Statutes & Standards

PATH: Boat Building & Refitting »
PATH: Boat Inspection »
PATH: Boat Titles & Registration »
PATH: Boating & Maritime Education »
PATH: Marine Law »
PATH: Boat Refitting & Repair » DIY »


PAGE CONTENTS: (clickto go to each section on this page)
⇒ Overview, Introduction, Background, Details, etc.
⇒ Related Media: Articles, Books, Magazines, Documentation, Videos, Websites, etc.
⇒ Related EAB Topic Pages, Articles, etc.
Visit our FEATURED ARTICLES Home Page. Thanks to our amazing contributors.
This Month's Top 20 Most Popular Articles on our EAB website.
⇒ What our nonprofit Anchors Aweigh Academy and its EAB website have accomplished.
Members must SIGN IN to gain access to Members Only areas of this website.
Become an Academy Member and gain access to additional pages and programs!
⇒ Comments: Submit To Comments♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@").


Nations around the world have developed statutes and regulations that effect boat construction, and the design and manufacture of boat equipment; and have participated in international conventions, treaties, and agreements that apply to boats of various types. Most countries welcome visiting vessels from other countries however they have on occasion denied entry or restricted non-conforming vessels for safety or environmental reasons.

A new Hans Christian 41 Traditional receiving final fitting out at Pantawee Marine Co., Ltd. near Pattaya, Thailand. Courtesy of BlueWaterBoats.org and Francis Mertens.

New Hans Christian 41 Traditional receiving final fitting out at Pantawee Marine Co., Ltd. near Pattaya, Thailand. Courtesy of BlueWaterBoats.org and Francis Mertens.

In the United States, Statutes include the United States Code (USC) especially Titles 33 and 46, and regulations such as the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) especially Titles 33 and 46. The US has participated in the SOLAS, MARPOL, Load Line and Collision Regulations Conventions, and joined the resulting treaties.

SOLAS Convention

The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) is an international maritime safety treaty. It ensures that ships flagged by signatory States comply with minimum safety standards in construction, equipment and operation. The Radio watchkeeping requirements are promulgated by it. The SOLAS Convention in its successive forms is generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships.

MARPOL Convention

MARPOL is short for Marine Pollution. MARPOL 73/78 (short for the years 1973 and 1978) is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions. It was designed to minimize pollution of the seas, including dumping, oil and exhaust pollution. Its stated object is to preserve the marine environment through the complete elimination of pollution by oil and other harmful substances and the minimization of accidental discharge of such substances. All ships flagged under countries that are signatories to MARPOL are subject to its requirements, regardless of where they sail and member nations are responsible for vessels registered under their respective nationalities.

Load Lines Convention

The International Convention on Load Lines (CLL) was signed in London on 5 April 1966, amended by the 1988 Protocol and further revised in 2003. The 1988 Protocol was adopted to harmonise the survey and certification requirement of the 1966 Convention with those contained in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and MARPOL 73/78.

According to the CLL 66/88, all assigned load lines must be marked amidships on each side of the ships engaged in international voyages. The determinations of the freeboard of ships are calculated and/or verified by classification societies which issue International Load Line Certificates in accordance with the legislation of participating States. This Convention provides for the terms of ship’s surveys, issuance, duration, validity and acceptance of International Load Line Certificates, as well as relevant State control measures, agreed exemptions and exceptions.

Annexes to the Convention contain various regulations for determining load lines, including details of marking and verification of marks, conditions of assignment of freeboard, freeboard tables and corrections, special provisions for ships intended for the carriage of timber and the prescribed form of International Load Line Certificates. Also taken into account are the potential hazards present in different zones and different seasons and additional safety measures concerning doors, hatchways etc.

