kent” Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermoto (1975?-1978?)


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
Ford A711M uI-4 81mm 77.6mm 3.189in 3.055in 1600cc / 97.6ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
A711M Block N-M 19??-19??
WATERMOTA ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Sea Panther Mk 2 N-M 27 2500 1975?-1978?
WESTERBEKE
MODEL ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
L-25 N-M 34 2800 1975-1978

NOTES: Through the 60’s and 70’s, Watermoto had been marinising the Ford Kent petrol engine series (used in the Ford Anglia, Cortina, Escort, Pinto, etc.) and had been successfully marketing it for marine service as the Watermoto Sea Wolf, Sea Otter, and Sea Tiger depending on displacement. By the mid 70’s, Watermoto had developed the cylinder head, pistons, fuel injectors, injection pump and drive, etc. to convert those Kent 1.6L petrol engines with the A711M block to burn diesel fuel. Watermoto marketed these petrol-to-diesel conversions as the Sea Panther Mk 2. Westerbeke sourced this engine from Watermoto and marketed it as the Westerbeke L-25.


Ford “York” Series (1984-1999) FSD Range
(Ford Transit)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders & Direct Injection.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD FSD 425 uI-4 93.67mm 90.54mm 3.68in 3.56in 2496cc / 152.25ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
FSD 425 N-M 1984-1999
MERMAID ASP KW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Merlin N-M 70 4000 1992?-?
Turbo-Merlin Ti-M 82 110-130 4000 1992?-?
⇒ LANCING ASP KW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
FSD 2.5 N-M 65 3500 1992?-?
NOTES:

Ford “DuraTorq” Series (1999-?) XLD, ZSD Ranges
(Puma, TDCi) (Ford Transit)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders & Direct Injection.


BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD Duratorq XLD-416 uI-4 80mm 80mm 3.146in 3.146in 1608cc / 98.08ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
XLD-416 N-M 1999?-200?
MERMAID ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Meteorite N-M 26 35 35 3000 2005(08)-?
Meteor N-M 40 54 4800 2005-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD Duratorq XLD-418 uI-4 82.5mm 82mm 3.25in 3.23in 1753cc / 107ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
XLD-418 N-M 1999?-200?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
Meteor-II N-M 56 4000 (1994?+)2005-?
NOTES: Parent Bore Cylinders.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD Duratorq ZSD-422 uI-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 2.2L / 133.3ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
PT-22 Ti-M 96 3500± 2005?-?
MERMAID ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
PT-22 Ti-M 81? 110? 3500? 2005-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD Duratorq ZSD-424 uI-4 89.9?mm 94.6?mm ⊗in ⊗in 2.4L / 146.6?ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
PT-24 Ti-M 103 3250± 2002?-?
MERMAID ASP kW HP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
PT-24 Ti-M 87? 115? 3800? 2002-?
NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD Duratorq TDCi 3.2 uI-5 89.9mm 100.7mm 3.54in 3.96in 3198cc / 195.2ci
⇑ FORD ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'd
PT-32 Ti-M 147± 3500± 2006?-?
MERMAID ASP kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS MFR'D
PT-32 Ti?-M 147 197 200 3500 2006?-?
NOTES:

Manufacturer Engine Duty Ratings

Agricultural:

Automotive:

Marine:

Con = Continuous = Commercial

Int = Intermittent = Pleasure Craft

Power:

Gen = GenSet = Generator (Constant Speed)


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Product Documentation

Documentation with Bold Titles are part of our Academy Library!
To view the entire document, click on its Bold Title Link to go to our webpage for
that item and then scroll down to the "Academy Library" section on that page.
DS = Data Source used in the Engine Specification Section above.

Go to our webpages for the following brands to find
their documentation for their Ford based engines.
EBRO, American Diesel Corp, American Marine Ltd, Beta, Bomac,
Lehman, Mermaid, Parsons, Sabre, Watermota, Westerbeke.

