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The United States has developed statutes and regulations, and have participated in international conventions, treaties, and agreements that apply to boats and ships. The Statutes include the United States Code (USC) especially Titles 33 and 46, and regulations such as the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) especially Titles 33 and 46. The US has participated in the SOLAS, MARPOL, Load Line and Collision Regulations Conventions, and joined the resulting treaties. In addition to the federal laws and regulations, many individual states, districts, counties, and municipalities have their own laws, ordinances and regulations.
The USCG produced the following pamphlets to help recreational boaters and commercial fishermen comply with the Federal Requirements. Click the pamphlets to view or download.
Title 33 and Title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations are frequently consulted by Boatbuilders, Marine equipment manufactures, Classification societies, engineering firms, deck officers on oceangoing vessels, and marine engineers.
United States Code (USC)
The Code of Laws of the United States of America (variously abbreviated to Code of Laws of the United States, United States Code, U.S. Code, U.S.C., or USC) is the official compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal statutes of the United States. It contains 52 titles. The two titles of particular interest to mariners and the marine industry are Titles 33 and 46.
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the federal government of the United States. The CFR is divided into 50 titles that represent broad areas subject to federal regulation. The two titles of particular interest to mariners and the marine industry are Titles 33 and 46. While they may appear similar to the titles in the U. S. Code, they are NOT the same.
Within Title 33 is Subchapter S – Boating Safety which includes the following Parts:
173 – VESSEL NUMBERING AND CASUALTY AND ACCIDENT REPORTING
174 – STATE NUMBERING AND CASUALTY REPORTING SYSTEMS
175 – EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENTS
177 – CORRECTION OF ESPECIALLY HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS
179 – DEFECT NOTIFICATION
181 – MANUFACTURER REQUIREMENTS
183 – BOATS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
187 – VESSEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
NOTES: Most of Title 33 applies to recreational vessels as well.
Title 46 – SHIPPING contains the following pertinent Chapters, Subchapters and Parts:
Chapter I — Coast Guard, Department Of Homeland Security
^ Subchapter A — Procedures Applicable To The Public
^ ^ Part 1 — Organization, General Course And Methods Governing Marine Safety Functions
^ ^ Part 2 — Vessel Inspections
^ ^ Part 3 — Designation Of Oceanographic Research Vessels
^ ^ Part 4 — Marine Casualties And Investigations
^ ^ Part 5 — Marine Investigation Regulations—Personnel Action
^ ^ Part 6 — Waivers Of Navigation And Vessel Inspection Laws And Regulations
^ ^ Part 7 — Boundary Lines
^ ^ Part 8 — Vessel Inspection Alternatives
^ ^ Part 9 — Extra Compensation For Overtime Services
^ Subchapter B — Merchant Marine Officers And Seamen
^ ^ Part 10 — Merchant Mariner Credential
^ ^ Part 11 — Requirements For Officer Endorsements
^ ^ Part 12 — Requirements For Rating Endorsements
^ ^ Part 13 — Certification Of Tankermen
^ ^ Part 14 — Shipment And Discharge Of Merchant Mariners
^ ^ Part 15 — Manning Requirements
^ ^ Part 16 — Chemical Testing
^ Subchapter C — Uninspected Vessels
^ ^ Part 24 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 25 — Requirements
^ ^ Part 26 — Operations
^ ^ Part 27 — Towing Vessels
^ ^ Part 28 — Requirements For Commercial Fishing Industry Vessels
^ Subchapter D — Tank Vessels
^ ^ Part 30 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 31 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 32 — Special Equipment, Machinery, And Hull Requirements
^ ^ Part 34 — Firefighting Equipment
^ ^ Part 35 — Operations
