Detroit Diesel 8.2 Liter “Fuel Pincher” V8 Engine

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Detroit Diesel 8.2L “Fuel Pincher” marine engine “take-outs” with turbochargers but no charged air cooling.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Overview, Features,+.
Link to EAB’s Main Detroit Diesel Article with Contact Information, other products,+.
8.2 Serial Number Guide by Year.
8.2 Shortcomings.
How To Keep the 8.2 Alive.
What others have said about this engine.
Similar Engines from Major Competitors.
Identifying the 8.2 by Model Number on Options Label.
Detroit Diesel 8.2 Specifications, Years, Ratings,+.
Product Documentation: Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Manuals, Parts Lists. Recalls,+.

Detroit Diesel (DDC) had been building only 2-Stroke Cycle engines such as the venerable 6-71 since General Motors created the division in 1938. However, by the late 1970’s with the raising cost of gasoline and diesel and the inefficiencies inherent in their 2-Stroke Cycle engines which resulted in them consuming more diesel fuel than their competitors’ modern 4-Stroke Cycle engines, Detroit Diesel realized that for them to compete in the growing medium duty truck market, they needed a cheap, fuel efficient engine to power medium duty trucks and school buses. They developed a lightweight, slightly under-square (108mm bore x 112mm stroke) 500 cubic inch displacement, 4-Stroke Cycle V8 diesel engine called the 8.2 Liter “Fuel Pincher” which was introduced in GM trucks and buses for the 1980 model year. Several truck manufacturers including Ford, quickly embraced the 8.2 because of its low initial cost and high fuel economy. However, the 8.2 quickly became known for its lack of power compared to the gasoline engines it was created to be a more economical option for. Early naturally asperated models were rated at 165 horsepower which is only 1/3 horsepower per cubic inch of displacement, typical for a naturally asperated diesel engine. The 8.2’s relatively short stroke limited its torque and it became known for it’s sluggish acceleration. Surprisingly, In 1982, an even more sluggish 130 horsepower version was introduced.

Initially, DDC wisely chose to only lightly boost the turbocharged models, mainly for better performance at higher altitudes. The first was rated at only 205 horsepower at sea level, then came those rated to 230 horsepower, and then to 250 horsepower (an even 1/2 hp per cubic inch). Later turbocharged models with the larger head bolts and better head gaskets were fitted with intercoolers to attain a more “respectable” 300 hp.

Unfortunately, all models succumbed to high failure rates due to the engine’s inherent shortcomings with the higher output models exhibiting the quickest failures. These shortcomings will be described in detail later in this article. In spite of these shortcomings, the 8.2 was marinized by DDC and a few third-party companies including Covington Diesel, Johnson & Towers. and Stewart & Stevenson. The latter marinized one version (pictured below) with two small Turbos and no charged-air cooling (i.e. intercoolers/aftercoolers).

Detroit Diesel 8.2L engine marinized by Stewart & Stevenson with twin turbos but no charged-air cooling.
Note the pressure cap on the engine coolant reservoir and the coolant return tank.
See the section on “How To Keep the 8.2 Alive“.

Was the Detroit Diesel “Fuel Pincher” as bad as some say?

“Unfortunately for consumers, there is a lot of misinformation in the marketplace about this engine. Be sure to read this entire article to get the real facts so you can make truly educated decisions.”

Was the Detroit Diesel “Fuel Pincher” a Dieselized Gas Engine?

The 8.2 engine utilized several design features found in most automotive gasoline engines such as parent bore cylinders and short piston skirts. This in part led to the popular misconception that the 8.2 was an adaptation of an existing gasoline engine. While this is true of some other engines like the ill fated GM 5.7L V8 diesel engine adapted from the Oldsmobile 350ci V8 gasoline automobile engine and the GMC Toro-Flow Diesel engine adapted from the GMC V6-V8-V12 gasoline truck engine family, it is not actually true of the 8.2 which was a new design intended to be a medium-duty diesel engine from its inception. It was not, however, intended to be a heavy-duty engine like the other engines in the Detroit Diesel lineup that had dominated the heavy truck and bus markets for decades.

The 8.2 was not expected to achieve the million miles between overhauls of heavy truck engines, but it was expected to last more than 100,000 miles in medium-duty truck service. Unfortunately, due to its inherently weak “Open Deck” free-standing cylinder design and light build, the 8.2 could not reach these goals and proved to be quite troublesome especially in marine service as it was plagued by many of the same problems that dieselized gasoline engines experienced including “blown” head gaskets, broken crankshafts and “spun” bearings. The 8.2’s shortcomings that led to these frequent failures are discussed in detail later in this article.

Also be sure to read the comments at the end of this page about how GM moved production of the 8.2 from the Detroit Diesel-Allison Division to the Chevrolet-Pontiac-Canada Division when Roger Penske acquired Detroit Diesel from GM in 1988 because, as it is rumored, “he did not want anything to do with the 8.2”. This production move to an automobile division was necessitated by GM’s contractual obligations to continue providing 8.2 engines, otherwise GM would have probably ceased production of the 8.2 earlier. The 8.2’s move to an automotive division undoubtedly contributed to the mistaken belief that the 8.2 was a dieselized gasoline engine.

1990 was the last model year that the 8.2 was offered in any GM products. Ford and most other truck manufacturers who had been offering the 8.2, had already abandoned it. After 1990, 8.2 engine production quickly slowed to a trickle, ceasing completely by 1994 as shown in the Serial Number Guide below. Of the roughly 300,000 8.2s produced, nearly 100,000 (that’s half the roughly 200,000 engines sold) were built as “Spares” primarily to replace engines that failed within the engine’s warranty. The 8.2 failures cost GM’s Detroit Diesel division dearly.

Of the roughly 200,000 engines sold, nearly all failed while still under warranty, many catastrophically. Half of these were replaced by the complete engine “Spares” mentioned above, and the other half were repaired piecemeal. Many of the replacement engines have since failed more then once and many of the repaired engines have failed several times. Most all 8.2 engine failures can be traced back to the 8.2’s inherent shortcomings discussed in detail later in this article. Adding to this unfortunate situation, some repaired engines had been inadequately inspected (especially the cylinder blocks) and/or were poorly repaired and quickly failed again.

The few 8.2s still operational today, especially in marine service, exemplify the beneficial effects that cautious operation and careful maintenance can have on these engines. See the two sections later in this article titled 8.2 Shortcomings and How To Keep the 8.2 Alive.

While most parts suppliers still provide common maintenance items like filters, only a few aftermarket parts suppliers still provide common “overhaul” parts such as gaskets, seals, pistons, rings and valves. Detroit Diesel and then GM, as well as most aftermarket sources, have discontinued nearly all parts and service support for the 8.2 including all hard parts (engine blocks, cylinder heads, camshafts, valve train components, crankshafts, connecting rods, oil pans, rocker covers, etc.). Service training, special tools and repair manuals have also been discontinued, making it very difficult for 8.2 owners to keep their orphaned engines running. Other developing problems for owners include the fact that fewer and fewer mechanics can be found that are knowledgeable and experienced with the 8.2, and more and more of those remaining mechanics that are, decline to work on them due to the 8.2’s irremediable failure rate.

See our Detroit Diesel webpage for company Overview, History and Contact Information,
PLUS information about their other products.
Detroit Diesel has not supported the 8.2 since 1988 when Roger Penske acquired Detroit Diesel from General Motors. GM’s support of the 8.2 has all but disappeared since.

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Contact vendors directly (if still active).

Detroit Diesel 8.2L Engine Serial Number Guide
Serial Number Suffix = 8G
Total Engines Built = 300,000±

Year MFR'd Starting S# Approximate Number of 8.2L Engines Manufactured
1979 870 1‚510 (Full production started near the end of 1979)
1980 2380 23‚934 (including 2‚000+ spares)
1981 26314 23‚307 (including 3‚000+ spares)
1982 49621 18‚105 (including 3‚000+ spares)
1983 67726 22‚822 (including 4‚000+ spares)
1984 90548 25‚097 (including 5‚000+ spares)
1985 115645 30‚000 (including 10‚000+ spares)
1986 145645 24‚274 (including 3‚000+ spares)
1987 169919 24‚475 (including 5‚000+ spares)
1988 194394 20‚163 (including 5‚000+ spares)
1989 214557 16‚256 (including 5‚000+ spares)
1990 230813 69‚197 (including 50‚000+ spares)
1991 300010 124 (all spares‚ assembled from parts stocks)
1992 300134 135 (all spares‚ assembled from parts stocks)
1993 300269 150± (all spares‚ assembled from parts stocks)
NOTES: Suffix = 8G From Detroit Diesel Engine Serial Number Guides D#1‚ Dp#1‚ S#1.

The several thousand complete engine spares produced each year, peaking at over 50,000 spares in 1990, is indicative of the extraordinarily high catastrophic failure rate of these engines. Additional cylinder head spares and engine block spares were also produced, reportedly as many as 100,000 each.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Shortcomings

The 8.2 has several serious shortcomings that makes it a very poor candidate for marine service. These shortcomings include: An “Open Deck” cylinder block with free-standing cylinders and only 10 head bolts per head that allows excessive cylinder flexing that results in frequent head gasket failures; Short piston skirts that result in rapid wear of pistons, rings and cylinders; And a weak “bottom end” that results in frequent crankshaft and bearing failures. These are detailed below followed by suggestions on “How to keep the 8.2 alive“.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Head Gasket Failures

The chart above shows the Seven ways that a head gasket can fail. Failure number “3” is the most common head gasket failure experienced by most conventional “full-deck” engines and looks like the one below where the gasket failed between two middle adjacent cylinders.

This failure is typically the result of an engine overheat that warps the head enough to allow normal combustion pressures to leak past the gasket, eventually burning and blowing out the gasket. The 8.2 however, usually fails in a different way and for a reason that is unique to the 8.2 “open deck free-standing” cylinder design. The 8.2 usually suffers the number “5” head gasket failure in the chart above where coolant leaks into the combustion chamber past a head gasket that has been damaged by “Crushing” and/or “Chaffing”. This process will be discussed in detail later in this articlwe. This is not the typical “Blown” head gasket as shown above.

Early Detroit Diesel 8.2L Head Gasket that lacked the later reinforcement.

The “Crushing”  and “Chaffing” that allows the 8.2 head gasket to leak coolant into the cylinder is caused by expansion and movement of the top end of the “free-standing” cylinder growing and working against the head gasket, damaging it enough for coolant to leak past the head gasket that is between the head and the sealing surface at the top end of the cylinder. The resulting breach allows the pressurized engine coolant to enter the cylinder during the intake stroke, then the compressing fresh air in the cylinder to blow into the cooling system during the compression stroke, and finally the combustion gases to blow into the cooling system during the power stroke and exhaust stroke. Additional engine coolant may enter the cylinder near the end of the exhaust stroke. Although rare, the breach may include engine oil passages and therefore allow cross-contamination of engine oil and coolant. The catastrophic results of “Hydrolocking” (which can occur when enough non-compressible liquid such as engine coolant has entered the cylinder to stop the piston before top-dead-center) are discussed in more detail later in this article.

Later Detroit Diesel 8.2L Head Gasket with reinforced sealing surfaces around and between the cylinders.

Back side of later Detroit Diesel 8.2L Head Gasket (Note that each head has only 10 head bolts).

The 8.2 head gasket failures are often blamed on engine overheating, but this is rarely the case. While overheating has been the cause of head gasket failures in 8.2s on rare occasions such as when engine belts have broken or when coolant was lost due to a leaking coolant hose, water pump seals, etc. or in the case of marine engines, the raw water intake as been blocked or the raw water pump has failed, etc. this is rarely the case with the 8.2 head gasket failure. In most cases, the 8.2’s head gaskets fail first due to crushing and chaffing caused by the the “Open-Deck” free-standing cylinder design (which will be discussed shortly), then the loss of coolant due to the failed head gaskets leaking coolant which leads to hot spots as the coolant level drops and ultimately to the engine overheating due to inadequate coolant, NOT the other way around. Unseen loss of ANY engine coolant strongly suggests that the head gaskets are already leaking coolant and need attention before the engine overheats or hydrolocks, causing serious damage.

It is also important to point out that any engine coolant that enters a cylinder can pass by the piston rings into the engine’s crankcase, contaminating the engine oil which can lead to other serious problems like failure of the engine bearings. This is discussed later in this article.

It is often claimed that the inherent weaknesses that caused head gasket failures were remedied in later engines. This is not even close to being true. The later reinforced head gaskets and larger head bolts may have made a slight improvement in head gasket longevity, but engines with these “improvements” still routinely suffer head gasket crushing, chaffing and failure. Preventing head gasket failure is more a matter of proper maintenance and cautious operation as discussed in “How to Keep the 8.2 Alive” found later in this article.

When the Detroit Diesel 8.2L is compared with other diesel engines, the reasons for the 8.2L head gasket failures become obvious.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 “Open Deck” Free Standing Cylinders

Compare the 8.2s “Open Deck” Free Standing Cylinder design above with other diesel engines. Typical diesel engine blocks have cast and machined “decks” that support the top of the cylinders and evenly squash the head gaskets against the heads. In addition, most diesel engines have at least 6 head bolts (some shared with neighboring cylinders) in a full circle pattern around the top of the cylinder to more evenly provide the necessary head tightness on the head gasket. Both of these features can be seen in the Caterpillar 3208 whose V-8 cylinder block shown directly below was produced with 18 head bolts per head (almost twice as many as the 8.2) and a “full deck” that naturally supports the top of each cylinder, preventing the cylinders from growing. flexing and working against the head gasket, damaging the head gasket.

Caterpillar 3208 “Parent Bore” V-8 Cylinder Block with Full “Deck” and 18 Head Bolts per Head.

Unfortunately, the cheaper Detroit Diesel 8.2 engine block, as clearly illustrated in their “8,2L Advantages” brochure shown directly below, has neither the “full-deck” nor at least six head bolts per cylinder. The 8.2 has only 4 head bolts per cylinder and most of those head bolts are shared with neighboring cylinders for a total of ten head bolts for four cylinders (per head).

Detroit Diesel 8.2L Block with “Free Standing Cylinders” (Note the open cooling jackets around the cylinders)

This brochure is available for viewing in its entirety by Academy Members as a PDF from our Academy eLibrary – Click Here – where all can see a scathing review of this brochure.

