Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines

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PAGE CONTENTS:
Ford Power Products: Overview, History, Model History, Trivia. Contact Information, etc.
Primary Marinizers of Ford Power Products Diesel Engines.
^ Ford & Lehman “Fixes” that need to be accomplished to prevent serious damage.
^ Repair Shops and Parts Suppliers of Ford Marine Diesel Engines.
Engine General Specifications with Links to model pages full of additional information.
^ Ford “Dagenham” Series (1952-1965) 4D & 6D & Spanish EBRO (1965-1999?) 4D.
^ Ford Early “Dorset” Series (1965-1969+) 2700 Range including 2704ET (1968-1981?).
^ Ford Early-to-Late “Dorset” Transition Series (1969-1970) 2700 Range (“C” suffix w/Parent Bore).
^ Ford Late “Dorset” Series (1970-1982) 2710 Range.
^ Ford “Dover” Series (1982-1994) 2720 Range & Turkish Ford-Otosan “DoverTech” (1994-2010).
^ Ford New Holland “M” Series (1987?-2008?) +”Brazilian” Series (1992-2008?) BSD Range.
^ Ford Case New Holland “Genesis” Series (1991?-2003?) TA Range.
^ Ford “Kent” Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermota (1975?-1978?).
^ Ford “York” Series 2400 Range (1972-1984) & FSD Range (1984-1999) (Ford Transit).
^ Ford “LT” & “Endura-DE & DI” Series (1984-2008) XLD Range.
^ Ford ⇐ PSA (Peugeot) XD Series ⇐ Indenor XDP Range (1972?-2003?).
^ Ford ⇐ PSA (Peugeot-Citroën) XUD Series (1982-2003?).
^ Ford “DuraTorq” Series (1999-2003?) ZSD (Puma) & TDCi Ranges  (Ford Transit).
Product Documentation: Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Manuals, Parts Books, etc.
Forum Posts, Tech Tips & Tech Notes.
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Industrial Engine Operation ⇒ Ford Power Products

Ford Motor Company has long been an industry leader in supplying powertrain systems to the industrial and power generation markets. Originally established in 1947 as the “Industrial Engine Operation of Ford Motor Company”, and going by several names over the years, Ford Power Products is now managed by Ford Component Sales: a wholly owned subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company. Back when they were called “Ford Industrial Power Products”, they Marketed diesel engines sourced from their tractor and truck divisions mainly in Europe, and adapted to the off-road markets including OEMs and the marinizers: Lehman, Mermaid and Bomac, just to name a few. A more complete listing of marinizers follows later in this article. Later as Ford Power Products they marketed a wide range of petrol (gasoline) engines sourced from their automotive and industrial divisions mainly in the USA, and adapted to the off-road markets including OEMs and the marinizers: MerCruiser, Volvo Penta and OMC, just to name a few. Ford Component Sales today offers select Ford Engines, Transmissions and Service Parts to non-automotive off-road markets through their network of engine up-fitters and resellers. The current engine lineup offered by Ford Component Sales includes a wide range of engines operable on gasoline, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas and dual fuel. For these engine offerings, go to Ford Power Products. A few diesel engines have also been sourced from Ford’s “Transit” production line, but these offerings seem to have disappeared of late.

From Ford Power Products.

Ford 2715E based Lehman 120

This article is most concerned with Ford tractor and truck sourced diesel engines used in marine service for propulsion and power generation. But first, a little background.

Ford Motor Company
Early History

Ford was a major manufacturer of farm tractors for much of the 20th Century beginning in 1917 with the first model being built in Dearborn, Michigan. It was based on the Ford model ‘T’ automobile and shared many parts with the Ford model ‘TT’ truck. Initially it was simply called “the Henry Ford tractor”. In early 1918, the name “Fordson” was trademarked, and within a few months it was being marked on the tractors. By mid-1918, more than 6,000 Fordson tractors, all U.S.-built, were in use in Britain, Canada, and the United States. After World War I ended, production began in Cork, Ireland, in parallel with U.S. production. However, Ford ended production at Cork in 1922 due to the Irish revolution and in 1923, shipped the factory’s equipment back to the U.S. In February 1928, Henry Ford shocked everyone by ending U.S. Fordson production. Shortly thereafter, Ford of England restarted Fordson production at Cork, but when the new Dagenham plant opened in 1933 and took over production, the Cork plant was again closed. Tractors from the new plant were sold throughout the UK and exported all over the world including the US. During World War II, these tractors helped to produce much needed foodstuffs while releasing manpower off of the farms to join the war effort. After World war II, when diesel engines sourced from Perkins were offered in some models of the Ford tractors, and they proved quite popular. Ford decided to develop their own diesel engines for their own Fordson line of tractors.

1952 Fordson New Major Tractor with Ford 4D E1A Diesel Engine


Ford “Dagenham” (4D, 4D Mark-2 & 6D Mark-2) Diesel Engines
(1952-1964)
and EBRO of Spain (4D Mark-2) Diesel Engines
(1965-1999?)

In 1952Ford of Britain launched the “E1A Fordson New Major” tractor (see picture above) with a new Dagenham built overhead valve 4 cylinder inline 220 cubic inch diesel engine (see picture below). This engine became known as the “Dagenham 4D” and featured “wet” cylinder liners.

Ford 4D E1A Diesel Engine in a 1952 Fordson New Major Tractor

There was also a jointly developed petrol version of this engine (shown in a cutaway view below) with a slightly smaller bore and displacing 198.9 cubic inches. It shared some of its basic parts with the diesel engine such as the cylinder block, crankshaft and valve train.

Fordson 4 Cylinder Petrol Engine

Shortly thereafter, the “4D” was made into a higher revving automotive version and fitted into the Thames ET range of lorries.

1956 Fordson Thames ET6

When Ford’s competition offered lorries with higher payload, Ford realized that it needed a new model of lorry to compete. This new lorry was launched in May 1957 and was known as the Thames Trader.

1964 (Ford of Britain) Thames Trader lorry

This high cabbed monster was offered with the option of either an improved 4 cylinder “4D Mark-2” or a new 6 cylinder “6D Mark-2” engine depending on the vehicle’s payload. Either engine was mounted at an incline. That is to say it was tipped over to one side at about a 45° slant to reduce its height under the cab. To illustrate this configuration, a similar Ford 2706E inclined engine which followed the inclined 4D Mark-2, is shown below.

The Ford 2706E is the Inclined Version of the Ford 2701E

The “6D” was basically a 6 cylinder version of the “4D” with the same bore and stroke, and therefore had a displacement of 330 cubic inches. It shared some of its parts with the “4D” such as pistons, rings, liners connecting rods and valve train components, but of course not the cylinder block, crankshaft or camshaft which needed to be longer.

Cutaway View of the Ford 6D Mark-2 diesel engine.

There was also a petrol version of this engine fashioned after the 4 cylinder petrol engine displacing 298.4 cubic inches. It shared some of its parts with the diesel engine including the block castings, crankshaft, bearings, and valve train. It also shared some of its parts with the 4 cylinder petrol engine such as pistons, rings, liners and connecting rods.

Ford’s massive Engine Plant on the River Thames in Dagenham, UK (just east of London)

All 4D & 6D engines became known as “Dagenham” engines due to their plant of origin shown above. They featured an “exposed” fuel injection pump drive and “wet” cylinder liners. One of the weaknesses of these engines compared to the later 2700+ Range “Dorset” and “Dover” engines was that as they age, they tend to leak coolant into the oil sump. This is usually caused either by a leaky cylinder liner which has rusted through from the water jacket side, or corrosion of the cylinder block where the cylinder liner’s lower sealing ring should seal, or hardening of this liner seal due to normal aging or to excessive heat. It is important therefore to routinely flush the block around the bottom of the water jackets and use anti-freeze with corrosion inhibitors to prevent corrosion and consequent leakage. This isn’t a problem with the later 2700+ range “Dorset” and “Dover” engines since they use either “dry” cylinder liners or “parent bore” cylinder blocks.

During the production run of these engines, the 4D from 1952 to 1964 and the 6D from 1957 to 1965, numerous minor changes were made, although the engines retained their basic design and dimensions throughout, with many of the parts being interchangeable across the years. Some of the more significant of these minor changes are chronologically listed below:

  • In 1957, the launch of the Mark-2 engine which amongst other changes had “high crown” pistons, and a thicker head gasket.
  • In 1961, The sealing of the “wet” cylinder liners with two O-rings. One at the top, one at the bottom. Previously only one O-ring had been used at the bottom.
  • In 1962, The use of a Simms Minimec mechanically governed fuel injection pump instead of the previous vacuum governed Simms injection pump.
  • In 1962, With the launch of the Mark-2 Thames Trader, the 6D engine was fitted with the higher air flow “FL” cylinder head.
  • In 1963, The 4D got a high air flow “FL” cylinder head (See the following link for further details of the “FL” head: http://www.ytmag.com/fordson/messages/2506.html courtesy of Steven B).

There were effectively 3 flavors of the 4D engine: Agricultural / Automotive / Industrial. The agricultural version didn’t rev as high as the automotive version – 1600rpm verses 2400rpm. The industrial version had slight differences like a decompressor for starting with a handle (See Ford 4D Engine Service Manual Section 1 page 1+).

Unlike the 4D, the 6D only had 2 flavors: Automotive / Industrial. A limited number of 6D engines were used in Agriculture by companies like County and Roadless in their 6 cylinder 4 wheel drive versions of the Fordson Major. A number were also used in combines, grass drying plants, rock crushers, etc, but these were basically Industrial engines being used for agriculture. Ford themselves never developed an agricultural version of this engine, and never built a 6 cylinder Fordson Major, although many were later converted to 6 cylinder engines.

The industrial engines were designated 589E, 590E, 591E, 592E for the 6 cylinder petrol, 6 cylinder diesel, 4 cylinder petrol, 4 cylinder diesel respectively. The 590E was available with a turbocharger. The Thames Trader 5 ton diesel (RHD) was denoted 510E, and the Thames Trader 5 ton petrol (RHD) was denoted 508E. The Fordson Major was designated the E1A. See the engine specifications tables later in this webpage article for more details.

After Ford ceased production of the 4D in Britain in 1964, Ford sent the tooling to EBRO in Spain where production resumed under license into the late 1990s. Most of the parts for these engines are interchangeable with the earlier Ford 4D and to a lesser extent, the 6D. Lehman marinized these EBRO built engines into the 1990s as the Lehman model 4D220.

With regards to 4D parts availability, these engines are fairly easy to get bits for. A significant number of Fordson Major tractors are still in use around the world, and a large number have also been preserved / restored. Consequently, a lot of aftermarket parts are being supplied for the Fordson Major. With EBRO in Spain continuing to produce the 4D up through the 1990’s, EBRO is a good source for 4D parts and the 6D parts they have in common. It should be easy to get hold of Valves, Valve guides, Pistons, Liners, Small end bearings, big end shells, main bearing shells, crank seals, water pumps etc. since they are all used on the “4D”. Parts specifically for the 6D might not be quite so easy to find, although they shouldn’t pose too many problems.

So in general when looking for parts, try to find parts that start with either 508E (in the case of parts common with the 6 cyl. petrol eg. crankshaft), 510E (in the case of parts specific to the 6 cyl. diesel), or E1A (E1ADDN / E1ADKN) in the case of parts common with the 4 cylinder. Avoid parts that begin with a 2700E number (eg. 2703E / 2704E etc.), since these refer to the later D-series & Cargo lorry type engines. See article on Ford diesel engine identification and the ford parts numbering system (coming soon).

The European Fordson brand and US Ford brand were consolidated in 1964 with the creation of a global tractor line. The Fordson Major was produced until 1964, whilst the Thames Trader and Industrial engines were produced until 1965. The Dorset 2700 series engines soon followed.

The easiest way to identify the “4D” & “6D” engines from the later Ford engines is the external drive shaft to the injection pump as shown below. The shaft coupling incorporated a timing adjustment claw bolt as shown below. The marinized version sometimes utilized the tachometer drive on the aft (left) end of the fuel injection pump to drive the raw water pump.

Ford 4D diesel engine with exposed fuel injection pump drive.

On the 4D engine, either a nylon or a rubber coupling will be found as an injection pump drive shaft coupling. The injection pump drive exits the block from the timing gears, through the aforementioned coupling to the injection pump as shown in the picture below.

