DIY: Engines

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Fuels: Gasoline, Diesel, Bunker, Wood, Coal
External Combustion:
^  Steam Engines: Boilers, Multiple Expansion Reciprocating Piston Engines, Steam Turbines
There is such a thing as an external combustion engine. A steam engine in old-fashioned trains and steam boats is the best example of an external combustion engine. The fuel (coal, wood, oil, whatever) in a steam engine burns outside the engine to create steam, and the steam creates motion inside the engine. Internal combustion is a lot more efficient (takes less fuel per mile) than external combustion, plus an internal combustion engine is a lot smaller than an equivalent external combustion engine. This explains why we don’t see any cars from Ford and GM using steam engines.
More from
Thomas Newcomen, The Prehistory of the Steam Engine
Internal Combustion: Spark Ignited, Compresssion Ignited (Diesel), Hot Bulb (Semi-Diesel).
Animated Engines
Spark Ignited
Compression Ignited
More from Wikipedia
The hot bulb engine

A Petter (Yeovil made) hot bulb engine at Laigh Dalmore quarry in Stair, East Ayrshire, Scotland.

A Petter (Yeovil made) hot bulb engine at Laigh Dalmore quarry in Stair, East Ayrshire, Scotland.

British inventor Herbert Akroyd Stuart established the idea of the hot bulb engine in the late 1800s. The first prototypes were constructed in 1886. The idea was picked up by English engine makers Richard Hornsby & Sons. Production of the engines began in 1891 as the “Hornsby Akroyd Patent Oil Engine. The Hornsby Akroyd engine was a four-stoke model. In the United States two German immigrants, Meitz and Weiss, began production of a two-stroke hot bulb with Joseph Day.
By the turn of the 20th century the engines had reached their peak of popularity and were produced by hundreds of manufacturers. This was also the time when electricity generation was booming and the engines were used to power dynamos. Sweden was a heavy user of the engines (mainly for fishing boats), with more than 70 manufacturers, eventually taking about 80 percent of the market share by 1920.
The hot bulb engine was first conceived by Herbert Akroyd Stuart. The engine was later produced as the Hornsby Akroyd Patent Oil Engine. Hot bulb engines were legendary for running off anything that could “fit down the fuel pipe,” but they ran best with mostly unrefined fuels — like crude oil. The “hot bulb,” or “vaporizer”, being a part of the combustion process, needed to be close to the cylinder head. The hot bulb was used to atomize, or vaporize the fuel. The component inside the hot bulb engine that the fuel vaporizes against was called the Spoon. There are a few names for this, but the shallow bowl and elongated shape was most reminiscent of this morning-cereal-eating tool. Hot bulb engines use a blow torch to heat the bulb to combustion temperature. That means that they were already warmed when they started and were less affected by the cold temperatures.
A fuel nozzle, usually a small metered orifice valve, dripped fuel into the hot bulb. The fuel would hit the metal plate, vaporize, mix with air and ignite. A narrow passage connected the bulb and the cylinder. The expanding gases would shoot down the small passage and move the piston in the cylinder.
Gas engines use electricity to fire a spark plug and rotate the crankshaft to get the engine going. Hot bulb engines do not have this luxury. On a mild day — about 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.6 degrees Celsius) — the bulb must be heated for anywhere from two to five minutes, and up to half an hour on cold days or on larger engines. This initial heat, developed with a blow torch in the early days and later through coil and spark plugs, vaporizes the first charge of fuel.
An operator spun the engine’s flywheel, the biggest and heaviest part of the entire assembly, (often weighing hundreds of pounds on even the small engines), by hand until the combustion process was going and the engine was up and running.
Once the engine was up and running the heat of combustion would keep the bulb hot enough to keep vaporizing fuel, and the engine would be largely self-sustaining. However, if the load on the engine dropped, or it was used in a very cold environment, the bulb would need periodic or even constant heating. While seemingly simple and reliable, hot bulb engines could be temperamental and had their fair share of quirks and challenges.
Hot bulb engines can run as easily backward as forward, so they often had a gauge that indicated the direction the engine was running. Hot bulb engines, because of timing issues, were best run at one speed and under one load. They worked best at slower speeds — like 100 rpm versus a diesel engine that would spin at 2,000 rpm. Hot bulbs use the same basic layout as almost all other engines and can run in the same fashion. They can be built as either two-stroke or four-stroke engines. At 12 percent, hot bulb engines were roughly twice as thermally efficient as steam engines, which could only achieve about 6 percent. The engines were perfect for many applications, but especially low-speed marine travel. The United States had its own manufactured version of the European hot bulb engine: a two-stroke hot bulb engine developed in the United States by two German immigrants, Meitz and Weiss. Hot bulb engines survived long after many people thought they would and saw their way clear until just past the end of World War II. Since hot bulb engines can use any fuel, are simple to operate, inexpensive and relatively reliable, some regions are still considering their use with locally produced bio-fuels.
More from Wikipedia
More from
More from
Hot start engine
This type of engine also used a blow torch to heat the vaporizing tubes, but these were mounted directly above the cylinders in almost the exact spot where the spark plugs would be.
Nikolaus Otto
^  Reciprocating Piston Engine Configurations: 2 & 4 Stroke Cycle. In-line and V, + ?? Others