According to the above cited brochure, the Detroit Diesel 8.2 cylinder block was “designed using computer analysis” (Remember the old adage “Garbage in, garbage out.”), and was cast without the full head gasket mating surface (the “deck”) leaving the joined “Siamese” cylinders “free-standing”. The 8.2 head gasket mating surface is drastically reduced and consists of just the narrow top ends of the cylinders which consequently, can provide only limited head gasket sealing surface that has proven to be woefully inadequate. Detroit Diesel advertised that the reason that they chose this design was to provide “full length cylinder cooling”. While this design does provide slightly more even cooling of the cylinders, the far more compelling reason to use this design was to leave the top of the cylinder casting open and accessible to allow a more precise locating of the mold (or die) during the casting process which allowed the block to be cast thinner and consequently lighter and cheaper as it did not require as much safety margin thickness for “mold slip”.

This “Open Deck free-standing” cylinder design is not new, nor is it exclusive to the 8.2. Although rare with cast iron blocks, especially high compression diesel engine blocks, most die cast aluminum blocks are of this design including most outboard boat motors and the ill-fated Chevrolet Vega car engine block pictured directly below, which also suffered from frequent head gasket failures that can be attributed to this “Open Deck” free-standing cylinder design.

Chevrolet Vega Gasoline Engine Block with “Open Deck” Free-Standing Cylinder Design.

The 8.2 head gasket itself (see picture 6th above) was redesigned and made stronger (see pictures 4th & 5th above) to help accommodate the “open deck” design, which helped only slightly. Unfortunately, some aftermarket head gaskets are inferior and as a consequence more prone to failure. Fortunately, these weaker head gaskets can usually be discerned by visual comparison to the later, stronger genuine GM gasket. These head gaskets must be both strong and flexible so they can bounce back from being crushed by the expanding cylinders* without being broken up by the cylinders working back and forth**. Unfortunately, no effective method of stabilizing the cylinders in the block has proven effective such as filling the gap between the cylinders and the block with some type of material or joining them with a welded/brazen filler, webbing or pseudo-deck.

*Metal expands when it is heated. The 8.2 unattached “Free Standing” cylinders run hotter then the exterior wall of the cylinder block. Consequently, without a “full deck”, the 8.2 cylinders expand more then the block when warmed to running temperature, crushing the head gasket against the head. A diesel engine running under normal load produces combustion gases of roughly 1150°F (461°C). The cast iron cylinder absorbs enough of the heat energy to heat up to over 550°F (188°C) on its inner bore surface. The outer cylinder surface is normally cooled to slightly under 300°F (149°C) by the engine’s coolant. The engine block’s outer wall absorbs some heat from the engine coolant and will therefore normally run at slightly below the temperature of the engine coolant as it looses some heat warming up the ambient air in the engine space. The temperature of the engine coolant is controlled by the engine’s thermostat. When the cylinder cools because the engine load is reduced or the engine is shut down, the cylinder contracts and draws back from the head gasket, leaving the head gasket more likely to leak.

1.  Illustration of 8.2 Head, Head Gasket, Cylinder, and Engine Block when first Assembled cold.

2. Exaggerated Illustration of a running 8.2 engine where the cylinder has warmed up and expanded
more then the cooler outer walls
of the engine block,
crushing the head gasket against the head.

3. Exaggerated Illustration of the top of cylinder drawing back from the head gasket as the cylinder cools.

An engine with a “Full Deck” that restrains the cylinder from expanding against the head gasket and transfers more heat to the engine block, will not crush the head gasket like an engine with an  “Open-Deck Free-Standing Cylinder” design.

Illustration of an engine with a “Full-Deck Free-Standing” cylinder block design.

See Engine Head Gasket Wear for more details.

**Besides the drastically reduced head gasket sealing surface and the cylinder over-expanding the block even during normal operation and crushing the head gasket (see Open Deck Free-Standing Engine Cylinder Block Design), an even more destructive deficiency exists in the 8.2 due to the “Open-Deck Free-Standing Cylinder” design. The cylinders lack any connection between the tops of the cylinders and the engine block. This connection would normally be provided by the “deck” which would support the top of each cylinder and prevent the cylinder from flexing and moving back and forth, side-to-side and working against (chaffing) the head gasket when the engine is running especially at higher power output, and when boosted by turbocharging. Even the Cummins “Triple-Nickel” shown below had a “deck’ to prevent the “wet” liners from flexing and working against the head gasket. Of course it had to have something to hold the tops of the removable liners in place.

Cummins V-555 cylinder block with replaceable “wet” cylinder liners removed, exposing the cooling jackets.

This “cylinder flexing” process is illustrated in the 4-Stroke Cycle diagram below where the piston can be seen first pushing against the right side of the cylinder during the compression stroke (see yellow arrow) and then pushing even harder against the left side of the cylinder during the power stroke (see red arrow). This ‘back and forth’ pushing force is of course due to the changing angle of the connecting rod to the crankshaft’s rod journal as the crankshaft turns. Without a full “deck” to support the tops of the cylinders, the cylinders are allowed to flex back-and-forth, moved by the side loads induced by the piston. A full deck would prevent the top end of the cylinder from chaffing against the head gasket. At low load, the chaffing may be minute. At higher load the chaffing will be more severe. It is simply a matter of time before the chaffing damages the head gasket. Predicting when the gasket will start leaking is practically impossible. Gasket damage will occur more quickly if the engine misfires, detonates, or is lugged.

The Detroit Diesel 8.2L Service Manual #6SE421 describes in section 1.1 the procedure for checking the flatness of the top of the block with a straight edge after the head has been removed to determine if the block’s mating surface to the head (the “Firedeck”) is flat enough.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Cylinder Block “Flatness Check” without the additional locations required later.

Additional transverse locations across cylinder centers were required by later revisions to this test procedure. Unfortunately, this test is very misleading if the head has already been milled flat after a previous test for flatness. multiple millings would obviously cause higher compression in the combustion chambers as more and more material is removed from the tops of the cylinders, effectively shortening the cylinder length & block height. If too much material is removed from the block, the pistons can even make contact with the cylinder head. A similar test performed with the pistons, rods and crankshaft installed can indicate how much the block has previously been milled. However, measuring from the top of the piston to the top of the cylinder will only be accurate if the crankshaft main bearing mountings are not stretched (elongated) from hydrolocking (discussed later in this article).

Checking the Cylinder Block’s “Firedeck” for Longitudinal Flatness using a “Straight Edge” and “Feeler Gauge”.

According to the manual, if the top surface varies by more then .07mm (0.003″) transversely or more then .17mm (0.007″) longitudinally, the block is NOT to be machined flat, but must be “rejected”. When checked, blocks from engines that had blown head gaskets were frequently found to be beyond these limits and therefore could not be reused, relegating them to the scrap heap. Amazingly, the cylinders in these blocks were often found to be slightly bent to one side (as illustrated below), undoubtedly by the force of the pistons during power strokes as illustrated by the yellow arrow above. These bent cylinders were often found to be out-of-round and sometimes even cracked at their base where they joined the block (see exaggerated illustration below).

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Cylinder Block Test Using Straight Edge.

The cylinder can also be bent to one side as described above by hydrolocking, which is very easy to distinguish as the cylinder would be bent the other way (to the right in the illustration above) as the piston is stopped by the liquid in the cylinder before top-dead-center during the compression stroke (with the crankshaft turning clockwise in the illustration above) instead of during the power stroke.

This “Open Deck free-standing” design makes the 8.2 engine prone to head gasket failures and the resulting internal hydrolocking damage (described later) which tends to be catastrophic. Operation of the 8.2 at flank (full) speed in marine service, especially those that are turbocharged, is not wise unless the propeller is “under-pitched”, allowing the engine to run more easily. This will also be discussed later in this article under “How to keep the 8.2 alive”.

Although GM reportedly considered producing the 8.2 with a “Full Deck” when production was moved to GM’s automotive division in Canada, this unfortunately never came to fruition.

The cylinder head must also be checked for flatness as they sometimes warp when overheated. They must also be checked for cracks and other damage that can result from overheating or hydrolocking. GM recommends that the smaller diameter head bolts be upgraded to the larger diameter head bolts. Before any head bolts are reused, they must be checked for signs of stretching damage, fatigue damage or thread deformation. They are often found to be unusable. The threads in the block should also be checked. If they are damaged, the block can often be salvaged by installing thread repair inserts such as Heli-Coils. However, cylinder blocks and heads of engines that have suffered damage to their head bolts and cylinder block threads have often suffered other stress related damage such as crankshaft main bearing cap, bolts and saddle stretching and cracking. and must be thoroughly examined before re-use. The main bearing bores should be checked. Any out-of-roundness indicates main bearing cap and/or saddle stretching deformation that makes the block unreusable. This damage, the head bolts, and hydrolocking are discussed in greater detail a little later in this article.

Parent Bore Cylinders & Repair Sleeves

Most diesel engine blocks are cast and machined to receive replaceable cylinder liners (either dry liners like some of the Ford-Lehman engines or wet liners like the Cummins V-555 V-8 diesel engine and the Cummins C series). The bore of these liners are usually machined to fit “standard” bore size pistons. If a “Linered” engine suffers excessive liner wear, or damage such as from overheat scoring or rust pitting, the liner is simply replaced. The 8.2’s cylinders, on the other hand, are cast and machined (e.g. bored and honed) directly into the engine block casting to fit “standard” bore size pistons. These are called “parent bore” or “native bore” cylinders.

Most gasoline automobile engines are “parent bore” engines as they are much cheaper to build. This is also the case in a few diesel engines such as the Cat 3208 and the Cummins B series. If a “parent bore” engine block has suffered excessive wear, or cylinder damage such as from overheat scoring or rust pitting, the cylinders can be bored and honed to fit oversized pistons. When the 8.2’s block is bored and honed for oversized pistons, the already weak unsupported cylinders are left even thinner and weaker, making cylinder flexing and head gasket failure even more likely. The boring also reduces the sealing surface that mates to the head gasket, increasing the probability of gasket failure. If the cylinders are too damaged to be bored to receive the largest oversized piston, Detroit Diesel suggests that the blocks can be reused by being bored and sleeved back to standard bore size by pressing in a repair sleeve. As illustrated below, the Detroit Diesel 8.2L Service Manual #6SE421 describes in the Shop Notes Section 1.0 (the 78th & 79th pages of the manual) the procedure for installing a repair sleeve in an 8.2 block.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Repair Liner Installation per Manual.

In engines with thicker walled cylinders then the 8.2 and/or full decks, installing repair sleeves have been done very successfully. Unfortunately, engine rebuilders that have attempted to use repair sleeves in the 8.2’s cylinder bores have found that when the inherently weak “free standing” cylinder walls are machined oversized for these repair sleeves, the cylinder walls in the block become thinner and dangerously weaker, especially near the base of the cylinder where it joins the block, making the 8.2 cylinders more prone to flexing, and consequently even more likely to suffer head gasket failure (see next topic below) and more prone to cylinders cracking at their base. In the past, the best option was to simply replace the cylinder block. Unfortunately, new cylinder blocks are now virtually none existent as GM ceased production of the major castings long ago, and rebuildable used blocks are becoming very scarce. This shortage is compounded by many reusable automotive and marine 8.2 “take-outs” simply being scrapped without being checked for serviceability, as many consider the 8.2 not worth repairing. Occasionally, used 8.2s appear for sale, mostly on the internet, but after close examination they often prove to be too worn or damaged to be used in a rebuild. This all adds to the 8.2’s reputation as a “throw-away” engine.

Sometimes, when twin engines are replaced in a vessel, we find that while one of the engines is in serious trouble, whence the reason for the repower, the other engine may be serviceable or at least salvageable (if it was not overworked getting home). A proper engine survey and/or a very low price and shipping cost may reduce enough risk that acquiring such an engine may provide a viable option, or at least a temporary solution. Read on to learn more before you leap.

Head Bolts

The Cummins V-555 and the Caterpillar 3208 each have 18 head bolts per head whereas the Detroit Diesel 8.2 has only 10 head bolts per head. 10 bolts per head is not that uncommon on gasoline V8 engines which usually have a compression ratio of less then 9 to 1, but on diesel V8 engines which will have a compression ratio of greater then 15 to 1, the 8.2 is unique. Later model 8.2 head bolts were slightly larger in diameter (15mm vs 14mm) which allows for slightly higher head bolt torque (156 lb-ft vs 145 lb-ft) which helps better hold the heads to the block. It is therefore recommended that all earlier 8.2 engines be retrofitted with the larger head bolts by re-drilling the heads and re-tapping the block. While this has helped a little, unfortunately this so called “vast improvement” has not come close to solving the inherent weakness of the 10 bolt “Open Deck” free-standing cylinder design. In fact, it proved to increase the distortion of the head and block where they mated to the head gasket resulting in greater uneven compression of the head gasket and more uneven crushing of the gasket.


The 8.2’s design drastically limits the power that the engine can produce without the head gasket failing and leaking engine coolant into the cylinders, risking hydrolocking the pistons, which sometimes stretches the head bolts. Hydrolocking often results in bent connecting rods (as shown below) which will sooner or later result in rod bearing failure.

A little water in the cylinder can more easily damage the piston, wrist pin, connecting rod, rod bearings, crankshaft (by bending), crankshaft main bearings, main bearing caps, main bearing cap bolts, and main bearing saddles (last three by stretching) then a lot of water in the cylinder. And a lot of water in the cylinder can more easily twist the crankshaft then a little water.


This is due to the almost infinite leverage that the crankshaft can exert against the connecting rod when the piston is near top dead center. See our article on hydrolocking for details. Examples of the resulting connecting rod damage can be clearly seen in the pictures below.

bent_connecting_rod_1   bent_connecting_rod_2

Damage that often goes undiscovered includes twisting of the crankshaft, stretching of the main bearing bolts and caps, and even cracking of the main bearing saddles in the block. Shown below is an 8.2 crankshaft that appears to be in good condition, but thorough inspection found it to be twisted from hydrolocking and therefore unusable. The main bearing bolts, caps, and saddles in the block were also found to be damaged enough that they were also unusable.

Twisted Detroit Diesel 8.2 Crankshaft

Few diesel engines can survive a hydrolock event during cranking without some internal engine damage, mainly because of the high torque cranking motors used to start diesel engines.

If the crankshaft seems to slow down during a compression stroke more then usual while the engine is being turned over with the cranking motor, but then keeps turning, the engine may have just hydrolocked with a little liquid in the cylinder, and bent a connecting rod before continuing to turn. If the crankshaft stops completely while cranking, then it has probably hydrolocked with more liquid in the cylinder, stopping the piston before the crankshaft develops enough leverage against the rod to bend it enough to continue. See our webpage on hydrolocking for the complete description of this malady, its causes, consequences, and cures.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Engine Block with Cylinder Head Removed showing Evidence of a “Blown” Head Gasket.