^ ^ Part 36 — Elevated Temperature Cargoes
^ ^ Part 38 — Liquefied Flammable Gases
^ ^ Part 39 — Vapor Control Systems
^ Subchapter E — Load Lines
^ ^ Part 42 — Domestic And Foreign Voyages By Sea
^ ^ Part 44 — Special Service Limited Domestic Voyages
^ ^ Part 45 — Great Lakes Load Lines
^ ^ Part 46 — Subdivision Load Lines For Passenger Vessels
^ ^ Part 47 — Combination Load Lines
^ Subchapter F — Marine Engineering
^ ^ Part 50 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 52 — Power Boilers
^ ^ Part 53 — Heating Boilers
^ ^ Part 54 — Pressure Vessels
^ ^ Part 56 — Piping Systems And Appurtenances
^ ^ Part 57 — Welding And Brazing
^ ^ Part 58 — Main And Auxiliary Machinery And Related Systems
^ ^ Part 59 — Repairs To Boilers, Pressure Vessels And Appurtenances
^ ^ Part 61 — Periodic Tests And Inspections
^ ^ Part 62 — Vital System Automation
^ ^ Part 63 — Automatic Auxiliary Boilers
^ ^ Part 64 — Marine Portable Tanks And Cargo Handling Systems
^ Subchapter G — Documentation And Measurement Of Vessels
^ ^ Part 67 — Documentation Of Vessels
^ ^ Part 68 — Documentation Of Vessels: Exceptions To Coastwise Qualification
^ ^ Part 69 — Measurement Of Vessels
^ Subchapter H — Passenger Vessels
^ ^ Part 70 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 71 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 72 — Construction And Arrangement
^ ^ Part 76 — Fire Protection Equipment
^ ^ Part 77 — Vessel Control And Miscellaneous Systems And Equipment
^ ^ Part 78 — Operations
^ ^ Part 80 — Disclosure Of Safety Standards And Country Of Registry
^ Subchapter I — Cargo And Miscellaneous Vessels
^ ^ Part 90 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 91 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 92 — Construction And Arrangement
^ ^ Part 93 — Stability
^ ^ Part 95 — Fire Protection Equipment
^ ^ Part 96 — Vessel Control And Miscellaneous Systems And Equipment
^ ^ Part 97 — Operations
^ ^ Part 98 — Special Construction, Arrangement, And Other Provisions For
^ ^ ^ Certain Dangerous Cargoes In Bulk
^ ^ Part 105 — Commercial Fishing Vessels Dispensing Petroleum Products
^ Subchapter I-A — Mobile Offshore Drilling Units
^ ^ Part 107 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 108 — Design And Equipment
^ ^ Part 109 — Operations
^ Subchapter J—Electrical Engineering
^ ^ Part 110 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 111 — Electric Systems—General Requirements
^ ^ Part 112 — Emergency Lighting And Power Systems
^ ^ Part 113 — Communication And Alarm Systems And Equipment
^ Subchapter K—Small Passenger Vessels Carrying More Than 150 Passengers Or With
^ ^ ^ Overnight Accommodations For More Than 49 Passengers
^ ^ Part 114 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 115 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 116 — Construction And Arrangement
^ ^ Part 117 — Lifesaving Equipment And Arrangements
^ ^ Part 118 — Fire Protection Equipment
^ ^ Part 119 — Machinery Installation
^ ^ Part 120 — Electrical Installation
^ ^ Part 121 — Vessel Control And Miscellaneous Systems And Equipment
^ ^ Part 122 — Operations
^ Subchapter L — Offshore Supply Vessels
^ ^ Part 125 — General
^ ^ Part 126 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 127 — Construction And Arrangements
^ ^ Part 128 — Marine Engineering: Equipment And Systems
^ ^ Part 129 — Electrical Installations
^ ^ Part 130 — Vessel Control, And Miscellaneous Equipment And Systems
^ ^ Part 131 — Operations
^ ^ Part 132 — Fire-Protection Equipment
^ ^ Part 133 — Lifesaving Systems
^ ^ Part 134 — Added Provisions For Liftboats
^ Subchapter N — Dangerous Cargoes
^ ^ Part 147 — Hazardous Ships’ Stores
^ ^ Part 147a — Interim Regulations For Shipboard Fumigation
^ ^ Part 148 — Carriage Of Bulk Solid Materials That Require Special Handling
^ Subchapter O — Certain Bulk Dangerous Cargoes
^ ^ Part 150 — Compatibility Of Cargoes
^ ^ Part 151 — Barges Carrying Bulk Liquid Hazardous Material Cargoes
^ ^ Part 153 — Ships Carrying Bulk Liquid, Liquefied Gas, Or Compressed Gas Haz. Materials