Hemi – From HowStuffWorks
^  Rotory Engines
Wankel (Not a true Rotory engine as it does not rotate around a fixed axis, but utilizes a crankshaft)
Quasiturbine engine
^  Gas Turbine Engines, Jet Engines, Rocket Engines
^  Electric (with Batteries)

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Forum Posts, Tech Notes & Tech Tips

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Foley Engines
#1 Blend The Oil – Perkins Marine Diesel
#3 Metric to Fractional Interchange
#4 Adventures In Oil
#5 Perkins and Deutz Gasket Paper; What to Use in a Pinch
#6 Diesel Rod Reconditioning
#7 Continental Tappett Settings
#8 Ford 172/192 Industrial Engine
#9 How to Install a Continental or Perkins Water Pump Pulley
#10 Torque Values and Valve Settings
#11 Twist Wrenches‚ Not Your Career
#12 Perkins Sleeves Made Simple
#13 Leaking Deutz‚ Deere‚ Perkins or Ford Industrial Exhaust Manifold?
#14 Using Oil Analysis to Avoid Downtime – Part 1
#15 Pulling an Engine
#16 The Perkins 4107/8 Rides Again
#17: Working on Deutz or Perkins Industrial Engines? 3 Unexpected Uses for Grease
#18 Oil Analysis Procedures
#19 Engine Diagnostics for Dummies
#20 Perkins Serial Numbers
#21 Identifying Wisconsin Engines
#23 Oil filters: Capacity Counts
#24 Ford 300 Industrial Downdraft Carburetors
#25 Break-in Oil: Not Synthetic
#26 Foley Engines Clean Air Tip
#27 Improving Oil Drain-back Time on your Perkins‚ Deutz‚ or Deere Industrial Engine
#28 Selecting and Installing A High Output Alternator
#29 Frozen Distributor?
#30 Installing a Cylinder Head
#31 Extending Valve Spring Life on your Deutz‚ Deere‚ or Perkins engine
#32 Deutz and Perkins Pistons: Design and Selection
#33 Disposing of used Lube Oil
#34 Atomic 4 Carburetors and Pumps
#35: Working on a Perkins or Deutz with a Balky or Unusual Fastener?
#36 First Level Maintenance Considerations for Perkins Diesels
#37 Perkins Fuel System Seal Kits
#38 Foley Pulley to the Rescue for Perkins 4107/108’s
#39 How to Install a Wisconsin‚ Continental‚ Perkins or Ford Ignition Coil
#40: Walker Airsep Systems
#41 SAE Bell Housings Made Easy!
#42 Install a new Balmar Alternator on your diesel or gas powered marine engine
#43 GM 4.3 V6 Industrial Engine Identification Made Easy
#44 High Amp Alternator Difficult to Mount
#45 Alternators‚ Batteries‚ Regulators‚ Solar Panels‚ Revisited
#46 Starting Wisconsin Engines With High Loads
#47 Avoiding Idle Gears
#49 Working on a John Deere engine without a manual?
#50 Raw Water Pump Maintenance
#52 Solid State Ignition Kits
#53 Header Wraps and Tailpipe Blankets
#54 Perkins Marine Coolers and Couplers
#55 Cummins B Series Tachometers
#56 Spark Plug 101
#57: All You Need to Know to Ship Your Deutz or Perkins Engine
#84 Ensuring Head Gasket Longevity on Continental Industrial Engines
#58 Bleeding Lucas‚ Stanadyne‚ and Diesel Kiki Fuel Systems
#60 Perkins Exhaust Elbows and Flanges: Now in Stainless Steel!
#61 Coming Soon‚ A Fable By Dr. Diesel!
#62 Installing a Hot Water Heater
#63 GM 5.7 Litre Industrial Engine Identification Made Easy (Part 1)
#64 Water Pump Pulleys
#65 The Nuts‚ Belts‚ and Bolts of Alternator Maintenance
#66 Repairing Raw Water Pumps
#67 How to Remove A Troublesome Pilot Bearing (Part 1)
