R A Lister and Co

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R A Lister & Company was founded in Dursley, Gloucestershire, England, in 1867 by Sir Robert Ashton Lister (1845–1929), to produce agricultural machinery.


Woollen industry

From the 16th century onwards, the Cotswolds were the centre of the world’s woollen industry, but by the late 18th century this dominance was waning with the growth of the cotton mills of Lancashire and Yorkshire. The manufacturing technology for both materials was similar, and it was in the hope of learning a new skill that George Lister walked from his home town of Liversedge in the West Riding of Yorkshire to Dursley to learn more about the making of cards, which are used in the process of turning twisted fibre into yarn.
George learnt quickly and after his father’s death invested his inheritance in buying the former Rivers Mill on Uley Road, which he turned into a card-making factory. After the death of his first wife, who bore him four children of whom two survived into adulthood, his second wife Louisa bore him four daughters and four sons.

1867-1906: Foundation and growth

The third youngest child, Robert Ashton Lister, was born in 1845 and educated in Germany and France. He led the exhibit of the family’s products to the Paris Exhibition of 1867, but on return fell out with his father, and in the same year founded R.A.Lister and Company in the former Howard’s Lower Mill, Water Street to manufacture agricultural machinery. Expanding his business by exhibiting at agricultural shows, Robert developed both a successful UK and international business, which quickly expanded throughout the British Empire.
In 1889 Robert acquired the UK rights to manufacture and sell Danish engineer Mikael Pedersen’s new cream separator, which through a spinning centrifugal separator allowed the machine to run at a constant speed and hence create a regular consistency of cream. Marketed in the UK and British Empire as “The Alexandra Cream Separator”, its success resulted in Pedersen moving to Dursley. In 1899, he founded the Dursley Pedersen Cycle Company with Ashton Lister. Robert was a pioneer of business in Western Canada, and took the first cream separator in that region over the plains of Alberta in a journey made by horse buggy, before the railway developments in the Western provinces,.
After George Lister died in 1870, his company was run by Robert’s brother-in-law William and his two youngest brothers. They developed the cloth manufacturing equipment range, and developed an electric light and power company, which for demonstration purposes brought electric lighting to Dursley. When William died in 1903, Robert’s company bought the enterprise, renaming it the Lister Electrical Machinery Company. Because the main focus of RA Lister was on agriculture, the electric division was sold in 1907 to form the Mawdsley Company. During World War II, this became a lead shadow factory producing electric motors and dynamos for various military purposes, and included a top secret section which produced components for the Alan Turing designed Bombe computer which cracked the Nazi Germany Enigma machine coded messages.
By the early 1900s, R.A. Listers had redesigned Pedersen’s cream separator, expanded its lines of sheep shearing machinery, was producing milk churns and wood barrels for butter, and from the off-cuts developed a successful line of wood-based garden furniture.

1907-1928: Petrol engines

Until this point, Lister’s range of machinery had been designed to be powered by a drive belt, which itself relied on either water, steam or horse-drawn power to drive it. In 1909 the company acquired manufacturing rights from the London-based firm of F.C. Southwell & Co. for their design of petrol-driven engines (derived from the design of a range of imported engines made by the U.S. based Stover Manufacturing and Engine Company), allowing Listers to offer portable and independently powered farm machinery.
The acquisition of the petrol driven engines, referred to by Sir Robert Aston Lister as the infernal combustion engine, was a matter of pure chance. Charles Ashton Lister (Sir Robert’s son) was in London when he came across Mr Southwell who had tripped over a mountainous pile of horse droppings (a hazard in London in the early years of the twentieth century). Assisting Mr Southwell to his feet Charles noticed he had dropped a number of diagrams of petrol engines. Mr Southwell explained his was taking the designs to Petters to discuss manufacturing. Charles, never one to miss an opportunity, persuaded Mr Southwell that the engines would be better manufactured and developed by Listers.
Shortly after acquiring the manufacturing rights to the petrol engines Sir Robert was at the Bath and West Agricultural Show. Where he was heard complaining that “Charles was going to ruin the company with these infernal combustion engines”. He was commiserated on this misfortune by the owner of the Bristol Omnibus Company who replied “I know how you feel my boys are out in America playing kites with those Wright Brothers in their bicycle factory”. Both men lived to see their predictions confounded.
During World War I, the factory was focused solely on War Department production, producing petrol engines, lighting sets and munitions. Many of the men left for the front, meaning that a large portion of the workforce was female. After the war, Sir Robert Lister retired and turned management at Dursley over to his grandsons (sons on Charles Ashton Lister CBE) Robert, Frank, Percy and George together with A.E. Mellerup. Charles Ashton Lister managed the company’s business in North America and was based in Canada. In a repeat of history Charles had fallen out with his father (Robert), which was an underlying cause of family animosity. Inevitably this occasionally caused tensions: for example, George managed home sales and Frank was in charge of buying, while Cecil did not have a clearly defined role at all, and, although Robert was the eldest, it was Percy (later Sir Percy) who had by far the most significant impact.
Developing foreign competition meant that the manufacturing of milk churns and barrels ceased, and the over supply of second-hand ex-military engines and lighting sets reduced the company’s profit considerably. The company was eventually turned round under Percy’s control, aided by the introduction in 1926 of the Lister Auto-Truck, used to move goods around factories, railway stations and dockyards the world over; production continued until 1973.
As managing director Percy led the firm through a period of significant growth and prosperity in the 1920s and 1930s. By 1926 the workforce was around 2000 and was growing rapidly; the company ran a 24-hour manufacturing operation, expanding its range of products and supplying retailers to around 6000 UK customers and many more worldwide.[3] Retailing revenues were particularly healthy in Australia and New Zealand, where sheep-shearing equipment was in great demand.