^ ^ Part 154 — Safety Standards For Self-Propelled Vessels Carrying Bulk Liquefied Gases
^ Subchapter P — Manning Of Vessels [Reserved]
^ Subchapter Q — Equipment, Construction, And Materials: Specifications And Approval
^ ^ Part 159 — Approval Of Equipment And Materials
^ ^ Part 160 — Lifesaving Equipment
^ ^ Part 161 — Electrical Equipment
^ ^ Part 162 — Engineering Equipment
^ ^ Part 163 — Construction
^ ^ Part 164 — Materials
^ Subchapter R — Nautical Schools
^ ^ Part 166 — Designation And Approval Of Nautical School Ships
^ ^ Part 167 — Public Nautical School Ships
^ ^ Part 168 — Civilian Nautical School Vessels
^ ^ Part 169 — Sailing School Vessels
^ Subchapter S — Subdivision And Stability
^ ^ Part 170 — Stability Requirements For All Inspected Vessels
^ ^ Part 171 — Special Rules Pertaining To Vessels Carrying Passengers
^ ^ Part 172 — Special Rules Pertaining To Bulk Cargoes
^ ^ Part 173 — Special Rules Pertaining To Vessel Use
^ ^ Part 174 — Special Rules Pertaining To Specific Vessel Types
^ Subchapter T — Small Passenger Vessels (Under 100 Gross Tons)
^ ^ Part 175 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 176 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 177 — Construction And Arrangement
^ ^ Part 178 — Intact Stability And Seaworthiness
^ ^ Part 179 — Subdivision, Damage Stability, And Watertight Integrity
^ ^ Part 180 — Lifesaving Equipment And Arrangements
^ ^ Part 181 — Fire Protection Equipment
^ ^ Part 182 — Machinery Installation
^ ^ Part 183 — Electrical Installation
^ ^ Part 184 — Vessel Control And Miscellaneous Systems And Equipment
^ ^ Part 185 — Operations
^ Subchapter U — Oceanographic Research Vessels
^ ^ Part 188 — General Provisions
^ ^ Part 189 — Inspection And Certification
^ ^ Part 190 — Construction And Arrangement
^ ^ Part 193 — Fire Protection Equipment
^ ^ Part 194 — Handling, Use, And Control Of Explosives And Other Hazardous Materials
^ ^ Part 195 — Vessel Control And Miscellaneous Systems And Equipment
^ ^ Part 196 — Operations
^ Subchapter V — Marine Occupational Safety And Health Standards
^ ^ Part 197 — General Provisions
^ Subchapter W — Lifesaving Appliances And Arrangements
^ ^ Part 199 — Lifesaving Systems For Certain Inspected Vessels
Chapter Ii — Maritime Administration, Department Of Transportation
Chapter Iii — Coast Guard (Great Lakes Pilotage), Department Of Homeland Security
Chapter Iv — Federal Maritime Commission
NOTES: Most of Title 46 applies only to commercial vessels.
The US has participated in the SOLAS, MARPOL, Load Line and Collision Regulations Conventions, and joined the resulting treaties.
The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) is an international maritime safety treaty. It ensures that ships flagged by signatory States comply with minimum safety standards in construction, equipment and operation. The Radio watchkeeping requirements are promulgated by it. The SOLAS Convention in its successive forms is generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships.
MARPOL is short for marine pollution. MARPOL 73/78 (short for the years 1973 and 1978) is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions. It was designed to minimize pollution of the seas, including dumping, oil and exhaust pollution. Its stated object is to preserve the marine environment through the complete elimination of pollution by oil and other harmful substances and the minimization of accidental discharge of such substances. All ships flagged under countries that are signatories to MARPOL are subject to its requirements, regardless of where they sail and member nations are responsible for vessels registered under their respective nationalities.
Load Lines Convention
The International Convention on Load Lines (CLL) was signed in London on 5 April 1966, amended by the 1988 Protocol and further revised in 2003. The 1988 Protocol was adopted to harmonise the survey and certification requirement of the 1966 Convention with those contained in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and MARPOL 73/78.