#68 Foley Engines Head Installation Check List
#69: Working on Deutz‚ Deere and Perkins Industrial Engines? 7 Steps to Waking Up the Hibernating ….
#70 Perkins/Westerbeke Elbows and Flanges (Part 2)
#71 How Often Should I Change My Lube Oils?
#72: Saving Worn Deutz‚ Continental and Wisconsin Blocks
#74: 8 Reasons to Remote Mount Your Perkins or Deutz Oil Filter
#75 Overcoming Cam Problems in GM 4.3 V6 Vortec Industrial Engine
#76 The Nuts and Bolts of Con Rod Reconditioning
#77 Identifying your Kubota Four Cylinder Diesel
#79 Kubota 2203 Identification: A Field Guide
#80 Governors on Industrial Engines: a Brief Overview
#81 Identifying the GM 8.1 Liter Industrial Engine
#82 Bleeding Perkins‚ Deutz‚ and Deere Fuel Systems (Part 2)
#83 Deutz Diesel Crankshafts: A Cautionary Note
#86 Deutz Diesel Fuel Systems: How to identify Deutz 912 Diesel Series Fuel Pumps and Injectors
#87 Perkins‚ Ford‚ White-Hercules‚ Continental and Chrysler Water Pumps
#88 Identifying John Deere PowerTech Engines
#89: Working on Deutz‚ Deere and Perkins Indust. Engines? 4 Great Steps for Mechanics Going “Greener”
#90: Six Points You Need to Know About Deutz 912/913 Diesel Liners
#91 Alternators for Perkins Engine Models 4108‚ 4203‚ 4236 and 6354
#92: Identifying the Ford Dover and Dorset Engines
#94 Ford 460 Industrial Engine
#95 Removing a Troublesome Pilot Bearing (Part 2)
#97 GM 5.7 Industrial Engine Identification Made Easy (Part 2)
#98 A New Way to Identify John Deere Engines
#99 Chrysler LH318 Industrial Engines; An Alternative Oil Filter
#100 The Perkins 4108 Diesel Rear Seal
#102 Installing a Continental Engine Water Pump
#103: Diesel Exhaust Scrubbers: 4 Easy Steps to Ordering an Exhaust Scrubber
#107 What To Do With Your Money? Dr Diesel Comes Up With a Solution
#108: 6 Things to Know Before Ordering Your Cummins 5.9 or 8.3 Industrial Engine
#109 Cummins B Series Reman Exchange Engines
#110 Kubota 2203 Engine Kits: A Quick Guide
#112 Spin-on Fuel Filters for Perkins Diesels
#114 Available SAE Housing Sizes‚ Available Clutch Sizes‚ Torque Capacities & Key Dimensions
#115 Cummins A/Onan L Series Water Pumps
#117 Ford 172 and Ford 192 Distributors and Drive Rods
#119 Identifying the Ford 460 Industrial Engine
#120 How to Order a Kubota 2003 Engine Overhaul Kit: Five Easy Questions
#121: How To Order Parts For The Ford VSG Series Engine
#122 Diesel Particulate Filters: 9 Easy to follow points
#123 Chrysler LH318 and LH360 Industrial Engines: How to Identify Them
#124 How to Time a Perkins Engine
#125 Deutz Diesel and Ford Industrial Engine Timing Belts
#126 Not Your Father's Perkins 4108; Bringing the Perkins 4108 into the 21st Century
#127 Chrysler Industrial Engines: How to Identify the IND30‚ IND31‚ IND32 and IND33 Chrysler Flatheads
#128: Avoiding an Early Failure with a Deutz 1011 / 2011 Rebuilt
#129 Ford 172 and Ford 192 Industrial Engine Distributor Drive Rod
#131 Perkins 4236 Diesel and Ford 300 Industrial Pilot Bearing Holders
#132 How To Prevent Zenith Carburetor Icing
#135 Perkins and Deutz Gaskets: How to Make Them in a Pinch
#136 Upgrading A Hoof Or Pierce Belt Drive Governor To An Electronic Governor
#137 Ford BSD444T: How to Tell the Difference between Early and Late Models