1929-1945: Diesel engines

In 1929, Sir Robert died at the age of 84, and in the same year the first of Lister’s own design of “CS” (cold start) diesel engine was made. With one cylinder and producing 9 horsepower (6.7 kW), it became known as the Lister 9-1. This was quickly followed by: the 5-1, 10-2, 18-2 and 38-4 all in 1930; the 27-3 in 1931; and 3-1, CD and CE in 1933. Lister engines were traditionally painted a mid-range shade of Brunswick Green, which continues to be used today by Lister Petter.
The CS is a slow-running (600 rpm) reliable engine, suitable for driving electric generators or irrigation pumps. CS type engines gained a reputation for longevity and reliability, especially in Commonwealth countries, to which they were widely exported. Some CS engines ran practically continuously for decades in agricultural, industrial and electrical applications.
By 1936 Lister was producing 600 engines across a range of 80 different sizes and types of diesel and petrol models, most of which were small at around 1.5 to 3 hp. These could be bought stand alone (many were used in the construction industry), or powering a complementary range of pumps, churns, cream separators, autotrucks, generating plant and sheep shearing equipment. The branded Woodware Works continued to produce ornamental tubs, garden seats and other ornamental garden furniture.
The company headquarters were in an early 16th-century Priory building in Dursley. In the nearby valley was located a foundry, together with a number of other workshops necessary for the production of engines and the various other products offered, including a machining shop, capstan lathe shop, engine assembly lines, and a coopers’ shop. Many goods were shipped out from the nearby Dursley railway station, which was located on land leased from Lister.
During the late 1920s and Charles Ashton Lister had been responsible for trying to obtain payments of bad debts incurred by American and Canadian farmers during the Great Depression. Being sympathetic to their plight debts he suggested to Sir Robert that Listers should sue the banks as there for their money. Sir Robert was not impressed. However, Charles remained in Canada where he built up the North American business for Listers as well as pursuing other business opportunities on his own. He returned to England in about 1936 with his second wife Doris Eleanor and four new sons, Charles Owen, John, Frederick William and James Hugh. Although remaining the majority shareholder of Listers the running of the company was left in the hands of his first family led by Sir Percy.
Before going to North America Charles had been responsible for securing bad debt in Germany for RA Lister, during that county’s period of hyper-inflation. Always the pragmatist Charles settled debt at 40% of their value in marks. In order to try and protect the value of the funds repaid he invested in German property including a hotel in Bavaria of dubious repute. Charles saw at first-hand the rise of the Nazi Party and used the company’s assets in Germany to assist those trying to rescue Jewish families from Germany and Austria by bribing officials. Charles had two Jewish daughters in Vienna who he had been unable to rescue. However, back in England in 1939 he was able to get the Austrian governess (A Miss Simpkiss) of his second family to the continent. He and the rest of the family packed her suitcase with clothes in which they stuffed huge quantities of cash. This mission proved successful and all returned England just before the outbreak of World War II.
Listers had continued to flourish during the 1930s, riding the economic financial crisis and building on its many earlier successes. The Lister family, although not as highly religious as the Cadbury family or Terry’s of York, had supplemented their workers’ lifestyles through regular company-wide excursions. The firm was profitable in the 1930s, and able to provide town-wide medical services and a social club, which still exists.
The most successful Lister engine was the D-type engine, introduced from 1931, most of which were rated at 1.5 horsepower at 700 RPM. More than 250,000 ‘D’ engines were built until 1964. They were used for a wide variety of light tasks such as pumping and small-scale electricity generation. The Lister ‘D’ is still one of the most widely seen vintage stationary engines in the UK. Hand-cranked Lister diesel engines were used in many early dumpers. Lister took over Blackstone & Co in 1937 to form Lister Blackstone.
The factory returned to war production at the onset of World War II, producing engines, lighting sets, agricultural implements and shell cases. HM Queen Mary toured the factory in 1940, and Lister increased war production by opening components and sub-assembly plants in Nympsfield (1942), Wotton-under-Edge (1943) and Cinderford (1944).

1946-1965: Independent

After World War II, Lister’s bought Marine Mountings of Swindon from the Admiralty, which became the home of the D Type production till 1963 when the SR range became its main product, together with SL and LD models in 1-4 cylinder versions. Marine Mountings was closed in 19??.
Having survived World War II, Listers continued to benefit from its reputation for durable, reliable high-quality engines, and its pedigree as an old-established firm. However labour costs in the post-war period made a return to the heyday of the 1920s and 1930s impossible. Competition from rivals such as Petter and from overseas were also factors to be contended with, and unauthorized copycat engines (“Listeroids”) were produced in other countries. Smallcreep’s Day by Peter Currell Brown is a surrealist satire on modern industrial life. The 1965 novel was written while the author worked at R A Lister and Company, Dursley.