In the case of the particular 8.2 engine pictured directly above with the head removed, the head gasket mating surface flatness test showed the surfaces far beyond the allowed limit because the “free-standing” cylinders had distorted out-of-round and were bent to one side inside the block. The engine shows evidence of engine coolant leaking past the “blown” head gasket and into the cylinders while the engine was running. “Water Washing” is the term coined by this author to describe the effect that the coolant water has on the surfaces of the combustion chambers (including the top of the pistons) when water (such as from leaking antifreeze) is introduced into the combustion chamber of an engine while it is running. Any carbon buildup on the metal surfaces is literally “steam-cleaned” off, even down to bare metal, by the water in the leaked coolant turning into steam due to the heat from combustion. The “Water Washing” pattern typically originates at the water’s point of entry (such as a head gasket leak or cracked head) and spreads from there across the combustion chamber surface. This effect can be seen to varying degrees on the tops of the pistons in the 8.2 pictured above, especially the far right piston where shiny metal (devoid of soot) can be seen near the edge of the piston crown.

When the “block height” (or what could be called the “deck height”) was measured, this block proved to have been resurfaced previous to this failure. A consequence of resurfacing can be an increase of the compression in the cylinders which exacerbates the gasket failure problem.

An engine can hydrolock while running if its air intake is submerged under water such as in the case of a swamping or sinking. It is however, nearly impossible for an engine to ingest enough water into the cylinders through a blown head gasket while it is running to hydrolock the engine as such little water will simply form steam and exit through the exhaust port during the exhaust stroke. As a side note, it is not uncommon for high performance engines, such as racing engines and WW2 military aircraft engines to be fitted with “Water Injection” that sprays water into the engine’s air intake while the engine is running without hydrolocking the engine. However, if engine coolant continues to leak into the cylinder(s) after the engine is shut-down as in the case of the above engine, and then the engine is cranked by the starter motor with coolant in the cylinder(s), hydrolocking of the piston(s) and damage to the connecting rod(s), is more then likely to result. In addition, the cylinder(s) will likely be bent as mentioned before and the crankshaft will likely suffer twisting damage and may break. And the crankshaft main bearing caps, bolts and saddles may suffer stretching and cracking damage from the extremely high loads on the already weak “bottom end”.

Like many other 8.2 engines, hydrolocking made this particular 8.2 engine shown above unrebuildable. Thorough examination should reveal whether or not a block is too damaged to rebuild. Unfortunately, many engines that are so damaged that they are unrebuildable have been rebuilt and have consequently suffered early, if not immediate, failure.

Many of the 8.2s’ bottom end failures are the result of hydrolocking (caused by
leaking head gaskets) that had bent connecting rods, stretched
main bearing mountings, twisted crankshafts, etc.

Due to the above mentioned inherent (and unfixable) shortcomings, most experienced mechanics consider rebuilding an 8.2 to be unwise and many veteran rebuilders simply refuse to rebuild them for fear of early re-failure.

How Piston Skirt Length Affects Engine Service Life

There is a direct relationship between the length of the piston skirt and the length of the engine’s service life. The shorter the piston skirt, the greater the wear experienced by the pistons, the rings and the cylinder bores. As shown in the 4-Stroke Cycle diagram above, the piston is forced against the side of the cylinder (yellow arrows) by the angle of the connecting rod to the crankshaft rod journal. Generally, the less lubricated surface that the piston can provide against the cylinder, the greater the wear will be on the components. Also, the shorter the piston skirt, the greater the tendency for the piston to cock in the cylinder bore resulting in greater uneven wear. High compression engines, especially diesel engines, should have longer piston skirts to endure the higher side loads on the pistons and cylinders.

Compare the length of the short-lifed 8.2 piston skirt shown below middle with the long-lifed Caterpillar 7N4515 piston skirt shown below right. Longer life engines typically have piston skirts at least as long as the cylinder bore diameter. The 8.2 engine has short piston skirts that results in a shorter engine service life. See How Piston Skirt Length Affects Engine Service Life. The 350ci 5.7L Chevy small block V8 piston shown below left has an even shorter piston skirt. This gasoline engine piston would not survive the stress of a diesel engine’s compression, etc.

350ci Chevy V8                    Short-Lifed 8.2                              Long-Lifed Cat    ·

Also note how the contact surfaces of the Chevy piston skirt and the 8.2 piston skirt have been further reduced by being squared-off around the wrist pin boss to make the piston lighter. The skirts are also cut-away to provide clearance for the rotating crankshafts when the pistons are near bottom-dead-center (BDC) which allows for short connecting rods. The 8.2 was designed with short, cut-away piston skirts and short connecting rods so the cylinders could be shorter and thus the engine’s overall height could be less, allowing it to fit into more limited-height applications. This also made the engine lighter and cheaper to build. As a consequence, the 8.2 has a much shorter expected service life then other engines with longer piston skirts. However, because of the 8.2’s other shortcomings, the 8.2 rarely survives long enough to actually “wear out”.

Other Piston Shortcomings

Also compare the distance from the crown of the piston to the first compression ring on the 8.2 piston to that of the Caterpillar piston. The distance is much less on the 8.2 piston which makes the 8.2 piston and rings much more vulnerable to damage from engine overheating, thermal runaway, and detonation then the Caterpillar piston. Note the wear and damage to the 8.2 piston, especially between the top ring and the top of the piston. This picture is found in the 8.2 brochure shown earlier. This brochure claims that “As you can see, these parts remained in like-new condition, showing little or no wear. In fact, they actually miked within new part specifications.” They went on make life projections of several engine components. But do these projections take into account the RATE OF WEAR? The brochure does not make mention of any initial pre-build micrometer measurements. Without these initial measurements, no valid projections can be made. The specifications are a range. If the component was measured to be at one end of the range when first installed and is now found to be at the other end of the range at 3,000 hours, the rate of wear would be considered very high and the life expectancy very low. Unlike the brochure’s claim that “the piston itself is projected to live 30,000 hours.” the shown piston (at 3,000 hours) is so badly worn and damaged that it is no longer usable due to metal transfer, scuffing and scoring. This is also true of the piston rings, connecting rod bearings crankshaft main bearings and several other components clearly shown in the brochure. No competent mechanic would reassemble this engine with any of these badly worn and damaged components.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Crankshaft and Bearing Failures

The 8.2 engine below has “thrown” the #4 connecting rod through the cylinder block and oil pan near the surfaces where they join, punching holes in both. In this case, “Hydrolocking” damage to the inherently “weak bottom end” due to a coolant leak into a cylinder from a blown head gasket as discussed earlier was determined to be the root cause for this failure.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 with #4 rod thrown thru the cylinder block and the oil pan. Oil pan has been removed.

Unfortunately, the 8.2 also suffers from a “weak bottom end”. “Hydrolocking” can result in serious damage to the 8.2 connecting rods, crankshaft, bearings and bearing saddles in the cylinder block. However, the occurrence of “broken cranks”, “spun bearings” and “thrown rods” NOT caused by “Hydrolocking” are far too frequent. These issues are however, not uncommon of most smaller “V” cylinder configuration high compression engines, especially those with cylinder bores less then 5 inches (127mm) and is due to the overall shortness of the crankshaft.

“V8” Rod Bearings.

Compare the narrow width of the small V8 connecting rod bearings above with the wider width of a small inline 4-cylinder engine’s bearings pictured below which are nearly twice as wide.

“Inline-4” Rod Bearings.

With twice as many pistons connected to a V8 crankshaft which is often not much longer then an inline 4-cylinder crankshaft of the same bore, there just isn’t much room for the connecting rod bearings, the crankshaft main bearings, and the crank webs. Note how narrow the crank webs, counter-weights, main bearings and connecting rod bearings have to be to fit on the short 8.2 crankshaft shown below. In the picture, the pistons and connecting rods for one bank have been removed and the narrowness of the rod bearing surfaces on the crankshaft can be clearly seen. The connecting rod bearings and crankshaft show serious wear and scoring, indicating imminent rod bearing failure. Also note the discoloration of the crankcase indicating that the crankshaft, bearings, etc. have been running hot, especially the crankshaft’s darkened front main bearing cap (at the left end of picture ) indicating that the bearing has overheated and has failed. This front main bearing failed due to a slightly twisted and bent crankshaft near the #2 main bearing that resulted from a #2 piston hydrolock caused by a blown head gasket. Narrow bearings are far more susceptible to damage and failure then wide bearings. Engine oil analysis tipped-off the prospective buyer to this engine’s internal damage and imminent demise.

Crowded Detroit Diesel 8.2 Crankcase with damaged rod bearings and overheated front main bearing (left).

Unfortunately, in the case of “slip-bearings” commonly used in 4-Stroke Cycle engines including the 8.2 crankshaft bearings, the narrower the bearings, the more difficult it is maintain an adequate lubricating oil film between the crankshaft’s steel surface and the softer metal surface of the bearing shell as the oil is more quickly squeezed out of the narrower bearings by the heavy loads of a high compression diesel engine especially at higher RPM’s. In the V8 crankcase pictured below with the connecting rod cap removed, see how narrow the rod bearing has to be in order to clear the radius cut on the shoulder of the crankshaft’s journal (red arrow). The broad radius helps prevent the crankshaft from cracking at the transition from the horizontal journal bearing surface to the vertical journal shoulder.

V8 Crankshaft and Connecting Rod with the narrow rod bearing highlighted in red.

Without an adequate oil film to keep the metal surfaces of the crankshaft and bearings properly separated, they will suffer erosion of the metal surfaces or worse yet make contact with each other causing metal transfer and scoring the surfaces, making bearing failure imminent. This damage can be clearly seen on the bearing shell shown below that was removed from the engine pictured second above. The soft lead/aluminum based overlay has been abraded enough to start exposing the copper based underlay which makes catastrophic failure of this bearing imminent. Note that the wear is slightly more pronounced on one side of the bearing (towards bottom of picture) suggesting that the connecting rod is slightly bent. When checked, the rod did prove to be slightly bent, probably by hydrolocking of the piston sometime in the immediate past. It is not uncommon for an engine to suffer this damage after a blown head gasket causes Hydrolocking. If an engine has suffered this hydrolocking damage after a blown head gasket, and this damage is not discovered and just the head gasket is replaced, the engine is obviously doomed to imminent catastrophic bottom end failure.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Bearing showing serious scoring damage.

An engine oil analysis indicating elevated glycol, lead, copper and iron would predict a failure from hydrolocking bottom end damage, which in an 8.2 usually originates from a blown head gasket. It is also important to note that head gasket failures often drive coolant into the engine’s crankcase, contaminating the engine oil which can lead to failure of the engine bearings as well as other serious problems.

These narrow bearings are also more susceptible to damage from coolant contaminated or fuel deluded engine oil. Fuel from a leaky injector, injection pump, or fuel lift pump that enters the oil sump and deludes the engine oil will thin the oil so that it cannot maintain an adequate film between the metal parts and a bottom end failure will ensue. An engine oil analysis indicating elevated levels of fuel, lead, copper and iron would indicate bearing damage from fuel deluded engine oil.

A crowded crankshaft: Even though the connecting rod pins on a V8 crankshaft are the widest journals on the crank, when assembled the V8 crank will have two connecting rods crowded onto each rod journal leaving little room for each individual rod bearing.

V8 Crankshaft with Two Rods assembled to each rod Journal.

In the picture third above and the illustration below, it is easy to see how narrow the rod bearings of an 8.2 have to be. Note the two oil feed holes per rod journal (one for each connecting rod. In a fully pressurized lubrication system like the 8.2 has, the oil is fed to the center of each bearing so that it can form a lubricating film of oil between the crankshaft journal and the bearing surfaces, as it works its way to the outer edges of the bearing where it squirts out. The narrow width of the bearings and the resulting increased load on the oil, forces the oil to squirt out of the narrow bearings much more quickly then with the wider bearings.

Detroit Diesel 8.2 Crankshaft – Illustration.

The larger the cylinder bores, the longer the crankshaft and therefore the more room available for wider bearings. “V” Pattern engines such as V8 engines with cylinder bores larger then 6″ typically have plenty of room on the longer crankshaft for bearings wide enough and crank webs strong enough to allow the engine to produce very high output, even well over one horsepower per cubic inch of displacement.

Unfortunately, for the 8.2 the typical crankshaft wear is far greater then the wear found on better engines. The Detroit Diesel 8.2 Service Manual 1985 contains the recommended procedure (see Section 1.3 Crankshaft) for resurfacing “typical Ridging of Crankshaft” as much as .025mm (0.001″) using emery cloth and then crocus cloth. This rather crude Do-it-yourself procedure can easily result in very poor bearing journal surfaces that can cause early bearing failure. A qualified crankshaft machinist with the proper equipment able to perform quality resurfacing has the best chance of providing a satisfactory bearing journal surface.

On the 8.2 crankshaft pictured five above and then illustration directly above, note how narrow the five main bearing journals are especially when compared with the 4-cylinder crankshaft shown second below. Crankshaft main bearings will be discussed in more detail a little later.

Another issue with any small V8 crankshaft is the narrow crank webs which are much weaker and consequently much more prone to bending, cracking and breaking as shown below.

V8 Crankshaft with broken web near front end of crankshaft (left).

By comparison, the inline 4-cylinder crankshaft below which will have only one rod fitted per journal when assembled will have much wider rod bearings. Note the much wider main bearing journals which will accommodate much wider main bearings. Also note the wider and much stronger crank webs between the bearing journals. This crankshaft is from a 212 cubic inch displacement engine, which is less then half the displacement of the 500 cubic inch 8.2 engine.

Detroit Diesel 4-53 4-cylinder 2-Stroke Cycle crankshaft.

The inline 4-cylinder crankshaft shown above has 5 main bearings. The crank webs, and the width and diameter of the main and rod bearings have been optimized to carry the stress and load of a high compression, high output engine. By comparison, the V8 crankshaft has the same number of main bearings for twice as many cylinders, and the V8 main bearing journals are much narrower. You can see how crowded a small V8 crankcase can be in the picture directly below. There just isn’t enough room for rod bearings or main bearings to be wide enough to carry the heavy loads generated by a high speed, high compression, high output engine.

Narrow main bearings, main bearing caps and main bearing saddles in the cylinder block cannot support the crankshaft as well as wider and stronger components can. Rapid bearing wear and stretching of the caps, bolts and saddles are common in these high compression engines, and have proven even more susceptible to “Hydrolocking” damage.