DOCUMENTATION TYPE: (NOTES)
ENGINE FAMILY (NOTES)
DOCUMENT TITLE (NOTES) — AUTHOR‚ PUBLISHER‚ etc. DS
Catalogs:
+
Brochures:
+
SpecSheets: (Specification Sheets‚ Data Sheets)
Ford "Dagenham" (1952-1965)
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Agricultural (Ford E1A) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Automotive (Ford 530E?) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Industrial (Ford 562E) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Industrial (Ford 954E) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Mk2 Agricultural (Ford E1A?) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Mk2 Automotive (Ford 530E) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Mk2 Industrial (Ford 592E) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 6D Mk2 Automotive (Ford 510E) — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 6D Mk2 Industrial (Ford 590E) — Ford F
Ford "Dorset" (1965-10/69)‚ Early (2700 E Suffix)
Ford SpecSheet – 2701E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2702E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2703E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2704E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2704ET — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2706E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2708E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2709E — Ford F
Ford "Dorset" (11/69-10/70)‚ Early-to-Late Transitional (2700 C Suffix)
Ford SpecSheet – 2701C — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2703C — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2704C — Ford F
Ford "Dorset" (11/70-1981)‚ Late (2710 E Suffix)
Ford SpecSheet – 2711E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2712E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2713E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2714E — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2715E — Ford F
Ford "Dover" (1982-1991?) (2720)
Ford SpecSheet – 2721 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2722 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2723 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2724 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2725 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2726 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2726TG — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – 2728T — Ford F
Ford "DoverTech" (1986?-2008?) (Built by Ford-Otosan in Turkey)
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2725 (Ford 2725) — Ford F
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2726? (Ford 2726?) — Ford F
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2728? (Ford 2728?) — Ford F
Ford-NH "Brazilian" (1985?)-1994?) (Built by New Holland of Brazil)
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 333 — Ford F
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 442 — Ford F
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 444 — Ford F
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 666 — Ford F
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 668 — Ford F
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 678 — Ford F
Ford-NH "Genisis" (1991?-2003?) (Built by Case-New Holland in USA)
Ford-NH SpecSheet – 5.0L — Ford F
Ford-NH SpecSheet – 7.5L — Ford F
Ford "Kent" Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermoto (1975?-1978?)
Ford SpecSheet – Kent 1600 — Ford F
Ford "Transit" (1984-20??)
Ford SpecSheet – FSD 425 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – XLD-416 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – XLD-418 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – ZSD-422 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – ZSD-424 — Ford F
Ford SpecSheet – Duratorq TDCi 3.2 — Ford F
#8212;#8212;——————————————
American Diesel SpecSheet – 6N125 (Ford 2725) — AmDsl.
American Diesel SpecSheet – 6N140 (Ford 2725) — AmDsl.
AmMarine SpecSheet – 254? (Ford 2711E) — AmMarine.
AmMarine SpecSheet – 380? (Ford 2714E) — AmMarine.
Beta SpecSheet – BD4 (Ford 2722) — Beta.
Beta SpecSheet – BD6 (Ford 2725) — Beta.
Beta SpecSheet – BD3 (Ford BSD 333) — Beta.
Beta SpecSheet – BD8 (Ford BSD 678) — Beta.
EBRO SpecSheet – 4D Mk2 (Ford 4D Mk2) — EBRO.
Ford SpecSheet – 4D (4cyl = E1A‚ 562E‚ 954E) — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – (Mk2) 4D & 6D (4cyl = E1A?‚ 530E‚ 592E) (6cyl = 510E‚ 590E) — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – 2700 (4cyl = 2701E‚6E) (6cyl = 2703E‚4E‚4ET‚8E‚9E) — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – 2700 (C Suffix) (4cyl = 2701C) (6cyl = 2703C‚4C) — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – 2710 (4cyl = 2711E‚12E) (6cyl = 2713E‚14E‚15E‚04ET?) — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – 2720 (4cyl = 2721‚22) (6cyl = 2723‚24‚25‚26‚26T‚26TG‚28T) — Ford.
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2720  (6cyl = 2725) — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – 1600 — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – FSD (FSD 425) — Ford.
Ford-New Holland SpecSheet – M (4cyl = BSD 333‚ 442‚ 444‚ 666) (6cyl = BSD 668?‚ 678) — Ford.
Ford-New Holland SpecSheet – "Genesis" (4cyl = F-NH 5.0L) (6cyl = F-NH 7.5L) — Ford.
Ford SpecSheet – DuraTorq (4cyl = XLD-416‚418‚ ZSD-422‚434) (5cyl = Puma. TDCi 3.2) — Ford.