1967-1986: Purchase and merger

In 1965 following the death of Charles Ashton Lister CBE (1871 to 1965), Listers was acquired by Hawker Siddeley, who had bought its old rival Petter Diesels in 1957.
A large investment was made in 1966 when they also bought the old Gresham & Craven plant in Walkden, Lancashire. This plant had a large iron foundry, pattern shop and machine shop. It was reorganised to supply diesel engine parts that were previously bought from sub-contractors, including: cylinder heads, crankcases, flywheels, gearcases and a multitude of small parts for the parent plants. It also assembled moisture extraction units and the SR range of diesel generators employing 200-250 personnel until it was closed in 1971 because of a downturn in demand for diesel engines.

1986-2013: Lister Petter

In 1986 Hawker-Siddeley merged Lister and Petter to form a new company, Lister Petter Ltd. However, the changed economic situation of the 1990s, combined with their main market of Asia now industrialising itself and producing far cheaper often copied products, led to a quickly declining market and resultant profit margin.
In 1992, Hawker Siddeley was acquired by BTR plc for £1.5bn. Burdened by debts after years of acquisition, in 1999 BTR merged with Siebe to form BTR Siebe plc, which was renamed Invensys plc. In preparation, BTR reviewed and decided to sell-off any subsidiary operations, which included Lister Petter. The shearing and accessories business was sold to a management buyout, the core large engine products were acquired by Deutz AG, and the residual small engines business was cut down to a profitable concern and sold in 1996 to Schroders Venture Capital.
In 2000, with Schroders looking to exit, the firm was bought through a £13.5M management buyout, enabled through selling the original 92 acres (37 ha) Lister factory site at Littlecombe to the South West Regional Development Agency. By this time, the core engine products were in demise, and the company was employing around 250 people on a turnover of £35M. Cost-cutting measures included closing the award-winning foundry in 2001, which had been one of the most advanced in Europe when it opened in 1937.
In the early years of the 21st century, small, durable, reliable industrial and marine engines continued to be a staple, notably the ALPHA water-cooled industrial and marine engines (2-, 3- or 4-cylinder) and the “T” air-cooled series (1-, 2- or 3-cylinder). Engines and diesel generating sets continued to be assembled and sold from a factory on the original Dursley site, with the product range expanded to include more powerful engines and a wider range of generating set specifications. In 2007 a new heavy-duty engine, the OMEGA, offering up to 268 kW, was added to the company’s product range.

2014: Relocation

Sales continued to fall, and in 2003 the company fell into its first period of administration.
Rescued through another SWRDA-backed management buyout, the second company survived a further three years before again collapsing into administration. On this occasion, the workers via Unite the Union voted to remain in Dursley, but the company’s registered headquarters were moved to Hardwicke, Stroud, 11 miles (18 km) away.
After SWRDC sold the original factory site for redevelopment to specialist St. Modwen Properties, the residual engineering group announced its intention in March 2013 to relocate from Dursley. In Autumn 2013, the company fell into a third period of administration. Rescued quickly through a pre-packaged administration – which avoided the company’s legal obligations to pay the required 250 redundancy packages, which were instead paid by the Government – the company’s association with Dursley ended in April 2014, when assembly production moved to Hardwicke and the parts supply store to a former Royal Air Force hangar at Aston Down.

The supply of remanufactured Lister engines and parts

Although R A Lister ceased production of many of its well-known models many years ago, many of these engine are still in use today all over the world. Some of the most prominent suppliers of parts and services for these engine in the UK are Listerparts.co.uk, Realdiesels, Parts and Engines, Marine Engine Services Ltd and Sleeman & Hawken Ltd. Another firm, Marine Power Services, specialise in the restoration and marinisation of Lister engines for the inland waterways and the manufacture of component castings including Lister JP marine exhaust and water system manifolds.

Listeroid engines

Production of CS engines in England ended in 1987 but the popularity and reputation of the design meant that a number of Indian manufacturers have since continued production of “Listeroids” or clones copied from the CS design. These engines are used in India and also exported to other countries, including Australia and the United States. There has been an upsurge in interest in these engines and their unique capabilities for long-term electrical generation or pumping, and the initially haphazard build quality of “Listeroids” had now largely reached the same level as the original Lister-built units. They are becoming increasingly popular for “off grid” or “remote” uses, partially because of their ability to use a large variety of alternative fuels and ease of maintenance and repair. Indian companies have also taken out licences on Petter diesel engines (naturally dubbed ‘Petteroids’), as well as other Lister (and latterly Lister-Petter) designs, such as Indian-built versions of the air-cooled L-Series diesel engines.