#138 Electronic Governors: Upgrading a Belt Drive Hoof or Pierce (Part Two)
#139 Diesel Particulate Filter Maintenance
#140 Continental TM27 and TMD27 Oil Consumption Problems
#141 Deutz Diesel Engine Model 1013 Fuel Transfer Pumps
#142 Ford 330 Industrial Engines: Identifying the Dorset and the Dagenham Models
#143 How NOT To Seat the Piston Rings on Your New Ford 300 Industrial Engine
#144 Deutz 1011 and 2011 Timing Belt Tension
#145 Installing an Electronic Governor: Five Easy Tips
#146 Yanmar Engine Tag Locations
#148 Ford Industrial In-Line 6 Cylinder Gas Engines: How to Tell Them Apart
#149: Deutz 1011/2011 Timing Belt Damage
#150: How to Identify Deutz 912 Engine Fuel Injectors
#151 Deutz Model 1011 & 2011 Thermostats: “Spring Ahead‚ Fall Back”
#152 Ford 300 Industrial Engines
#155: Chrysler LH318 & LH360 Industrial Engines: Easy Block Repair
#156: Deutz 1011 & Deutz 1011F Diesel Piston to Wall Clearance
#157: How to Identify the Ford 300 Industrial Engine
#159: Deutz 912 Engines: The Difference Between New Generation 912 vs. Old
#160: Deutz Diesel Electronic Shutoff Solenoid Selection
#161: Handy Numbers for Perkins Diesel Owners or Rebuilders
#162: Cummins B Series Injector Protrusion
#163: Cummins 4 and 6 B Series Short Block Upgrades
#164: Upgrading Your Twin Disc/Rockford or Auto Clutch PTO
#165: Deutz 912 Diesel Connecting Rod Bolts
#166: Block Heaters‚ Glow Plugs‚ and Immersion Heaters for your Perkins‚ Deutz or Ford Industrial Engine
#168: Deutz 1011 and 2011 Timing Belt Change Intervals
#169: All You Need to Know About Deutz and Wisconsin Blowers
#170: All You Need to Know to Install a Deutz‚ Perkins or Deere Crankshaft
#171: Deutz Head Gaskets: Composite or MLS?
#172: A Five Point Checklist on Deutz Head Bolts and Torque Values
#173 How to Remove a Perkins 4.108 Injection Pump in Two Easy Steps
#174: Five Points to Keep in Mind When Overhauling a Deutz 1011 or Deutz 2011 Diesel Engine
#175: Deutz 2011 Timing Belts; How to Remove the Plastic Cover
#176: 120 Series Electric Actuator
#177: Crankshaft Installation Tips
#178: Deutz 2012/1013 Cooling System Service and Maintinence
#179: Dr. Diesel's Turbocharger Installation Manual
#180: EPA Tier 3 Deutz Engine Specs
#181: Exhaust Purifier Installation Procedures
#182: Foley Universal Governor Installation Guide
#183: How To Install A Lucas CAV/Delphi Pump
#184: How to Break-In a Remanufactured Deutz Engine
#185: Installation Instructions for Complete Distributors
#186: Isuzu Industrial Diesel Engine Serial Number Location
#187: Notes on Installing Twin Disc/Rockford Power Takeoffs
#188: Perkins Engine Number and Location Guide
#189: Perkins Marine Power 4.108(M)
#190: Turbocharger Installation Instructions
#191: How to Upgrade an AutoClutch PTO
#192: Perkins 4.107/4.108 Stainless Steel Exhaust Elbows
#193: Deutz 1011 and Deutz 2011 Electronic Shutoff Solenoids
#194: How to Identify Ford VSG411 and VSG413 Starters
#195: How to Identify Perkins 4.107 and 4.108 Lift Pumps
#196: Ford 300 Ring Gears Made Easy
#197: How to Identify Your Ford Industrial Model Year
#198: Wisconsin and Continental Solid State Distributor Installation Made Easy
#199: Deutz Engine Serial Number Location Made Easy