Lancing SpecSheet – 2725E‚ 2725ET (Ford 2725) — Lancing.
Lancing SpecSheet – FSD 2.5 (Ford FSD 425) — Lancing.
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D220 (EBRO 4D Mk2‚ Ford 4D‚ 4D Mk2) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D330 (Ford 6D Mk2) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D242 (Ford 2701E) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D363? (Ford 2704E) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D363T (Ford 2704ET) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D254 (Ford 2701C?‚ 2712E) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D380 (Ford 2704C?‚ 2715E) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – SD80 Standard‚ SP90 Super (Ford 2722) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – SD120 Standard‚ SP135 Super (Ford 2725) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – SP160 Super‚ SP185 Super (Ford 2726) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – SP225 Super‚ SP275 Super (Ford 2728T) — Lehman.
Lehman SpecSheet – SP335 Super (Ford BSD 678) — Lehman.
Mermaid SpecSheet – 397‚ Melody Dorset (Ford 2712E?).– — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Flat-Four (Ford 2712E)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mariner Dorset (Ford 2715E)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Flat-Six (Ford 2715E)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mistral (Ford 2704ET)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595-ET-150‚ 595-ET-INT-180 Dorset (Ford 2704ET).-+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595ET-210 (Ford 2704ET)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595-TP (Turbo Plus) Dorset (Ford 2704ET?)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Majestic (Ford 2704ET) — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Plus Dorset (Ford 2704ET?)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Melody (Ford 2722E)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Four (140hp 254ci).-+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Four (Ford 2722E?) (254ci)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Plus Dover (?).– — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mariner (Dover) 380 (Ford 2725E?)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mariner DoverTech 380 (Ford 2725E?)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mistral (Ford 2726T)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mistral (Dover) (Ford 2726T?) (363ci)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Majestic Dover (Ford 2726T?)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Monarch (Ford 2728TIM)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595-TP (Ford 2728T) — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo Plus (Ford 2728T) — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Merlin (Ford FSD 425)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Merlin (Ford FSD 425) (426)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Merlin (Ford? FSD? 425?)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Manta (Ford? 7.8).– — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Magnum (Ford? 7.8).-++ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Melody-II (Ford NH Genesis 5.0)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Melody-II (Ford NH Genesis 5.0)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Four-II (Ford NH Genesis 5.0)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Manta II (Ford-NH Genesis) (7.5?).– — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mirage-II (Ford NH Genesis 7.5)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Magnum II (Ford? NH? 7‚5).-+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Meteorite (Ford XLD-416) — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Meteor (Ford? Duratorq? XLD 416)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – Meteor-II (Ford? Duratorq? XLD 418)._+ — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – PT-22 (Ford ZSD-422) — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – PT-24 (Ford ZSD-424) — Mermaid.
Mermaid SpecSheet – PT-32 (Ford Puma TDCi 3.2L) — Mermaid.
Parsons SpecSheet – Pike‚ Porbeagle (Ford 4D Mk2‚ 2712E) — Parsons.
Parsons SpecSheet – Merlin‚ Barracuda‚ Barracuda Turbo (Ford 6D Mk2) — Parsons.
Parsons SpecSheet – Pike II‚ Porbeagle II  (Ford 2701E) — Parsons.
Parsons SpecSheet – Force 12 (Ford 2704ET) — Parsons.
Parsons SpecSheet – Barracuda II  (Ford 2715E) — Parsons.
Sabre SpecSheet – 80C‚ 90L‚ 160C‚ 190L  (Ford 2722) — Sabre.
Sabre SpecSheet – 120‚ 135L (Ford 2725) — Sabre.
Sabre SpecSheet – 180C‚ 185L‚ 225L (Ford 2726) — Sabre.
Sabre SpecSheet – 212C‚ 225L‚ 255C‚ 275L‚ 280C‚ 320L (Ford 2728T) — Sabre.
Sabre SpecSheet – 350C‚ 370L (Ford BSD 668?) — Sabre.
Sabre SpecSheet – 385C‚ 430L (Ford BSD 678) — Sabre.
Watermota SpecSheet – Sea Panther Mk 2 (Ford 1600?) — Watermota.
Westerbeke SpecSheet – L25 (Ford 1600?) — Westerbeke.
Charts and Graphs:
+
Pictures:
+
Press Releases: (by Date: = YYMMDD)
+
Model History:
+
Serial Number Guides: (Manufacture Date Code Identification)
Ford Industrial Engine Production Dates by Serial Numbers — Jimcdbts
Installation Instructions:
+
Installation Diagrams & Drawings with Dimensions:
+
OpManuals: (Owner's/Operator's Handbooks/Guides/Manuals)