IMCO Collision Regulations Treaty (72COLREGS)

Sometimes referred to as the Rules of the Road, the International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions at Sea, 1972 (72COLREGS) are the Navigation Rules  (COLREGS when in International Waters or waters outside the COLREGS Demarcation Line or Inland Navigation Rules inside the Demarcation Lines) are regulations which aid mariners in safe navigation, just as driving laws aid vehicles in safe driving. Professional Mariners must be proficient in the Rules of the Road but all mariners should know and understand the Rules.  The Rules are legally binding and application of them makes the waterways safer for everyone.

The International Rules were formalized in the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, and became effective on July 15, 1977. The 72 COLREGS were developed by the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), which has since been renamed the International Maritime Organization (IMO).  The IMO has adopted 86 amendments to the COLREGS, the most recent of which was in 2007.

From Source.

Click below for
Laws: Countries by Regions


Related Media
with Links to EAB's Media Overview and Creator Profile Pages

Media with Bold Titles are part of our Academy Library!
Academy Members can view the Media by clicking on its Bold Title Link to go to its
EAB overview page and then scrolling down to the "Academy Library" section for its link.

To help us alphabetize the media lists below, each leading grammatical
article ("The" - "A" - "An") has been moved to the end of the title.
DS = Data Source code

Media Directory Under Development ⇐

MEDIA TYPE:
# – TOPIC (Notes) DS
#.# – SUBORDINATE TOPIC (Notes) DS
#.# – ^ Title — Creators (Authors‚ Editors‚ Illustrators‚+) – Source (Publishers‚+) DS
Articles:
Title – + (Notes) — Creator – Source
Forum Posts:
Title – + (Notes) — Creator – Source
Books:
Title – + (Notes) — Creator – Source
Magazines:
Title – + (Notes) — Creator – Source
Documentation:
Title – + (Notes) — Creator – Source
Videos:
Title – + (Notes) — Creator – Source
Websites:
Title – + (Notes) — Creator – Source

If media should be added to this list, please submit info or link via email To:
Editor♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@")


NOT YET AN ACADEMY MEMBER?
CLICK HERE to discover how you can become a Member and gain FULL access to
thousands of expanded pages and dozens of excellent programs including our library!

CLICK HERE to view ALL the books, magazines, videos, etc. in our Academy Library.
Media are also listed by category on the Topic Pages found on the Right Sidebar
CLICK HERE to donate any books, magazines or videos, etc. to our Library.


Related EAB Topic Pages, Articles, etc.

  • +
  • +

EverythingAboutBoats.org
Related Main Topic & Subtopic Pages w/Links
All Website Main Topic Pages are listed in the Right Sidebar