1963 Fordson Tractor with Ford 4D Mark-2 Diesel Engine

On the 6D engine, a drive shaft of approx 6 inches in length is used to connect the fuel injection pump to the engine’s timing gears as seen in the picture below. This Fordson Major tractor which was originally fitted with the 4-cylinder engine has been repowered with the 6D engine. The frame rails and engine bonnet have been extended to accommodate the longer length of the 6 cylinder engine.

1955 Fordson Tractor repowered with Ford 6D Mark-2 Diesel Engine.

On both the 4D & 6D engines, the drive will be seen rotating whilst the engine is running, unless it is hidden from view by a makeshift/aftermarket protective cover. Best to stay clear of this shafting when it is turning.

Ford 6D with Lehman Marinisation, Velvet Drive Gear and Walters V-Drive. Note the non-stock chrome valve cover.

A feature evident on many marinized 4D and 6D engines is the location of the raw water pump at the aft end of the “Jerk” type fuel injection pump where it is driven by the aft end of the fuel injection pump camshaft (as shown in the picture above) where the tachometer drive was originally designed to go on the tractor and truck engines. However, there also were marinized engines that had belt driven raw water pumps located at the front of the engine.


Ford “Dorset” (2700 & 2710 Range) Diesel Engines
(1965-1982)

The fuel injection pumps on 2700+ engines (1965+) were gear driven directly
without any exposed couplings or extension shafts (see picture below).

Lehman marinized FORD 2701E Dorset with directly driven fuel injection pump (no external drive shaft).
The directly driven fuel injection pump caused more rapid wear of the engine’s pump driving gears.
Also note the remote oil filter, which had been inverted to fit into the shipping crate is now righted.
The “Two Shaft” Raw Water Pump has yet to be replaced with “Single Shaft” Pump to avoid shaft failure.
See other “Fixes” that need to be accomplished to prevent engine damage listed later in this article.

In 1965, Ford introduced the Dorset Series 2700 Range diesel engines. The early Dorset models were produced from 2/1965 to 11/1969. This range included the 2701E, 2703E, 2704E, 2704ET (Turbocharged), 2706E (an inclined 2701E), 2708E (an inclined 2703E), and 2709E (an inclined 2704E). All featured “Dry” cylinder liners, a new block, cylinder head, sump, etc. and were distinct from the Dagenham series engines by having the fuel injection pump mounted directly to the timing gear housing and driven directly by the engine’s timing gears (as shown in the picture above) with no moving parts seen whilst the engine is running. But like the 4D & 6D, they still had the pressed steel timing gear covers and angle cut timing gears. The Lehman marinized versions of these engines were fitted with the troublesome two-shaft raw water pump which was developed by Lehman from a Jabsco rubber impeller type water pump and located just under the fuel injection pump. Both the directly driven fuel injection pump and the raw water pump contributed to rapid wear of the engine timing gears. When these gears failed, the engine would suffer significant internal damage. The earlier 4D and 6D engines did not suffer from as much gear wear because the soft shock absorbing fuel injection pump drive coupling had the beneficial effect of minimizing drive gear chatter, and thus engine timing gear wear was not the problem that it became on the Dorset Series engines. The 2720+ Dover models introduced in 1982 were fitted with the more robust, but noisier straight cut gears.

In April 1965 Ford launched the “D-Series” lorry (see picture above) to replace the Thames Trader. These vehicles were fitted with automotive versions of the 2700 series engines which were fitted into the lorries on a slant (inclined). The first of these engines were offered in 330 & 360 cubic inch configurations. A Turbo 360 was offered in 1968.

In 1969, Ford introduced the Early-to-Late Transitional Dorset Series 2700 Range “C” suffix (Parent Bore) Engines which were produced for only one year from 11/1969 to 10/1970). This range included the 2701C, 2703C, and 2704C, which were the immediate forerunners of the 2711E, 2713E, and 2714E respectively which they were for all practical purposes identical to.

In late 1970, Ford introduced the Late Dorset Series 2710 Range engines which were produced from 11/1970 to 1982. This range included the 2711E, 2712E, 2713E, 2714E, and 2715E, all of which featured boreable “Parent Bore” cylinders. The 2704ET Turbocharged “Dry” Liner engine was carried over from before. Like the 2700 Range engines, the 2710 Range engines were fitted into the D series lorries on a slant (inclined). The 2710 Range engines became very popular in marine service. The 2712E was marinized into the popular Lehman 80, and the 2715E was marinized into the even more popular Lehman 120.

In several of the current online forums, there seems to be some confusion about which engine family came first, the Dagenham engines, the Dorset engines or the Dover engines. The Dagenham and Dorset sections above and the Dover section below should help clarify this issue. Fortunately, the Ford, Lehman and Mermaid specsheets and Manuals properly identify the engine families. One significant cause for this confusion is the commonality between all these ford engine families. This has resulted in it becoming common practice to replace damaged engines with engines from older or newer families, or with engines made up of components from earlier or later engines. Sometimes, matters are made worse when these replacement engines or components come from different applications (agriculture, automotive or industrial), and different duty ratings and power ratings. One must be very careful when identifying engines and their proper components to avoid throwing the engines off balance especially in twin engine applications. It is often wise to consult a knowledgeable expert such as one of the Smiths at American Diesel to ensure that you achieve the best results.

In 1977, Ford licensed Ford-Otosan in Turkey to start producing Ford engines.


Ford “Dover” (2720 & ESD Range) Diesel Engines
(1982-1991)
And Ford-Otosan “Dovertech” (2720 & ESD Range) Engines
(1986?-2010)

In 1982, Ford introduced the Dover Series 2720 (ESD) Range engines which were produced by Ford at Dagenham from 1982 to 1994. This range included the 2721, 2722 (Lehman Super 90), 2723, 2724, and 2725 (Lehman Super 135) which featured “Parent Bore” cylinders and the 2726T and 2728T (both Turbocharged) which featured “Dry” liner cylinders. The 2720 series can be identified by the cast aluminum timing gear covers, the straight-cut timing gears and the highly visible chrome valve covers (see picture below). Note that some earlier engines were also fitted with chrome valve covers, so don’t depend on this feature alone to identify Dover engines. Remember the picture of the old blue 6D above with a non-stock chrome valve cover. The new straight-cut timing gears introduced in the Dover engines were noisier, but more robust and reduced the rate of timing gear tooth wear to a more acceptable level.

Ford-Lehman Super 135 (Dover 2725). Note chrome valve cover, direct driven fuel injection pump and aluminum timing gear cover.

In 1983, the Ford Cargo (pictured below) replaced the D-series (pictured second above). The Cargo lorries were fitted with automotive versions of the new Dover 2720 series engines which were fitted into the lorries on a slant and were called “inclined”. The majority of marinized Ford diesel engines that you will see nowadays are based on either the D-Series lorries’ Dorset engines or the later Cargo lorries’ Dover engines. See How to Identify Ford Diesel Engines.

In 1986, Ford-Otosan in Turkey began producing “Industrial Engines” for Ford. Shortly thereafter, all Ford Dover truck and industrial engine production moved to Turkey.

1986 Ford (Iveco) Cargo Lorry.

From 1986Iveco S.p.A. held a 52% stake in Iveco Ford Truck Ltd, a joint venture (and effectively a merger) with Ford of Europe’s truck division. Ford plants took over production and sales of the major vehicles in the Iveco range and continued production of the Ford Cargo with at least some of the engines sourced from Ford-Otosan.

After 2000, Ford-Otosan continued production of the 2725E (sometimes referred to as the 2725OTO) until 2008, and the 2726T, 2728T and 2728TIM until 2010. Many of these engines were available from Ford stockpiles years past the end of their final production runs. In most markets, emissions regulations began restricting installation of these engines to replacement of already existing engines only. This kept them from being installed in new applications and of course ultimately led in their demise. Today, most all of the stocks of new engines and major castings such as blocks and heads have been exhausted, but most typical parts for rebuilding these models such as pistons, rings, liners, bearings, and gaskets are still readily available. Unfortunately, some of the prices are climbing rapidly.

More from Diesel Engine trader Forum Post by Arthur Ford

Ford New Holland “M” + “Brazilian” (BSD Series) Diesel Engines

The BSD Series is a large family of 112 mm (4.4″) bore overhead valve engines originally developed in the 1960’s by New Holland Machine Company and used in New Holland products, mainly their tractors and combines. The engines were designated the “M” series and produced with 3, 4, and 6 inline cylinders and with various strokes from over-square, to square, to under-square. This allowed the use of the same 3, 4 and 6 cylinder blocks with various crankshafts to produce a wide range of power and torque values with many of the parts being interchangeable. The engines were of the “Parent Bore” type where the pistons are initially fitted directly into the cast-in-block cylinder bores. The Parent bore cylinders could, if needed due to cylinder wear or scoring, be bored and honed to fit oversized pistons and rings, typically 0.020″, 0.030″, and 0.040″ over, Or if needed, the Parent bore cylinders could be bored even more to fit cylinder repair sleeves, typically 4.506″, 4.590″, and 4.653″ Outside Diameter (OD). The thicker repair sleeves could also be bored and honed to fit the oversized pistons if need be. The exhaust manifold was located on the opposite side of the engine to the intake manifold. This is typical of a cross-flow head. This family of engines were favorably received and have broadly earned praise for their durability and dependability. They were initially marketed by New Holland to other OEMs, and later marketed through a joint venture with Ford by Ford Power Products for industrial and marine service as the BSD series. These Base engines were marinized by Beta, Lehman Mermaid and Sabre.

Ford’s New Holland of Brazil 7.8 Litre Inline 6.

Ford expanded its tractor business when it purchased the Sperry-New Holland skid-steer loader and hay baler, hay tools and implement company from Sperry Corporation in 1985 and formed Ford-New Holland with the tractor plant located northeast of Dagenham in Basildon (see Fordson in Wikipedia).

Ford’s New Holland Tractor Plant in Basildon, UK.

After Ford acquired New Holland in 1985, Ford offered turbocharged versions of the 6.6L and the 7.8L engine in their Medium Duty F-600, F-800 and F-900 trucks, and in the Ford B series cowled bus chassis (an F series derivative). While the engines were officially the Ford-New Holland 6.6L and Ford-New Holland 7.8L, they are popularly known as the Ford “Brazilian” diesels as they were actually produced by New Holland of Brazil, and acquired through a joint-venture between New Holland of Brazil and Ford. The engines were well received for their durability and dependability, albeit somewhat under-powered. Ford stopped offering these engines in their trucks and buses at the end of the 1994 model year in favor of the more advanced engine designs of the Cummins 5.9L B-series and 8.3L C-series straight-six diesels that Ford had started phasing in back in 1992.

From DieselHub.com.

In 1991, Ford exited the tractor manufacturing business altogether when it sold New Holland to Fiat. Fiat began phasing out the Ford engines and phasing in their own engines as they also began phasing out the Ford name which they completed by the year 2000. However, Ford was able to continue sourcing the BSD series vehicle and industrial engines from Case New Holland until 1994? and New Holland of Brazil until 1994?


Ford Case New Holland “Genesis” Diesel Engines
(1991? to 2003?)

The Ford-Case-New Holland “Genesis” Series diesel engines were a North American tractor engine. From 1991? to 2003? they were sourced by Ford Power Products from Case New Holland and available in overhead valve 4 cylinder 5.0 Liter and 6 cylinder 7.5 Liter inline configurations. They gained a wide acceptance as reliable engines. They  were marinized by Mermaid Marine and offered in several versions up to 400 horsepower.


Ford “Kent” Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermota (Sea Panther)
(1975?-1978?)

Through the 60’s and 70’s, Watermota had been marinising the Ford Kent petrol engine series (used in the Ford Anglia, Cortina, Escort, Pinto, etc.) and had been successfully marketing them for marine service as the Watermota Sea Wolf, Sea Otter, and Sea Tiger depending on displacement.

By the mid 70’s, Watermota had developed the cylinder head, pistons, fuel injectors, diesel injection pump, pump drive, etc. to convert the Kent 1.6L (1600cc) petrol engine with the robust A711M* block to burn diesel fuel. Watermota marketed this engine as the Sea Panther Mk 2. Westerbeke sourced this diesel burning engine from Watermota and marketed it as the Westerbeke L-25.

Watermota Sea Panther Diesel Engine (Dieselized from Ford Kent Petrol Engine).

The robust Ford “Kent” engine had been the bases for the petrol racing engines made famous by Cosworth and Lotus. (Ford recently announced that they had restarted production of the “Kent” A711M cylinder block due to the extraordinary demand from the auto racing community).