Ford OpManual – Dangenham 4D – [Fo1] — Ford.
Ford OpManual – Dangenham Mk2 4D & 6D [Fo2] — Ford.
Ford OpManual – 2700 Range [Fo3] — Ford.
Ford OpManual – 2710 Range [Fo4] — Ford.
Ford OpManual – 2720 Range [Fo5] — Ford.
Lehman OpManual & Parts ID Sections A&B #4C61 (4D242‚254‚ 6D363‚TC‚380) [So1].
Lehman OpManual & Parts ID Sections A&B #4C91 (SP90‚135‚185‚225‚275) [So1‚L2].
Mermaid OpManual – Meermin & Minuet (1.5 & 1.8 Litre Leyland)
Mermaid OpManual – (Ford) Dover Series
Parts Schematics: (with Exploded Views & Parts Lists)
See OpManuals above
+
Lehman Manufacturing Company:
Lehman OpManual & Parts ID #4C61C (6/77) for 4D242‚254‚ 6D363‚TC‚380.
Lehman OpManual & Parts ID #4C91 (July83) for SD80‚120‚ SP90‚135‚160‚225 [L1].
Lehman OpManual & Parts ID #4C91C (June87) for SP90‚135‚185‚225‚275 [L2].
Mermaid Marine:
Mermaid OpManual – Meermin & Minuet (1.5 & 1.8 Litre Leyland)
Mermaid OpManual – (Ford) Dover Series
Parsons Mathway Marine:
+
Sabre (eg Ford-Sabre & Sabre-Lehman):
Sabre-Lehman OpManual & Parts ID A&B #4C61 (4D242‚254‚ 6D363‚TC‚380) [So1].
Sabre Lehman OpManual [S1] & Parts Appendix A & B.
See OpManuals above.
+
Ford Industrial Power Products (UK):
Ford +
Ford Dangenham 4D Parts Lists [Fo1]
Ford Dangenham Mk2 4D & 6D Parts Lists [Fo2]
Ford 2700 Range Parts Lists [Fo3]
+
Ford 2700 Parts List (1967‚69) for 2701E‚3E‚4E‚6E‚8E‚9E [Fp3] (88 Pages) from:
uktractorpulling.co.uk (88 pages).
bf494.co.uk (88 pages).
BarringtonDieselClub.co.za (87 pages). (Must be a member to view)
BoatDiesel.com (88 pages)?
+
Ford 2710 Range Parts Lists [Fo4]
+
Ford 2710 Range Operators Instruction Book w/Owner's Parts List (Dutch) (1971) from:
bf494.co.uk (145 pages).
Ford 2710 Range Operators Instruction Book w/Owner's Parts List (Jan 1975) [F4] from:
Nauticat.dk (26×2=51 pages).
Ford 2720 Range Parts Lists [Fo5] from:
uktractorpulling.co.uk (21 pages).
Ford 2720 Range Instruksjonsbok (Danish) from:
Nauticat.dk (40 pages).
Nauticat.dk (40 pages) (second copy).
+
EBRO (Motor Iberica – Spain):
+
Ford Otosan (Turkey):
+
American Diesel Corp:
+
American Marine Ltd (Mfr of Grand Banks):
+
Beta Marine:
+
Bomac Marine Power Corp:
+
Lehman Manufacturing Company:
Lehman Operators Manual & Parts ID for SD80‚ SP90‚ SD120‚ SP135‚ SP160‚ SP225 [L1] from:
Nauticat.dk (126 pages).
Lehman SP Owners Manual & Parts ID #4C91C (June 1987) for SP90‚ SP135‚ SP185‚ SP225‚ SP275 (Incomplete‚ only 29 pages) [L2] from:
cworthy.net (Incomplete‚ only 29 pages).
Lehman Section A Base Engine Parts Book for 1965~1969 4 & 6 cylinder Base Engines from:
uktractorpulling.co.uk (36 pages).
cruiserswiki.org (36 pages).
www.gbwoodies.com (36 pages).
bf494.co.uk (36 pages).
BoatDiesel.com (36 pages)
Lehman Section B Marinizing Parts Book for 1965~1969 4 & 6 cylinder engines from:
cruiserswiki.org (29 pages).
www.DiveMaster.ca (29 pages).
www.gbwoodies.com (29 pages).
bf494.co.uk (29 pages).
BoatDiesel.com (29 pages)
Mermaid Marine:
Mermaid Specs for Melody & Mariner (Ser# 1~7000} (1970~1982).
Melody & Mariner (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+).
Melody II‚ Turbo-Melody II & Turbo-Four (Genesis) (1/1995+).
Turbo-Four‚ Mistral & Majestic (Ser# 1~7000) (1/1970~12/1981).
Turbo-Four‚ Mistral & Majestic (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+) (Dover).
Mariner‚ Mistrial‚ Majestic‚ Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 11000+) (1994+) (Otosan).
Mariner‚ Mistrial‚ Majestic‚ Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 12000+) (2/2000+) (Dovertech).
Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 1~7000) (1/1970~12/1981) (Dorset).
Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+) (Dover).
Merlin & Turbo Merlin (Ser# 8495+) (4/1987+) (FSD 425).
Manta‚ Mirage & Magnum.
Mirage II & Magnum II (Ser# 11000+) (1/200?) (Ford Genisis 7.8L).
Manta II.
Mirage II & Magnum II.
Meteor II (1/1994+) (XLD418).
+
Parsons Mathway Marine:
+
Sabre (eg Ford-Sabre & Sabre-Lehman):
Sabre Lehman Operator's Manual [So1] (Low-Res) for 4D242‚ 4D254‚ 6D363‚TC‚ 6D380 from:
www.DiveMaster.ca (30 pages).
www.WhitbyBrewerSailboats.com (30 pages).
cruiserswiki.org (30 pages).
bf494.co.uk (30 pages).
www.gbwoodies.com (30 pages).
www.I-36.com (30 pages) (This site has ads that have "Download" Buttons‚ beware).
Sabre Lehman OpManual [S1] & Parts Appendix A & B.
www.gbwoodies.com (30 + 36 + 29 = 95 pages).
Parts Bulletins: (by Date: YYMMDD)
+
Shop Manuals: (Repair/Service/Technical/Workshop Manuals)
Ford Service Manual – Dangenham 4D [Fm1].
Ford Service Manual – Dangenham Mk2 4D & 6D (170 Pages) [Fm2].
Ford Service Manual – Fordson Tractor 592E & 590E [Fm2c].
Ford Service Manual – Ford Truck 592E & 590E (Diesel) and 591E & 589E (Petrol) (1960+‚ S174500+).
Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2700 #? (1/66) for 2701‚3‚4‚6‚8‚9 [F2].
Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2700 for 2701‚3‚4‚11‚12‚13‚14‚15 (Printed 6/79) [F3].
Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2700 Range [Fm3].
Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2710 Range [Fm4].
Ford Service Manual – Dover 2720 Range [Fm5].
Ford Service Manual – Dover #194-243 (11/83) for ESD-442‚ -659‚ -660T‚ -662 [F6].
Ford Service Manual – Dover ESD Series (127 Pages).
Wiring Diagrams:
+
Service Bulletins: (by Date: YYMMDD)
+
Product Recalls:
+