According to the CLL 66/88, all assigned load lines must be marked amidships on each side of the ships engaged in international voyages. The determinations of the freeboard of ships are calculated and/or verified by classification societies which issue International Load Line Certificates in accordance with the legislation of participating States. This Convention provides for the terms of ship’s surveys, issuance, duration, validity and acceptance of International Load Line Certificates, as well as relevant State control measures, agreed exemptions and exceptions.
Annexes to the Convention contain various regulations for determining load lines, including details of marking and verification of marks, conditions of assignment of freeboard, freeboard tables and corrections, special provisions for ships intended for the carriage of timber and the prescribed form of International Load Line Certificates. Also taken into account are the potential hazards present in different zones and different seasons and additional safety measures concerning doors, hatchways etc.
IMCO Collision Regulations Treaty (72COLREGS)
Sometimes referred to as the Rules of the Road, the International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions at Sea, 1972 (72COLREGS) are the Navigation Rules (COLREGS when in International Waters or waters outside the COLREGS Demarcation Line or Inland Navigation Rules inside the Demarcation Lines) are regulations which aid mariners in safe navigation, just as driving laws aid vehicles in safe driving. Professional Mariners must be proficient in the Rules of the Road but all mariners should know and understand the Rules. The Rules are legally binding and application of them makes the waterways safer for everyone.
The International Rules were formalized in the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, and became effective on July 15, 1977. The United States has ratified this treaty and all United States flag vessels must adhere to these Rules. President Ford proclaimed the 72 COLREGS and the Congress adopted them as the International Navigation Rules Act of 1977.
Per 33 CFR 83.01(g), the operator of each self-propelled vessel 12 meters (39.37 feet) or more in length shall carry on board and maintain for ready reference a copy of the Inland Navigation Rules. Electronic copies of the Navigation Rules are acceptable, however, only if they are currently corrected to the latest Notice to Mariners and can be made available for ready reference. The unwritten rule of thumb: ‘readily’ means that you are able to avail yourself of a Rule(s) within 2 minutes of the need to do so.
The 72 COLREGS were developed by the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), which has since been renamed the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The IMO has adopted 86 amendments to the COLREGS, the most recent of which was in 2007.
USCG Boatbuilders Handbook
The USCG produced the following handbook to help boatbuilders comply with the Federal Requirements. Recreational boat owners, refitters and repairers will also benefit from the more the 600 pages of information contained in the handbook.
Hull Identification (HIN & MIC)
with Manufacturers Recalls
Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circulars (NVIC)
A Navigation and Vessel Inspection Circular provides detailed guidance about the enforcement or compliance with a certain Federal marine safety regulations and Coast Guard marine safety programs. While NVIC’s are non-directive, meaning that they do not have the force of law, they are important “tools” for complying with the law. Non-compliance with a NVIC is not a violation of the law in and of itself, however non-compliance with a NVIC may be an indication that there is non-compliance with a law, a regulation or a policy.
NVIC’s are used internally by the Coast Guard to ensure that inspections and other regulatory actions conducted by our field personnel are adequate, complete and consistent. Likewise, mariners, the marine industry and the general public use NVIC’s as means of determining how the Coast Guard will be enforcing certain regulations or conducting various marine safety programs. NVIC’s are issued by the Assistant Commandant for Prevention Policy (CG-5P) and address a wide variety of subjects, including: vessel construction features; mariner training and licensing requirements; inspection methods and testing techniques; safety and security procedures; requirements for certain Coast Guard regulatory processes; manning requirements; equipment approval methods; and special hazards. One of the most useful NVIC issues, at least for vessels constructed of wood, is the NVIC 7-95 Guidance on Inspection, Repair, and Maintenance of Wooden Hulls.
NVIC’s are numbered consecutively by year, e.g., NVIC 7-02 would be the seventh NVIC issued in 2002. The “zero” NVIC, numbered 00, is always the index of NVIC’s in force or still current at the beginning of the calendar year. For example, NVIC 00-07 is a list of all NVIC’s in effect as of January 1, 2007.
More about NVIC from the USCG website: www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/nvic/
Local Laws, Ordinances and Regulations
Many US Laws and Regulations apply in all the subordinate US jurisdictions including states, territories, districts, counties, and municipalities. These subordinate jurisdictions also have their own laws, ordinances and regulations. Additional US Federal Laws apply to Federal Jurisdictions located within the various states, territories, etc., such as US Military Bases, National Forests, National Parks, and Indian Reservations. These jurisdictions also have their own laws, ordinances and regulations.