Watermota also marinized the Ford 2715E? & 2725E? base engines and marketed them as the Sea Ranger? & Sea Lion? with 120? & 125? horsepower respectively.


Ford “York” Series Diesel Engines
2400 Range (1972-1984) & FSD Range (1984-1999)

(Ford Transit)

The Ford York engine is an inline Ford diesel engine originally fitted in vehicles such as the London Taxis and the Ford Transit range of vans between 1972 and 1984. The Transit was fitted with the 2.4-litre four-cylinder engine, but the engine was also available as a 3.5-litre six-cylinder engine. These were fitted in the Ford “A” series light commercial vehicles. Both the four-cylinder and the six-cylinder engines were also available as 2400 Series industrial engines and were marinized by Fenwick and Lees. They were indirect injected until 1984 when they were redesigned. The new York 2.5-litre DI (direct-injection) engine was a milestone in reliability, with engines commonly reaching 250,000 miles without overhaul. The industrial (FSD 425) version was marinized by Mermaid and Lancing Marine for marine service even after Ford ceased production of the model in 1999 until engine stocks were exhausted. Used FSD 425 engines are still being marinized by Lancing Marine.


Ford “LT” & “Lynx” ⇒ “Endura-D” Series (1984-) XLD & DLD Range
(Ford Fiesta & Ford Transit Connect)

The Ford LT engine (sometimes referred to as the “Dagenham” for the Ford plant where it was produced) is a 1.6 litre inline-four diesel engine used in the Ford Escort as well as its Orion and Escort Van derivatives. It was also installed in the Ford Fiesta Mark 2. This “Dagenham” engine should not be confused with the much earlier Fordson 4D series “Dagenham” tractor engine introduced in 1952 and built at Ford’s Dagenham plant.

The LT was designed from the beginning exclusively to be a diesel engine, eliminating any compromises required for a design also intended to run on petrol. It was built exclusively at the Ford Dagenham plant. Design work was carried out with the help of German diesel specialists Deutz, who already had a relationship with Ford in providing engines for the heavier-duty Ford Cargos. Output is 40 kW (54 PS; 54 hp) at 4800 rpm. The crankshaft has five bearings and the glow plugs were of the quicker in-cylinder type, reducing pre-heating times to between 7 and 12 seconds depending on the outside temperature.

More from Wikipedia

The Endura-DE was Originally branded “Lynx” and had “1.8 DIESEL” stamped on its rocker cover, it is an engine which has featured in the Ford range since the late 1980s in models such as the Mk 3 Fiesta, Mk 4 Ford Escort (Europe), Ford Sierra, and Mk 1 Ford Mondeo. The 1.8 itself was a development of the (then all-new) LT 1.6L Diesel unit, originally first featured in the Mk 3 Ford Escort and Mk 2 Fiesta.

Still branded Lynx, later engines had Endura-DE stamped on the rocker cover, and first featured in the Mk 4 Ford Fiesta, Mk 6 Ford Escort (Europe) and Mk 2 Ford Mondeo

The Endura-DE engine features a cast iron block and indirect injection style cylinder head, which means there is a combustion chamber built into the cylinder head. This engine makes use of aluminium for some other components to minimise the weight penalty of the Diesel engine. It has a single overhead camshaft opening eight valves via shim-and-bucket followers. The camshaft is rotated by a toothed belt driven by a toothed sprocket on the Crankshaft, likewise the fuel injection pump is rotated by a second toothed belt driven from the crankshaft. The diesel injection pump is a rotary distributor type most typically made by Lucas CAV.

For Ford Fiesta and some Ford Escort (Europe) (typically commercial and base model applications) the Endura-DE engine was a normally aspirated engine producing 60 PS (44 kW; 59 hp). The naturally aspirated engine was also offered in the Indian Ford Ikon from 2003 to 2008. However, for other Ford Escort (Europe) the Endura-DE also featured a turbocharger producing 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) and some models and the Ford Mondeo also had an intercooler and these produced 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp).

A redesign of the engine around 1998 saw it become the Endura-DI, it always features a turbocharger and produces 75 PS (55 kW; 74 hp) when found in Mk.4 Ford Fiesta and Ford Transit Connect models. The addition of an intercooler increases power output to 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) for use in the Ford Focus

The Endura-DI engine features a cast iron block and direct injection style cylinder head, which means the combustion chamber is in the top of the piston crown. This engine makes use of aluminium for many other components to minimise the weight penalty of the Diesel engine. It has a single overhead camshaft opening 8 valves via shim-and-bucket followers, and the camshaft is driven by a toothed belt which is driven from a sprocket on the diesel injection pump; unusually this pump is driven via Gemini (twin) chains from the crankshaft. The diesel injection pump is an electronically controlled rotary distributor type most typically made by Bosch.

It has a number of improvements over the previous generation of Ford diesel engines, including the electronically controlled fuel injection pump otherwise known as “fly-by-wire” In addition, the traditional oil sump is replaced with a cast aluminium lower crankcase and a shallow oil pan; there is an oil-to-water cooler, and a great many detail improvements to parts throughout. The engine has been a noted good performer and is a smoother, more powerful unit than the one it replaced.

More from Wikipedia


Ford ⇐ PSA (Peugeot) XD Series ⇐ Indenor XDP Range
(1972?-2003?)

The Ford-PSA-Peugeot XD series of diesel engines was sourced by Ford from Indenor through PSA Group’s PSA PowerTrain (Formerly Peugeot Citroën Moteurs). PSA had marketed the XDs very successfully to power several brands of generators, tractors, light trucks and automobiles including their own very popular Peugeot 504 series of vehicles (with XD90). In turn, Ford not only used these engines in their own vehicles such as the European Ford Granada, but Ford also supplied these engines to its subsidiaries, including Jaguar, Volvo, and Land Rover. Ford also supplied these engines through Ford Power Products to DNT, Lehman, Stratos, Vetus, and Volvo Penta where they were marinized.

Lehman 4D61 marinized from PSA (Peugeot) XD90 diesel engine like used in the Peugeot 504 automobile.

The XDs came in several 4 cylinder inline Displacements including 1.9L, 2.1L & 2.5L. The 1.9L had a bore of 88mm and was designated the XD88. The base engine for the marinized Volvo Penta MD21A, the 2.1L (2112cc) XD90 had a bore of 90mm. Indenor, who designed this series used slightly different model designations in their production, the XDP 4/88 & XDP 4/90 respectively. The 2.5L engine retained the same stroke as the XD90 but gained a larger bore of 93mm. The XD engines were also produced in six-cylinder inline versions like the XDP 6/90 which was used as the base engine for the Volvo Penta MD31. All these engines came in several versions depending on their application (Agriculture, Automotive, Industrial & Power generation) each with its own rating. Due to the popularity and commonality of these engines, most parts are readily available from numerous sources, including the various OEM’s where they were fitted into tractors, generators, light trucks, automobiles, and boats.


Ford ⇐ PSA (Peugeot-Citroën) XUD Range
(1982-2003?)

+

Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, Removable “Wet” Cylinder liners
and IDI (indirect injection) Ricardo Comet V in head precombustion swirl chambers.
XUD engines were built at PSA-Peugeot-Citroën Site de Trémery near Metz, France.


Ford “DuraTorq” Series (1999-?) ZSD & TDCi Ranges
(Puma+) – (Ford Transit)

Ford Duratorq Diesel Engine.

In 1998, Ford entered into a joint venture with PSA (Peugeot-Citroën) to produce a range of new diesel engines. The joint venture makes identical engines which are fitted to a variety of vehicles from a wide range of car manufacturers. The engines are assembled in production plants in the cities of Trémery and Douvrin for PSA in France, at the Ford Dagenham plant in the UK, and Volvo Engine Plant in Skövde Sweden (that is when Volvo was still under Ford ownership). Ford fits these new engines into their popular Ford Transit line of vehicles as well as offering them for off-road applications including marine service. Mermaid is the primary marinizer of these engines. Like the earlier PSA developed XD diesel engines described above, these new engines have also been assembled and  utilized by Mahindra in India. Mahindra has in turn supplied these engines to other OEM’s around the globe for agricultural, Industrial and automotive applications. By volume, not only is Mahindra one of the largest vehicle manufacturers in India, it is the largest manufacturer of tractors in the world.

Through the years, Dagenham has been the primary plant producing most of the Ford of Britain’s diesel engines such as the 4D, 6D and 2700+ series. Most recently the PT-22, PT-24 and PT-32 were produced there. These engines were the marine versions developed from the Ford “Transit” lorry’s Puma DuraTorq ZSD-422 (2005-), ZSD-424 (2007-) and DuraTorq TDCi 3.2 respectively. These engines were designed and put into production by a joint-venture between Ford and PSA Groupe that includes Peugeot, Citroën & Indenor (see Ford-PSA in the two sections above). In marine service however, these much lighter high-speed engines are not likely to achieve the avid following of their much heavier and more durable predecessors.


This Document is available to Academy members to download and print.
CLICK HERE and when the document webpage opens in a new window,
scroll down to ACADEMY LIBRARY Section for links and Instructions.


Trivia

The Ford 4D engines were built in the huge Ford of Britain’s engine plant in Dagenham, a suburb east of London, thus inaugurating the Dagenham series of engines in 1952.

Ford’s Engine Plant on the River Thames in Dagenham, UK (just east of London)

The Ford “4D” & “6D”, which are commonly called the Dagenham series engines, and their later offspring, the Dorset (2700+ & 2710+), named after an area that could be seen across the Thames River from the Dagenham plant, and the Dover series (2720+), named after the area around the iconic White Cliffs along the British Isles Southeastern shore, all became very popular in Europe as well as globally in automotive, agricultural, industrial (eg. power) and marine applications. This latter use is surprising in light of the fact that Ford themselves did not produce a marine rated version of their engines until the Dover Series. Still, many Ford of Britain engines and a number of Ford licensed Spanish (EBRO) and Turkish (Ford-Otosan) versions of these engines were marinized by third-party companies or by private parties, and installed in various vessels, especially Asian Trawlers. While most of these engines were factory new when marinized, more then just a few were “used” engines taken out of trucks, tractors, harvesters, rock crushers, etc. and had accumulated many hours of hard use before they were salvaged, marinized and fitted into vessels. This is also what often happened when a damaged engine was replaced, it was replaced with a used engine. If you have noticed that some marinized Ford diesel engines seem to wear out much more quickly then others, this could be the real reason. If these Ford based industrial diesel engines are new when marinized and properly installed, operated and maintained, they should easily provide dependable service for at least 10,000 hours before requiring an overhaul. But the hours shown on an hourmeter may not tell an engine’s true age, especially in the case of these Ford based engines. This is why an engine survey by a professional is a good idea, especially when it may help determine the actual age and remaining service life of an engine as well as its actual condition. Internal rusting and hydrolocking from a previous rusted through exhaust mixing elbow or engine submersion,, and engine overheating are amongst the most common types of engine damage found during a survey.

New Ford Power Product engines came in various color schemes depending on the agreement in place with the source at the time. Some came with Ford Blue, some Gray, some black, some Clear, some Primed, some oiled, some with a waxy preservative on bare metal. and some with nothing at all. Some were painted or repainted by Ford Power Product before being shipped to their buyer. These engines could be any color. Sometimes the buyer would specify. Ford Power Products favored Blue. Many were repainted by the Mariniser. Lehman Red, Mermaid White or Blue, American Marine Greenish Gold or Yellowish Gold for example.

You may have noticed that most engine repaints done in a vessel are poorly prepped and consequently don’t last long before the paint starts flaking off. See “How to properly paint an engine”. (Coming soon)

In the late 1990s, EBRO finally ceased production of the venerable old 4D diesel engine. And in 2010, Ford-Otosan produced the last of the Ford Dover Series derived engines, thus ending Ford’s long dominance of the genre.

On 1 January 2011, Fiat Industrial was formed, incorporating CNH (Case New Holland), Iveco and FPT Industrial, effectively bringing back together what Fordson Tractor and Fordson Trucks had become. Recall that these were the original sources of the Ford diesel engines that became so popular especially in Asian Trawlers in the latter half of the 20th Century.


Ford Industrial Power Products
Contact Information

Ford Industrial Power Products
?
?Dagenham, England?
?Essex, England
?

See Ford Power Products for Current Ford Contact Information.
Current Official Website for New Holland.

Please do not try to contact this marine vendor via our EverythingAboutBoats.org website's Email or Comment system. Comment Rule #9. It will be moderated and trashed.
Please contact them directly.