If you can help us add information, Catalogs, Brochures, Spec Sheets, Pictures, OpManuals, Parts Lists, Shop Manuals, etc. that we lack, please submit the info or link (or attach the PDF) via an email to the Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org. Thanks!


Forum Posts, Tech Notes & Tech Tips

TYPE:
TITLE (NOTES) — AUTHOR
Forum Posts:
+
Tech Notes:
+
Tech Tips:
+

If you think we should add a Forum Post, Tech Note or Tech Tip to this section, please submit the Link via email to the Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org. Thanks!


Publications & Media

Publications and Media with Bold Titles are part of our Academy Library!
To view the entire publication, etc, click on its Bold Title Link to go to our webpage for
that item and then scroll down to the "Academy Library" section on that page.

To help us alphabetize the lists below, the beginning grammatical articles
"The" & "A/An" have been moved to the end of the title. Example:
Title, The — Authors, etc.

TYPE:
TITLE — AUTHORS‚ EDITORS‚ PUBLISHERS‚ PRODUCERS‚ DIRECTORS‚ ACTORS‚ etc.
Articles:
+
Books:
+
Magazines:
ANCHOR‚ The — Anchors Aweigh Academy
DIY Boat Owner — The Marine Maintenance Magazine
Videos:
+
Websites:
+

CLICK HERE to donate a publication or video to our Academy Library.
CLICK HERE to view the directories of all publications and videos in our Academy Library.
If you know of a Publication, etc. that should be added to this list, just mention it in an email to:

Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org


Related EAB Webpages

 


EverythingAboutBoats.org
Related Main Topic Pages with Links

2 – BOAT PRODUCTION.
2.6 – Boat Equipment (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls,+).
2.6.8 – Propulsion Machinery (Types, Configurations, Features, Control Systems,+).
2.6.8.1 – Engine Brands & Manufacturers (Petrol/Gasoline, Diesel, CNG, A~Z,+).
2.6.8.2 – Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces (SAE Specs, Damper Plates, Jackshafts,+).
2.6.8.3 – Marine Gears (Inboards, V-Drives, IOs, OBs, Surface-Piercing,+).
2.6.8.4 – Shafting (Propshafts, Couplings, Seals, Bearings, Struts, Keys, Nuts,+).
2.6.8.5 – Propellers (Screws, Water Jets, Paddle wheels,+).
2.6.9 – Electrical Systems (Direct Current, Alternating Current,+).
2.6.9.1 – Auxiliary Generators.

15 – BOAT REFITTING & REPAIR.
15.1 – Refitters & Repairers by Regions (Shipyards, Boatyards, Riggers, Repair Shops,+).
15.1.1 – Refitters & Repairers – United States.
15.2 – Boat Repair Schools (Hull, Systems, On-Board Equipment, Propulsion Machinery,+).
15.3 – Do-It-Yourself Refitting & Repair (Installation, Maint, Troubleshooting, Repair,+).
15.3.1 – DIY: Fundamentals.
15.3.1.1 – DIY: Tools, Usage, Safety,+.
15.3.1.2 – DIY: Rot, Corrosion, Fatigue,+.
15.3.1.3 – DIY: Troubleshooting, Failure Analysis,+.
15.3.2 – DIY: Vessel Structure.
15.3.2.2 – DIY: Steering & Thrusters (Mechanical, Hydraulic,+).
15.3.2.5 – DIY: Galvanic Corrosion Protection.
15.3.2.6 – DIY: Hull Penetrations & Openings (Thru-Hulls, Scuttles, Skylights, Hatches,+).
15.3.3 – DIY: Propulsion Machinery (Control Systems,+).
15.3.3.1 – DIY: Engines (Fuels, Troubleshooting, Repair, Rebuilding vs Repowering,+).
15.3.3.1.1 – DIY: Engine Mechanical (Pistons, Rods, Crankshafts, Blocks, Heads, Valves,+).
15.3.3.1.2 – DIY: Engine Lubrication (Splash, Forced, Oil, Filtration, Additives, Oil Analysis,+).
15.3.3.1.3 – DIY: Engine Fuel (Petrol/Gasoline, Diesel, CNG,+).
15.3.3.1.4 – DIY: Engine Electrical (Starting, Charging, Instrumentation,+).
15.3.3.1.5 – DIY: Engine Cooling (Air, Raw Water, Fresh Water,+).
15.3.3.1.6 – DIY: Engine Exhaust (Dry, Wet,+).
15.3.3.1.7 – DIY: Engine Mounting (Hard, Soft,+).
15.3.3.2 – DIY: Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces (Adapters, Dampers, Jackshafts,+).
15.3.3.3 – DIY: Marine Gears (Inboards, Inboard-Outboards, Outboards, Sail Drives, Pods,+).
15.3.3.4 – DIY: Shafting (Shafts, Couplings, Joints, Thrust Bearings, Seals, Cutlass, Struts,+).
15.3.3.5 – DIY: Propellers (Screws, Water Jets, Paddle wheels,+).
15.3.4 – DIY: Electrical Systems.
15.3.4.1 – DIY: Direct Current.
15.3.4.2 – DIY: Alternating Current.
15.3.4.4 – DIY: Auxiliary Generators.
15.3.7 – DIY: Safety Equipment (PFDs, Firefighting, Alarms,+).
15.3.9 – DIY: Tenders.