#200: Rebuilding Deutz Connecting Rods
#201: Wisconsin Two Cylinder Cast Iron Engines: How to Tell the TJD from the THD
#202: Ford 300 Cylinder Head Differences Made Easy
#203: Deutz and Perkins Turbocharger Maintenance Made Easy
#204: How to Identify the Hercules G1600 Engine
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A Pair of Very Interesting Articles on Oil Analysis from SAMS® Spring 2001 Newsletter
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How Important Is Changing Engine Oil?Don CaseyBoatUS
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100 Fast & Easy Boat ImprovementsDon Casey
Don Casey's Complete Illustrated Sailboat Maintenance ManualDon Casey
Inspecting the Aging SailboatDon Casey
Sailboat Electrics SimplifiedDon Casey
This Old BoatDon Casey
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      DO-IT-YOURSELF » DIY Boat Building & Repair » DIY Schools & Classes »
      MEDIA w/Creator Directory » Documentation, BooksMagazinesVideosWebsites »
    2. (The "»" right pointing Guillemet symbol shows the chain through the page links.)
    3. (The "," comma between page links in the chain indicates pages are not subordinate, but are instead at the same level. See engine brands in the example above.)
    4. (The "∨", "∨∨", "∨∨∨",+ symbols indicate that the path line continues with whatever follows the "∧", "∧∧", "∧∧∧",+ symbols respectively. "∧" Precedes each MAIN TOPIC Page.)
  2. PAGE CONTENTS (Table of Contents with links to each main section on the page).
  3. PAGE BODY (The type of page determines the contents of its body as follows:).
    1. TOPIC PAGES (Topic Treatment: Introduction, Overview, Background, Details,+).
      • (Many Topic Pages contain Directories of Vendors with Links).
      • (Most Directory Listings are Alphabetical and/or by Locale).
    2. VENDOR PAGES (Vendor's Profile, Contact Information, Products, Services,+).
      • (Manufacturers, Resellers, Refitters, Yards, Surveyors, Clubs, Schools, Authors,+).
      • (Boating & Travel Destinations are treated as Vendors on their own Vendor Pages).
    3. PRODUCT PAGES (Product Features, Vendor Links, Specifications, Documentation,+).
      • (Media created by a vendor is often treated as a Product on its own Product Page).
      • (Boating & Travel Events are often treated as Products on their own Product Pages).
  4. RELATED RESOURCES (Topics, Vendors, Products, Media: Books, Websites,+ with Links).
  5. PAGE TAIL Contains the following Anchors Aweigh Academy & EAB Website Features:
    1. The Anchors Aweigh Academy's Header.
    2. A link to our Featured Articles EAB Home Page.
    3. Top 20 Most Popular Articles. (The section that appears right above this section).
    4. Layout of the Website's Pages. (This very section).
    5. Topics of Webpages. (The very next section below).
    6. What we have accomplished so far.
    7. Members must Sign-In to gain full access to Expanded Pages & Programs.
    8. Sign-Up (if not already a member).
    9. Public Comments (about the website & about this page).
  6. RIGHT SIDEBAR (Website Contents menu with links to Main Topic & Subtopic pages).
    (On some smart phones, the Right Sidebar may appear at the bottom of the webpage)