Primary Marinizers of Ford Power Products Diesel Engines

The very popular 6.22L Lehman 6D380 120 hp (Ford 2715E)

Bob Smith (right) presenting his Lehman Workshop at Trawlerfest in Anacortes, WA.

*Vendors that marinized engines sourced by Ford from PSA Group which included Peugeot and Indenor (See Ford-PSA five sections above).


Ford & Lehman “Fixes” that need to be accomplished before your engine suffers damage:
(Click links below to go to special in-depth “Members Only” articles on each “Fix” + more)

  1. Fix engine misfire before injection pump governor and internal engine damage results.
  2. Fix fuel injection pump lubricant before injection pump & governor damage results.
  3. Fix engine oil filter hoses and attachment before internal engine damage results.
  4. Fix engine oil cooler before cooler fails and engine damage results.
  5. Fix engine drive gears before gears fail and serious internal engine damage results.
  6. Fix “Two Shaft” raw water pump before shaft fails and engine overheat damage results.
  7. Fix Exhaust Elbow before engine overheating or hydrolocking results.
  8. Flush water jacket around rear-most cylinder and fit rear coolant fitting.
  9. Test and maintain engine coolant to prevent corrosion at wet liner cylinder seals.
  10. Fix coolant cap and flange, and fit coolant return tank to prevent scored piston.
  11. Fix coolant hoses before they fail and engine overheat damage results.
  12. Fix cause of premature engine drive belt failure before belt fails.
  13. Properly store spare drive belts in order to get home without a second failure.
  14. Fix substandard engine wiring before faults cause serious failures.
  15. Fix transmission fluid cooler before cooler fails and transmission damage results.
  16. Fix Velvet-Drive CR2 pinion nut before nut loosens and destroys transmission.

Notes: Many parts for these “Fixes” are available from American Diesel Corp‘s Website.


Repair Shops and Parts Suppliers
of Ford Marine Diesel Engines

American Diesel Corp. (Parts) (Kilmarnock, VA, USA)
Bepco (Parts) (South Africa)
Bomac (100 miles north of Atlanta, Georgia in Blairsville, Ga, USA)
• Emmark UK Ltd (Tractor Engines Parts) (Pudsey, UK)
Harbor Marine (Everett, WA, USA)
Lancing Marine (Portslade, Sussex, UK)
• Logan Diesel (14 miles north of Jackson, Michigan in Leslie, MI, USA)

If you know of a business that should be added to this list, email the info to:
⇒Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org


Specifications for Ford Inline 4-Stroke Cycle Overhead Valve
Agricultural, Automotive, & Industrial Diesel Engines
And Popular Marinised Versions of These Engines

TABLE KEY:
BASE ENGINE: Manufacturer/Vendor & Model of Base Engine. ⇐ = Engines Sourced from Vendor.
CYL: Cylinder Configuration – (Dash w/no spaces) Number of Cylinders: I = In-Line (Upright). s… = Slanted.
BORE & STROKE: …mm = Millimeters. …in = Inches.
DISPLACEMENT = Swept Volume: …cc = Cubic Centimeters (cm³). …L = Liters. …ci = Cubic Inches.
MODELS: Base Engine Model. Marinized Engine Model. Engine Model Number w/Codes.
^ Agr = Agriculture (Tractors+). Aut = Automotive (Trucks+). Ind = Industrial. Mar = Marine.
A-F: Aspiration-Fueling: N = Naturally Aspirated. T = Turbocharged.  …i = Intercooled. …a = Aftercooled.
^ Diesel Fueled: M = Mechanical Injection. C = Common Rail. E = …e = Electronic Injection.
^ ^ …d = Direct Injection. …i = Indirect Injection.
POWER: KW = Kilowatts. HP = Horsepower. BHP = Brake Horsepower. MHP = Metric Horsepower.
@RPM = Power Ratings @ Revolutions Per Minute.
YEARS: Beginning-Ending. Trailing “–” (Dash) without an Ending Date = Still in Production.
= Data Not Found. …? = Data in Question/Unconfirmed.

Click on Links below for individual Model Pages that contain more detailed information and specifications, plus Data Source Links to Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, OpManuals, Drawings, Parts Schematics, Shop Manuals, Articles, etc.


Ford “Dagenham” Series (1952-1965) 4D, 4D Mark-2 & 6D Mark-2 Range and Spanish EBRO (1965-1999?) 4D Mark-2 Range
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Wet” Cylinder Liners, Exposed Injection Pump Drive, Painted Valve Cover, Pressed Steel Timing Gear Cover and Angle Cut Timing Gears.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 4D I-4 100mm 115mm 3.94in 4.52in 3.6L / 220ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
4D E1A? (Agricultural) N-M 30 40 1600 1952-1956
4D ET? (Automotive) N-M 40 54 2400 1952-1956
4D 562E (Industrial) N-M 40 54 2400 1952-1956
4D 954E (Industrial) N-M 40 54 2400 1952-1956

NOTES: The Ford 4D Engine was originally developed to fit Fordson New Major tractors and Thames ET lorries. Lehman had not developed the marinizing components for this Ford base engine when it was in production. Much later, Lehman developed the marinizing components for the later EBRO built 4D Mark-2 and Ford 2700+ models, some of which could retrofit to this earlier 4D engine. Consequently, any marinized Ford built 4D you find is unlikely to have been marinized when it was brand new, but rather was a used engine taken out of a tractor, lorry, generator, etc. All new Lehman 4D220 engines were marinized EBRO built 4D Mark-2 base engines (see EBRO 4D Mark-2 next).

Fordson Thames ET6 lorry with the ‘4D’ diesel engine emblem on the grill.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 4D Mark-2 I-4 100mm 115mm 3.94in 4.52in 3.6L / 3611cc / 220ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
E1A? (Agricultural) N-M 30 40 1800 1957-1964
530E (Automotive) N-M 1957-1965
592E (Industrial) N-M 57 2250 1957-1965
EBRO A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
E1A? (Agricultural) N-M 30? 40? 1800? 1965-1999?
592E (Industrial) N-M 57? 2250? 1965-1999?
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
4D220 N-M 1957?-1964?
4D220 N-M 1965?-1999?
PARSONS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Pike N-M 36 1600 1957?-1965?
Porbeagle N-M 52 2250 1957?-1965?

NOTES: The Ford 4D Mark-2 was fitted to Fordson Power Major tractors (1958-1961), Fordson Super Major tractors (1960-1964) and Thames Trader lorries (under 5 tons).
When production of the Ford 4D Mark-2 ceased at Dagenham in 1964, Ford sent the tooling to EBRO in Spain where production resumed and continued under license thru the 1990’s. All new Lehman 4D220 engines were marinized EBRO built 4D Mark-2 base engines.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 6D Mark-2 I-6 100mm 115mm 3.94in 4.52in 5.4L / 5416cc / 330ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
510E (Automotive) N-M 100 2500 1962-1965
590E (Industrial) N-M 86.5 2250 1957-1961
590ET (Industrial) T-M 1957?-1961
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
6D330 N-M 2400? 1952?-1965
PARSONS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Marlin N-M 65 1800 1957-1965?
Barracuda N-M 86 2250? 1957-1965?
Barracuda Turbo T-M 108 2250? 1957-1965?

NOTES: The Ford 6D Mark-2 was fitted to Thames Trader lorries. They were never fitted to Ford tractors by Ford, but were often fitted to modified Ford tractors after-market by others such as County Tractors.


Ford Early “Dorset” Series (2/1965-11/1969) 2700E Range
Including 2704ET (7/1968~1981?)

Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Dry” Liner Cylinders, Directly Driven Injection Pump, Painted Valve Cover, Pressed Steel Timing Gear Cover and Angle Cut Timing Gears.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2701E I-4 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.524in 3.964L / 241ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2701E N-M 53? 71 2500 1965-1969
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
4D242 N-M 1965-1969
PARSONS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Pike II N-M 65 2500 1957?-1965?
Porbeagle II N-M 65 2500 1957?-1965?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2702E* I-6 100mm 115mm 3.937in 4.524in 5.4L / 330ci

NOTES: *No evidence could be found that Ford ever put an engine with the model number “2702E” into production, however several major castings including cylinder blocks have “2702E” cast into them as shown below. How this came about is due to Ford’s part numbering scheme. What appears to be an engine model number is in this case just the first part of the individual component’s part number and it was taken from the model number of the first engine that the part was initially intended to fit, even if ultimately that engine was never put into production. As shown below, this number is followed by “6015” which is the designator in the part number for all of Ford’s “raw” engine block castings. As these castings are machined and assembled, they are assigned different part numbers depending on the engine block’s features and degree of assembly. The engine blocks identified with the “2702E 6015” casting part number as shown below were ultimately utilized to build the Ford 2703E model engines which featured the same 330 cubic inch displacement and “dry” cylinder liners. For more details see our Ford 2702E webpage and our Ford 2703E webpage. How to Identify Ford Diesel Engines may also be helpful.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2703E I-6 100mm 115mm 3.937in 4.524in 5.4L/5416cc/330.5ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2703E N-M 99.5 2500 1965-1969

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2704E I-6 105mm 114.7mm 4.125in 4.516in 5.899L / 360ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2704E N-M 108.5 2500 1965-1969
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
6D363? N-M 98?c 2500 1965-1969

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2704ET I-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.524in 5.95L / 363ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2704ET (Aut) T-M 141.5 2400 1969?-1980
2704-ET (Ind) T-M 150 2400 1968-1981?
2704-ET (Mar) T-M 150 2400 1968-1981?
2704ET Intercooled Ti-M 180 2450 1968-1974?
2704ET Turbo Plus Ti-M 250 2450 1968-1981?
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
6D363T T-M ? 150 152 2400 1968-1981?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Mistral T-M 110 148 150 2400 1968-1982?
595 Ti-M 135-214 2450 1982-1991
Majestic Ti-M 180 182 2500 1968-1974?
Turbo-Plus Ti-M 275 2500 1982-1991
PARSONS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Force 12 T-M 158 2450 1968?-1981?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2706E I-4 105mm 114.7mm 4.125in 4.516in 3.933L / 240ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2706E N-M 71 2500 1965-1969

NOTES: This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 2701E and was mostly fitted into Ford “cab-over” lorries and when marinized fitted into vessels with limited engine space height.

Inclined (Slanted) Version of Ford 2701E

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2708E I-6 100mm 114.7mm 3.937in 4.516in 5.408L / 330ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2708E N-M 99.5 2500 1965-1969

NOTES: This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 2703E and was mostly fitted into Ford “cab-over” lorries and when marinized fitted into vessels with limited engine space height.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2709E I-6 105mm 114.7mm 4.125in 4.516in 5.899L / 360ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2709E N-M 108.5 2500 1965-1969

NOTES: This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 2704E and was mostly fitted into Ford “cab-over” lorries and when marinized fitted into vessels with limited engine space height.


Ford Early-to-Late “Dorset” Series (11/1969-10/1970) 2700 Range
Transitional “C” Suffix “Parent Bore” Engines

Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders, Directly Driven Injection Pump, Painted Valve Cover, Pressed Steel Timing Gear Cover and Angle Cut Timing Gears.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2701C I-4 107?mm 115?mm 4.22?in 4.52?in 4.15L / 254ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2701C N-M 71? 2500 1969-1970
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
4D254? N-M 71? 2500 1965?-1969

NOTES: The earlier 2701E is not to be confused with the slightly larger displacement parent bore 2701C which was the immediate forerunner of the 2711E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2703C I-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.524in 5.95L / 363ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2703C N-M 100? 2500 1969-1970

NOTES: The earlier 2703E is not to be confused with the slightly larger displacement parent bore 2703C which was the immediate forerunner of the 2713E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2704C I-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.524in 6.22L / 380ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2704C N-M 108.5? 2500 1969-1970

NOTES: The earlier 2704E is not to be confused with the slightly larger displacement parent bore 2704C which was the immediate forerunner of the 2714E.


Ford Late “Dorset” Series (1970-1982) 2710 Range
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders, Directly Driven Injection Pump, Painted Valve Cover, Pressed Steel Timing Gear Cover and Angle Cut Timing Gears.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2711E I-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4.150L / 254ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2711E N-M 53? 71 2500 1970-1981
AMMARINE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2711E N-M 71 2500 1969-1981
SABB A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
F4.254 N-M 65 2500? 1969?-1981?