16 – PUBLICATIONS & MEDIA + Lending Library (w/Reviews).
16.1 – Authors.
16.2 – Books.
16.3 – Magazines.
16.4 – Product Documentation (SpecSheets, Installation Drawings, Manuals, Parts Books,+).
16.5 – Videos (Movies).
16.6 – Websites (w/Links).


Engine Documentation

Documentation with BOLD Titles are part of our Members’ Lending Library!
To view the entire publication as a PDF, click on its BOLD title link to go to our webpage for
the publication and then scroll down to the “Lending Library” section on that page.

Catalogs:

Brochures:

SpecSheets/Data Sheets:

Mermaid 397, Melody Dorset (Ford 2712E?).–

Mermaid Flat-Four (Ford 2712E)._+

Mermaid Mariner Dorset (Ford 2715E)._+

Mermaid Flat-Six (Ford 2715E)._+

Mermaid Mistral (Ford 2704ET)._+

Mermaid 595-ET-150, 595-ET-INT-180 Dorset (2704ET).-+

Mermaid 595ET-210 (Ford 2704ET)._+

Mermaid 595-TP (Turbo Plus) Dorset (Ford 2704ET?)._+

Mermaid Turbo-Plus Dorset (Ford 2704ET?)._+

Mermaid Melody (Ford 2722E)._+

Mermaid Turbo-Four (140hp 254ci).-+

Mermaid Turbo-Four (Ford 2722E?) (254ci)._+

Mermaid Turbo-Plus Dover (?).–

Mermaid Mariner (Dover) 380 (Ford 2725E?)._+

Mermaid Mariner DoverTech 380 (Ford 2725E?)._+

Mermaid Mistral (Ford 2726T)._+

Mermaid Mistral (Dover) (Ford 2726T?) (363ci)._+

Mermaid Majestic Dover (Ford 2726T?)._+

Mermaid Monarch (Ford 2728TIM)._+

Mermaid Merlin (Ford FSD 425)._+

Mermaid Turbo-Merlin (Ford FSD 425) (426)._+

Mermaid Turbo-Merlin (Ford? FSD? 425?)._+

Mermaid Manta (Ford? 7.8).–

Mermaid Magnum (Ford? 7.8).-++

Mermaid Melody-II (Ford NH Genesis 5.0)._+

Mermaid Turbo-Melody-II (Ford NH Genesis 5.0)._+

Mermaid Turbo-Four-II (Ford NH Genesis 5.0)._+

Mermaid Manta II (NH Genesis) (7.5?).–

Mermaid Mirage-II (Ford NH Genesis 7.5)._+

Mermaid Magnum II (Ford? NH? 7,5).-+

Mermaid Meteor (Ford? Duratorq? XLD 416)._+

Mermaid Meteor-II (Ford? Duratorq? XLD 418)._+

Charts and Graphs:

Pictures:

Press Releases (by Date = YYMMDD):

Model History:

Serial Number Guide – Manufacture Date Code Identification:

Installation Instructions/Manuals:

Installation Diagrams & Drawings with Dimensions:

Owner’s/Operator’s Manuals:

Ford Dangenham 4D Operator’s Manual [Fo1].

Ford Dangenham Mk2 4D & 6D Operator’s Manual [Fo2].

Ford 2700 Range Operator’s Manual [Fo3].

Ford 2710 Range Operator’s Manual [Fo4].

Ford 2720 Range Operator’s Manual [Fo5].

Lehman Manufacturing Company:

Lehman OpManual & Parts ID #4C61C (6/77) for 4D242,254, 6D363,TC,380.

Lehman OpManual & Parts ID #4C91 (July83) for SD80,120, SP90,135,160,225 [L1].

Lehman OpManual & Parts ID #4C91C (June87) for SP90,135,185,225,275 [L2].

Mermaid Marine:

Mermaid Meermin & Minuet (1.5 & 1.8 Litre Leyland) OpManual 

Mermaid (Ford) Dover Series OpManual

Parsons Mathway Marine:

+

Sabre (eg Ford-Sabre & Sabre-Lehman):

Sabre Lehman 4D242,254, 6D363,TC,380 OpManual [So1].

Sabre Lehman OpManual [S1] & Parts Appendix A & B.

Parts Schematics with Exploded Views & Parts Lists:

Ford Industrial Power Products (UK):

Ford +

Ford Dangenham 4D Parts Lists [Fo1]

Ford Dangenham Mk2 4D & 6D Parts Lists [Fo2]

Ford 2700 Range Parts Lists [Fo3]

+

Ford 2700 Parts List (1967,69) for 2701E,3E,4E,6E,8E,9E [Fp3] (88 Pages) from:

EAB Archive (When prompted, enter Password 170831$Fp3#diF4w

uktractorpulling.co.uk (88 pages).

bf494.co.uk (88 pages).

BarringtonDieselClub.co.za (87 pages). (Must be a member to view)

BoatDiesel.com (88 pages)?

+

Ford 2710 Range Parts Lists [Fo4]

+

Ford 2710 Range Operators Instruction Book w/Owner’s Parts List (Dutch) (1971) from:

bf494.co.uk (145 pages).