2 – BOAT BUILDING & REFITTING: (Incl. DO-IT-YOURSELF Boat Building & Refitting).
2.1 – Boat Designing Schools.
2.2 – Boat Designers: (Naval Architects, Boat Plans, Kits, etc).
2.3 – Statutes & Standards.
2.3.1 – Laws by Country.
2.3.1.^ – Laws: Canada.
2.3.1.^ – Laws: United Kingdom.
2.3.1.^ – Laws: United States.
2.3.2 – Industry Standards.
2.3.2.1 – International Maritime Organization (IMO).
2.3.2.2 – International Standards Organization (ISO).
2.3.2.3 – American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC).
2.3.2.4 – National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
2.3.3 – Classification Societies.
2.3.3.1 – Lloyd’s Register.
2.3.3.2 – American Bureau of Shipping.
2.4 – Boat Building Tools & Equipment: (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Recalls, etc).
2.5 – Boat Materials: (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Recalls, etc).
2.5.1 – Wood: (Carvel, Clinker/Lapstrake, Veneer/Plywood, Cold Molded, etc).
2.5.2 – Metal: Iron, Steel, Aluminum, Copper, etc.
2.5.3 – Ferrocement.
2.5.4 – FRP Composites: Fiberglass, Carbon Fiber, etc..
2.6 – Boat Equipment: (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls, etc).
2.6.1 – Steering & Thrusters.
2.6.2 – Stabilizers & Trim Plates.
2.6.3 – Dewatering Devices: (Bailers, Bilge Pumps, etc).
2.6.4 – Galvanic Corrosion Protection.
2.6.5 – Hull Penetrations & Openings: (Thru-Hulls, Scuttles, Skylights, Hatches, etc).
2.6.6 – Deck Hardware & Equipment.
2.6.6.1 – Ground Tackle.
2.6.6.2 – Commercial Fishing Gear.
2.6.7 – Rigging: (Rig Types, Standing Rigging, Running Rigging, Vendors, Riggers, etc).
2.6.7.1 – Sails: (Sail Types, Aerodynamics, Vendors, Sailmakers, etc).
2.6.8 – Propulsion Machinery: (Types, Configurations, Features, Control Systems, etc).
2.6.8.1 – Engines: (Manufacturers, Marinizers, Resellers, etc).
2.6.8.2 – Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces: (SAE Specs, Damper Plates, Jackshafts, etc).
2.6.8.3 – Marine Gears: (Reversing, Reduction; Mechanical, Hydraulic).
2.6.8.4 – Shafting: (Propshafts, Couplings, Seals, Bearings, Struts, Keys, Nuts, etc).
2.6.8.5 – Propellers.
2.6.9 – Electrical Systems: DC & AC: (Direct Current, Alternating Current, etc).
2.6.9.1 – Auxiliary Generators.
2.6.9.2 – DC-to-AC Invertors.
2.6.10 – Navigation & Communication Systems.
2.6.11 – Safety Equipment: (Life Rafts, PFDs, Firefighting Eq., Alarms, Medical Kits, etc).
2.6.12 – Domestic Systems.
2.6.12.1 – LPG Systems.
2.6.12.2 – Cabin Heating & Cooling.
2.6.12.3 – Galley Appliances: (Refrigeration, Galley Stoves, LPG/CNG Systems).
2.6.12.4 – Water & Waste Systems.
2.6.12.5 – Trash Disposal.
2.6.12.6 – Furnishings: (Cabinetry, furniture, Coverings, Entertainment, Weather, etc).
2.6.13 – Personal Equipment.
2.6.13.^ – Diving: (Commercial & Sport).
2.6.13.^ – Fishing: (Sport).
2.6.13.^ – Racing: (Sail, Offshore Power, Powerboat, Hydroplane, etc).
2.6.13.^ – Sailing: (Foul Weather Gear, Safety Harnesses, etc).
2.6.13.^ – Watersports: (Surfing, Skiing, Boarding, Tubing, etc).
2.6.14 – Tenders.
2.6.15 – Boat Trailers.
2.7 – Marine Suppliers by Country.
2.7.^ – Marine Suppliers: Canada.
2.7.^ – Marine Suppliers: United Kingdom.
2.7.^ – Marine Suppliers: United States.
2.8 – Boat Building & Refitting Schools.
2.9 – Boat Builders: A∼Z and Vessel Types.
2.10 – Boat Builders by Country.
2.10.^ – Boat Builders: Canada.
2.10.^ – Boat Builders: United Kingdom.
2.10.^ – Boat Builders: United States.
2.10.^.^ – Boat Builders by US MIC.
2.11 – Boat Refitters by Country: (Shipyards, Boatyards, Riggers, Repair Shops, etc).
2.11.^ – Boat Refitters: Canada.
2.11.^ – Boat Refitters: United Kingdom.
2.11.^ – Boat Refitters: United States.
2.12 – Do-It-Yourself Boat Building & Refitting: (Including: Troubleshooting & Repair).

4 – BOAT INSPECTION:
4.1 – Types of Marine Surveys.
4.2 – Marine Surveyors by Country.
4.2.^ – Marine Surveyors: Canada.
4.2.^ – Marine Surveyors: United Kingdom.
4.2.^ – Marine Surveyors: United States.
4.3 – Marine Surveying Schools.
4.4 – Do-It-Yourself Boat Inspections.