Notice that the main bearing journals of the V8 crankshafts shown in the illustration and pictures above have been increased in diameter to increase the bearing surface in an effort to compensate for their narrowness. But at some point this becomes counter-productive because the increased diameter increases the slip-bearing surface speed which makes it more difficult for the oil to maintain adequate oil film thickness at higher RPM’s. By comparison, a 4-cylinder crank’s main bearings can be wider so they can more easily maintain oil film thickness and carry the loads, hence the journals can be smaller in diameter to reduce bearing surface speed. This is why inline engines with the wider bearings, stronger crank webs, and main bearings between each cylinder, can be air charged (e.g. with a turbocharger) to reliably produce more than twice the horsepower per inch of displacement then a small V8 like the 8.2. Air-charging these stronger inline diesel engines can also enable them to run cleaner with fewer emissions as explained in our articles Fuel Fundamentals and Selecting the Right Diesel Engine for Your Boat.

The 8,2’s Short Stroke

Engines with longer piston strokes have the advantage of typically producing much higher torque at slower crankshaft speeds (RPMs). The 8.2 was designed with a stroke much shorter then most other diesel engines of this displacement. It is just slightly “under-square” with a 108mm bore × 112mm stroke. Besides allowing the engine height to be lower, the shorter stroke also has the advantage of reducing the load on the crankshaft main bearings, however the load on the rod bearings is higher. Unfortunately, any of these short stroke, nearly-square and over-square engines produce less torque and have to be set-up to run at higher RPM’s to produce their maximum power, which is limited by their increased crankshaft slip-bearing surface speeds. Unfortunately, as bearing surface speed increases, bearing wear increases and so does the risk of bearing failure, especially in the case of the narrow bearings used in the 8.2.

In the illustration above, the short stroke “oversquare” engine has a cylinder bore greater then the stroke (Example: 4″ bore and 2″ stroke). The “square” engine has a bore equal to the stroke (Example: 3″ bore and 3″ stroke). The long stroke “undersquare” engine has a bore smaller then the stroke (Example: 2″ bore and 6″ stroke). Some very light-duty diesel engines and most automotive gasoline engines are “square” or “oversquare” and therefore operate at higher RPMs and produce less torque then “undersquare” engines. Most diesel engines and heavy-duty gasoline engines are “undersquare” and run at lower RPMs, but can produce higher torque.

Shorter connecting rods can exert higher side loads on the pistons causing faster wear of the piston skirts, rings and cylinder bores.

In conclusion

The above comparisons show why smaller V8 engines that lack the space for the wider crankshaft bearings and stronger crank webs are not capable of the higher power outputs of comparable displacement inline engines. These are some of the main reasons why most engine manufacturers have abandoned building small V8 diesel engines for use in the more demanding applications such as marine service, and have embraced inline configurations especially the turbocharged 6 cylinder inline with 7 main bearings such as the Cummins B and C series engines. Consider this: None of the small V8 diesel engines, such as the Ford and GM pickup truck engines, have successfully achieved reliable service as marine propulsion engines.

1st Side Note: Small “V” configuration 2-stroke cycle engines such as Detroit Diesel V53 & V71 series engines experience much longer bearing service with slower wear then small “V” configuration  4-stroke cycle engines like the 8,2 mainly because the 2-stroke cycle design inherently produces lower vibration induced loading on the crankshaft bearings and more consistent loading of the bearings mainly because a 2-stroke cycle engine does not have an intake stroke.

2nd Side Note: Larger “V” configuration engines (V4, V6, V8, V12, V16,+) with larger cylinder bores have longer crankshafts and therefore have more room for wider crankshaft bearings and stronger crank webs, which means that they can have stronger “bottom ends” that allows them to produce higher power outputs per displacement unit then their smaller, shorter, and weaker little brothers.

Other 8.2 issues

Tuning-up the engine, especially adjusting the injectors, is complex, time consuming, and requires special tools which are becoming more and more scarce. One such tool is the Timing Pin and Guide Tool # J 29139 illustrated on SEC 14.2.1 page 1 of the Detroit Diesel 8.2L Service Manual #6SE421. This manual is available to current Academy members for viewing from our Academy eLibrary. The complete procedure is described in that section (14) of the manual including the special tools required. Several of these tools are no longer available from GM or Detroit Diesel, but most can be fabricated. It would be much more convenient to find someone knowledgeable and experienced in the procedure who already has the proper tools, but this is proving more difficult with each passing day. The above service manual also contains sections on Preventive Maintenance and Trouble Shooting that can be very helpful.

Quality replacement parts are becoming scarce and more expensive. New major parts (i.e. blocks, heads, crankshafts, etc.) are practically non-existent and usable used parts are also becoming scarce.

How to keep the 8.2 alive

Because of these recognized inherent weaknesses, Detroit Diesel never did set up the 8.2 engines to produce very high power outputs (see Engine Specifications Table later in this article). Fortunately, in a vehicular application, the engine is rarely operated at higher speed and power output for very long, usually just during acceleration and when climbing hills. If the 8.2 engine is intentionally operated at reduced power (below 80%), by shifting down and easing up on the throttle, doing so has proven to help it survive. This is why some truck operators have experienced few if any problems with their 8.2s. In a marine application this can be accomplished by under-pitching the propeller, avoiding any rapid acceleration, and if necessary, reducing the vessel’s cruising speed. Unfortunately, this will lower combustion gas temperatures (below 800ºF) that encourages excessive carbon buildup and its ensuing problems, including “injector misfire” and detonation. Since the practice of routinely running at full throttle (flank speed) to blow out the carbon soot is NOT recommended with the 8.2, because doing so often results in head gasket failure or catastrophic bearing failure, other ways of reducing carbon buildup must be utilized. Unfortunately, the benefits of “water injection” are limited because the 8.2 should not be run at full throttle when most of the soot would be “steam-cleaned” and blown out. But adding fuel additives that help keep fuel injectors clean and reduce carbon buildup can be quite helpful.

Like many 4-Stroke Cycle engines, the 8.2 will tend to detonate when started in colder weather. Detonation is the phenomenon when the heated gases from combustion expand in the combustion chamber faster then the speed of sound and generate a supersonic shockwave. Detonation in a cold engine is the result of the increased ignition lag-time that unfortunately, delays ignition until the combustion chamber has an overabundance of fuel. Once ignited, the large quantity of fuel burns too fast, generating a shockwave. This shockwave or “sonic boom” if you like, can be heard by the naked ear as the characteristic “knock” or “ping” of detonation depending on the frequency of the sound, the “ping” being the higher frequency. Typically, the larger the cylinder, the lower the frequency. When detonation occurs in the 8.2, which mechanically injects the diesel fuel directly into the relatively fragile cylinder instead of into a heavily reinforced precombustion chamber, the shockwave too often causes damage to the already “weak” head gaskets because they are directly exposed to the shockwave. Starting any diesel engine, but especially an 8.2 in cold temperatures is greatly improved by fitting an engine warming device such as a block heater or an intake air heater. Heating the engine or the incoming air reduces the ignition lag-time, avoiding detonation before the engine warms up.

It is never a good idea to use “Ether” to start an 8.2 as it will often detonate in the cylinders causing head gasket damage or worse. Detroit Diesel made the mistake of providing a cold weather starting fluid injection canister as an option on the automotive and industrial versions of the 8.2, just like they had offered on their 2-Stroke Cycle engines which were not prone to detonation, giving the impression that spraying starting fluid into the 8.2 was acceptable. Of course it proved to be detrimental and many 8.2 engines have been seriously damaged as a result.

The starting fluid device was never offered for the marine version of the 8.2 because having such a volatile fuel as starting fluid in the engine space of a vessel, especially a diesel fueled one, is extremely dangerous. Why are volatile fuels such as starting fluid, gasoline or propane so dangerous in diesel powered vessels? Well remember that electrical devices such as relays, generators, alternators and starter motors on gasoline fueled inboard engines are required to be ignition protected, but most diesel inboard engines are not required to have electrical equipment designed with ignition protection and therefore can provide an ignition source such as a spark that can result in an explosion and fire in the engine space. Also, a diesel engine can “run away” on a volatile airborne fuel in the engine space. So instead of using starting fluid, if the temperature is too cold for the engine to start easily, it is better to fit an engine warming device such as a block heater which is usually AC powered and/or an intake air heater which is usually DC and can be powered by the ship’s batteries. Block heaters must be used with care as they warm up the whole engine block including the crankcase which includes the crankshaft and its bearings. Over time, the warm engine oil which is less viscous. will drain out of the bearings, leaving them dryer during the starting process, until the oil pump refills them with oil. If a block heater is used, it is best to install an engine pre-oiler discussed later in this article.

Next, pay particular attention to the engine’s cooling system, especially the raw water pickup and sea strainer. Keep them clear of any obstructions. Also keep the raw water pump impeller, the heat exchanger, the engine coolant (antifreeze), the pressure cap, all hoses, and the engine belts and pulleys in good shape. The exhaust mixing elbows on wet exhaust systems should be routinely checked for deterioration and clogging. Due to the poor design detailed above regarding head gasket failures, even the slightest overheating can result in serious consequences. Consider retrofitting the engine with the larger head bolts and later, stronger head gaskets. Keep in mind that most 8.2 overheating events are caused by coolant loss from a leaking head gasket rather then the other way around. Therefore, any coolant loss should be investigated immediately to determine if it is due to a leaking head gasket, and if the engine has already suffered other damage such as from hydrolocking. If the coolant level has dropped during or after engine operation, the cause should be identified before starting the engine to avoid hydrolocking.

Adding section on coolant return tank and pressure cap soon.
Test coolant for combustion gases.

Fluid analysis of the engine coolant and engine oil can help detect a leaking head gasket and can also help determine the extent of other internal damage.

It may also prove helpful to pull the fuel injectors and inspect the cylinders with a borescope for internal engine damage, and “water washing”, which is evidence of a “blown” head gasket.

If you replace injectors BEWARE. The injector markings may NOT indicate that the injectors have been drilled larger for the greater fuel delivery required by the higher rated engines. This can result in some or all of the injectors delivering too much fuel for the lower rated engines or too little fuel for the higher rated engines. Ensure that the injectors’ fuel discharge holes, valves, etc. are the proper size for the rated horsepower of the engine. And yes, your engine may have already suffered this injector mismatch.

Ensure that the engine oil is properly maintained. Always use a quality Diesel Engine Lubricating Oil such as DELO 400. DO NOT USE DELO 100 as it is a low detergent oil intended for Detroit Diesel’s 2-Stroke Cycle engines which do not suffer oil contamination from soot blowby. See our webpage on engine oil. Always shake or stir the new oil container to mix the new oil before pouring the new oil into the engine as the oil and additives tend to separate over time. This is especially true of larger containers of oil such as drums which must be stirred routinely to mix the heavier additives like zinc that tend to settle to the bottom of the drum. Always maintain the proper oil level in the engine. Always replace the oil filter during every oil change. Then cut open the old filter and check it for metal. See our webpage on Inspecting Oil Filters for metal. Always use a quality oil filter. Consider fitting the engine with a by-pass type oil filter in addition to the original full-flow oil filter. See our Article on Installing a Bypass Oil Filter. The small micron by-pass filter’s element can remove much smaller contaminate particles from the oil then the larger micron full-flow filter’s element can, thus reducing wear from oil contaminates. The 8.2’s narrow crankshaft bearings make them more susceptible to wear from these smaller particles contaminating the oil when the oil film between the bearing and crankshaft is pressed thin.

Lastly, let’s consider one more source of wear and failure. If the engine sits dormant for long periods, consider fitting a pre-oiler to the engine to pressurize the oil galleys and fill the bearings before starting the engine. This practice reduces wear during startup, which is considerable especially in the case of the narrow 8.2 crankshaft bearings. Pre-oilers are often fitted to commercial engines to reduce startup wear. See our webpage on Engine Pre-Oilers.

A surprising number of vessels were fitted with 8.2s for propulsion due to their rather reasonable price. Unfortunately, due to the 8.2’s shortcomings, many of these engines are in serious trouble. Some of the owners aren’t aware of any problems, but again some are. There is no denying that the 8.2’s problems haven’t adversely effected the value of the vessels which are equipped with them. Whether you own such a vessel already or are considering buying one, a good place to start is with a fluid analysis of a properly drawn engine oil sample. Even when you don’t have any previous sampling results to trend from, The analysis of a single current sample can still reveal if any of the shortcomings inherent in the 8.2 have already resulted in damage to the engine and to just what extent. Academy members have the opportunity to submit oil analysis reports to our engine experts (at no charge) for their opinions and suggestions as part of our “Ask An Expert” Program.

If the 8.2 is currently in good condition, and your plan is to keep the engine for awhile, the best advise is to make the above improvements, keep it maintained, and run it easy. If you intend on keeping the vessel for a while, you should probably start budgeting for a repower. But remember that tight quarters may limit your choice of replacement engines. When available, the somewhat larger Cat 3208 has been a popular repower option and of course has proven to be a much better engine. The Cummins “Triple-Nickel“, not so much. If the engine space is large enough, the Cummins “B” or “C” series which are inline engines have proven to be excellent choices. See our article Selecting the Right Diesel Engine for Your Boat.

What others have said about the 8.2

FROM Genesis: “The DD 8.2s are in fact diesels, and have the unit injector system that Detroits are known for, but they’re 4 strokes. They were also called “fuel pinchers”, although they were never really all that good at extracting the higher-BSFC numbers we now get from electronics. They’re parent-bore engines and have an “open deck” block design, which means that they’re prone to head gasket problems. Early year engines also had too small of head bolts for proper sealing pressures. I am generally a Detroit fan, but this is the one engine of theirs I would not own.”

FROM Scrod: “Detroit Diesel 8.2 Liter, head gasket failures (no block deck to support the liners, you’d think they would have learned from the Cadillac 4100) and bottom end problems. It doesn’t live up to the “Detroit Diesel” legend. I would avoid it.”

FROM Mobil_Bob: “8.2 Detroit…you couldn’t give me one even if you papered it with 20 dollar bills! Cam bushings were not presized. If you replace them the engine had to have the cam bores align bored. Oil pump gearrotor bushing. Replace it and you have to mount the engine block in a Bridgeport to resize the bushing so the outer gear will fit, 15mm head studs, that later had to be drilled out in situ?? tapped to 17mm, what a joke! Monobloc free standing cylinders much like that … of an engine that cadillac had hell with. Reset the overhead, injector and racks??? baseline method using dial indicators??? insane!!”