The National Association of State Boating Law Administrators offers a reference guide to promote greater uniformity in state boating laws and to facilitate the enforcement and administration of such laws. CLICK HERE to view the NASBLA Boating Law Manual Online.
Directory of Laws by US States, etc.
US Federal District:
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2 – BOAT PRODUCTION:
2.1 – Boat Designing Schools.
2.2 – Boat Designers (Naval Architects, Boat Plans, Kits, etc).
2.3 – Statutes & Standards.
2.3.1 – Laws by Country.
220.127.116.11 – Laws: Canada.
18.104.22.168 – Laws: United Kingdom.
22.214.171.124 – Laws: United States.
2.3.2 – Industry Standards.
126.96.36.199 – International Maritime Organization (IMO).
188.8.131.52 – International Standards Organization (ISO).
184.108.40.206 – American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC).
220.127.116.11 – National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
2.3.3 – Classification Societies.
18.104.22.168 – Lloyd’s Register.
22.214.171.124 – American Bureau of Shipping.
2.4 – Boat Building Tools & Equipment (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Recalls, etc).
2.5 – Boat Materials (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Recalls, etc).
2.5.1 – Wood.
2.5.2 – Metal: Iron, Steel, Aluminum, etc.
2.5.3 – Ferrocement.
2.5.4 – Fiberglass.
2.6 – Boat Equipment (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls, etc).
2.6.1 – Steering & Thrusters.
2.6.2 – Stabilizers & Trim Plates.
2.6.3 – Dewatering Devices.
2.6.4 – Galvanic Corrosion Protection.
2.6.5 – Hull Penetrations & Openings (Thru-Hulls, Scuttles, Skylights, Hatches, etc).
2.6.6 – Deck Hardware & Equipment.
126.96.36.199 – Ground Tackle.
188.8.131.52 – Commercial Fishing Gear.
2.6.7 – Rigging (Rig Types, Standing Rigging, Running Rigging, Vendors, Riggers, etc).
184.108.40.206 – Sails (Sail Types, Aerodynamics, Vendors, Sailmakers, etc).
2.6.8 – Propulsion Machinery (Types, Configurations, Features, Control Systems, etc).
220.127.116.11 – Engines: Types & Vendors.
18.104.22.168 – Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces (SAE Specs, Damper Plates, Jackshafts, etc).
22.214.171.124 – Marine Gears (Mechanical, Hydraulic).
126.96.36.199 – Shafting (Propshafts, Couplings, Seals, Bearings, Struts, Keys, Nuts, etc).
188.8.131.52 – Propellers (Screws, Water Jets, Paddle Wheels, etc).
2.6.9 – Electrical Systems: DC & AC (Direct Current, Alternating Current, etc).
184.108.40.206 – Auxiliary Generators.
220.127.116.11 – DC-to-AC Invertors
2.6.10 – Domestic Systems.
18.104.22.168 – LPG Systems.
22.214.171.124 – Cabin Heating & Cooling.
126.96.36.199 – Galley Appliances (Refrigeration, Galley Stoves, LPG/CNG Systems).
188.8.131.52 – Water & Waste Systems.
184.108.40.206 – Trash Disposal.
220.127.116.11 – Furnishings (Cabinetry, furniture, Coverings, Entertainment, Weather, etc).
2.6.11 – Navigation & Communication Systems.
2.6.12 – Safety Equipment (PFDs, Life Rafts, Fire Ext., Alarms, Medical Kits).
2.6.13 – Personal Equipment.
18.104.22.168 – Diving (Commercial & Sport).
22.214.171.124 – Fishing (Sport).
126.96.36.199 – Sailing (Foul Weather Gear, Safety Harnesses, etc).
188.8.131.52 – Racing (Sail, Offshore Power, Powerboat, Hydroplane, etc).
184.108.40.206 – Watersports (Surfing, Skiing, Boarding, Tubing, etc).
2.6.14 – Boat Trailers.
2.7 – Marine Suppliers by Country.
2.7.1 – Marine Suppliers: Canada.
2.7.2 – Marine Suppliers: United Kingdom.