NOTES: While this engine is similar to the popular 4 cylinder Lehman 80, it is actually the “Econo” reduced horsepower version of the Ford 2712E (Lehman 80) listed below, and it was marinized in-house by American Marine Ltd with Lehman marinizing kits in the ’70s for use in their Grand Banks trawlers. The 2701C was the immediate forerunner of the 2711E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2712E I-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4.150L / 254ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2712E N-M 66-80 2500 1970-1981
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
80 4D254 N-M 72 80 2500 1969-1981
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
397 N-M 72-80 2500 1982-1984
Melody N-M 80 2500 1982?-1984?
Flat-Four* N-M 80 2500 1982-1984
PARSONS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Pike N-M 72 2500 1969?-1981?
Porbeagle N-M 72 2500 1969?-1981?

NOTES: This is the popular engine marinized by Lehman and known as the Lehman 80.
*This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 27012E and was mostly fitted into Ford “cab-over” lorries and when marinized often fitted into vessels with limited engine space height.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2713E I-6 105mm 115mm 4.12in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2713E N-M 100 2500 1970-1981

NOTES: The 2703C was the immediate forerunner of the 2713E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2714E I-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.22L / 380ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2714E N-M 108.5 2500 1970-1981
AMMARINE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2714E N-M 108.5 2500 1969-1981
SABB A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
F6.380 N-M 100 2500? 1969?-1981?

NOTES: While this engine is similar to the popular 6 cylinder Lehman 120, it is actually the “Econo” reduced horsepower version of the Ford 2715E (Lehman 120) listed below, and it was marinized in-house by American Marine Ltd with Lehman marinizing kits in the ’70s for use in their Grand Banks trawlers. The 2704C was the immediate forerunner of the 2714E.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2715E I-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.220L / 380ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2715E N-M 120 2500 1970-1981
LEES A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2715E? N-M 120? 2500? 1970?-1981?
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
120 6D380 N-M 120 2500 1969-1981
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Mariner N-M 120 2500 1969-1982
Flat-Six* N-M 120 2500 1969-1982
PARSONS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Barracuda II N-M 108 2500 1969?-1981?
WATERMOTA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Sea Lion? N-M 120? 2500? 1969?-1982?
Sea Ranger? N-M 120? 2500? 1969?-1982?

NOTES: This is the popular engine marinized by Lehman and known as the Lehman 120.
*This is the inclined (slanted) version of the 27015E and was mostly fitted into Ford “cab-over” lorries and when marinized often fitted into vessels with limited engine space height.


Ford “Dover” Series (1982-1991+) 2720 (ESD) Range & Turkish
Ford-Otosan “Dovertech” Series (1986?-2010) 2720 (ESD) Range

Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders, Directly Driven Injection Pump, Chrome Valve Cover, Aluminum Timing Gear Cover and Straight Cut Timing Gears.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2721E I-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4150cc / 254ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2721 N-M 58.5 2600 1982-1991

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2722 I-4 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 4.150L / 254ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2722 N-M 58.5 2600 1982-1991
ESD-442 N-M 1982-1991
AMERICAN DIESEL A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
4N91 N-M 91 2600 19??~20??
BETA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BD4 (UK) N-M 63 84 86 2600 199?-?
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Standard SD80 N-M 80 2500 1982-1991
Super SP90 N-M 90 2600 1982-1991
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Melody N-M 90 2600 1988-1994
Turbo-Four Ti-M 200 2600 1982-1984
SABRE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
80C N-M 59 80 2600 1982?-1991?
90L N-M 66 90 2600 1982?-1991?
160C Ti-M 118 160 2400 1982?-1991?
190L Ti-M 140 190 2400 1982?-1991?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2723 I-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2723 N-M 76.2 2500 1982-1991
ESD-659 N-M 1982-1991

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2724 I-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.220L / 380ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2724 N-M 90 2600 1982-1991

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2725 I-6 107mm 115mm 4.22in 4.52in 6.220L / 380ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2725 N-M 90 2600 1982-1994?
ESD-662 N-M 1982-1994?
FORD-OTOSAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2725 N-M 104.51 140 142 2600 1994~2010
AMERICAN DIESEL A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
6N120 N-M 120 2600 19??~20??
6N125 N-M 125 2600 19??~20??
6N130? N-M 130? 2600 19??~20??
6N136 N-M 136 2600 19??~20??
6N140? N-M 104.51 140 142 2600 1996~2008?
BETA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BD6 N-M 96 128 130 2600 199?-?
C-POWER A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
6/380 N-M 140 2500? 2002?-?
LANCING MARINE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2725E N-M 136 2600 1982?-1987?
2725OTO N-M 143 2600? 1994?-2008+?
2725ET T-M 185 2600 1982?-1987?
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Standard SD120 N-M 120 2500 1982-1991
Super SP135 N-M 135 2500 1982-1991
Super SP140? N-M 140? 2600? 1991?-?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Mariner N-M 101 135 137 2600 1987-1995+
SABRE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
120C N-M 88 120 2600 1982?-1991?
135L N-M 99 135 2600 1982?-1991?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2726 I-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2726T? T?-M 107.5 2400 1982-1991
ESD-660T T-M 1982-1991
2726T T-M 150 2400? 1982-1994
FORD-OTOSAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2726T T-M 150 2400? 1994~2010
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Super SP160 T-M 160 2400 1982-1991
Super SP185 T-M 138 185 188 2500 1982-1991
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Mistral T-M 185 2500 1982-1995+
Majestic Ti-M 212 2500 1982-1995+
SABRE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
180C Ti?-M 132 180 2500 1982?-1991?
185L Ti?-M 136 185 2400 1982?-1991?
225L Ti?-M 165 225 2500 1982?-1991?

NOTES: Sometimes shown as 360 cubic inch displacement.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2726TG I-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2726TG T-M 97 1800 1982-1991

NOTES: G = Generator Rated model.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2728T I-6 105mm 115mm 4.125in 4.52in 5.950L / 363ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2728T Ti-M 149 2450 1982-1991
ESD-660T – 365TC Ti-M 149 2450 1982-1991
2728TIM Ti-M 200? 2450? 1982-1994
FORD-OTOSAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2728TIM Ti-M 200? 2450? 1994~2010
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Super SP225 Ti-M 225 2450 1982-1991
Super SP275 TII-M 205 275 279 2500 1982-1991
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Monarch Ti-M 250 2600 1982-1995+
595-TP (TurboPlus) Ti-M 184 247 250 2450 1982-1991
Turbo Plus Ti-M 224 300 304 2500 1982-1995+
SABRE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
212C Ti-M 158 212 2500 1982?-1991?
225L Ti-M 165 225 2500 1982?-1991?
255C Ti-M 188 255 2500 1982?-1991?
275L Ti-M 202 275 2500 1982?-1991?
280C Ti-M 260 280 2500 1982?-1991?
320L Ti-M 235 320 2650 1982?-1991?

NOTES: Sometimes shown as 360 cubic inch displacement.


Ford-NHB “M” Series + “Brazilian”* Series (1987?-2008?) BSD Range
*Built by New Holland of Brazil under Joint-Venture with Ford/Case New Holland.
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft and Boreable “Parent Bore” Cylinders.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 333 I-3 111.7mm 106.7mm 4.4in 4.2in 3.15L / 192ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BSD 333 N-M 60 2500 199?-?
BETA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BD3 (UK) N-M 42 56 56 2500 199?-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 442 I-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 4.2L / ?ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BSD 442 N-M 199?-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 444 I-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 4.4L / ?ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BSD 444 N-M 199?-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 666 I-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 6.6L / ?ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BSD 666 N-M 199?-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 668? I-6 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 6.798L / ?ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BSD 668? N-M 199?-?
SABRE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
350C Ti-M 257 350 2600 1982?-1991?
370L Ti-M 272 370 2600 1982?-1991?

NOTES:


Ford New Holland of Brazil based Lehman Super SP355.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD BSD 678 I-6 111.8mm 132.1mm 4.4in 5.2in 7.8L / 474ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BSD 678? N-M 1987?-1993?
678 HT T-M 1987?-1993?
678 HTA Ta-M 1987?-1993?
BETA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
BD8 (UK) N-M 112 150 152 2500 1987?-1993?
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
SP355 (Super) Ti-M 265 355 360 2600 1987?-1993?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Manta N-M 180 2600 1987?-1993?
Mirage Ti-M 325 2600 1987?-1993?
Magnum Ti-M 400 2600 1987?-1993?
SABRE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
385C Ti-M 283 385 2500 1982?-1991?
430L Ti-M 317 430 2500 1982?-1991?

NOTES:


Ford Case New Holland “Genesis” Series (1991?-2003?) TA Range
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft and Boreable “Parent Bore” Cylinders.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD CNH 5.0 I-4 112mm 127mm 4.41in 5.00in 5.0L / 304ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
CNH 5.0 N-M 1991?-2003?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Melody-II N-M 90 2200 1995?-?
Turbo-Melody-II Ti-M 160 2500 1995?-?
Turbo-Four-II Ti-M 200 2500 1995?-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD CNH 7.5 I-6 112mm 127mm 4.41in 5.0in 7.5L / 457ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
CNH 7.5 N-M 170~240 2100 1991?-2003?*
C-POWER A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
6/675 T-M 325? 2500? 2002?-?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Manta-II T-M 325 2500 2002?-?
Mirage-II T-M 325 2500 2002?-?
Magnum-II Ti-M 240* 2100 2002?-?

NOTES: *Ford-CNH Years Mfr’d from TractorData.com.


Ford “Kent” Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermota (1975?-1978?)

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD A711M Block I-4 81mm 77.6mm 3.189in 3.055in 1600cc / 97.6ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
A711M Block* N-M 19??-19??
WATERMOTA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Sea Panther Mk 2 N-M 27 2500 1975?-1978?
WESTERBEKE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Westerbeke L-25 N-M 34 2800 1975-1978

NOTES: *Through the 60’s and 70’s, Watermota had been marinising the Ford Kent petrol engine series (used in the Ford Anglia, Cortina, Escort, Pinto, etc.) and had been successfully marketing it for marine service as the Watermota Sea Wolf, Sea Otter, and Sea Tiger depending on displacement. By the mid 70’s, Watermota had developed the cylinder head, pistons, fuel injectors, injection pump and drive, etc. to convert those Kent 1.6L petrol engines with the A711M block to burn diesel fuel. Watermota marketed these petrol-to-diesel conversions as the Sea Panther Mk 2. Westerbeke sourced this engine from Watermota and marketed it as the Westerbeke L-25.


Ford “York” Series Diesel Engines
2400 Range (1972-1984) & FSD Range (1984-1999)

(Ford Transit)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, & “Parent Bore” Cylinders.
2400 Indirect Injection & FSD Direct Injection.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2401E I-4 93.67mm 85.58mm 3.69in 3.37in 2359cc / 144ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2401E N-M 40-44 3600 1972⊗1984
FENWICK GROUPE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2401E? N-M 44? 60? 3600? 1972?-1984?
LEES A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2401E? N-M 44? 60? 3600? 1972?-1984?

NOTES: Indirect Injection.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD 2402E I-6 93.67mm 85.58mm 3.69in 3.37in 3538cc / 216ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2402E N-M 59-65 3600 1972⊗1984
FENWICK GROUPE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2402E? N-M 65? 90? 3600? 1972?-1984?
LEES A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
2402E? N-M 65? 90? 3600? 1972?-1984?

NOTES: Indirect Injection.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD FSD 425 I-4 93.67mm 90.54mm 3.68in 3.56in 2496cc / 152.25ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
FSD 425 N-M 1984-1999
LANCING MARINE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
FSD 2.5 N-M 51-75 2500-4000 1992?-
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Merlin N-M 70 4000 1992?-?
Turbo-Merlin Ti-M 82 110-130 4000 1992?-?

NOTES: Direct Injection.


Ford “LT” & “Lynx” ⇒ “Endura-D” Series (1984-) XLD & DLD Range
(Ford Fiesta & Ford Transit Connect)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders & Indirect Injection.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XLD-416 I-4 80mm 80mm 3.146in 3.146in 1608cc / 98.08ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XLD-416 N-M 1984-2008
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Meteorite N-M 26 35 35 3000 2005(08)-?
Meteor N-M 40 54 4800 2005-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XLD-418 I-4 82.5mm 82mm 3.25in 3.23in 1753cc / 1.8L / 107ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XLD-418 N-M 44 59 60 1984-2008
XLD-418T T-M 51 69 70 1984-2008
XLD-418TI Ti-M 66 89 90 1984-2008
LANCING MARINE A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XLD LP 1.8L* N-M 40 2800 ⊗-⊗
XLD 1.8L* N-M 55 4000 ⊗-⊗
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Meteor-II N-M 56 4000 (1994?+)2005-?
THORNYCROFT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
T110 N-M ⊗-⊗

NOTES: Parent Bore Cylinders.
*Used base engine marinized by Lancing Marine.