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Lister Petter

Lister Engines from beginning to 1951 – all models

Year start 1st January Petrol (not D & F) D & F Engines G1/G2 Engines Diesel CD Diesel CE Diesel CS Types
3/1, 5/1, 9/1 & 18/2
Diesel 27/3 38/4
1909 2100 …. 5/– for singles …. …. CS——- 50/— 27/3
1910 2220 …. 10/– for twins …. …. …. 60/— 38/4
1915 11982 …. …. …. …. …. ….
1920 23708 …. …. …. …. …. 30/3 even 1000’s
1925 44844 …. …. …. …. …. 40/4 odd 1000’s
1926 53300 80000 …. …. …. …. ….
1930 208811 92763 …. …. …. 116 ….
1931 216464 98000 …. …. …. 1781 1157
1933 222841 104729 …. 350006 380001 7318 1949
1935 230010 115469 500 351713 381161 13902 3338
1936 233999 123609 756 353086 381924 18345 4964
1937 238316 131694 1583 354453 382641 22717 338
1938 242858 140208 2470 356070 383498 28255 2538
1939 245762 148945 3158 356671 384117 32525 3376
1940 248820 157357 4246 357598 384769 36288 3849
1941 252369 164752 5501 358300 385352 40499 7723
1942 254677 172208 6690 359023 385861 43279 10655
1943 256489 180177 8072 359545 386517 45519 14433
1944 258013 186833 9486 360198 387120 47867 17428
1945 258824 192330 10574 360561 387862 49766 25308
1946 260928 199156 11538 361100 388449 52522 27502
1947 262273 1/7270 12201 361728 388450 56151 28785
1948 263706 1/13839 12912 362383 389052 60137 29654
1949 268038 1/24906 14023 363097 389547 64867 31259
1950 272806 1/41652 15170 363777 390733 73328 33096
1951 275860 1/58715 16168 365064 392012 85082 35043

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Lister Engines post 1951 – all models up to the later system in the 1970’s

Serial No & Code 163 HRW 2 A 24 R S M MG MP MGR V .01
Item a b c d e f g h j k m n p

Number item  Description
a Serial number of that engine in the year of manufacture
b Engine type
c Number of cylinders (where required)
d Code letter Z or A – Anticlock rotation
e Year of manufacture (add to 1950)
f Code letter R – Radiator cooled
g Code letter S – Seawater cooled (not used much)
h Code letter M – Marine auxiliary
j Code letter MG – Marine propulsion
k Code letter MP – Marine propulsion
m Code letter MGR – Marine propulsion with reduction gear
n Code letter V – Engines for Lister-built gensets
p Build number – always prefixed by a dash ( – )
Letter 'S' IMMEDIATELY after engine type letters = Turbo

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Lister Engines post 1970 – all models using the latest system in the 1970’s

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Lister-Petter Combined Range Engines – Current Models

Type Production Years Type Production Years Type Production Years Type Production Years
4X90 2001 – AC1 1985 AD1 1984 DWS4 1997
LPA2 1988 LPA3 1988 – LPW2 1988 LPW4 1988
LPWS2 1988 LPWS3 1988 LPWS4 1989 LPWT4 1996 –
LPW3 1988 LT1 1974 LV1 1983 TR1 1985
TR2 1985 TR3 1985 TS1 1983 TS2 1983
TS3 1983 – TX2 1987 – 2001 TX3 1987

Lister Range of Engines – Obsolete Models

Type Production Years Type Production Years Type Production Years Type Production Years
3-1/2/1 1930 – 1952 5/1 1930 – 1962 6 / 1 1962 – 1974 8 / 1 1962 – 1987
9/1 JP1 1930 – 1952 12 / 2 1961 – 1975 16 / 2 1962 – 1987 18/2-JP2 1930 – 1952
27/3 JP3 1931 – 1952 38/4 JP4 1931 – 1952 616/JP6 1952 – 1971 A 1909 – 1962
AK 1909 – 1962 B 1909 – 1962 BK 1909 – 1962 CD 1933 – 1952
CD4 1992 – 1999 CDT4 1992 – 1999 CD6 1992 – 1999 CDT6 1993 – 1999
CE 1933 – 1952 CLTI6 1988 – 1989 CRK3 1986 – 1999 CS4 1986 – 1992
CSTI6 1988 – 1992 CS6 1986 – 1992 CST6 1986 – 1992 D 1926 – 1965
DK 1926 – 1965 FR1 1954 – 1964 FR2 1954 – 1964 FR3 1954 – 1964
FR4 1954 – 1964 FR6 1954 – 1964 HA/HB2 1958 – 1969 HA/HB3 1958 – 1970
HA/HB4 1961 – 1970 HA/HB6 1961 – 1970 HL3 1983 – 1987 HL4 1983 – 1991
HL6 1983 – 1991 HLT6 1983 – 1991 HR3G 1984 – 1991 HR2G 1983 – 1991
HR2 1968 – 1991 HR3 1968 – 1991 HR4 1969 – 1983 HR6 1969 – 1983
HRS6 1969 – 1983 HRW2 1969 – 1987 HRW3 1969 – 1987 HRW4 1969 – 1987
HRW6 1969 – 1987 HRWS6 1969 – 1987 HS6 1969 only HW2 1963 – 1970
HW3 1963 – 1987 HW4 1966 – 1970 HW6 1966 – 1970 HWS6 1969 only
JA6 1973 – 1987 JAS6 1973 – 1987 JK2 1960 – 1969 JK3-JS3 1959 – 1969
JK4 1959 – 1970 JK6 1960 – 1972 JW6 1973 – 1987 JWSC6 1977 – 1987
JWS6 1974 – 1987 LD1 1956 – 1966 LD2 1957 – 1966 LR1 1967 – 1976
LR2 1967 – 1976 LT2 1979 – 1983 LV2 1983 – 1991 SL1 1961 – 1966
SL2 1961 – 1966 SL3 1958 – 1966 SL4 1958 – 1966 SR2 1967 – 1976
SR3 1967 – 1976 SR4 1968 – 1972 ST1 1972 – 1985 ST2 1972 – 1983
ST3 1972 – 1983 STW2 1977 – 1991 STW3 1977 – 1991 SW1 1969 – 1976
SW2 1969 – 1976 TL2 1983 – 1988 TL3 1983 – 1988 VA 1961 – 1973