ALSO see posts on Trawler Forum:
^ Engines and Detroit 8.2L
^ Detroit Diesel 8.2L (Includes a scathing review from Rufus (below) of this EAB DD 8.2L article)

FROM Rufus: “Well, I have 17 years of experience operating them in our OA 440. That said the 250 HP (no intercooler) engines only have 1560 hours on them. I run them little harder than you’d run a Lehman, hull speed plus in the semi-planing OA hull…8-9 knots @ 1500 rpm…enough to be on boost. If the seas are moderately bumpy, I’ll run a little harder to get the hull on semi- “plane”….12-13 knots… 2200-2300 rpm. Other than oil changes, I’ve replaced belts, impellors, antifreeze, and oil religiously (synthetic). I also removed and cleaned out the heat exchangers. So far, zero issues. Zilch. The intercooled 300 HP version did not do well in go fast planning boats. BTW, the 250 HP version of the 8.2 makes 150 HP at about 1800 rpm. (I think they’d live OK at that power).” “That article is chocka block full of “opinion”, observation versus hard engineering facts, and inference based on speculation. There are no data to back up the number of failures in service, nor the numbers of failures due to a given design “issue”. It uses illustrations of blown head gaskets from an engine that is not an 8.2….pictures of bent rods from a non-8.2… It’s the worst excuse for a supposed engineering “technical” paper I’ve ever read, and I’ve read a lot of them. A compilation of BS dock talk. Pathetic.” “I have two and they’re absolute gems. The article gathers up examples of failures, depicts photos of engine parts that are not 8.2 (leaving the impression that they are), and provides zero statistics regarding how many failures were due to a supposed design issue, how the engines where operated, what type of boat, how they were maintained… infers that shared rod bearing surfaces caused untold failures (every V configured engine in Detroit’s 2-stroke line uses this arrangement). It’s not an engineering report, it’s an opinion report. Show me the data as to how many specific failures were due to poor maintenance and abusive operation, and I might give it some credibility. It’s a sloppy hit job. I’ve written many engineering reports….this is not one. It’s dock talk posing as a technical report.” “I don’t have great “diesel skills”, but I do have a brain and maintain and operate these engines where they survive just fine. In usage, I think of them as 120-130 HP Lehmans with a big cushion. I tell every prospective buyer exactly that. (By the way, thanks for sabotaging prospects for selling the boat…rather mean spirited, I’d say)”

Johnson & Towers Marinized Detroit Diesel 8.2L 4-Stroke Cycle V8 Diesel Engine with Turbo & Intercooler.

Similar Engines from Major Competitors

Detroit Diesel has never produced any other engine to fill this medium duty truck market. Similar engines were produced by other leading diesel engine manufacturers to compete in this growing market. Cummins developed the 555 cubic inch displacement V-555 “Triple Nickel” engine, but like the 8.2, it proved to have a weak “bottom end” as well as other fatal problems. Eventually, Cummins settled on the “B” and “C” series engines such as the inline six cylinder 5.9 liter and 8.3 liter engines to fill this niche which they have done quite successfully.

Caterpillar had come out with the 1100 medium truck engine in the 1960’s which became the 3160 marine engine. It was a larger bore V8 engine at 636 cubic inches of displacement, which made it a longer engine with a longer crankshaft and therefore more room for wider crankshaft bearings. It still suffered from a weak “bottom end” like it’s other V8 rivals. but not near as badly as it has a larger bore and thus longer crankshaft. However, in marine use it also suffered from a design flaw of the interference fit camshaft driven gear that sometimes resulted in the gear spinning on the camshaft during a “prop-strike” or a “hard shift” which would in turn result in catastrophic internal damage to the engine. When Caterpillar came out with the 3160’s successor, the 3208, they strove to strengthen the “bottom end” which they succeeded in only slightly improving, but they did nothing to remedy the camshaft gear weakness. There is however a fix for this weakness that involves drilling the gear and camshaft for countersunk fasteners. Like most other engine manufacturers, Caterpillar eventually abandoned the small V8 configuration and turned to inline six cylinder engines such as the 3126.

Now compare the 8.2 with the Ford of Britain diesel engines of the time. The pioneering version of the Ford 6-cylinder inline engine entered production in 1952. It continued with few changes through the last half of the 1900’s into the new century, for a total of more then 60 years in continuous production, powering tractors, harvesters, rock crushers, generators, lorries, vessels, etc. with a vast majority of them still dependably serving their owners. The naturally aspirated 6.22 Litre models were rated at 110 to 145 Horsepower. These became the base engines for the popular Lehman 120 and 135 Super. The 6 Litre turbocharged models were rated as high as 300 horsepower. Many boat owners still prefer these engines over any others, however the new leaders in this class are the 5.9 thru 8.3 Liter 6-cylinder inline engines from Cummins. The B series 5.9 liter engines proved themselves in the Dodge Ram pickup and are rated as high as 470 horsepower. The C series 8.3 liter engines are rated as high as 600 horsepower. Note that the Ford Motor Company has been a large stakeholder in Cummins until recently.

Many 8.2 powered trucks, busses, boats, generators, etc. have been successfully repowered with the somewhat larger Caterpillar 3208 V8 diesel engine. The Cummins B series 5.9 diesel engine has also made an excellent replacement for the 8.2 when there is enough room to fit. The Cummins 5.9 has certainly proven itself in trucks, busses and boats, unlike the small V8 light-duty diesel engines used by GM or Ford in their vans and pickup trucks over the years which have all failed to dependably transitioned to marine service.

Identifying the 8.2 by Model Number on Options Label

The options and equipment for the 8.2 engines can be identified by the Option Label that includes the engine serial number and model number. Engines prior to serial number 8G27987 were built with standard equipment only. No optional equipment was offered and no model label was provided. Engines after serial number 8G27987 will have the Option Label located behind the water pump.

A typical Model Number would be RC 4087-7300. This Model Number is broken down below to demonstrate the identification on the engine.

Specifications of Detroit Diesel 8.2L 4-Stroke Cycle
Automotive, Industrial and Marine Engines.
Features: Horizontal Crankshaft & Parent Bore Cylinders

Types of Engine Vendors: Engine design owners may produce the engines in-house as manufacturers.
^ Licensees are licensed by engine design owners to produce base engines and/or marine engines.
^ Marinizers buy base engines from the producers at wholesale, marinize them for marine service,
^ ^ and then sell them to boat builders, resellers, etc. at wholesale or to end users at retail.
^ Resellers buy marine engines at wholesale and resell them at a markup including retail.
BASE ENGINE: Manufacturer/Vendor & Model of Base Engine followed by Specifications.
^ CYL: Cylinder Orientation & Configuration – (Dash w/no spaces) Number of Cylinders: (example: “V-8”)
^ ^ Cylinder Orientation: No Code = u… = Upright (Vertical).
^ ^ Cylinder Configuration: V = V Pattern (eg V-8).
^ BORE & STROKE: …mm = Millimeters. …in = …” = Inches.
^ DISPLACEMENT = Swept Volume: …cc = Cubic Centimeters (cm³). …L = Liters. …ci = Cubic Inches (in³).
MODEL RATINGS: Base Engine Model, Vendor Rating Code, Duty Ratings, Power Ratings, etc.
^ A-F: Aspiration-Fueling: Intake Air uncharged or charged – Petrol or Diesel Fueling.
^ ^ Aspiration: N = Naturally Aspirated (uncharged). T = Turbocharged. TT = Twin Turbos.
^ ^ …i = Intercooled. …a = Aftercooled.
^ ^ Diesel Fueling: M = Mechanical Injection. …i = Integral Injector.
^ DR = Duty Ratings: See the Engine Duty Ratings Description at the end of the Table.
^ ^ ♦♦ = Highest Power Rating from Data Sources.
^ POWER: kW = Kilowatts. HP = Horsepower. BHP = Brake Horsepower. MHP = Metric Horsepower.
^ RPM = Power Ratings @ Revolutions Per Minute.
^ YEARS: Beginning-Ending. Trailing “–” (Dash) without an Ending Date = Still in Production/Available.
^ ^ YYYY usually = Model Year. MM/YY = actual Month/Year.
^ ^ Vendors usually market products after production ceases, often until stockpiles are exhausted.
^ DS = Data Source: Click DS Link to view DS. ♦♦♦ = Summary of Data Compiled from Multiple Sources.
^ ^ BD = …d = Directory. …w = Webpage. …c = Catalog. …b = Brochure. …s = SpecSheet.
^ ^ …o = Owner’s/Operator’s Manual. …m = Service/Repair/Technical/Workshop/Shop Manual.
^ ^ …p = Parts Catalog. …h = History. …y = Years Mfr’d History. …f = Forum.
^ ^ …1,2,3,A,B,C,etc = Source #, Version, Revision (Example: Fc1 = Ford Catalog #1).
Data: ⊗ = Data Not Available from Data Source. ¿… = …? = Data Unconfirmed/in Question.

Clicking a Model Link in the table will open a new window displaying our webpage containing details about that model. Clicking a Vendor Link will open a new window displaying our webpage containing details about that vendor and their products.


Each line displays the data available from the identified Data Source (DS). The data is displayed according to the Table Key above. Clicking on the Data Source Link will open a new window displaying that Data Source. Data Sources include Catalogs, Brochures, Ads, SpecSheets, Owners/OpManuals, Parts Catalogs, Shop Manuals and Articles. The Triple Diamond "♦♦♦" = Summary of data compiled from multiple Data Sources.

Keep in mind that Data can be inaccurate in the source material and sometimes, the source material may be illegible. We try to obtain the best source material available and we make corrections to the tables when needed. If you wish to point out an error or you can help us obtain good source materials, please let us know via email To: Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")

8.2 V-8 108mm / 4.25in 112mm / 4.41in 8.2L / 500ci
8.2N N-Mi ♦♦ 128 170 3000 1979-1991 ♦♦♦
^ (w/4A40 Inj) N-Mi CON 97 130 2800 1979-1991 ?
^ (w/4A40 Inj) N-Mi CON 97 130 2800 1979?-1991? Db1
^ (w/4A40 Inj) N-Mi 130 2800 1982-1985 Dm1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi CON 97 130 2800 1979?-1991? Db1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi CON 97 130 2800 1979-1991 ?
^ (4083-7100) N-Mi MIN 97 130 2800 1988? Ds2
^ N-Mi 108 145 2600 1979-1991 ?
^ (4083-7100) N-Mi CON 108 145 2800 1988? Ds2
^ (4087-7100) N-Mi 108 145 2600 1988? Ds1
^ (w/4B45 Inj) N-Mi 145 2800 1984-1985 Dm1
^ C (w/4B45 Inj) N-Mi 145 2800 1984-1985 Dm1
^ N-Mi 112 150 2800 1979-1991 ?
^ (4087-7100) N-Mi 112 150 2800 1988? Ds1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi INT 119 160 2800 1979?-1991? Db1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi INT 119 160 2800 1979-1991 ?
^ (Marine) N-Mi CON 119 160 2800? 1979-1991 ?
^ (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi 160 2800 1982-1983 Dm1
^ C (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi 160 2800 1982 Dm1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi 165 2800 1984-1985 Dm1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi 165 3000 1981-1983 Dm1
^ C (w/4A53 Inj) N-Mi 165 3000 1981-1983 Dm1
^ C (w/4B55 Inj) N-Mi 165 2800 1984-1985 Dm1
^ N-M 127 170 2600 1979-1991 ?
^ (4087-7100) N-Mi 127 170 2600 1988? Ds1
8.2T T-Mi ♦♦ 300 3200 1979-1991 ♦♦♦
^ (w/4A53 Inj) T-Mi 156 2600 1983 Dm1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) T-Mi 160 2600 1984 Dm1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) T-Mi CON 119 160 2800 1979?-1991? Db1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) T-Mi 160 2800 1982-1983 Dm1
^ (w/4A65 Inj) T-Mi CON 119 160 2800 1979?-1991? Db1
^ (w/4C65 Inj) T-Mi 160 2800 1983 Dm1
^ (w/4A53 Inj) T-Mi 165 2800 1984-1985 Dm1
^ (w/4J60 Inj) T-Mi 165 2600 1985 Dm1
^ C (w/4K60 Inj) T-Mi 165 2600 1985 Dm1
^ T-Mi 134 180 2800 1979?-1991 ?
^ (4087-7300) T-Mi 134 180 2800 1988? Ds1
^ (w/4H60 Inj) T-Mi 190 2800 1985 Dm1
^ (w/4A65 Inj) T-Mi INT 149 200 2800 1979?-1991? Db1
^ (w/4A65 Inj) T-Mi INT 149 200 2800 1979-1991 ?
^ (w/4E67 Inj) T-Mi 200 2800 1984-1985 Dm1
^ (Marine) T-Mi CON 149 200 2800 1979?-1991 ?
^ (w/4C65 Inj) T-Mi 205 3000 1981-1983 Dm1
^ (w/4C65 Inj) T-Mi 205 2800 1984-1985 Dm1
^ T-Mi 157 210 2800 1979?-1991 ?
^ (4087-7300) T-Mi 157 210 2800 1988? Ds1
^ (4082-8300 4A70)* T-Mi 160.4 215 3200 1983 Ds3
^ (4082-8301 4A70)* T-Mi 160.4 215 3200 1983 Ds3
^ (Calif) T-Mi 168 225 2800 1979?-1991 ?
^ (4087-7300 Calif) T-Mi 168 225 2800 1983? Ds1
^ T-Mi 172 230 2800 1979?-1991 ?
^ (4087-7300) T-Mi 172 230 2800 1988? Ds1
^ (4083-7336) T-Mi MAX 172 230 2800 1988? Ds2
^ (w/4B75 Inj) T-Mi 230 2800 1985 Dm1
^ T-Mi 250 3000? ⊗-⊗ ?
^ TI? Ti-Mi 300 3200? ⊗-⊗ ?
8.2T T-Mi 250 3000? ⊗-⊗
8.2TI? Ti-Mi 300 3200? ⊗-⊗
8.2TT? TT-Mi 300? 3200? ⊗-⊗
8.2T T-Mi 250 3000? ⊗-⊗
8.2TI? Ti-Mi 300 3200? ⊗-⊗
8.2T T-Mi 250 3000? ⊗-⊗
8.2TI? Ti-Mi 300 3200? ⊗-⊗
8.2TT? TT-Mi 300? 3200? ⊗-⊗

NOTES: All models have “Parent Bore” type cylinder blocks. Repair sleeves are NOT recommended for high load applications such as marine propulsion. Stewart & Stevenson marinized a Twin-Turbo version, with no cooler (see picture earlier in this article)
*Marine Rated Model.