Ford ⇐ PSA (Peugeot) XD Series ⇐ Indenor XDP (1972?-2003?)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft and Removable “Wet” Cylinder liners.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 4/75 I-4 75mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in ⊗cc / ⊗L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/75 N-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD75 N-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/75 N-M 1972?-1988?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 4/80 I-4 80mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 1608cc / 1.6L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/80 N-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD80 N-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/80 N-M 1972?-1988?
VETUS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
P4-17 N-M 1972?-19??

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 4/83 I-4 83mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 1608cc / 1.6L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/83 N-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD75 N-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/83 N-M 1972?-1988?
VETUS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
P4-19 N-M 1972?-19??

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 4/85 I-4 85mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 1816cc / 1.8L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/85 N-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD85 N-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/85 N-M 1972?-1988?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 4/88 I-4 88mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 1948cc / 1.9L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/88 N-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD88 N-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/88 N-M 1972?-1988?
VETUS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
P4-19 N-M 1972?-19??

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 4/90 I-4 90mm 83mm 3.51in 3.237in 2112cc / 2.1L / 128.93ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/90 N-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD90 N-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/90 N-M 1972?-1988?
MAHINDRA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Mahindra XD90? N-M 1979-2003?
DNT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XDP 4.90 N-M 1972?-1988?
LEHMAN A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
4D46 N-M ? 46? ? 3000? 1972?-1988?
4D50 N-M 37 50 51 3000 1972?-1988?
4D61 N-M 45 61 62 4000 1972?-1988?
STRATOS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XD90? N-M 1972?-1988?
VETUS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
P4-21 N-M 1972?-19??
VOLVO PENTA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
MD21A N-M 45 1972?-19??

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 6/90 I-6 90mm 83mm 3.51in 3.237in 3168?cc / 3.17?L / 193.4?ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/90 N-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD90 N-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/90 N-M 1972?-1988?
VOLVO PENTA A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
⇒MD31A N-M 45 1972?-19??

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XDP 4/9? I-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 2304cc / 2.3L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XDP 4/9? N-M 1972?-1988?
Ford XD2S? T-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD9? N-M 1972-1988
Peugeot XD2S T-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/9? N-M 1972?-1988?
Indenor XDP 4/9? T-M 1972?-1988?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XD3 I-4 93mm 83mm ⊗in 3.237in 2498cc / 1.9L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Ford XD3? N-M 1972?-1988?
Ford XD3T T-M 1972?-1988?
Ford XD3TE Ti-M 1972?-1988?
PEUGEOT A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Peugeot XD3 N-M 1972-1988
Peugeot XD3T T-M 1972-1988
Peugeot XD3TE Ti-M 1972-1988
INDENOR A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
Indenor XDP 4/93 N-M 1972?-1988?
Indenor XDP 4/93 T-M 1972?-1988?
Indenor XDP 4/93 Ti-M 1972?-1988?

NOTES:


Ford ⇐ PSA (Peugeot-Citroën) XUD Series (1982-2003?)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, Removable “Wet” Cylinder liners
and IDI (indirect injection) Ricardo Comet V in head precombustion swirl chambers.
XUD engines were built at PSA-Peugeot-Citroën Site de Trémery near Metz, France.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XUD7 I-4 80mm 88mm 3.15in 3.46in 1769cc / 1.8L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XUD7/K N-M 44 59 60 1982-200?
XUD7T/K T-M 57 77 78 1982-200?
XUD7TE Ti-M 66 89 90 1982-200?
VETUS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
P4-17 N-M 1982?-200?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XUD9 I-4 83mm 88mm 3.27in 3.46in 1905cc / 1.9L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XUD9* N-M 48 64 65 1982-200?
XUD9* N-M 52 70 71 1982-200?
XUD9TE Ti-M 68 91 92 1982-200?
VETUS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
P4-19 N-M 1982?-200?

NOTES: *The original XUD9 engine is known as the “square port” engine, as its cylinder head had square exhaust ports. Later (and noticeably improved) XUD9A engines have oval ports.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD XUD11 A I-4 86mm 92mm 3.39in 3.62in 2138CC / 2.1L / ⊗ci
FORD XUD11 ATE I-4 85mm 92mm 3.35in 3.62in 2088CC / 2.1L / ⊗ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
XUD11A N-M 61 82 83 1982?-200?
XUD11ATE T-M 81 108 110 1982?-200?
VETUS A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
P4-21 N-M 1982?-200?

NOTES:


Ford “DuraTorq” Series (1999-2003?) ZSD & TDCi Ranges
(PSA-Peugeot-Citroën, Puma & TDCi) – (Ford Transit)
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft, “Parent Bore” Cylinders & Direct Injection.

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD ZSD-422 I-4 ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in 2.2L / 133.3ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
PT-22 Ti-M 96 3500± 2005?-?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
PT-22 Ti-M 81? 110? 3500? 2005-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD ZSD-424 I-4 89.9?mm 94.6?mm ⊗in ⊗in 2.4L / 146.6?ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
PT-24 Ti-M 103 3250± 2002?-?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
PT-24 Ti-M 87? 115? 3800? 2002-?

NOTES:

BASE ENGINE CYL BORE STROKE BORE STROKE DISPLACEMENT
FORD TDCi 3.2 I-5 89.9mm 100.7mm 3.54in 3.96in 3198cc / 195.2ci
BRANDS / MODELS
FORD A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
PT-32 Ti-M 147± 3500± 2006?-?
MERMAID A-F kW BHP MHP @RPM YEARS
PT-32 Ti?-M 147 197 200 3500 2006?-?

NOTES:


Product Documentation

Documentation with Bold Titles are part of our Academy Library!
To view the entire document, click on its Bold Title Link to go to our webpage for
that item and then scroll down to the "Academy Library" section on that page.
DS = Data Source for Engine Specifications.