Petter Range of Engines – Obsolete Models

Type Production Years Type Production Years Type Production Years Type Production Years
A RANGE 1936 – 1966 ATOMIC 1928 – 1940 AA1 1964 – 1992 AA1M 1965 – 1968
AB1 1967 – 1986 AB1W 1967 – 1971 AB1WM 1967 – 1971 AC1 Ser 1 1970 – 1985
AC1W 1970 – 1985 AC1WM 1970 – 1984 AC1ZS 1978 – 1989 AC1Z 1972 – 1987
AC2 1970 – 1987 AC2W 1970 – 1984 AC2WM 1970 – 1984 AD2 1987 – 1991
AS1 1960 – 1963 AS2 1960 – 1963 AS3 1960 – 1963 ASA1 1963 – 1966
ASA2 1963 – 1966 AS2W 1963 – 1985 ASH1 1963 – 1985 ASH2 1963 – 1985
ASJ1 1962 – 1985 ASJ2 1962 – 1985 ASJ3 1962 – 1985 ASJ4 1962 – 1985
ASJ1W 1962 – 1985 ASJ2W 1962 – 1985 ASJ3W 1962 – 1985 ASJ4W 1962 – 1985
ASZ1 1963 – 1981 AV1 1945 – 1966 AV2 1945 – 1966 AVA1 1950 – 1966
AVA2 1950 – 1966 B RANGE 1950 – 1962 BA1 1967 – 1978 BA2 1967 – 1978
BA1R 1967 – 1978 BA2R 1967 – 1978 DA1 1968 – 1969 DA2 1968 – 1969
K3 1971 – 1972 P600/2 1984 – 1989 P600/3 1984 – 1989 PA RANGE 1951 – 1961
PAZ1 1953 – 1981 PAV4 1952 – 1960 PC RANGE 1958 – 1964 PD RANGE 1954 – 1965
PDV RANGE 1954 – 1965 PH1 1960 – 1990 PH2 1960 – 1990 PH1W/PHW1 1960 – 1991
PH2W/PHW2 1960 – 1991 PH1WM 1985 – 1988 PH2WM 1985 – 1988 PJ1 1962 – 1985
PJ2 1962 – 1985 PJ3 1962 – 1985 PJ4 1962 – 1985 PJ1WZ 1985 – 1987
PJ2WZ 1985 – 1987 PJ1Z 1985 – 1987 PJ2Z 1985 – 1987 PJ1W 1962 – 1985
PJ2W 1962 – 1985 PJ3W 1962 – 1985 PJ4W 1962 – 1985 M RANGE 1914 – 1939
S1W 1963 – 1985 S RANGE 1923 – 1940 T RANGE 1914 – 1939 V RANGE 1914 – 1939
HORIZONTAL 1895 – 1917

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Specifications For Lister
2/4-Stroke Cycle Gasoline/Diesel Marine Engines
And Popular Marinized Versions
(by Ascending Horsepower)