Detroit Diesel
Engine Duty Ratings

CON = Continuous
INT = Intermittent
MIN = Minimum
MAX = Maximum
Gross = Gross Power

CON = Continuous

INT = Intermittent
MIN = Minimum
MAX = Maximum

CON = Continuous

INT = Intermittent
PC = Pleasurecraft

Covington Diesel
Engine Duty Ratings

CON = Continuous

INT = Intermittent
PC = Pleasurecraft

Johnson & Towers
Engine Duty Ratings

CON = Continuous
INT = Intermittent
PC = Pleasurecraft

Stewart & Stevenson
Engine Duty Ratings

CON = Continuous
INT = Intermittent
PC = Pleasurecraft

Product Documentation

Documentation with Bold Titles are part of our Academy eLibrary!
To view the entire document, click on its Bold Title Link to go to our webpage for
that item and then scroll down to the "Academy eLibrary" section on that page for link.
(arrow) = Document Creator is the vendor shown at the beginning of the title.
DS = Data Source for listed specifications.

Directory Under Development

DOCUMENT TITLE – Products (Notes) — Creator – Source DS
Catalogs and Brochures: ↓c/b↓
Detroit Diesel Catalog – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –c–
Detroit Diesel Brochure - 8.2L AdvantagesDD-GM Db1
Ads: (Print Advertisements) ↓a↓
Detroit Diesel Ad - ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –a–
AdVids: (Advertisement Videos) ↓av↓
Detroit Diesel AdVids – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –av–
SpecSheets: (Specification Sheets‚ Data Sheets‚ FactSheets) ↓s↓
Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Automotive EngineDD-GM Ds1
Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Industrial EngineDD-GM Ds2
Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Marine EngineDD-GM Ds3
Charts and Graphs: (Power & Torque Curves) ↓g↓
Detroit Diesel Chart/Graph – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –g–
Pictures: ↓x↓
Detroit Diesel Picture (View) – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –x–
Press Releases: (by Date: YYMMDD) ↓pr↓
Detroit Diesel Press Release (ΞDATEΞ) – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –pr–
Model History: ↓h↓
Detroit Diesel Model History – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –h–
Serial Number Guides: (Date of Manufacture‚ Date Codes‚+) ↓#↓
Detroit Diesel Engine Serial Number Guide #6SE266DD-GM D#1
Detroit Diesel Engine Serial # GuideDepco Power Systems Dp#1
Detroit Diesel Engine Serial # GuideSwift Equipment Solutions S#3
Installation Instructions: ↓i↓
Detroit Diesel Installation Instructions – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –i–
Installation Drawings with Dimensions: ↓d↓
Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4082-8300)DD-GM Dd1
Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4082-8301)DD-GM Dd2
Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4083-7366)DD-GM Dd3
Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4087-7336) — DD-GM Dd4
OpManuals: (Owner's/Operator's Handbooks/Manuals) ↓o↓
Detroit Diesel OpManual – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –o–
Parts Catalogs: (with Exploded Views & Parts Lists) ↓p↓
Detroit Diesel Parts Catalog - 8.2L #6SP152DD-GM. Dp1
Parts Bulletins: (by Date: YYMMDD) ↓pb↓
Detroit Diesel Parts Bulletin – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –pb–
Shop Manuals: (Repair/Service/Technical/Workshop Manuals) ↓m↓
Detroit Diesel Service Manual - 8.2L #6SE421DD-GM Dm1
Detroit Diesel Service Manual - 8.2L Electronic Control Governor Dm2
Wiring Diagrams: ↓w↓
Detroit Diesel Wiring Diagram – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –w–
TechVids: (Technical Videos: Service Training‚+) ↓v↓
Detroit Diesel TechVids (ΞDATEΞ) – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –v–
Service Bulletins: (by Date: YYMMDD) ↓sb↓
Detroit Diesel Service Bulletin (ΞDATEΞ) – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –sb–
Safety Data Sheets: (Material SDS‚ Pathogen SDS‚+) ↓sd↓
ΞVendorΞ SDA – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –sd–
Product Recalls: ↓r↓
Detroit Diesel Recall – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –r–
Other Documentation: ↓?↓
Detroit Diesel ? – ΞProductsΞ (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ –?–

If you can help us add documentation that we lack, please submit info/links or PDF via email To:
Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")