DOCUMENTATION TYPE: (NOTES) – Listed by Ascending Base Engine
ENGINE FAMILY / MARINIZER / COMPONENT SUPPLIER (NOTES)
DOCUMENT TITLE – PRODUCTs (NOTES) — Source‚ etc. DS
Catalogs & Brochures: CB
Ford Catalog/Brochure – ? CB
Lancing Catalog – FSD 2.5L 51-61-75hp (Ford FSD 425) CB1
Lancing Catalog – FSD 2.5L 65hp (Ford FSD 425) CB2
Lehman Catalog – #28 ©1957 (Lehman was not marinizing Ford diesels yet) CB28
Lehman Catalog – #? ©? (Includes marinizing kits for Ford diesels) CB?
SpecSheets (by Engine Family): (Specification Sheets‚ Data Sheets) SS
FORD "Dagenham" 4D‚ 4D Mk2 & 6D Mk2 (1952-1965) & EBRO 4D Mk2 (1965-1999?)
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Agricultural (Ford E1A) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Automotive (Ford ET? 530E?) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Industrial (Ford 562E) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Industrial (Ford 954E) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Mark-2 Agricultural (Ford E1A?) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Mark-2 Automotive (Ford 530E) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 4D Mark-2 Industrial (Ford 592E) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 6D Mark-2 Automotive (Ford 510E) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 6D Mark-2 Industrial (Ford 590E) SS
EBRO SpecSheet – 4D Mark-2 (Ford 4D Mk2) SS
FORD "Dorset" 2700 Early (1965-10/69) w/2704ET (1965-1981)
Ford SpecSheet – 2701E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2702E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2703E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2704E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2704ET SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2704ET (After 1969) SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2706E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2708E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2709E SS
FORD "Dorset" 2700C Early-to-Late Transition (11/69-10/70)
Ford SpecSheet – 2701C SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2703C SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2704C SS
FORD "Dorset" 2710 Late (11/70-1981)
Ford SpecSheet – 2711E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2712E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2713E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2714E SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2715E SS
FORD "Dover" 2720 (1982-1991?) & Ford-Otosan "DoverTech" (1986-2010)
Ford SpecSheet – 2721 SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2722 SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2723 SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2724 SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2725 SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2726 SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2726T SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2726TG SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2728T SS
Ford SpecSheet – 2728Ti SS
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2725 (Ford 2725) SS
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2726? (Ford 2726?) SS
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2728? (Ford 2726T SS
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2728? (Ford 2728?) SS
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2728? (Ford 2728T) SS
Ford-Otosan SpecSheet – 2728? (Ford 2728TIM) SS
FORD-NHB "Brazilian" (1985?-1994?) (Built by New Holland of Brazil)
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 333 SS
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 442 SS
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 444 SS
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 666 SS
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 668 SS
Ford-NHB SpecSheet – BSD 678 SS
FORD-CNH "Genisis" (1991?-2003?) (Built by Case New Holland in USA)
Ford-CNH SpecSheet – CNH 5.0L SS
Ford-CNH SpecSheet – CNH 7.5L SS
FORD "Kent" Petrol Engine Dieselized by Watermota (1975?-1978?)
Ford SpecSheet – Kent 1600 (Ford KSG416) SS
Watermota SpecSheet – Sea Panther Mk 2 (Ford 1600?) SS
FORD "York" Series 2400 & FSD Ranges (1972-1999)
Ford SpecSheet – York 2401E SS
Ford SpecSheet – York 2402E SS
Ford SpecSheet – FSD 425 SS
FORD “LT” &" Lynx" ⇒ “Endura-D” Series XLD & DLD Range (1984-2008)
Ford SpecSheet – XLD-416 SS
Ford SpecSheet – XLD-418 SS
FORD ⇐ PSA (Peugeot) XD Series ⇐ Indenor XDP & Mahandra (1972?-2003?)
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD75 SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD80 SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD85 SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD88 SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD90 (4cyl) SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD90 (6cyl) SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD9? SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XD93? SS
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 4/75 SS
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 4/80 Is?
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 4/85 SS
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 4/88 SS
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 4/90 SS
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 6/90 SS
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 4/9? SS
Indenor SpecSheet – XDP 4/93? SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD75 SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD80 SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD85 SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD88 SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD90 (4cyl) SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD90 (6cyl) SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD9? SS
Mahandra SpecSheet – XD93? SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD75 SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD80 SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD85 SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD88 SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD90 (4cyl) SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD90 (6cyl) SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD9? SS
Peugeot SpecSheet – XD93? SS
FORD ⇐ PSA (Peugeot-Citroën) XUD Series (1982-2003?)
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XUD7 SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XUD9 SS
Ford SpecSheet – PSA XUD11 SS
FORD-PSA "DuraTorq" Series ZSD & TDCi Ranges (1999-2003?)
Ford SpecSheet – PT-22 (ZSD-422) SS
Ford SpecSheet – PT-24 (ZSD-424) SS
Ford SpecSheet – PT-32 (TDCi 3.2) SS
American Diesel Corp. (Bob Smith)
ADC SpecSheet – 4N91 (Ford 2722) SS
ADC SpecSheet – 6N120 (Ford 2725) SS
ADC SpecSheet – 6N125 (Ford 2725) SS
ADC SpecSheet – 6N130 (Ford 2725) SS
ADC SpecSheet – 6N136 (Ford 2725) SS
ADC SpecSheet – 6N140 (Ford 2725) SS
American Marine (Grand Banks)
AmMarine SpecSheet – 254? (Ford 2711E) SS
AmMarine SpecSheet – 380? (Ford 2714E) SS
Beta Marine
Beta SpecSheet – BD4 (Ford 2722) SS
Beta SpecSheet – BD6 (Ford 2725) SS
Beta SpecSheet – BD3 (Ford BSD 333) SS
Beta SpecSheet – BD8 (Ford BSD 678) SS
Bomac Marine Power Corp.
Bomac SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
C-Power
C-Power SpecSheet – 4-90 (Ford? ?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 4-18 (Ford? ?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 4-425 (Ford? ?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 4-425-TCIC (Ford? ?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 4-450 (Ford? ?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 4-254 (Ford 2712?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 6-363-TC (Ford 2704ET?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 6-363-TCIC (Ford 2704ETi?) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 6/380 (Ford-Otosan 2725) SS
C-Power SpecSheet – 6-675 (Ford-CNH 7.5L) SS
CT Marine
CT Marine SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
DNT
DNT – ? (Ford ?) SS
EBRO
See FORD 4D Mk2 & EBRO above.
Econopower
Econopower SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Fenwick Groupe
Fenwick SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Hawker Siddeley
Hawker Siddeley SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Indenor
See FORD-PSA above.
Lancing Marine
Lancing SpecSheet – 2725E‚ET (Ford 2725) SS
Lancing SpecSheet – FSD 2.5L 51-61-75hp (Ford FSD 425) SS
Lancing SpecSheet – FSD 2.5L 65hp (Ford FSD 425) SS
Lancing SpecSheet – XLD LP 1.8L & XLD 1.8L (Ford XLD-418) SS
Lees Marine
Lees Marine – ? (Ford ?) SS
Lehman Mfg. Co. (Out of Business)
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D46 (Ford-Indenor-Peugeot XD90) Lo?‚SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D50 & 4D61 (Ford-Indenor-Peugeot XD90) Lo?‚SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D220 (EBRO 4D Mk2‚ Ford 4D‚ 4D Mk2) Lo?‚SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D330 (Ford 6D Mk2) Lo?‚SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D242 (Ford 2701E) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D363? (Ford 2704E) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D363T (Ford 2704ET) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 4D254 (Ford 2701C?‚ 2712E) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – 6D380 (Ford 2704C?‚ 2715E) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SD80 Standard (Ford 2722) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SP90 Super (Ford 2722) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SD120 Standard (Ford 2725) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SP135 Super (Ford 2725) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SP160 Super (Ford 2726T) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SP185 Super (Ford 2726T) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SP225 Super (Ford 2728TI) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SP275 Super (Ford 2728TIM) SS
Lehman SpecSheet – SP335 Super (Ford BSD 678) SS
Mahindra
See FORD-PSA above.
Mermaid Marine
Mermaid SpecSheet – 397 (Ford 2712E) SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595-ET 150hp‚ 595-ET-INT 180hp (Ford 2704ET).-+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595-ET 210hp (Ford 2704ET)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595-TP (Turbo Plus) 250hp Dorset (Ford 2704ET?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – 595-TP (Ford 2728T) SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Flat-Four (Ford 2712E)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Flat-Six (Ford 2715E)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Magnum (Ford BSD 678).-++ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Magnum II (Ford-NH Genesis 7‚5L).-+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Majestic (Ford 2704ET) SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Majestic Dover (Ford 2726T?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Manta (Ford BSD 678).– SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Manta II (Ford-NH Genesis 7.5L).– SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mariner (Ford 2715E)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mariner (Dover) 380 (Ford 2725E?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mariner DoverTech 380 (Ford 2725E?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Melody (Ford 2712E) SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Melody (Ford 2722E)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Melody-II (Ford-NH Genesis 5.0L)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Merlin (Ford FSD 425)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Meteor (Ford? Duratorq? XLD 416)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Meteor-II (Ford? Duratorq? XLD 418)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Meteorite (Ford XLD-416) Ms?
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mirage (Ford BSD 678)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mirage-II (Ford-NH Genesis 7.5L)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mistral (Ford 2704ET)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Mistral (Ford 2726T)._+ SS
^Mermaid SpecSheet – Mistral (Dover) (Ford 2726T?) (363ci)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Monarch (Ford 2704ET?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Monarch (Ford 2728TIM)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Monarch (Dover?) (Ford 2728TIM)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – PT-22 (Ford ZSD-422) SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – PT-24 (Ford ZSD-424) SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – PT-32 (Ford Puma TDCi 3.2L) SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Four (140hp 254ci).-+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Four (Ford 2722E?) (254ci)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Four-II (Ford-NH Genesis 5.0L)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Melody-II (Ford-NH Genesis 5.0L)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Merlin (110hp) (Ford FSD 425) (426)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Merlin (130hp) (Ford? FSDTCM? 425?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Merlin (130hp) (Ford? FSDTIM? 425?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Plus Dorset (Ford 2704ET?)._+ SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo-Plus Dover (?).– SS
Mermaid SpecSheet – Turbo Plus (Ford 2728T) SS
Northeast Ford Engines Inc.
Northeast Ford Engines Inc. SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Otosan
See FORD-Otosan above.
Parsons Mathway Marine
Parsons SpecSheet – Pike‚ Porbeagle (Ford 4D Mk2‚ 2712E) SS
Parsons SpecSheet – Merlin‚ Barracuda‚ Barracuda Turbo (Ford 6D Mk2) SS
Parsons SpecSheet – Pike II‚ Porbeagle II  (Ford 2701E) SS
Parsons SpecSheet – Force 12 (Ford 2704ET) SS
Parsons SpecSheet – Barracuda II  (Ford 2715E) SS
Powermarine
Powermarine SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
PSA (Peugeot)
See FORD-PSA above.
Sabb
Sabb SpecSheet – F4.254 (Ford 2711E) SS
Sabb SpecSheet – F6.380 (Ford 2714E) SS
Sabre
Sabre SpecSheet – 80C‚ 90L‚ 160C‚ 190L  (Ford 2722) SS
Sabre SpecSheet – 120‚ 135L (Ford 2725) SS
Sabre SpecSheet – 180C‚ 185L‚ 225L (Ford 2726) SS
Sabre SpecSheet – 212C‚ 225L‚ 255C‚ 275L‚ 280C‚ 320L (Ford 2728T) SS
Sabre SpecSheet – 350C‚ 370L (Ford BSD 668?) SS
Sabre SpecSheet – 385C‚ 430L (Ford BSD 678) SS
Seapower
Seapower SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Stratos
Stratos – ? (Ford ?) SS
Tempest
Tempest SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Thornycroft
Thornycroft SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Thornycroft SpecSheet – T110 (Ford XLD-418) SS
Vetus
Vetus – ? (Ford ?) SS
Vetus – P4-17 (Ford XDP 4/80) SS
Vetus – P4-19 (Ford XDP 4/83) SS
Vetus – P4-19 (Ford XDP 4/88) SS
Vetus – P4-21 (Ford XDP 4/90) SS
Vetus – P4-17 (Ford XUD7) SS
Vetus – P4-19 (Ford XUD9) SS
Vetus – P4-21 (Ford XUD11A) SS
Volvo Penta
Volvo Penta – MD21A (Ford XDP 4/90) SS
Volvo Penta – MD31A (Ford XDP 4/90) SS
Watermota
Watermota SpecSheet – Sea Panther Mk 2 (Ford 1600?) SS
Westerbeke
Westerbeke SpecSheet – L25 (Ford 1600?) SS
Wortham Blake
Wortham Blake SpecSheet – ? (Ford ?) SS
Charts and Graphs: (Power & Torque Curves) CG
Ford Charts and Graphs – ? CG
Lehman Power and Torque Curves‚ etc. – SP90 Super (Ford 2722) SS
Lehman Power and Torque Curves‚ etc. – SP135 Super (Ford 2725) SS
Lehman Power and Torque Curves‚ etc. – SP185 Super (Ford 2726T) SS
Lehman Power and Torque Curves‚ etc. – SP225 Super (Ford 2728TI) SS
Lehman Power and Torque Curves‚ etc. – SP275 Super (Ford 2728TIM) SS
Lehman Power and Torque Curves‚ etc. – SP335 Super (Ford BSD 678) SS
Pictures: PX
Ford Picture – ? PX
Press Releases: (by Date: = YYMMDD) PR
Ford Press Releases – ? PR
Model History: MH
Ford Model Chart by Years ProducedAnchors Aweigh Academy SN
Serial Number Guides: (Manufacture Date Code Identification) SN
Ford Industrial Engine Production Dates by Serial Numbers — Jimcdbts SNJ.
Installation Instructions: II
Ford Installation Instructions – ? II
Installation Diagrams & Drawings with Dimensions: ID
Ford Installation Diagrams & Drawings – ? ID
Lehman Installation Diagrams & Drawings – SP90 Super (Ford 2722) SS
Lehman Installation Diagrams & Drawings – SP135 Super (Ford 2725) SS
Lehman Installation Diagrams & Drawings – SP185 Super (Ford 2726T) SS
Lehman Installation Diagrams & Drawings – SP225 Super (Ford 2728TI) SS
Lehman Installation Diagrams & Drawings – SP275 Super (Ford 2728TIM) SS
Lehman Installation Diagrams & Drawings – SP335 Super (Ford BSD 678) SS
OpManuals: (Owner's/Operator's Instruction Books/Manuals) OM
Ford OpManual – D & D Mark-2 Ranges “Dagenham” Early 4D Tractor & Truck Diesel Engines and 4D Mark-2 592E & 6D Mark-2 590E Industrial Diesel Engines – PLUS – Early 4-Cylinder Tractor & Truck Petrol Engines and 591E & 589E Industrial Petrol Engines OM1
Ford OpManual – 2700 Range Early "Dorset" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – 2710 Range Late "Dorset" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – 2720 Range "Dover" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – 2720 Range "DoverTech" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – M Series (BSD-678) NHB "Brazilian" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – TA Range (4.4‚ 5.0‚ 6.6‚ 7.5) CNH "Genesis" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – 1600 (A711M) "Kent" (Ford KSG416) Dieselized by Watermota OM
Ford OpManual – 2400 Range "York" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – FSD Range "York" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – XLD Range "Lynx/Endura DE & DI" Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – XDP Range "Indenor" (Peugeot) Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – XUD Range "PSA" (Peugeot) Diesel Engines OM
Ford OpManual – ZSD Range & TDCi Range "Puma/TuraTorq" Diesel Engines OM
Lehman OpManual – 4D50 & 4D61 #4CB1  (FordIndenorPSA-Peugeot XD90) OM
Lehman OpManual – 4D242‚254‚ 6D363‚TC‚380 #4C61J (Ford 2700 & 2710) OM
Lehman OpManual – SD80‚120‚ SP90‚135‚185‚225‚275 #4C91 (Ford 2720) OM
Lehman OpManual – SP90‚135‚185‚225‚275 #4C91C (Ford & Otosan 2720) OM
Mermaid OpManual – Meermin & Minuet (1.5 & 1.8 Litre Leyland) OM
Mermaid OpManual – Dover Series (Ford 2720) OM
Parts Catalogs: (including Exploded Views & Parts Lists) PC
Ford Parts Catalog – 2700 Range Early "Dorset" Automotive Diesel Engines PC
Ford Parts Catalog – 2700 Range Early "Dorset" Diesel Engines OM
Ford Parts Catalog – 2710 Range Late "Dorset" Diesel Engines OM
Ford Parts Catalog – 2720 Range "Dover" Diesel Engines OM
ADC Parts List – Lehman 4D220 (Ford 592E) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman 6D330-120 (Ford 590E) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman 4D254-80 (Ford 2712E) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman 6D380-120 (Ford 2715E) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman SP90 (Ford 2722E) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman SP135 (Ford 2725E) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman SP160 (Ford 2726T) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman SP185 (Ford 2728T) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman SP225 (Ford 2728T) PC
ADC Parts List – Lehman SP275 (Ford 2728TIM) PC
ADC Parts List – ADC 4N91 (Ford 2722E) PC
ADC Parts List – ADC 6N136 (Ford 2725E) PC
ADC Parts List – ADC 6N140 (Ford 2725?) PC
ADC Parts List – Watermota Sea Lion 120 (Ford 2715E) PC
Emmark Parts List – Ford Tractor PC
Lehman Parts Catalog – 4D242‚254‚ 6D363‚TC‚380 #4C61J (Ford 2700+ & 2710+) OM
Lehman Parts Catalog – SD80‚120‚SP90‚135‚185‚225‚275 #4C91 (Ford 2720+) OM
Lehman Parts Catalog – SP90‚135‚185‚225‚275 #4C91C (Ford & Otosan 2720+) OM
+
+
+
Mermaid Marine:
Mermaid Specs for Melody & Mariner (Ser# 1~7000} (1970~1982).
Melody & Mariner (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+).
Melody II‚ Turbo-Melody II & Turbo-Four (Genesis) (1/1995+).
Turbo-Four‚ Mistral & Majestic (Ser# 1~7000) (1/1970~12/1981).
Turbo-Four‚ Mistral & Majestic (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+) (Dover).
Mariner‚ Mistrial‚ Majestic‚ Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 11000+) (1994+) (Otosan).
Mariner‚ Mistrial‚ Majestic‚ Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 12000+) (2/2000+) (Dovertech).
Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 1~7000) (1/1970~12/1981) (Dorset).
Monarch & Turbo-Plus (Ser# 7000+) (1/1982+) (Dover).
Merlin & Turbo Merlin (Ser# 8495+) (4/1987+) (FSD 425).
Manta‚ Mirage & Magnum.
Mirage II & Magnum II (Ser# 11000+) (1/200?) (Ford Genisis 7.8L).
Manta II.
Mirage II & Magnum II.
Meteor II (1/1994+) (XLD418).
+
Parts Bulletins: (by Date: YYMMDD) PB
Ford Parts Bulletin – ? — Ford PB
Shop Manuals: (Repair/Service/Technical/Workshop Manuals) SM
Ford Service Manual – D Range "Dagenham" 4D E1A Agricultural Diesel Engines SM1
Ford Service Manual – D Range "Dagenham" 4D ET Automotive Diesel Engines SM1a
Ford Service Manual – D Range "Dagenham" 4D 562E & 954E Industrial Diesel Engines SM1b
Ford Service Manual – D Mk-2 Range "Dagenham" 4D E1A? Agricultural Diesel Engines SM2
Ford Service Manual – D Mk-2 Range "Dagenham" 4D 530E & 6D 510E Automotive Diesel Engines SM2a
Ford  Service Manual – D Mk-2 Range "Dagenham" 4D 592E & 6D 590E Industrial Diesel Engines SM2b
Ford Service Manual – 2700 Range "Early Dorset" Agricultural Diesel Engines SM3
Ford Service Manual – 2700 Range 2701E‚3‚4‚6‚8‚9 "Early Dorset" Automotive Diesel Engines SM3a
Ford Service Manual – 2700 Range 2701E‚3‚4‚6‚8‚9 "Early Dorset" Industrial Diesel Engines SM3b
Ford Service Manual – 2700 & 2710 Range "Dorset" Agricultural Diesel Engines SM4
Ford Service Manual – 2700 & 2710 Range "Dorset" Automotive Diesel Engines SM4a
Ford Service Manual – 2700 & 2710 Range 2701E‚C‚3‚4‚11‚12‚13‚14‚15 "Dorset" Industrial Diesel Engines SM4b
Ford Service Manual – 2720 Range "Dover" Agricultural Diesel Engines SM5
Ford Service Manual – 2720 Range 2721‚22‚23‚24‚25‚26‚28T "Dover" Automotive Diesel Engines SM5a
Ford Service Manual – 2720 Range "Dover" ESD-442‚659‚660T‚662 Industrial Diesel Engines SM5b
Ford Service Manual – 2720 Range 2721‚22‚23‚24‚25‚26‚28T "Dover" Marine Diesel Engines SM5c
Ford Service Manual – 2720 Range 2725‚26‚26T‚28T "DoverTech" Automotive Diesel Engines SM5b
Ford Service Manual – 2720 Range "DoverTech" ESD Industrial Diesel Engines SM5c
Ford Service Manual – M Series (BSD-678) NHB "Brazilian" Diesel Engines SM6
Ford Service Manual – TA Range (4.4‚ 5.0‚ 6.6‚ 7.5) CNH "Genesis" Diesel Engines SM7
Ford Service Manual – 1600 (A711M) "Kent" (Ford KSG416) Dieselized by Watermota SM
Ford Service Manual – 2400 & FSD Range "York" Diesel Engines SM
Ford Service Manual – XLD Range "Lynx/Endura DE & DI" Diesel Engines SM
Ford Service Manual – XDP Range "Indenor" (Peugeot) Diesel Engines SM
Ford Service Manual – XUD Range "PSA" (Peugeot) Diesel Engines SM
Ford Service Manual – ZSD Range & TDCi Range "Puma/TuraTorq" Diesel Engines SM
Mermaid Mirage II & Magnum II (7.5L) Workshop Manual (8/94) w/NH Tractor Manual SM
Watermota Service Manual – Sea Panther Mark-2 Diesel Engines (Dieselized Ford "Kent") SM
Wiring Diagrams: WD
Ford Wiring Diagrams – ? WD
Service Bulletins: (by Date: YYMMDD) SB
Ford Service Bulletins – ? SB
Product Recalls: PR
Ford Product Recalls – ? PR
Related Documentation: RD
Brand ? – Products (Notes) RD