2.7.3 – Marine Suppliers: United States.
2.8 – Boat Building Schools.
2.9 – Boat Builders: A~Z (w/Links to Model Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls, etc).
2.9.1 – Boat Builders by Vessel Types.
2.9.2 – Boat Builders by Country.
220.127.116.11 – Boat Builders: Canada.
18.104.22.168 – Boat Builders: United Kingdom.
22.214.171.124 – Boat Builders: United States.
2.9.3 – Boat Builders by MIC (Manufacturer's Identification Code).
2.10 – Do-It-Yourself Boat Building.
4 – BOAT INSPECTION:
4.1 – Types of Marine Surveys.
4.2 – Marine Surveyors by Country.
4.2.1 – Marine Surveyors: Canada.
4.2.2 – Marine Surveyors: United Kingdom.
4.2.3 – Marine Surveyors: United States.
4.3 – Marine Surveying Schools.
4.4 – Do-It-Yourself Inspections.
5 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY:
5.1 – Boat Titles & Registration.
5.2 – Vessel Registry (Documentation, Licensing).
5.2.1 – Vessel Title Companies by Country.
126.96.36.199 – Vessel Title Companies: Canada.
188.8.131.52 – Vessel Title Companies: United Kingdom.
184.108.40.206 – Vessel Title Companies: United States.
7 – BOAT INSURANCE:
7.1 – Types of Insurance Policies.
7.2 – Insurance Companies.
7.3 – Insurance Agencies by Country.
7.3.1 – Insurance Agencies: Canada.
7.3.2 – Insurance Agencies: United Kingdom.
7.3.3 – Insurance Agencies: United States.
7.4 – Claim Processing.
7.4.1 – Filing a Claim.
7.4.2 – Repair Facility Claim Procedures.
7.4.3 – Claim Resolution.
7.4.4 – Subrogation.
7.4.5 – Claim Cases.
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION (Operator Qualification, etc).
13.1 – Boating Safety Classes (Pleasure Craft Operator’s Cards, etc).
13.2.1 – Boating Safety (Accidents, Prevention, Man-Overboard, Search & Rescue, etc).
13.2 – Boating & Seamanship Training.
13.2.1 – Seamanship Schools.
13.2.2 – Sailing Schools.
13.2.3 – One-On-One Training.
13.3 – Maritime Schools.
13.3.1 – Captain’s License Classes & Testing.
14 – MARINE LAW:
14.1 – Laws by Country (Operator & Equipment Requirements, etc).
14.1.1 – Laws: Canada.
14.1.2 – Laws: United Kingdom.
14.1.2 – Laws: United States.
14.2 – Admiralty Law.
14.2.1 – International Treaties (SOLAS, MARPOL, COLREGS, etc).
14.3 – Insurance Law.
14.4 – Personal Injury.
14.5 – Product Liability.
14.6 – Consumer Protection.
14.7 – Law Firms by Country.
14.7.1 – Law Firms: Canada.
14.7.2 – Law Firms: United Kingdom.
14.7.2 – Law Firms: United States.
14.8 – Investigators, Consultants & Expert Witnesses.
14.9 – Case Examples.
15 – BOAT REFITTING (Fitting-Out, Repair, Repowering, etc).
15.1 – Refitters by Country (Shipyards, Boatyards, Riggers, Shops, etc).
15.1.1 – Refitters: Canada.
15.1.2 – Refitters: United Kingdom.
15.1.3 – Refitters: United States.
15.2 – Boat Repair Schools (Hull, Systems, On-Board Equipment, Propulsion Machinery, etc).
15.3 – Do-It-Yourself Refitting (Installation, Maintenance, Troubleshooting, Repair, etc).
15.3.1 – DIY: Fundamentals.
220.127.116.11 – DIY: Tools, Usage, Safety, etc.
18.104.22.168 – DIY: Deterioration (Rot, Corrosion, Fatigue, etc).
22.214.171.124 – DIY: Troubleshooting, Failure Analysis, etc.
15.3.2 – DIY: Vessel Structure.
126.96.36.199 – DIY: Hull & Deck.
188.8.131.52 – DIY: Steering & Thrusters (Mechanical, Hydraulic, etc).
184.108.40.206 – DIY: Stabilizers & Trim Plates.