5 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY:
5.1 – Boat Titles & Registration.
5.2 – Vessel Registry: (Documentation, Licensing).
5.2.1 – Vessel Title Companies by Country.
5.2.1.^ – Vessel Title Companies: Canada.
5.2.1.^ – Vessel Title Companies: United Kingdom.
5.2.1.^ – Vessel Title Companies: United States.

13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: (Operator Qualification, etc).
13.1 – Boating Safety Classes: (Pleasure Craft Operator’s Cards, etc).
13.1.1 – Boating Safety: (Accidents, Prevention, Man-Overboard, Search & Rescue, etc).
13.2 – Boating & Seamanship Training.
13.2.1 – Seamanship Schools.
13.2.2 – Sailing Schools.
13.2.3 – One-On-One Training.
13.3 – Maritime Schools.
13.3.1 – Captain’s License Classes & Testing.

14 – MARINE LAW:
14.1 – Laws by Country: (Operator & Equipment Requirements, etc).
14.1.^ – Laws: Canada.
14.1.^ – Laws: United Kingdom.
14.1.^ – Laws: United States.
14.2 – Admiralty Law.
14.2.1 – International Treaties: (SOLAS, MARPOL, COLREGS, etc).
14.3 – Insurance Law.
14.4 – Personal Injury.
14.5 – Product Liability.
14.6 – Consumer Protection.
14.7 – Law Firms by Country.
14.7.^ – Law Firms: Canada.
14.7.^ – Law Firms: United Kingdom.
14.7.^ – Law Firms: United States.
14.8 – Investigators, Consultants & Expert Witnesses.
14.9 – Case Examples.

15 – DO-IT-YOURSELF (DIY):
15.1 – DIY Boat Building & Refitting: (Including: Maintenance, Troubleshooting & Repair).
15.2 – DIY Private Boat Sales: (Buyers & Sellers).
15.3 – DIY Boat Inspections: (Pre-Survey, Pre-Purchase, Pre-Sale, Pre-Voyage, Sea Trials, etc).
15.4 – DIY Schools & Classes: (Boat Building, Refitting, Inspecting, Troubleshooting, Repair, etc).

+


If there is anything on this webpage that needs fixing, please let us know via email To:
Editor♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@")

THIS ARTICLE IS STILL EVOLVING!
The page may contain rough drafts that include raw source materials.



Visit our FEATURED ARTICLES Home Page
to see examples of our website's comprehensive contents!

Thanks to our amazing contributors for the steady flow of articles, and to our dedicated all-volunteer staff who sort, polish and format them, everyday we get a little bit closer to our goal of
Everything About Boats. If you would like to submit an article,
See Submitting Articles.

— TOP 20 MOST POPULAR ARTICLES —

Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines
How to Identify Ford Diesel Engines
Ford 2715E
Lehman Mfg. Co.
Detroit Diesel 8.2
Universal Atomic 4
Chrysler & Force Outboards
Eska Outboard Motors
Perkins Engines
ZF Friedrichshafen AG
Allison Transmission
American Marine Ltd (Grand Banks)
Boat Inspection
Types of Marine Surveys
Marine Surveyors by Country
Boat Builders By MIC
Beta Marine
Waterwitch
American Boat and Yacht Counsel (ABYC)
USCG NVIC 07-95 Guidance on Inspection, Repair and Maintenance of Wooden Hulls


What our nonprofit Anchors Aweigh Academy and its
EverythingAboutBoats.org website have accomplished so far.