Click on Links for Model Pages with Spec Sheets, Manuals, Drawings,

s, etc.
Click on Links for Model Spec Sheets

TABLE KEY: (Table still under development)
⊗ = Data Not Available from Data Source, ? = …? = ¿…? = Data Not Confirmed.
DS = Data Source: (such as Webpages, DataSheets or SpecSheets, Catalogs, Manuals,+) with Links.
^  __ = Source wLink.
^  BD = BoatDiesel.com=…B, …f = Forum, …w = Webpage, …s = SpecSheet, …c = Catalog/Brochure,
^   …o = Operator’s Manual, …m = Service/Technical Manual, …1,2,3,A,B,C,etc = Source #, Version, Revision.
CYL = Cylinder Configuration “-” Number “−” Liner Type:
^  Cylinder Configuration: U = u… = Upright (Vertical), s… = Slanted (Inclined), n… = Inverted,  I = In-Line,
^  ^  H = h… = Horizontal (Flat), o… = Outward Opposed Piston, i = Inward Opposed Piston, V = V (eg V8),
^  ^  R = Radial, r = Rotary, Wr = Wankel Rotary.
^  Liner: W = Wet Liner(s), D = Dry Liner(s), WD = Combo Wet + Dry Liner(s),
^  ^  P = Parent/Native Bore, C = Cylinder(s) (Independent), b… = Borable Oversize,
^  ^  S = Sleeved (Press fit?), Liner type determined from Service Manual and/or Parts List.
BORE & STROKE: …mm = Millimeters, …” = …in = Inches.
DISPLACEMENT: …cc = Cubic Centimeters (cm³), …L = Liters (Litres), …ci = Cubic Inches (“³).
♥ = Base Engine Manufacturer, ♣ = Engine Marinizer (Mariniser).
MODEL: EC = Engine Code. Cylinder Block Capacity ID Code. TC = Turbocharged.
RATING: See Engine Duty Ratings at end of this table.
ASP: Aspiration “-” Fueling: N = Naturally Aspirated, T = Turbocharged, S = Supercharged,
^  Ta = Turbocharged & Aftercooled, Ti = Turbocharged and Intercooled,
^  …S = …s = w/Seawater Intercooler, …R = …r = w/Raw Water Intercooler.
^  -Fueling: c = Carbureted, i = Injected.
^  -Fueling: M = Mechanical Injection, iI = Integral Injector, Cr = Common Rail, E = Electronic Injection.
KW = Kilowatts, HP = Horsepower, BHP = Brake Horsepower, MHP = Metric Horsepower.
@RPM = Power Ratings @ Revolutions Per Minute.
YEARS MFR’D: Beginning-Ending, Trailing “–” (Dash) without an Ending Date = Still in Production.

Base Engine Ds uI-⊗−⊗ ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in ⊗cc / ⊗L / ⊗ci
? − ⊗ Ds N 19??-19??
? − ⊗ Ds T 19??-19??
? − ⊗ Ds N 19??-19??
? − ⊗ Ds T 19??-19??


Base Engine Ds uI-⊗−⊗ ⊗mm ⊗mm ⊗in ⊗in ⊗L / ⊗ci
? − ⊗ Ds N 19??-19??
? − ⊗ Ds T 19??-19??
? − ⊗ Ds N 19??-19??
? − ⊗ Ds T 19??-19??


Table Under Development
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Engine Duty Ratings


Pleasure Craft

RATING: W = Workboat (Usually 90% of P), (6270) C = Continuous, P = Pleasure (Intermittent)
^  COM = Commercial, R = Recreational, WB = Work Boat, PC = Pleasure Craft, M = Medium
^  CON = Continuous, INT = Intermittent, PLE = Pleasure
^  CA = Continuous “A”, CB = Continuous “B”, BS = HP, BS OL = BHP in Overload
^  CON, CD, HD, MCD, MD, INT, ID, GS, HO, etc. (See Duty Ratings at end of this table)


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SpecSheets/Data Sheets

Spec/Data Sheets
^  From _____
Charts and Graphs
Charts and Graphs
^  From _____
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Press Releases
DATE Press Releases
^  From _____
Model History
Model History
Serial Number Guide – Manufacture Date Code Identification
Serial Number Guide – Manufacture Date Code Identification
Installation Manuals/Instructions
Installation Manuals/Instructions
^  From _____
Installation Diagrams & Drawings with Dimensions
Installation Diagrams & Drawings with Dimensions
^  From _____
Owner/Operator Manuals

Owner/Operator Manuals
^  From _____
Parts Schematics with Exploded Views & Parts Lists

Parts Schematics with Exploded Views & Parts Lists
^ From _____
Parts Bulletins

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^  From _____
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Service/Repair/Workshop/Technical Manuals
^  From _____
Wiring Diagrams

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Main Topic Page Links

From Current CONTENTS Page

If you find any errors, omissions, dead links, etc. on this webpage,
please let us know along with any corrections, additions, updates, etc. via email to Editor♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace “♥” with “@”). Thank you!

If there is anything on this webpage that needs fixing, please let us know via email To:

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The page may contain rough drafts that include raw source materials.

to see examples of our website's comprehensive contents!

Thanks to our amazing contributors for the steady flow of articles, and to our dedicated all-volunteer staff who sort, polish and format them, everyday we get a little bit closer to our goal of
Everything About Boats. If you would like to submit an article,
See Submitting Articles.


Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines
How to Identify Ford Diesel Engines
Ford 2715E
Lehman Mfg. Co.
Detroit Diesel 8.2
Universal Atomic 4
Chrysler & Force Outboards
Eska Outboard Motors
Perkins Engines
ZF Friedrichshafen AG
Allison Transmission
American Marine Ltd (Grand Banks)
Boat Inspection
Types of Marine Surveys
Marine Surveyors by Country
Boat Builders By MIC
Beta Marine
American Boat and Yacht Counsel (ABYC)
USCG NVIC 07-95 Guidance on Inspection, Repair and Maintenance of Wooden Hulls

Layout of the EverythingAboutBoats.org Website's Pages.