— Topics of Webpages —
Website Pages are categorized under the following 16 MAIN TOPICS:

The MAIN TOPICS follow a natural progression from conception of the vessel thru its
building, marketing, survey, financing, insuring, transport, moorage, use and upkeep.
The MAIN TOPICS (all Caps) below are followed by their Main Subtopics with Links.

00 – HOME: CONTENTSABOUT EAB: Contact EAB, Abbreviations & Symbols, FAQ, GLOSSARY, ADs,+.
01 – ABOUT BOATS w/Museum Directory: Early History, Recent History, Modern Vessel Types,+.
02 – BOAT BUILDING, OUTFITTING, REFITTING & REPAIR: Materials, Equipment, Builders,+.
03 – BOAT MARKETING: Boat Shows, Dealers & Brokers, Importing & Exporting, Auctions & Sales,+.
04 – BOAT INSPECTION: Types of Marine Surveys, Marine Surveyors, Schools, DIY Inspections,+.
05 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY: Boat Title & Registration, Vessel Registry, Title Co's,+.
06 – BOAT FINANCING: Conventional (Banks, Credit Unions,+), Unconventional (Creative),+.
07 – BOAT INSURANCE: Maritime & Recreational: Coverage, Carriers, Agents,+., Claim Processing,+.
08 – BOAT TRANSPORT: By Sea (Piggyback, Delivery Skippers & Crews, & Towing), Over-Land,+.
09 – BOAT HAULING & LAUNCHING: Drydocks, Ways, Lifts, Cranes & Hoists, Launch Ramps,+.
10 – BOAT MOORAGE & STORAGE: Builders, Anchorages, Marinas, Yards, Racks & Stacks,+.
11 – BOATING ORGANIZATIONS: Yacht Clubs & Sailing Clubs, Paddling Clubs, Boat Owners,+.
12 – BOATING & TRAVEL: Events, Destinations, Boat Rentals & Charters, Cruises, Voyages,+.
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: Recreational Seamanship, Ship's Master & Crew,+.
14 – MARINE LAWS & REGULATIONS: International & National LawsLawyers‚ Investigators‚+.
15 – DO-IT-YOURSELF: DIY Boat Building & Repair, DIY Boat Sales, DIY Boat Surveys, DIY Classes,+.
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory + Academy eLibrary: pDocs, Books, Magazines, Videos, Websites,+.

The above MAIN TOPICS and a more detailed listing of Subtopics can
be found on the Website Contents page and on the Right Sidebar.

What we have accomplished so far.
Anchors Aweigh Academy and its website.