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## – TOPIC: (1st Level 'Numbered' Main Topic) T
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02.06.04 – Galvanic Corrosion Protection: (Active‚ Anodes‚+). T
02.06.05 – Hull Penetrations & Openings: (Thru-Hulls‚ Scuttles‚ Skylights‚ Hatches‚+). T
02.06.08 – Propulsion Machinery: (Types‚ Configurations‚ Features‚ Control Systems‚+). T – Engines: Systems & Brands A∼Z: (Manufacturers‚ Marinizers‚ Resellers‚+). T –  ^  Caterpillar‚ Inc. V –  ^  ^  Caterpillar 3208 V8 Diesel Engine P –  ^  Covington Diesel V –  ^  Cummins‚ Inc. V –  ^  ^  Cummins V-555 & VT-555 “Triple-Nickel” V8 Diesel Engine P –  ^  Detroit Diesel V –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel 8.2 Liter "Fuel Pincher" V8 Engine P –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Brochure - 8.2L AdvantagesDD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4082-8300)DD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4082-8301)DD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4083-7366)DD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4087-7336) — DD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Engine Serial Number Guide #6SE266DD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Engine Serial # GuideDepco Power Systems PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Engine Serial # GuideSwift Equipment Solutions PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Parts Catalog - 8.2L #6SP152DD-GM. PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Service Manual - 8.2L #6SE421DD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Automotive EngineDD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Industrial EngineDD-GM PD –  ^  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Marine EngineDD-GM PD –  ^  Johnson & Towers V –  ^  Stewart & Stevenson V – Engine Mechanical: (Pistons‚ Rods‚ Crankshafts‚ Cylinders‚ Heads‚ Valves‚+). T –   ^  Reciprocating Piston Engine Configurations: 4 Stroke Cycle‚ V‚ etc. T –   ^  ^  How Piston Skirt Length Affects Engine Service Life T –   ^  ^  Crosshead Engine T –   ^  ^  Engine Stroke Ratio: (Square‚ Over-Square‚ & Under-Square) T –   ^  ^   Piston Hydrolocking T –   ^  ^   Engines with Inherently Weak "Bottom Ends" T –   ^  ^   Cast-in-Block Parent Bore (or Native Bore) Cylinders T –   ^  ^  ^  Open Deck Free-Standing Cylinder Engine Design T –   ^  ^  Replaceable Cylinder Liners T – Engine Lubrication: (Splash‚ Forced‚ Oil‚ Filtration‚ Additives‚ Oil Analysis‚+). T –  ^  Engine Lubrication T –  ^  ^  Engine Oil T –  ^  ^  ^  Engine Oil Analysis T –  ^  ^  ^  Taking a Proper Engine Oil Sample for Analysis T –  ^  ^  ^  Inspecting Oil Filters T –  ^  ^  ^  Bypass Oil Filter T –  ^  ^  ^  Engine Pre-Oilers T – Engine Aspiration & Fuel: (Petrol/Gasoline/Benzine‚ Diesel‚ CNG‚+). T –  ^  Diesel Engine Fuel Systems T –  ^  ^  Injector Misfire T –  ^  ^  ^  Water Injection T –  ^  ^  ^  Fuel Additives T –  ^  Selecting the Right Diesel Engine for a Boat T – Engine Electrical: (Cranking‚ Charging‚ Ignition‚ Instrumentation‚+). T – Engine Cooling: (Air‚ Liquid (Raw Water‚ Fresh Water‚+). T – Engine Exhaust: (Dry‚ Wet‚ w/Separator‚+). T – Engine Mounting: (Hard‚ Soft‚+). T – Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces: (SAE Specs‚ Damper Plates‚ Jackshafts‚+). T – Marine Gears: (Reversing‚ Reduction; Mechanical‚ Hydraulic). T – Shafting: (Propshafts‚ Couplings‚ Seals‚ Bearings‚ Struts‚ Keys‚ Nuts‚+). T – Propellers: (Types‚ Materials‚+). T
02.06.09 – Electrical Systems: DC & AC (Direct Current‚ Alternating Current‚+). T – Auxiliary Generators: (Diesel‚ Gasoline‚ Natural Gas‚+). T – DC-to-AC Inverters: T
02.06.11 – Safety Equipment: (Life Rafts‚ PFDs‚ Firefighting Eq.‚ Alarms‚ Medical Kits‚+). T
02.06.12 – Domestic Systems: T – LPG & CNG Systems: T – Cabin Heating & Cooling: T – Galley Appliances: (Refrigeration‚ Galley Stoves‚+). T – Water & Waste Systems: T
02.06.14 – Boat Tenders: T
02.06.15 – Boat Trailers: T
02.07 – Marine Suppliers: (CAN‚ GBR‚ USA‚+). T
02.08 – Boat Builders A∼Z: (w/Vessel Types‚ Country & Years active). T
02.09 – Boat Refitters: (CAN‚ GBR‚ USA‚+). (Shipyards‚ Boatyards‚ Riggers‚ Repair Shops‚+). T
02.10 – Boat Building‚ Outfitting‚ Refitting & Repair Schools: (Incl. DIY). T
02.11 – DIY Boat Building‚ Outfitting‚ Refitting & Repair: (Maintenance‚ Troubleshooting‚+). T
03 – BOAT MARKETING: Boat Shows‚ Dealers‚ Brokers‚ Importing‚ Exporting‚ Auctions‚ Sales‚+. T
04 – BOAT INSPECTION: Types of Surveys‚ Marine Surveyors‚ Schools‚ DIY Inspections‚+. T
05 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY: Boat Title & Registration‚ Vessel Registry‚ Title Co's‚+. T
06 – BOAT FINANCING: Conventional (BanksCredit Unions‚+)‚ Unconventional (Creative)‚+. T
07 – BOAT INSURANCE: Policies‚ Claim Processing (FilingRepairClaimSubrogationCases)‚+. T
08 – BOAT TRANSPORT: By Sea (Piggyback‚ Delivery Skippers & Crews‚ & Towing)‚ Over-Land‚+. T
09 – BOAT LAUNCHING & HAULING: Drydocks‚ Ways‚ Lifts‚ Cranes & Hoists‚ Launch Ramps‚+. T
10 – BOAT MOORAGE & STORAGE: Builders‚ Anchorages‚ Marinas‚ Yards‚ Racks‚ Stacks‚+. T
11 – BOATING ORGANIZATIONS: Yacht Clubs‚ Paddling Clubs‚ Owners‚+. Education‚ Gov-Aux‚+. T
12 – BOATING & TRAVEL: Events‚ Destinations‚ Boat Rentals‚ Charters‚ Cruises‚ Voyages‚+. T
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: Recreational Seamanship‚ Ship's Master & Crew‚+. T
14 – MARINE LAWS & REGULATIONS: International & National LawsLawyers‚ Investigators‚+. T
15.01 – DIY Boat Building‚ Outfitting‚ Refitting & Repair (Incl. Maintenance & Fault Finding). T
15.02 – DIY Boat Sales (Buyers & Sellers). T
15.03 – DIY Boat Inspections (Pre-Survey‚ Pre-Purchase‚ Pre-Sale‚ Pre-Voyage‚ Sea Trials‚+). T
15.04 – DIY Schools & Classes (Boat Building‚ Refitting‚ Inspection‚ Troubleshooting‚ Repair‚+). T
15.04 –  ^  Anchors Aweigh Academy. V
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory: (Authors‚ Editors‚ Publishers‚+) + Academy eLibrary. T
16.01 – Documentation: (Catalogs‚ Ads‚ SpecSheets‚ Manuals‚ TechVids‚ Bulletins‚ Recalls‚+). T
16.01 –  ^  Detroit Diesel V
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Brochure - 8.2L AdvantagesDD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4082-8300)DD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4082-8301)DD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4083-7366)DD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Drawings w/Dims - 8.2T (4087-7336) — DD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Engine Serial Number Guide #6SE266DD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Engine Serial # GuideDepco Power Systems PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Engine Serial # GuideSwift Equipment Solutions PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Parts Catalog - 8.2L #6SP152DD-GM. PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Service Manual - 8.2L #6SE421DD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Automotive EngineDD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Industrial EngineDD-GM PD
16.01 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel SpecSheet - 8.2L Marine EngineDD-GM PD
16.02 – Books: (Bound‚ eBooks‚+). T
16.02 –  ^  12 Volt Bible for BoatsMiner Brotherton B
16.02 –  ^  12 Volt Doctor's Practical HandbookEdgar J. Beyn B
16.02 –  ^  Advanced Marine Electrics and Electronics TroubleshootingEd Sherman B
16.02 –  ^  Boat Engines : A Manual for Work and Pleasure BoatsP. J. Bowyer B
16.02 –  ^  Boat Maintenance : The Essential Guide — William Burr Jr B
16.02 –  ^  Boat Mechanical Systems Handbook — Dave Gerr B
16.02 –  ^  Boat Owner's ManualIntertec B
16.02 –  ^  Boat Repair Made Easy - EnginesKaufman B
16.02 –  ^  Boatbuilding Manual — Robert M. Steward B
16.02 –  ^  Boatbuilding MethodsPeter Cook B
16.02 –  ^  Boating Magazine's Powerboater's Guide to Electrical SystemsEdwin R. Sherman B
16.02 –  ^  Boating Magazine's Quick & Easy Boat MaintenanceSandy Lindsey B
16.02 –  ^  Boatkeeper : … Maintenance‚ Repair‚ ImprovementGladstone & Bottomley (Eds) B
16.02 –  ^  Boatman's Handbook : The New Look-it-up BookTom Bottomley B
16.02 –  ^  Boatowner's Fitting Out ManualJeff Toghill B
16.02 –  ^  Boatowner's Illustrated Electrical HandbookCharlie Wing B
16.02 –  ^  Boatowner's Illustrated Handbook of WiringCharlie Wing B
16.02 –  ^  Boatowner's Mechanical & Electrical ManualNigel Calder B
16.02 –  ^  Boatowner's Practical & Technical Cruising ManualNigel Calder B
16.02 –  ^  Boatworks : Sailboat Maintenance‚ Repair‚ and Improvement … — Sail Magazine (Ed) B
16.02 –  ^  Commissioning & DecommissioningPractical Sailor Library B
16.02 –  ^  Complete Book of Yacht CareMichael Verney B
16.02 –  ^  Complete Powerboating ManualTim Bartlett & Simon Collis B
16.02 –  ^  Cruising Boats : Sail & PowerJay R. Benford & Associates‚ Inc B
16.02 –  ^  Diesel Engine MechanicsWayne A. Kelm B
16.02 –  ^  Diesel EnginesJ. W. Anderson B
16.02 –  ^  Diesel TroubleshootierDon Seddon B
16.02 –  ^  Diesels Afloat : The Must-Have Guide for Diesel Boat EnginesPat Manley B
16.02 –  ^  Don Casey's Complete Illustrated Sailboat Maintenance ManualDon Casey B
16.02 –  ^  Electrical Handbook for RVs‚ Campers‚ Vans‚ Boats & TrailersHerb Gill B
16.02 –  ^  Electrics AfloatAlir Garrod B
16.02 –  ^  Engines Afloat : From Early Days to D-Day Vol 2Stan Grayson B
16.02 –  ^  Essential Boat MaintenancePat Manley & Rupert Holmes B
16.02 –  ^  Fiberglass Boat Survey ManualArthur Edmunds B
16.02 –  ^  Fiberglass Boats : Construction‚ Repair‚ and MaintenanceJohn Roberts B
16.02 –  ^  Fiberglass Boats : Construction and MaintenanceBoughton Cobb B
16.02 –  ^  Fitting Out : Preparing for SeaJ D Sleightholme B
16.02 –  ^  Fitting Out a Fibreglass HullMike Collins B
16.02 –  ^  GammelmotorenValdemar Steiro B
16.02 –  ^  Handling Troubles Afloat : What to Do When It All Goes WrongJohn Mellor B
16.02 –  ^  Handyman Afloat & AshoreKen Bramham B
16.02 –  ^  How Boat Things Work : An Illustrated GuideCharlie Wing B
16.02 –  ^  How To Repair Diesel EnginesPaul Dempsey B
16.02 –  ^  Inboard Motor InstallationsGlen L. Witt & Ken Hankinson B
16.02 –  ^  Inspecting the Aging SailboatDon Casey B
16.02 –  ^  Internal Combustion Engines — USCG B
16.02 –  ^  Inboard Engine‚ Transmission and Drive Service : ManualIntertec B
16.02 –  ^  Know Your Boat's Diesel EngineAndrew Simpson B
16.02 –  ^  Look Inside : Cross-Sections · SHIPS — Moira Butterfield B
16.02 –  ^  MaintenanceTime-Life B
16.02 –  ^  Managing 12 Volts : How to Upgrade‚ Operate‚ and TroubleshootHarold Barre B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Diesel Basics — Dennison Berwick B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Diesel Engines : Maintenance‚ Troubleshooting‚ and RepairNigel Calder B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Diesel Engines : Maintenance & Repair ManualJean-Luc Pallas B
16.02 –  ^  Marine DieselsM. David Burghardt & George D. Kingsley B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Electrical Care & RepairDavid MacLean B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Electrical Electronics BibleJohn C. Payne B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Electrical SystemsDIY Boat Owner Magazine B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Engine Room Blue BookWilliam D. Eglinton B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Engines & PropulsionRanger Hope B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Fire Prevention‚ Firefighting and Fire SafetyUS DoC MA B
16.02 –  ^  Marine InvestigationsDavid Pascoe B
16.02 –  ^  Marine Metals ManualRoger Pretzer B
16.02 –  ^  Metal Corrosion In BoatsNigel Warren B
16.02 –  ^  Metal Boats : A Practical Guide for Building or Buying …Ken Scott B
16.02 –  ^  Metals Handbook — ASM B
16.02 –  ^  Modern Boat MaintenanceBo Streiffert (Ed) B
16.02 –  ^  Motor Boat Building (1946)Charles F. Chapman (Ed) B
16.02 –  ^  Motor Boat EnginesAlan C. Wilson B
16.02 –  ^  NYNEX Boaters DirectoryNYNEX B
16.02 –  ^  Powerboating : Your First Book for Your First BoatKen Kreisler B
16.02 –  ^  Practical Small Powerboat MaintenanceAllen D. Berrien B
16.02 –  ^  Propeller HandbookDave Gerr B
16.02 –  ^  Quick & Easy Boat Maintenance : 1‚001 Time-Saving TipsSandy Lindsey B
16.02 –  ^  Reeds Diesel Engine Troubleshooting HandbookBarry Pickthall B
16.02 –  ^  Replacing Your Boat's Engine (Adlard Coles Manuals)Mike Westin B
16.02 –  ^  Run Your Diesel Vehicle on BiofuelsJon Starbuck & Gavin D. j. Harper B
16.02 –  ^  RYA Book of Diesel EnginesTim Bartlett B
16.02 –  ^  RYA Diesel Engine HandbookAndrew Simpson B
16.02 –  ^  Sailboat Buyer's Guide : Conducting Your Own SurveyKarel Doruyter B
16.02 –  ^  Sailboat Electrics SimplifiedDon Casey B
16.02 –  ^  Sailor's Assistant : Reference Data for Maintenance‚ Repair & CruisingJohn Vigor B
16.02 –  ^  Seaworthy: Essential Lessons from BoatUS — Robert A. Adriance – BoatU.S. B
16.02 –  ^  Shipshape - The Art of Sailboat MaintenanceFerenc Mat B
16.02 –  ^  Simple Boat MaintenancePat Manley B
16.02 –  ^  Small Boat Engines - Inboard & OutboardConrad Miller B
16.02 –  ^  Small Boat Guide to Electronics AfloatTim Bartlett B
16.02 –  ^  Sorensen's Guide to Powerboats — Eric W. Sorensen B
16.02 –  ^  Surveying and Restoring Classic BoatsJ C Winters B
16.02 –  ^  Surveying Fiberglass Power BoatsDavid Pascoe B
16.02 –  ^  Surveying Small CraftIan Nicolson B
16.02 –  ^  Take the Mystery Out of Boat MaintenanceLawrence A. Diamond B
16.02 –  ^  The Adlard Coles Book of Diesel EnginesTim Bartlett B
16.02 –  ^  The Boat Repair ManualGeorge Buchanan B
16.02 –  ^  The Boatowner's Guide to Corrosion — Everett Collier B
16.02 –  ^  The Care and Repair of Small Marine DieselsChris Thompson B
16.02 –  ^  The Complete Book of Pleasure Boat EnginesErnest A. Zadig B
16.02 –  ^  The Diesel CompanionPat Manley B
16.02 –  ^  The Essential Boat Maintenance ManualJeff E. Toghill B
16.02 –  ^  The Motorboat Electrical and Electronics ManualJohn C. Payne B
16.02 –  ^  The Napier WayBryan Boyle B
16.02 –  ^  The Young Sea Officer's Sheet AnchorDarcy Lever B
16.02 –  ^  Theory and Practice of Propellers For Auxiliary SailboatsJohn R. Stanton B
16.02 –  ^  Troubleshooting and Repairing Diesel EnginesPaul Dempsey B
16.02 –  ^  Troubleshooting Marine DieselsPeter Compton B
16.02 –  ^  Ultimate Boat Maintenance ProjectsScott Smith B
16.02 –  ^  Understanding Boat Corrosion‚ Lightning Protection…John C. Payne B
16.02 –  ^  Understanding Boat Diesel EnginesJohn C. Payne B
16.02 –  ^  Watch It Made in the USA : Visitor's Guide to the Best Factory Tours — Karen Axelrod B
16.02 –  ^  What Shape Is She In?. A Guide to the Surveying of BoatsAllan H. Vaitses B
16.02 –  ^  Your Boat's Electrical SystemConrad Miller & E. S. Maloney B
16.03 – Magazines: (Incl. Articles‚ Back Issues‚+). T
16.03 –  ^  The ANCHOR — Anchors Aweigh Academy M
16.03 –  ^  DIY Boat Owner - The Marine Maintenance MagazineBoatUS Mad Mariner (OoB) M
16.03 –  ^  PassageMaker M
16.03 –  ^  ^  House Call: How To Perform A DIY Diesel Engine TestNigel CalderPassageMaker MA
16.03 –  ^  ^  Maintaining A Diesel Engine For The Long RunGene & Katie Hamilton – PassageMaker MA
16.04 – Videos: (How-to-Tutorials‚ Documentaries‚ Travelogues‚+). T
16.04 –  ^  YouTube W
16.04 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel 8.2L NA (DT8 2LEC-7510460GN) Test Run YouTube Vid
16.04 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel 8.2L NA Truck Engine Test Run YouTube Vid
16.04 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel 8.2L Turbo Marine Engine Test Run YouTube V
16.05 – Websites: (Incl. Articles‚ Forum Posts‚ Tech Tips‚ Tech Notes‚ Social Media‚+). T
16.05 –  ^  Anchors Aweigh Academy V
16.05 –  ^  Barrington Diesel Club (Engine Specifications and Manuals) W
16.05 –  ^  BoatDiesel.comPeter Compton W
16.05 –  ^  Detroit Diesel — DDC W
16.05 –  ^  eHow W
16.05 –  ^  ^  8.2 Detroit Diesel EnginesSteve Johnson – eHow WA
16.05 –  ^  Facebook S
16.05 –  ^  ^  8.2 Detroit Diesel Fuel Pincher Facebook SA
16.05 –  ^  Internet Archive - The Wayback Machine W
16.05 –  ^  ^  Most Powerful Diesel Engine in the World! Internet Archive WA
16.05 –  ^  Lancing Marine W
16.05 –  ^  ^  Lancing Marine Engine Swap GuideLancing Marine WA
16.05 –  ^  Sam's Marine F
16.05 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel 8.2 liter Sam's Marine FP
16.05 –  ^  The Diesel Garage F
16.05 –  ^  ^  Detroit 8.2L‚ Good and Bad The Diesel Garage FP
16.05 –  ^  The Diesel Stop F
16.05 –  ^  ^  Would you buy a big truck with an 8.2L Detroit Diesel The Diesel Stop FP
16.05 –  ^  The Hull Truth F
16.05 –  ^  ^  1994 Detroit Diesel 8.2L The Hull Truth FP
16.05 –  ^  The Truck Stop F
16.05 –  ^  ^  6.5 or 8.2 The Truck Stop FP
16.05 –  ^ F
16.05 –  ^  ^  Engines and Detroit 8.2 FP
16.05 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel 8.2L (Page 2 includes a scathing review of EAB DD 8.2 page) FP
16.05 –  ^  UnifliteWorld F
16.05 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel 8.2L Engines UnifliteWorld FP
16.05 –  ^  Wikipedia W
16.05 –  ^  ^  Beam Engine Wikipedia WA
16.05 –  ^  ^  Detroit Diesel Wikipedia WA
16.05 –  ^  ^  Detonation Wikipedia WA
16.05 –  ^  ^  Roger Penske Wikipedia WA
16.05 –  ^  ^  Shock Wave Wikipedia WA
00.00 –  ^  ΞTitleΞ – + (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ ?

If any Related Resources should be added to this list, please submit info/links via email To:
Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")

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Everything About Boats. If you would like to submit an article,
See Submitting Articles.


Detroit Diesel 8.2 Liter “Fuel Pincher” V8 Engine
Cummins V-555 & VT-555 “Triple-Nickel” V8 Diesel Engine
Lehman 120 (6D380) Diesel Engine (Ford 2704C & 2715E)
Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines
How to Identify Ford Diesel Engines
Ford 2715E Diesel Engine
Lehman Mfg. Co.
Perkins Engines
Universal Atomic 4
Sears Boat Motors: Motorgo, Waterwitch, Elgin, etc.
Chrysler & Force Outboards
Eska Outboard Motors
Allison Transmission
ZF Friedrichshafen AG
Marine Surveyors by Country
American Marine Ltd (Grand Banks)
Boat Inspection (Types of Marine Surveys)
Boat Builders: (A∼Z) (w/Vessel Types, Locale & Years Active)
USCG NVIC 07-95 Guidance on Inspection, Repair and Maintenance of Wooden Hulls
American Boat and Yacht Counsel (ABYC)

Layout of the Website's Pages

— Types of Webpages —
This website consists almost entirely of 3 types of webpages as follows:

  1. TOPIC PAGES (See Main Topic Pages listed on Website Contents or the Right Sidebar)
  2. VENDOR PAGES (Vendors of Products, Services, Events,+, DestinationsMedia Creators)
  3. PRODUCT PAGES (Equipment, Events, Media: pDoc, Books, Magazines, Videos, Websites,+)

Clickable Links that lead to other webpages appear in Blue Text and usually open in a new window.
Links in the Right Sidebar and most directories open in the current window, not a new window.

Note in the examples above that these pages form a natural hierarchy.
The unnumbered "^" pages are listed alphabetically in most tables.

Media Titles in tables are distinguished by their smaller font size.
Media (Books, Magazines, Videos, Articles,+) are treated as Products.
Vendors' Product Documentation (pDoc) are considered Media.
Destinations & Media Creators are treated as Vendors.
All Website Pages are optimized for viewing on
full-width disktop computer monitors,
but can be viewed on phones.