* * *
This website consists almost entirely of three types of webpages as follows:

  1. TOPIC PAGES (See Main Topic Pages listed on Website Contents or the Right Sidebar)
  2. VENDOR PAGES (Vendors of Products, Services, Events,+, DestinationsMedia Creators)
  3. PRODUCT PAGES (Equipment, Events, Media: pDoc, Books, Magazines, Videos, Websites,+)

Note in the examples above that these pages form a natural hierarchy.
The unnumbered "^" pages are listed alphabetically in most tables.

Media Titles in tables are distinguished by their smaller font size.
Media (Books, Magazines, Videos, Articles,+) are treated as Products.
Vendors' Product Documentation (pDoc) is considered Media.
Destinations & Media Creators are treated as Vendors.

* * *
Website Pages typically contain the following Sections:

  1. PATH (Shows the chain of EAB pages w/links that lead to the page being viewed).
    1. EXAMPLE: PATH: Home » Website Contents » ∨
      Boat Building & Refitting » ∧∧∧ Boat Equip » Propulsion » ∧∧∧∧ Engines » ∨∨
      ∧∧ Ford, Ebro, American Diesel, AmMarine, Barr, Beta, Bomac, Bowman, Couach, Lees, Lehman, Mermaid, Parsons, RenaultSabre, Thornycroft, Wortham Blake »
      Do-It-Yourself » DIY Boat Building & Refitting » Boat Building & Refitting » ∨∨∨
      Media › Creators » Documentation, BooksMagazinesVideosWebsites » ∨∨∨∨
    2. (The "»" symbol shows the chain through the page links.)
    3. (A "," comma between page links in the chain indicates pages are not subordinate, but are instead at the same level. See engine brands in the example above.)
    4. (The "∨", "∨∨", "∨∨∨",+ symbols indicate that the path line continues with whatever follows the "∧", "∧∧", "∧∧∧",+ symbols respectively. "∧" Precedes each Main Topic Page.)
  2. PAGE CONTENTS (Table of Contents with links to each main section on the page).
  3. PAGE BODY (The type of page determines the contents of its body as follows:).
    1. TOPIC PAGES (Topic Treatment: Introduction, Overview, Background, Details,+).
      • (Many Topic Pages contain Directories of Vendors with Links).
      • (Most Directory Listings are Alphabetical and/or by Locale).
    2. VENDOR PAGES (Vendor's Profile, Contact Information, Products, Services,+).
      • (Manufacturers, Resellers, Refitters, Yards, Surveyors, Clubs, Schools, Authors,+).
      • (Boating & Travel Destinations are treated as Vendors on their own Vendor Pages).
    3. PRODUCT PAGES (Product Features, Vendor Links, Specifications, Documentation,+).
      • (Media created by a vendor is often treated as a Product on its own Product Page).
      • (Boating & Travel Events are often treated as Products on their own Product Pages).
  4. RELATED RESOURCES (Topics, Vendors, Products, Media: Books, Websites,+ with Links).
  5. PAGE TAIL Contains the following Anchors Aweigh Academy & EAB Website Features:
    1. The Anchors Aweigh Academy's EverythingAboutBoats.org Header.
    2. A link to our Featured Articles EAB Home Page.
    3. Top 20 Most Popular Articles. (The section that appears right above this section).
    4. Layout of the EverythingAboutBoats.org Website's Pages. (This very section).
    5. What we have accomplished so far. (The very next section below).
    6. Members must Sign-In to gain full access to Expanded Pages & Programs.
    7. Sign-Up (if not already a member).
    8. Public Comments (about the website & about this page).
  6. RIGHT SIDEBAR (Website Contents menu with links to Main Topic & Subtopic pages).

* * *
Website Pages are categorized under the following 16 Main Topics (w/Links):

The Main Topics follow a natural progression from building of the vessel thru its
marketing, survey, financing, insuring, transport, moorage, use and upkeep.
The Main Topics below are followed by their Primary Subtopics (w/Links).

00 – HOME: CONTENTSABOUT EAB, Contact EAB, Abbreviations & Symbols, FAQ, GLOSSARY,+.
01 – ABOUT BOATS w/Museum Directory: Early History, Recent History, Modern Vessel Types,+.
02 – BOAT BUILDING, OUTFITTING, REFITTING & REPAIR: Materials, Equipment, Builders,+.
03 – BOAT MARKETING: Boat Shows, Dealers & Brokers, Importing & Exporting, Auctions & Sales,+.
04 – BOAT INSPECTION: Types of Marine Surveys, Marine Surveyors, Schools, DIY Inspections,+.
05 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY: Boat Title & Registration, Vessel Registry, Title Co's,+.
06 – BOAT FINANCING: Conventional (Banks, Credit Unions,+), Unconventional (Creative),+.
07 – BOAT INSURANCE: Types of Policies, Companies, Agents & Brokers, Claim Processing,+.
08 – BOAT TRANSPORT: By Sea (Piggyback, Delivery Skippers & Crews, & Towing), Over-Land,+.
09 – BOAT LAUNCHING & HAULING: Drydocks, Ways, Lifts, Cranes & Hoists, Launch Ramps,+.
10 – BOAT MOORAGE & STORAGE: Builders, Anchorages, Marinas, Yards, Racks & Stacks,+.
11 – BOATING ORGANIZATIONS: Yacht Clubs, Sailing Clubs, Owners, Educational, Gov-Aux,+.
12 – BOATING & TRAVEL: Events, Destinations, Boat Rentals & Charters, Cruises, Voyages,+.
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: Recreational Seamanship, Ship's Master & Crew,+.
14 – MARINE LAWS & REGULATIONS: International & National LawsLawyers‚ Investigators‚+.
15 – DO-IT-YOURSELF (DIY): Boat Building & Refitting, Boat Sales, Boat Inspections, Classes,+.
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory + Academy eLibrary: pDocs, Books, Magazines, Videos, Websites,+.