If you can help us add information, Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Pictures, OpManuals, Parts Lists, Shop Manuals, etc. that we lack, please submit the info or link (or attach the PDF) via an email to⇒Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org


Forum Posts, Tech Notes & Tech Tips

TYPE:
TITLE (NOTES) — AUTHOR
Forum Posts:
Ford Production Dates by Serial Numberswww.fordsontractorpages.nl
Ford 6 Cylinder Diesel Engine Development — uktractorpulling.co.uk. (Bad Link)
Ford 6 Cylinder Diesel Engine Development — Arthur Ford
Ford 6 Cylinder Truck Diesel Engine Development — FordsonTractorPages
Ford Diesel Engine Development — DieselEngineTrader.com
International Association of Grand Banks Owners Information Exchange
Tech Notes:
CAV bought out SIMMS in 1968
Ford D Series and Cargo models and engine ID's & Specs from: ukTractorPulling. (Bad Link)
Tech Tips:
Helpful way to Correctly Identify your Ford 330 Dorset and Ford 330 Dagenham Engines (Tech Tip #142). — Foley Engines
Five Easy Ways to Tell the Dover and Dorset Apart (Tech Tip #92). — Foley Engines
Ford Industrial Letter=Year Codes (Tech Tip #197). — Foley Engines
How to tell the difference between early and Late Ford BSD444T (Tech Tip #137). — Foley Engines

If you think we should add a Forum Post, Tech Note or Tech Tip to this section, please submit the Link via email to the Editor@EverythingAboutBoats.org. Thanks!


Publications & Media

Publications and Media with Bold Titles are part of our Academy Library!
To view the entire publication, etc, click on its Bold Title Link to go to our webpage for
that item and then scroll down to the "Academy Library" section on that page.

To help us alphabetize the lists below, the beginning grammatical articles
"The" & "A/An" have been moved to the end of the title. Example with article in bold:
Title, The — Author

TYPE:
TITLE — AUTHORS‚ EDITORS‚ PUBLISHERS‚ PRODUCERS‚ DIRECTORS‚ ACTORS‚ etc.
Articles:
House Call: How To Perform A DIY Diesel Engine Test by Nigel Calder from PassageMaker
Maintaining A Diesel Engine For The Long Run By Gene & Katie Hamilton from PassageMaker
Lehman Ford Routine Maintenance Guide from Bomac
What a Ford-Lehman Engine Rebuild Consists Of from Bomac
Ford Lehman 120 Rear Main Seal Replacement By Mike Sandiland
Twenty-Three Steps to Cheap Power (Marinising a 120hp Ford Diesel) by Dick Johnson from Motor Boat and Yachting (May 1978) (from bf494.co.uk)
Ford Tractor Models‚ Years Built‚ Plants‚ etc. from Ford/Fordson Collectors Assoc‚ Inc.
History of Ford Farm Tractors from SSB Tractor
Books:
Title – + (Notes) — Source.
Magazines:
ANCHOR‚ The — Anchors Aweigh Academy
DIY Boat Owner – The Marine Maintenance MagazineBoatU.S.Mad Mariner ⇒ OoB
Videos:
Title – + (Notes) — Source.
Websites:
TractorData.com:
^ Fordson E1A New Major Tractors (1952-1958) w/Serial Numbers & Years TDn
^ ^ Fordson E1A New Major Tractor (4D) Engines TDne
^ ^ Fordson E1A New Major Tractor Power Tests
^ Fordson Power Major Tractors (1958-1961) w/Serial Numbers & Years TDp
^ ^ Fordson Power Major Tractor (4D Mk2) Engines TDpe
^ ^ Fordson Power Major Tractor Power Tests
^ ^ ^ Fordson Power Major Tractor Power (Nebraska 685) Tests
^ Fordson Farm Major Tractors (1959-1962) w/Serial Numbers & Years TDf
^ ^ Fordson Farm Major Tractor (4D Mk2) Engines TDfe
^ Fordson Super Major Tractors (1960-1964) w/Serial Numbers & Years TDs
^ ^ Fordson Super Major Tractor (4D Mk2) Engines TDse
^ ^ Fordson Super Major Tractor Power Tests
^ ^ ^ Fordson Super Major (Ford 5000) Tractor Power (Nebraska 845) Tests
DiveMaster.ca
LehmanParts.com
TaDiesels.com
FoleyEngines.com
BomacMarine.com
Go2Marine.com

CLICK HERE to donate a publication or video to our Academy Library.
CLICK HERE to view the directories of all publications and videos in our Academy Library.
If you know of a Publication, etc. that should be added to this list, just mention it in an
email to⇒
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Related EverythingAboutBoats.org Webpages


EverythingAboutBoats.org
Related Main Topic Pages with Links

2 – BOAT PRODUCTION.
2.6 – Boat Equipment (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls,+).
2.6.8 – Propulsion Machinery (Types, Configurations, Features, Control Systems,+).
2.6.8.1 – Engine Brands & Manufacturers (Petrol/Gasoline, Diesel, CNG, A~Z,+).
2.6.8.2 – Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces (SAE Specs, Damper Plates, Jackshafts,+).
2.6.8.3 – Marine Gears (Inboards, V-Drives, IOs, OBs, Surface-Piercing,+).
2.6.8.4 – Shafting (Propshafts, Couplings, Seals, Bearings, Struts, Keys, Nuts,+).
2.6.8.5 – Propellers (Screws, Water Jets, Paddle wheels,+).
2.6.9 – Electrical Systems (Direct Current, Alternating Current,+).
2.6.9.1 – Auxiliary Generators.

15 – BOAT REFITTING & REPAIR.
15.1 – Refitters & Repairers by Regions (Shipyards, Boatyards, Riggers, Repair Shops,+).
15.1.1 – Refitters & Repairers – United States.
15.2 – Boat Repair Schools (Hull, Systems, On-Board Equipment, Propulsion Machinery,+).
15.3 – Do-It-Yourself Refitting & Repair (Installation, Maint, Troubleshooting, Repair,+).
15.3.1 – DIY: Fundamentals.
15.3.1.1 – DIY: Tools, Usage, Safety,+.
15.3.1.2 – DIY: Rot, Corrosion, Fatigue,+.
15.3.1.3 – DIY: Troubleshooting, Failure Analysis,+.
15.3.2 – DIY: Vessel Structure.
15.3.2.2 – DIY: Steering & Thrusters (Mechanical, Hydraulic,+).
15.3.2.5 – DIY: Galvanic Corrosion Protection.
15.3.2.6 – DIY: Hull Penetrations & Openings (Thru-Hulls, Scuttles, Skylights, Hatches,+).
15.3.3 – DIY: Propulsion Machinery (Control Systems,+).
15.3.3.1 – DIY: Engines (Fuels, Troubleshooting, Repair, Rebuilding vs Repowering,+).
15.3.3.1.1 – DIY: Engine Mechanical (Pistons, Rods, Crankshafts, Blocks, Heads, Valves,+).
15.3.3.1.2 – DIY: Engine Lubrication (Splash, Forced, Oil, Filtration, Additives, Oil Analysis,+).
15.3.3.1.3 – DIY: Engine Fuel (Petrol/Gasoline, Diesel, CNG,+).
15.3.3.1.4 – DIY: Engine Electrical (Starting, Charging, Instrumentation,+).
15.3.3.1.5 – DIY: Engine Cooling (Air, Raw Water, Fresh Water,+).
15.3.3.1.6 – DIY: Engine Exhaust (Dry, Wet,+).
15.3.3.1.7 – DIY: Engine Mounting (Hard, Soft,+).
15.3.3.2 – DIY: Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces (Adapters, Dampers, Jackshafts,+).
15.3.3.3 – DIY: Marine Gears (Inboards, Inboard-Outboards, Outboards, Sail Drives, Pods,+).
15.3.3.4 – DIY: Shafting (Shafts, Couplings, Joints, Thrust Bearings, Seals, Cutlass, Struts,+).
15.3.3.5 – DIY: Propellers (Screws, Water Jets, Paddle wheels,+).
15.3.4 – DIY: Electrical Systems.
15.3.4.1 – DIY: Direct Current.
15.3.4.2 – DIY: Alternating Current.
15.3.4.4 – DIY: Auxiliary Generators.
15.3.7 – DIY: Safety Equipment (PFDs, Firefighting, Alarms,+).
15.3.9 – DIY: Tenders.

16 – PUBLICATIONS & MEDIA + Lending Library (w/Reviews).
16.1 – Authors.
16.2 – Books.
16.3 – Magazines.
16.4 – Product Documentation (SpecSheets, Installation Drawings, Manuals, Parts Books,+).
16.5 – Videos (Movies).
16.6 – Websites (w/Links).



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FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 50,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 10,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"

FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server on October 15, 2018 because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."

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FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."

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