Ford 2710 Range Operators Instruction Book w/Owner’s Parts List (Jan 1975) [F4] from:

Nauticat.dk (26×2=51 pages).

Ford 2720 Range Parts Lists [Fo5] from:

uktractorpulling.co.uk (21 pages).

Ford 2720 Range Instruksjonsbok (Danish) from:

Nauticat.dk (40 pages).

Nauticat.dk (40 pages) (second copy).

+

EBRO (Motor Iberica – Spain):

+

Ford Otosan (Turkey):

+

American Diesel Corp:

+

American Marine Ltd (Mfr of Grand Banks):

+

Beta Marine:

+

Bomac Marine Power Corp:

+

Lehman Manufacturing Company:

Lehman Operators Manual & Parts ID for SD80, SP90, SD120, SP135, SP160, SP225 [L1] from:

Nauticat.dk (126 pages).

Lehman SP Owners Manual & Parts ID #4C91C (June 1987) for SP90, SP135, SP185, SP225, SP275 (Incomplete, only 29 pages) [L2] from:

cworthy.net (Incomplete, only 29 pages).

Lehman Section A Base Engine Parts Book for 1965~1969 4 & 6 cylinder Base Engines from:

uktractorpulling.co.uk (36 pages).

cruiserswiki.org (36 pages).

www.gbwoodies.com (36 pages).

bf494.co.uk (36 pages).

BoatDiesel.com (36 pages)

Lehman Section B Marinizing Parts Book for 1965~1969 4 & 6 cylinder engines from:

cruiserswiki.org (29 pages).

www.DiveMaster.ca (29 pages).

www.gbwoodies.com (29 pages).

bf494.co.uk (29 pages).

BoatDiesel.com (29 pages)

Mermaid Marine:

Mermaid Specs for Melody & Mariner (Ser# 1~7000} (1970~1982).

Melody & Mariner (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+).

Melody II, Turbo-Melody II & Turbo-Four (Genesis) (1/1995+).

Turbo-Four, Mistral & Majestic (Ser# 1~7000) (1/1970~12/1981).

Turbo-Four, Mistral & Majestic (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+) (Dover).

Mariner, Mistrial, Majestic, Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 11000+) (1994+) (Otosan).

Mariner, Mistrial, Majestic, Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 12000+) (2/2000+) (Dovertech).

Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 1~7000) (1/1970~12/1981) (Dorset).

Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+) (Dover).

Merlin & Turbo Merlin (Ser# 8495+) (4/1987+) (FSD 425).

Manta, Mirage & Magnum.

Mirage II & Magnum II (Ser# 11000+) (1/200?) (Ford Genisis 7.8L).

Manta II.

Mirage II & Magnum II.

Meteor II (1/1994+) (XLD418).

Parsons Mathway Marine:

+

Sabre (eg Ford-Sabre & Sabre-Lehman):

Sabre Lehman Operator’s Manual [So1] (Low-Res) for 4D242, 4D254, 6D363,TC, 6D380 from:

www.DiveMaster.ca (30 pages).

www.WhitbyBrewerSailboats.com (30 pages).

cruiserswiki.org (30 pages).

bf494.co.uk (30 pages).

www.gbwoodies.com (30 pages).

www.I-36.com (30 pages) (This site has ads that have “Download” Buttons, beware).

Sabre Lehman OpManual [S1] & Parts Appendix A & B.

www.gbwoodies,com (30 + 36 + 29 = 95 pages).

Parts Bulletins:

Repair/Service/Technical/Workshop/Shop Manuals:

  1. Ford Industrial Power Products (UK):

Ford Service Manual – Dangenham 4D [Fm1].

Ford Service Manual – Dangenham Mk2 4D & 6D [Fm2].

Ford Service Manual – Fordson Tractor 592E & 590E [Fm2c].

Ford Service Manual – Ford Truck 592E & 590E (Diesel) and 591E & 589E (Petrol) (1960+, S174500+).

Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2700 #? (1/66) for 2701,3,4,6,8,9 [F2].

Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2700 for 2701,3,4,11,12,13,14,15 (Printed 6/79) [F3].

Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2700 Range [Fm3].

Ford Service Manual – Dorset 2710 Range [Fm4].

Ford Service Manual – Dover 2720 Range [Fm5].

Ford Service Manual – Dover #194-243 (11/83) for ESD-442, -659, -660T, -662 [F6].

Ford Service Manual – Dover ESD Series (127 Pages).

  1. EBRO (Motor Iberica – Spain):
    • EBRO Service Manual – 4D.
  2. Ford Otosan (Turkey):
    • Ford Otosan Service Manual – ?.
  3. American Diesel Corp:
    • ADC Service Manual – ?.
  4. American Marine Ltd (Mfr of Grand Banks):
    • AmMerine Service Manual – ?.
  5. Beta Marine:
    • Beta Service Manual – ?.
  6. Bomac Marine Power Corp:
    • Bomac Service Manual – ?.
  7. Lehman Manufacturing Company:
    • Lehman Service Manual – ?.
  8. Mermaid Marine:
  9. Parsons Mathway Marine:
    • Parsons Service Manual – ?.
  10. Sabre (eg Ford-Sabre & Sabre-Lehman):
    • Sabre Lehman Operator’s Manual [So1] (Low-Res) for 4D242, 4D254, 6D363,TC, 6D380 from:
    • Sabre Lehman Operator’s

 

Wiring Diagrams:

Service Bulletins:

Product Recalls:

If you can help us add information, Catalogs, Brochures, Spec Sheets, Pictures, OpManuals, Parts Lists, Shop Manuals, etc. that we lack, please submit the info or link (or attach the PDF) via an email to the Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org. Thanks!