Main Topics with their Subtopics can also be found
on the Website Contents and the Right Sidebar.

What we have accomplished so far.
Anchors Aweigh Academy and its EverythingAboutBoats.org website.

  • Published over 300 website main topic webpages, many with full articles on the topic. See our Website Contents or the Right Sidebar for the listing of the main topic pages.
  • Published over 9,000 marine vendor webpages, all with their contact information, most with a description of their products and services, many with product documentation, specifications and independent reviews. (incl.: Boat designers, boat building tools, material and equipment manufacturers and suppliers, boat builders and dealers, yacht brokers, marine surveyors, boat insurers, boat transporters, skippers and crews, boatyards and marinas, yacht clubs, boat rentals and yacht charters, boating, seamanship and maritime schools, marine law attorneys and expert witnesses, boat refitters and repairers, book authors, magazine publishers, video producers, and website creators)
  • Acquired over 120,000 pages of product documentation including Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Pictures, Serial Number Guides, Installation Manuals, OpManuals, Parts Catalogs, Parts Bulletins, Shop Manuals, Wiring Diagrams, Service Bulletins, and Recalls. And have made all viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Acquired over 1,200 books and magazine back issues in our academy library and so far have made over 700 viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Published over 500 DIY How-To articles about boat design, construction, inspection, operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair. We are working hard to do more.

We are currently formatting and polishing the Anchors Aweigh Academy online and hands-on courses. Our Marine Surveying course has proven to be excellent for both the beginner and the seasoned surveyor, and especially helpful to the Do-It-Yourselfer.

Current Academy Members must SIGN IN to gain FULL access to this
website including expanded pages and valuable Academy programs
like our Academy eLibrary and our Ask-An-Expert Program!

If your membership has expired, CLICK HERE to Renew.

CLICK HERE to discover how you can become a Member and gain FULL access to
thousands of expanded pages and articles, and dozens of excellent programs

Comments for Public Viewing

Submit any comments for public viewing via email To: Comments♥EverthingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@")
Please remember to put this webpage's title in the subject line of your email.
All comments are moderated before they appear on this page. See Comment Rules.

General Comments About the Website

FROM Donald: "This is an awesome website. I found the information that I needed right away from one of the over 20,000 free articles that you provide as a public service. I'm surprised that so much if this site is free. But I still signed up so I could access the thousands of expanded pages, interesting articles, and dozens of valuable programs! The member's library of books, magazines and videos that I can view online is really terrific! I understand that you and your staff are all unpaid volunteers. Please keep up the good work. And I commend you for your plans to add another 10,000 free informative articles over the next year. I'm thrilled to support you in this endeavor with my small membership donation. Thanks again for all your hard work."

FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 100,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 20,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"

FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."

FROM Louie: "I agree with everyone above. This site is quickly becoming the ultimate reference resource about every aspect of boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner. I use the topic pages on the right sidebar to browse around the website. It's like a Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook for Boaters. Their Members' Library of over 300 popular and obscure books and over 200 magazine back issues that can be viewed online is fabulous. The Academy's magazine is especially informative. On top of that, there is the "Ask-An-Expert program for members where you can get an expert's answer to any of your boat questions. And a whole years membership is only $25. What a deal! I really love being part of this "Everything About Boats" community and help provide thousands of helpful articles free to the public. I think that I'll sit down right now and write an article about my experiences boating with my uncle."

FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."

FROM Daisy: "I'm just so glad that Donald got the boat so we and the boys could enjoy boating — together. And of course all of the girls, April, May, and June, love to be on the water too, especially when that is where the boys are. Oh poor Scrooge, boating is more fun then you could possibly imagine."

FROM Scrooge: "After seeing how much fun you all have on the water together, I regret that I didn't have that much fun when I was young. I've had a change of heart, and I'm giving each of you a Lifetime Academy Membership."

FROM Editor: "For those of you that have stayed with us this far, many thanks, and we hope that you found this little narrative informative. Your faithful support inspires us to keep working on this phenomenal website. We know that we have a lot more to do. Ultimately, we hope that we can help you enjoy the wonder filled world of boating as much as we do. We are all waiting to see what you have to say about this webpage article. Submit any comments via email To: Comments♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@"). Be sure to include this page's title in the subject line. Also, your corrections, updates, additions and suggestions are welcomed. Please submit them via email To: Editor♥EverythingAboutBoats.org (Replace "♥" with "@"). It has been truly amazing to see what we have been able to accomplished when we've worked together. Thanks to all those that have donated their valuable time and energy, and a special THANK YOU to all that have supported this cause with their membership donations."

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