  • Published over 50,000 website pages about boats and boating, bringing us closer to reaching our goal of becoming "The ultimate reference resource about boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner!"
  • Published over 300 website main topic webpages, many with full articles on the topic. See our Website Contents or the Right Sidebar for the listing of the main topic pages.
  • Published over 9,000 marine vendor webpages, all with their contact information, most with a description of their products and services, many with product documentation, specifications and independent reviews. (incl.: Boat designers, boat building tools, material and equipment manufacturers and suppliers, boat builders and dealers, yacht brokers, marine surveyors, boat insurers, boat transporters, skippers and crews, boatyards and marinas, yacht clubs, boat rentals and yacht charters, boating, seamanship and maritime schools, marine law attorneys and expert witnesses, boat refitters and repairers, book authors, magazine publishers, video producers, and website creators)
  • Acquired over 120,000 pages of product documentation including Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Pictures, Serial Number Guides, Installation Manuals, OpManuals, Parts Catalogs, Parts Bulletins, Shop Manuals, Wiring Diagrams, Service Bulletins, and Recalls. And have made all viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Acquired over 1,200 books and magazine back issues in our academy library and so far have made over 700 viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Published over 500 DIY How-To articles about boat design, construction, inspection, operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair. We are working hard to do more.

We are currently formatting and polishing the Anchors Aweigh Academy online and hands-on courses. Our Marine Surveying course has proven to be excellent for both the beginner and the seasoned surveyor, and especially helpful to the Do-It-Yourselfer.

Current Academy Members must SIGN IN to gain FULL access to this
website including expanded pages and valuable Academy programs
like our Academy eLibrary and our Ask-An-Expert Program!

If your membership has expired, CLICK HERE to Renew.

CLICK HERE to discover how you can become a Member and gain FULL access to
thousands of expanded pages and articles, and dozens of excellent programs

Comments for Public Viewing

Submit any comments for public viewing via email To: Comments♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")
Please remember to put this webpage's title in the subject line of your email.
All comments are moderated before they appear on this page. See Comment Rules.

General Comments About the Website

FROM Donald: "This is an awesome website. I found the information that I needed right away from one of the over 20,000 free articles that you provide as a public service. I'm surprised that so much if this site is free. But I still signed up so I could access the thousands of expanded pages, interesting articles, and dozens of valuable programs! The member's library of books, magazines and videos that I can view online is really terrific! I understand that you and your staff are all unpaid volunteers. Please keep up the good work. And I commend you for your plans to add another 10,000 free informative articles over the next year. I'm thrilled to support you in this endeavor with my small membership donation. Thanks again for all your hard work."

FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 100,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 20,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"

FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."

FROM Louie: "I agree with everyone above. This site is quickly becoming the ultimate reference resource about every aspect of boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner. I use the topic pages on the right sidebar to browse around the website. It's like a Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook for Boaters. Their Members' Library of over 300 popular and obscure books and over 200 magazine back issues that can be viewed online is fabulous. The Academy's magazine is especially informative. On top of that, there is the "Ask-An-Expert program for members where you can get an expert's answer to any of your boat questions. And a whole years membership is only $25. What a deal! I really love being part of this "Everything About Boats" community and help provide thousands of helpful articles free to the public. I think that I'll sit down right now and write an article about my experiences boating with my uncle."

FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."

FROM Daisy: "I'm just so glad that Donald got the boat so we and the boys could enjoy boating — together. And of course all of the girls, April, May, and June, love to be on the water too, especially when that is where the boys are. Oh poor Scrooge, boating is more fun then you could possibly imagine."

FROM Scrooge: "After seeing how much fun you all have on the water together, I regret that I didn't have that much fun when I was young. I've had a change of heart, and I'm giving each of you a Lifetime Academy Membership."

FROM Editor: "For those of you that have stayed with us this far, many thanks, and we hope that you found this little narrative informative. Your faithful support inspires us to keep working on this phenomenal website. We know that we have a lot more to do. Ultimately, we hope that we can help you enjoy the wonder filled world of boating as much as we do. We are all waiting to see what you have to say about this webpage article. Submit any comments via email To: Comments♣ (Replace "♣" with "@"). Be sure to include this page's title in the subject line. Also, your corrections, updates, additions and suggestions are welcomed. Please submit them via email To: Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@"). It has been truly amazing to see what we have been able to accomplished when we've worked together. Thanks to all those that have donated their valuable time and energy, and a special THANK YOU to all that have supported this cause with their membership donations."

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