— Contents of Webpages —
Website Pages typically contain the following Sections:

  1. PATH (Shows the chain of EAB pages w/links that lead to the page being viewed).
    1. EXAMPLE:
      BOAT BUILDING & REPAIR » Boat Equipment » Propulsion » Engines » ∨∨
      ∧∧ Ford, Ebro, American Diesel, AmMarine, Barr, Beta, Bomac, Bowman, Couach,
      Lees, Lehman, Mermaid, Parsons, RenaultSabre, Thornycroft, Wortham Blake »
      DO-IT-YOURSELF » DIY Boat Building & Repair » DIY Schools & Classes »
      MEDIA w/Creator Directory » Documentation, BooksMagazinesVideosWebsites »
    2. (The "»" right pointing Guillemet symbol shows the chain through the page links.)
    3. (The "," comma between page links in the chain indicates pages are not subordinate, but are instead at the same level. See engine brands in the example above.)
    4. (The "∨", "∨∨", "∨∨∨",+ symbols indicate that the path line continues with whatever follows the "∧", "∧∧", "∧∧∧",+ symbols respectively. "∧" Precedes each MAIN TOPIC Page.)
  2. PAGE CONTENTS (Table of Contents with links to each main section on the page).
  3. PAGE BODY (The type of page determines the contents of its body as follows:).
    1. TOPIC PAGES (Topic Treatment: Introduction, Overview, Background, Details,+).
      • (Many Topic Pages contain Directories of Vendors with Links).
      • (Most Directory Listings are Alphabetical and/or by Locale).
    2. VENDOR PAGES (Vendor's Profile, Contact Information, Products, Services,+).
      • (Manufacturers, Resellers, Refitters, Yards, Surveyors, Clubs, Schools, Authors,+).
      • (Boating & Travel Destinations are treated as Vendors on their own Vendor Pages).
    3. PRODUCT PAGES (Product Features, Vendor Links, Specifications, Documentation,+).
      • (Media created by a vendor is often treated as a Product on its own Product Page).
      • (Boating & Travel Events are often treated as Products on their own Product Pages).
  4. RELATED RESOURCES (Topics, Vendors, Products, Media: Books, Websites,+ with Links).
  5. PAGE TAIL Contains the following Anchors Aweigh Academy & EAB Website Features:
    1. The Anchors Aweigh Academy's Header.
    2. A link to our Featured Articles EAB Home Page.
    3. Top 20 Most Popular Articles. (The section that appears right above this section).
    4. Layout of the Website's Pages. (This very section).
    5. Topics of Webpages. (The very next section below).
    6. What we have accomplished so far.
    7. Members must Sign-In to gain full access to Expanded Pages & Programs.
    8. Sign-Up (if not already a member).
    9. Public Comments (about the website & about this page).
  6. RIGHT SIDEBAR (Website Contents menu with links to Main Topic & Subtopic pages).
    (On some smart phones, the Right Sidebar may appear at the bottom of the webpage)

— Topics of Webpages —
Website Pages are categorized under the following 16 MAIN TOPICS:

The MAIN TOPICS follow a natural progression from conception of the vessel thru its
building, marketing, survey, financing, insuring, transport, moorage, use and upkeep.
The MAIN TOPICS (all Caps) below are followed by their Main Subtopics with Links.

00 – HOME: CONTENTSABOUT EAB: Contact EAB, Abbreviations & Symbols, FAQ, GLOSSARY, ADs,+.
01 – ABOUT BOATS w/Museum Directory: Early History, Recent History, Modern Vessel Types,+.
02 – BOAT BUILDING, OUTFITTING, REFITTING & REPAIR: Materials, Equipment, Builders,+.
03 – BOAT MARKETING: Boat Shows, Dealers & Brokers, Importing & Exporting, Auctions & Sales,+.
04 – BOAT INSPECTION: Types of Marine Surveys, Marine Surveyors, Schools, DIY Inspections,+.
05 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY: Boat Title & Registration, Vessel Registry, Title Co's,+.
06 – BOAT FINANCING: Conventional (Banks, Credit Unions,+), Unconventional (Creative),+.
07 – BOAT INSURANCE: Maritime & Recreational: Coverage, Carriers, Agents,+., Claim Processing,+.
08 – BOAT TRANSPORT: By Sea (Piggyback, Delivery Skippers & Crews, & Towing), Over-Land,+.
09 – BOAT HAULING & LAUNCHING: Drydocks, Ways, Lifts, Cranes & Hoists, Launch Ramps,+.
10 – BOAT MOORAGE & STORAGE: Builders, Anchorages, Marinas, Yards, Racks & Stacks,+.
11 – BOATING ORGANIZATIONS: Yacht Clubs & Sailing Clubs, Paddling Clubs, Boat Owners,+.
12 – BOATING & TRAVEL: Events, Destinations, Boat Rentals & Charters, Cruises, Voyages,+.
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: Recreational Seamanship, Ship's Master & Crew,+.
14 – MARINE LAWS & REGULATIONS: International & National LawsLawyers‚ Investigators‚+.
15 – DO-IT-YOURSELF: DIY Boat Building & Repair, DIY Boat Sales, DIY Boat Surveys, DIY Classes,+.
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory + Academy eLibrary: pDocs, Books, Magazines, Videos, Websites,+.

The above MAIN TOPICS and a more detailed listing of Subtopics can
be found on the Website Contents page and on the Right Sidebar.

What we have accomplished so far.
Anchors Aweigh Academy and its website.

  • Published over 50,000 website pages about boats and boating, bringing us closer to reaching our goal of becoming "The ultimate reference resource about boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner!"
  • Published over 300 website main topic webpages, many with full articles on the topic. See our Website Contents or the Right Sidebar for the listing of the main topic pages.
  • Published over 9,000 marine vendor webpages, all with their contact information, most with a description of their products and services, many with product documentation, specifications and independent reviews. (incl.: Boat designers, boat building tools, material and equipment manufacturers and suppliers, boat builders and dealers, yacht brokers, marine surveyors, boat insurers, boat transporters, skippers and crews, boatyards and marinas, yacht clubs, boat rentals and yacht charters, boating, seamanship and maritime schools, marine law attorneys and expert witnesses, boat refitters and repairers, book authors, magazine publishers, video producers, and website creators)
  • Acquired over 120,000 pages of product documentation including Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Pictures, Serial Number Guides, Installation Manuals, OpManuals, Parts Catalogs, Parts Bulletins, Shop Manuals, Wiring Diagrams, Service Bulletins, and Recalls. And have made all viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Acquired over 1,200 books and magazine back issues in our academy library and so far have made over 700 viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Published over 500 DIY How-To articles about boat design, construction, inspection, operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair. We are working hard to do more.

We are currently formatting and polishing the Anchors Aweigh Academy online and hands-on courses. Our Marine Surveying course has proven to be excellent for both the beginner and the seasoned surveyor, and especially helpful to the Do-It-Yourselfer.

Current Academy Members must SIGN IN to gain FULL access to this
website including expanded pages and valuable Academy programs
like our Academy eLibrary and our Ask-An-Expert Program!

If your membership has expired, CLICK HERE to Renew.

CLICK HERE to discover how you can become a Member and gain FULL access to
thousands of expanded pages and articles, and dozens of excellent programs

Comments for Public Viewing

Submit any comments for public viewing via email To: Comments♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")
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All comments are moderated before they appear on this page. See Comment Rules.

General Comments About the Website

FROM Donald: "This is an awesome website. I found the information that I needed right away from one of the over 20,000 free articles that you provide as a public service. I'm surprised that so much if this site is free. But I still signed up so I could access the thousands of expanded pages, interesting articles, and dozens of valuable programs! The member's library of books, magazines and videos that I can view online is really terrific! I understand that you and your staff are all unpaid volunteers. Please keep up the good work. And I commend you for your plans to add another 10,000 free informative articles over the next year. I'm thrilled to support you in this endeavor with my small membership donation. Thanks again for all your hard work."

FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 100,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 20,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"

FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."

FROM Louie: "I agree with everyone above. This site is quickly becoming the ultimate reference resource about every aspect of boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner. I use the topic pages on the right sidebar to browse around the website. It's like a Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook for Boaters. Their Members' Library of over 300 popular and obscure books and over 200 magazine back issues that can be viewed online is fabulous. The Academy's magazine is especially informative. On top of that, there is the "Ask-An-Expert program for members where you can get an expert's answer to any of your boat questions. And a whole years membership is only $25. What a deal! I really love being part of this "Everything About Boats" community and help provide thousands of helpful articles free to the public. I think that I'll sit down right now and write an article about my experiences boating with my uncle."

FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."

FROM Daisy: "I'm just so glad that Donald got the boat so we and the boys could enjoy boating — together. And of course all of the girls, April, May, and June, love to be on the water too, especially when that is where the boys are. Oh poor Scrooge, boating is more fun then you could possibly imagine."

FROM Scrooge: "After seeing how much fun you all have on the water together, I regret that I didn't have that much fun when I was young. I've had a change of heart, and I'm giving each of you a Lifetime Academy Membership."

FROM Editor: "For those of you that have stayed with us this far, many thanks, and we hope that you found this little narrative informative. Your faithful support inspires us to keep working on this phenomenal website. We know that we have a lot more to do. Ultimately, we hope that we can help you enjoy the wonder filled world of boating as much as we do. We are all waiting to see what you have to say about this webpage article. Submit any comments via email To: Comments♣ (Replace "♣" with "@"). Be sure to include this page's title in the subject line. Also, your corrections, updates, additions and suggestions are welcomed. Please submit them via email To: Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@"). It has been truly amazing to see what we have been able to accomplished when we've worked together. Thanks to all those that have donated their valuable time and energy, and a special THANK YOU to all that have supported this cause with their membership donations."

Comments About This Particular Page

FROM Tom: “I have twin 8.2s in my boat. I’ve found this article to be very helpful in understanding my engines’ weaknesses. My engines seem to be in pretty good shape. If I’m careful and follow your suggestions, I hope to get several more years of service from them. Thank you for the information. Keep up the good work. I’ve attached a picture of a V8 crankshaft that shows how narrow the connecting rod bearings have to be when two rods are attached to each journal.”

V8 Crankshaft with Two Rods assembled to each rod Journal.

FROM Editor: “Thank you for your comment and the picture. We have added it to this page.”

FROM Scrod: “Detroit Diesel 8.2 Liter, head gasket failures (no block deck to support the liners, you’d think they would have learned from the Cadillac 4100) and bottom end problems. It doesn’t live up to the “Detroit Diesel” legend. I would avoid it.”

FROM Genesis: “The DD 8.2s are in fact diesels, and have the unit injector system that Detroits are known for, but they’re 4 strokes. They were also called “fuel pinchers”, although they were never really all that good at extracting the higher-BSFC numbers we now get from electronics. They’re parent-bore engines and have an “open” block deck design, which means that they’re prone to head gasket problems. Early year engines also had too small of head bolts for proper sealing pressures. I am generally a Detroit fan, but this is the one engine of theirs I would not own.”

FROM Mobil_Bob: “8.2 Detroit…you couldn’t give me one even if you papered it with 20 dollar bills! Cam bushings were not presized. If you replace them the engine had to have the cam bores align bored. Oil pump gearrotor bushing. Replace it and you have to mount the engine block in a Bridgeport to resize the bushing so the outer gear will fit, 15mm head studs, that later had to be drilled out in situ?? tapped to 17mm, what a joke! Monobloc free standing cylinders much like that … of an engine that cadillac had hell with. Reset the overhead, injector and racks??? baseline method using dial indicators??? insane!!”

FROM Glenn: “We had a 8.2 come in with a head gasket problem and i got it torn down before i knew what we was getting into. One cylinder was what i called bent over to the side some. When you run a straight edge on top, one side was high and other side low, just like it was trying to lay over.”

FROM Snapon Man: “I have seen several people say that the Detroit Diesel 8.2 liter engine was designed and built by the Pontiac division. I would like to know if anyone has proof that this is true. Its not hard to believe as it was used in a lot of GMC trucks as well as others and GMC and Pontiac were usually grouped together as far as dealerships went and the 8.2 was painted Pontiac blue. I haven’t found anything anywhere that says beyond a doubt that it was actually a Pontiac product. If anyone has anything connecting the 8.2 with Pontiac I would like to see it. Thanks to everyone.”

FROM Bob: “Oh yeah, the Fuel Squeezer. Real popular in the 80’s in GM and Ford mediums. The engine was designed by Detroit Diesel but was manufactured in Romulus MI. The Romulus plant was eventually transferred from Detroit Diesel-Allison Division to Chevrolet-Pontiac-Canada Division during one of Roger Smith’s (GM CEO) frequent re-org’s in the 80’s, so I guess it isn’t a stretch to say Pontiac built these things for a spell. They were indeed painted a blue very close to Pontiac blue. Were they any good? Well… My experiences were that if the 8.2L was one of the low power (165 h.p.) naturally aspirated versions, they were pretty good. No power, but very good fuel economy. However, if the 8.2L was one of the higher horsepower turbo versions (I think 220 h.p. was max) they ate head gaskets. A lot. Not only were there too few head bolts. but the block was similar to a Chevy Vega in that it was an open-deck design. The water jackets were open to the deck surface. Not much area for the head gasket to seal. Someone told me that towards the end of production GM revised the block to a closed deck design but I never saw one like that. There was a rumor going around that when Roger Penske bought Detroit Diesel from GM he specifically didn’t want the 8.2L because it was ‘junk’. Not too sure how true that was, but when that took place (1988) it was pretty clear that GM and Ford were going to stop using the 8.2L soon (1990), and GM was not going to sell the Romulus plant (they still operate it to this day making V-6 gasoline engines). I think it’s easy to see why Penske wasn’t interested in it. When the 8.2L first came out (late 1979?), I though GM had lost their minds and were going to reintroduce the Toro-Flow!”

FROM Geoff: “Toro-flow was a diesel version of the GMC V-6, V-8, V12 family of gassers. An entirely different engine then the 8.2, but same problem, not enough head bolts, for the load. Low power, poor reliability. Never really caught on either, it was built back when gas medium trucks ruled the market. Heavy diesels were covered by GM’s 2 stroke diesels and the Toro-flow was a cheap diesel for the medium market.”

FROM M.S.D.: “The engine 8.2 block doesn’t have liners like other models but its no different than rebuilding a Cat 3208. Detroit Diesel did offer a complete marine engine in 300 HP. Exhaust manifolds are identical for the Detroit and J&T models. The only odd ball manifolds were made of aluminum and were designed for the twin turbo engines produced by Stewart and Stevenson, and maybe Covington Diesel. Today, only the right bank manifold is available and its limited to which distributor has them. I am told maybe 4 or 5 units. The left bank is on back order with no date in sight for delivery. The freshwater pumps are no longer available in new or reliabuilt. Rebuild kits are available and some good shops have them for exchange. The salt/raw water pump pulley is no longer available but Depco Pump has cast a new pulley to match and offers it with a new pump. Turbo charger is another one said to not be available but a good turbo shop can get the parts new. Injectors are tricky and I recommend having the ones that came out rebuilt rather than exchange. Most injector shops don’t rebuild these, but they do send them out to the few shops left who have the equipment to do these correctly. The only problems I have seen is on the 300HP versions where injectors were exchanged. All 300HP engines have special injectors, bigger tips, and flowed more fuel. The injector body retained the lower output markings so when the mechanics ordered exchange units they went by the markings, and the result was lower power and a confused mechanic and pissed off owner. 9 out of 10 detroit mechanics don’t have the tools to work on 8.2s and when they did try to work on them they got bit. So you’ve got Detroit mechanics saying these are crappy engines and owners who believe it. Any diesel engine that gets poor maintenance, worked on by ignorant mechanics, and abused, (over worked, overloaded) will get the same results. There is much to say about this little engine as it was used for many years in many applications and with many satisfied customers. What other engine was available in that configuration (size, HP, fuel consumption) during that era that could have fit in its place? As it is now, the easiest replacement for this engine is a mechanical B series Cummins. For More $$$ go with a Yanmar, But not much else pound for pound fits in its place.

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