220.127.116.11 – DIY: Dewatering Devices.
18.104.22.168 – DIY: Galvanic Corrosion Protection.
22.214.171.124 – DIY: Hull Penetrations & Openings (Thru-Hulls, Scuttles, Skylights, Hatches, etc).
126.96.36.199 – DIY: Deck Hardware & Equipment.
188.8.131.52.1 – DIY: Ground Tackle (Anchors, Rode, Windlass, etc).
184.108.40.206.2 – DIY: Commercial Fishing Gear.
220.127.116.11 – DIY: Rigging.
18.104.22.168.1 – DIY: Sails.
15.3.3 – DIY: Propulsion Machinery (Control Systems, etc).
22.214.171.124 – DIY: Engines (Troubleshooting, Repair, Rebuilding vs Repowering, etc).
126.96.36.199.1 – DIY: Engine Mechanical (Pistons, Rods, Crankshafts, Blocks, Heads, Valves, etc).
188.8.131.52.2 – DIY: Engine Lubrication (Splash, Forced, Oil, Filtration, Additives, Oil Analysis, etc).
184.108.40.206.3 – DIY: Engine Fuel (Petrol/Gasoline, Diesel, CNG, etc).
220.127.116.11.4 – DIY: Engine Electrical (Starting, Charging, Instrumentation, etc).
18.104.22.168.5 – DIY: Engine Cooling (Air, Raw Water, Fresh Water, etc).
22.214.171.124.6 – DIY: Engine Exhaust (Dry, Wet, etc).
126.96.36.199.7 – DIY: Engine Mounting (Hard, Soft, etc).
188.8.131.52 – DIY: Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces (Adapters, Dampers, Jackshafts, etc).
184.108.40.206 – DIY: Marine Gears (Inboards, Inboard-Outboards, Outboards, Sail Drives, Pods, etc).
220.127.116.11 – DIY: Shafting (Shafts, Couplings, Joints, Thrust Bearings, Seals, Cutlass, Struts, etc).
18.104.22.168 – DIY: Propellers (Screws, Water Jets, Paddle wheels, etc).
15.3.4 – DIY: Electrical Systems.
22.214.171.124 – DIY: Direct Current.
126.96.36.199 – DIY: Alternating Current.
188.8.131.52 – DIY: Auxiliary Generators.
184.108.40.206 – DIY: DC to AC Inverters.
15.3.5 – DIY: Domestic Systems.
220.127.116.11 – DIY: LPG systems.
18.104.22.168 – DIY: Cabin Heating & Cooling.
22.214.171.124 – DIY: Galley Appliances.
126.96.36.199 – DIY: Water & Waste Systems.
188.8.131.52 – DIY: Trash Disposal.
184.108.40.206 – DIY: Furnishings (Cabinetry, furniture, Coverings, Entertainment, Weather, etc).
15.3.6 – DIY: Nav & Comm Systems (Charts, Compass, GPS, Radar, Lts, Flares, EPIRB, VHF, etc).
15.3.7 – DIY: Safety Equipment (PFDs, Firefighting, Alarms, etc).
15.3.8 – DIY: Personal Equipment (Diving, Fishing, Sailing, Racing, Watersports, etc).
15.3.9 – DIY: Tenders.
15.3.10 – DIY: Boat Trailers.
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory (Authors, Editors, Publishers, etc) + Lending Library.
16.1 – Articles (w/Reviews).
16.2 – Books (w/Reviews).
16.3 – Magazines (w/Reviews).
16.4 – Product Documentation (SpecSheets, Installation Drawings, Manuals, Parts Books, etc).
16.5 – Videos (Movies, etc. w/Reviews).
16.6 – Websites (w/Reviews & Links).
If there is anything on this webpage that needs fixing, please let us know via email
Visit our FEATURED ARTICLES Home Page
to see examples of our website's comprehensive contents!
Thanks to our amazing contributors for the steady flow of articles, and to our dedicated all-volunteer staff who sort, polish and format them, everyday we get a little bit closer to our goal of
Everything About Boats. If you would like to submit an article,
see Submitting Articles.
— TOP 20 MOST POPULAR ARTICLES —
Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines
How to Identify Ford Diesel Engines
Lehman Mfg. Co.