  • Published over 300 website main topic webpages, many with full articles on the topic. See our Website Contents in the Right Sidebar for the listing of the main topic pages.
  • Published over 9,000 marine vendor webpages, all with their contact information, most with a description of their products and services, many with product documentation, specifications and independent reviews. (Includes: Boat designers, boat building tools, material and equipment manufacturers and suppliers, boat builders and dealers, yacht brokers, marine surveyors, boat insurers, boat transporters, skippers and crews, boatyards and marinas, yacht clubs, boat rentals and yacht charters, boating, seamanship and maritime schools, marine law attorneys and expert witnesses, boat refitters and repairers, book authors and publishers, and video producers)
  • Acquired over 120,000 pages of product documentation including Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Pictures, Serial Number Guides, Installation Manuals, OpManuals, Parts Schematics, Parts Bulletins, Shop Manuals, Wiring Diagrams, Service Bulletins, and Recalls. And have made all viewable to academy members through the EAB website.
  • Acquired over 1,200 books and magazine back issues in our academy library and so far have made over 700 viewable to academy members through the EAB website.
  • Published over 500 DIY How-To articles about boat design, construction, inspection, operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair. We are working hard to do more.

We are currently formatting and polishing the Anchors Aweigh Academy online and hands-on courses. The Marine Surveying course has proven to be excellent for both the beginner and the seasoned surveyor, and especially helpful to the Do-It-Yourselfer.


Current Academy Members must SIGN IN to gain FULL access to this
website including expanded pages and valuable Academy programs
like our Academy Lending Library and our Ask-An-Expert Program!

If your membership has expired, CLICK HERE to Renew.

IF YOU ARE NOT YET AN ANCHORS AWEIGH ACADEMY MEMBER,
CLICK HERE to discover how you can become a Member and gain FULL access to
thousands of expanded pages and articles, and dozens of excellent programs
WITH JUST A SMALL DONATION!


Comments for Public Viewing

Submit any comments for public viewing via email To: Comments#EverthingAboutBoats.org (Replace "#" with "@")
Please remember to put this webpage's title in the subject line of your email.
All comments are moderated before they appear on this page. See Comment Rules.

FROM Donald: "This is an awesome website. I found the information that I needed right away from one of the over 20,000 free articles that you provide as a public service. I'm surprised that so much if this site is free. But I still signed up so I could access the thousands of expanded pages, interesting articles, and dozens of valuable programs! The member's library of books, magazines and videos that I can view online is really terrific! I understand that you and your staff are all unpaid volunteers. Please keep up the good work. And I commend you for your plans to add another 10,000 free informative articles over the next year. I'm thrilled to support you in this endeavor with my small membership donation. Thanks again for all your hard work."

FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 100,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 20,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"

FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."

FROM Louie: "I agree with everyone above. This site is quickly becoming the ultimate reference resource about every aspect of boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner. I use the topic pages on the right sidebar to browse around the website. It's like a Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook for Boaters. Their Members' Library of over 300 popular and obscure books and over 200 magazine back issues that can be viewed online is fabulous. The Academy's magazine is especially informative. On top of that, there is the "Ask-An-Expert program for members where you can get an expert's answer to any of your boat questions. And a whole years membership is only $25. What a deal! I really love being part of this "Everything About Boats" community and help provide thousands of helpful articles free to the public. I think that I'll sit down right now and write an article about my experiences boating with my uncle."

FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."

FROM Daisy: "I'm just so glad that Donald got the boat so we and the boys could enjoy boating — together. And of course all of the girls, April, May, and June, love to be on the water too, especially when that is where the boys are. Oh poor Scrooge, boating is more fun then you could possibly imagine."

FROM Scrooge: "After seeing how much fun you all have on the water together, I regret that I didn't have that much fun when I was young. I've had a change of heart, and I'm giving each of you a Lifetime Academy Membership."

FROM Editor: "For those of you that have stayed with us this far, many thanks. You inspire us to keep working on this phenomenal website. We know that we have a lot more to do. Ultimately, we hope that we can help you enjoy the wonder filled world of boating as much as we do. We are all waiting to see what you have to say about this webpage article. Submit any comments via email To⇒ Comments♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@"). Be sure to include this page's title in the subject line. Also, your corrections, updates, additions and suggestions are welcomed. Please submit them via email To: Editor♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@"). It has been truly amazing to see what we have been able to accomplished when we've worked together. Thanks to all those that have donated their valuable time and energy, and a special THANK YOU to all that have supported this cause with their membership donations."