Forum Posts, Tech Tips & Tech Notes

Forum Posts:

Tech Tips:

Ford & Lehman “Fixes” that need to be accomplished before your engine suffers damage:
(Click links below to go to special in-depth articles on each “Fix” + more)

  1. Fix engine misfire before injection pump governor and internal engine damage results.
  2. Fix fuel injection pump lubricant before injection pump & governor damage results.
  3. Fix engine oil filter hoses and attachment before internal engine damage results.
  4. Fix engine oil cooler before cooler fails and engine damage results.
  5. Fix engine drive gears before gears fail and serious internal engine damage results.
  6. Fix “Two Shaft” raw water pump before shaft fails and engine overheat damage results.
  7. Fix Exhaust Elbow before engine overheating or hydrolocking results.
  8. Flush water jacket around rear-most cylinder and fit engine with auxiliary coolant inlet.
  9. Test and maintain engine coolant to prevent corrosion at wet liner cylinder seals.
  10. Fix coolant cap and flange, and fit coolant return tank to prevent scored piston.
  11. Fix coolant hoses before they fail and engine overheat damage results.
  12. Fix cause of premature engine drive belt failure before belt fails.
  13. Properly store spare drive belts in order to get home without a second failure.
  14. Fix substandard engine wiring before faults cause serious failures.
  15. Fix transmission fluid cooler before cooler fails and transmission damage results.
  16. Fix Velvet-Drive CR2 pinion nut before nut loosens and destroys transmission.

Notes: Many parts for these “Fixes” are available from American Diesel Corp‘s Website.

Tech Notes:

  • CAV bought out SIMMS in 1968.
  • Ford D Series and Cargo models and engine ID’s, Specs from: ukTractorPulling. (Bad Link)

If you think we should add a Forum Post, Tech Tip or Tech Note to this webpage,
please submit the Link via email to the Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org. Thanks!


Publications & Media

Publications with BOLD Titles are part of our Members’ Lending Library!
To view the entire publication as a PDF, click on its BOLD title link to go to our webpage for
the publication and then scroll down to the “Library” section on that page.

Books:

  • +

Magazines:

Articles:

Websites:

Videos:

  • +

If you think we should add a Publication, Article, Website or Video to this webpage,
please submit the Link via email to the Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org. Thanks!

CLICK HERE to donate a publication or video to our Lending Library.
CLICK HERE to view a directory of all publications or videos in our Lending Library.
If you know of a Publication, etc. that should be added to this list, just mention it in an email to:
Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org

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Thanks to our amazing contributors for the steady flow of articles, and to our dedicated all-volunteer staff who sort, polish and format them, everyday we get a little bit closer to our goal of
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Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines
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ZF Friedrichshafen AG
Allison Transmission
American Marine Ltd (Grand Banks)
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Marine Surveyors by Regions
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We are currently formatting and polishing the Anchors Aweigh Academy online and hands-on courses. The Marine Surveying course has proven to be excellent for both the beginner and the seasoned surveyor, and especially helpful to the Do-It-Yourselfer.


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FROM Donald: "This is an awesome website. I found the information that I needed right away from one of the over 10,000 free articles that you provide as a public service. I'm surprised that so much if this site is free. But I still signed up so I could access the thousands of expanded pages, interesting articles, and dozens of valuable programs! The member's library of books, magazines and videos that I can view online is really terrific! I understand that you and your staff are all unpaid volunteers. Please keep up the good work. And I commend you for your plans to add another 10,000 free informative articles over the next year. I'm thrilled to support you in this endeavor with my small membership donation. Thanks again for all your hard work."

FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 50,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 10,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"

FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server on October 15, 2018 because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."

FROM Louie: "I agree with everyone above. This site is quickly becoming the ultimate reference resource about every aspect of boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner. I use the topic pages on the right sidebar to browse around the website. It's like a Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook for Boaters. Their Members' Library of over 300 popular and obscure books and over 200 magazine back issues that can be viewed online is fabulous. The Academy's magazine is especially informative. On top of that, there is the "Ask-An-Expert program for members where you can get an expert's answer to any of your boat questions. And a whole years membership is only $25. What a deal! I really love being part of this "Everything About Boats" community and help provide thousands of helpful articles free to the public. I think that I'll sit down right now and write an article about my experiences boating with my uncle."

FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."

FROM Daisy: "I'm just so glad that Donald got the boat so we and the boys could enjoy boating — together. And of course all of the girls, April, May, and June, love to be on the water too, especially when that is where the boys are. Oh poor Scrooge, boating is more fun then you could possibly imagine."

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