Detroit Diesel 8.2
Universal Atomic 4
Chrysler & Force Outboards
Eska Outboard Motors
ZF Friedrichshafen AG
American Marine Ltd (Grand Banks)
Types of Marine Surveys
Marine Surveyors by Country
Boat Builders By MIC
American Boat and Yacht Counsel (ABYC)
USCG NVIC 07-95 Guidance on Inspection, Repair and Maintenance of Wooden Hulls
What our nonprofit Anchors Aweigh Academy and its
EverythingAboutBoats.org website have accomplished so far.
- Published over 300 website main topic webpages, many with full articles on the topic. See our Website Contents in the Right Sidebar for the listing of the main topic pages.
- Published over 9,000 marine vendor webpages, all with their contact information, most with a description of their products and services, many with product documentation, specifications and independent reviews. (Includes: Boat designers, boat building tools, material and equipment manufacturers and suppliers, boat builders and dealers, yacht brokers, marine surveyors, boat insurers, boat transporters, skippers and crews, boatyards and marinas, yacht clubs, boat rentals and yacht charters, boating, seamanship and maritime schools, marine law attorneys and expert witnesses, boat refitters and repairers, book authors and publishers, and video producers)
- Acquired over 120,000 pages of product documentation including Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Pictures, Serial Number Guides, Installation Manuals, OpManuals, Parts Schematics, Parts Bulletins, Shop Manuals, Wiring Diagrams, Service Bulletins, and Recalls. And have made all viewable to academy members through the EAB website.
- Acquired over 1,200 books and magazine back issues in our academy library and so far have made over 700 viewable to academy members through the EAB website.
- Published over 500 DIY How-To articles about boat design, construction, inspection, operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair. We are working hard to do more.
We are currently formatting and polishing the Anchors Aweigh Academy online and hands-on courses. The Marine Surveying course has proven to be excellent for both the beginner and the seasoned surveyor, and especially helpful to the Do-It-Yourselfer.
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FROM Donald: "This is an awesome website. I found the information that I needed right away from one of the over 20,000 free articles that you provide as a public service. I'm surprised that so much if this site is free. But I still signed up so I could access the thousands of expanded pages, interesting articles, and dozens of valuable programs! The member's library of books, magazines and videos that I can view online is really terrific! I understand that you and your staff are all unpaid volunteers. Please keep up the good work. And I commend you for your plans to add another 10,000 free informative articles over the next year. I'm thrilled to support you in this endeavor with my small membership donation. Thanks again for all your hard work."
FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 100,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 20,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"
FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."
FROM Louie: "I agree with everyone above. This site is quickly becoming the ultimate reference resource about every aspect of boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner. I use the topic pages on the right sidebar to browse around the website. It's like a Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook for Boaters. Their Members' Library of over 300 popular and obscure books and over 200 magazine back issues that can be viewed online is fabulous. The Academy's magazine is especially informative. On top of that, there is the "Ask-An-Expert program for members where you can get an expert's answer to any of your boat questions. And a whole years membership is only $25. What a deal! I really love being part of this "Everything About Boats" community and help provide thousands of helpful articles free to the public. I think that I'll sit down right now and write an article about my experiences boating with my uncle."
FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."
FROM Daisy: "I'm just so glad that Donald got the boat so we and the boys could enjoy boating — together. And of course all of the girls, April, May, and June, love to be on the water too, especially when that is where the boys are. Oh poor Scrooge, boating is more fun then you could possibly imagine."
FROM Scrooge: "After seeing how much fun you all have on the water together, I regret that I didn't have that much fun when I was young. I've had a change of heart, and I'm giving each of you a Lifetime Academy Membership."
FROM Editor: "For those of you that have stayed with us this far, many thanks. You inspire us to keep working on this labor of love. We know that we have a lot more to do. Ultimately, we hope that we can help you enjoy the wonder filled world of boating as much as we do. We are all waiting to see what you have to say about this webpage article. Submit any comments via email To⇒Comments@EverthingAboutBoats.org. Be sure to include this page's title in the subject line. Also, your corrections, updates, additions and suggestions are welcomed. Please submit them via email To⇒Editor@EverthingAboutBoats.org. Let's work together on this."