International conventions, treaties, and agreements.
^ SOLAS Convention.
^ MARPOL Convention.
^ Load Lines Convention.
^ IMCO Collision Regulations Convention.
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Nations around the world have participated in international conventions, treaties, and agreements that apply to construction, outfitting, operation, conduct, maintenance, salvage and liability of boats and ships including the following:
The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) is an international maritime safety treaty. It ensures that ships flagged by signatory States comply with minimum safety standards in construction, equipment and operation. The Radio watchkeeping requirements are promulgated by it. The SOLAS Convention in its successive forms is generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships.
MARPOL is short for marine pollution. MARPOL 73/78 (short for the years 1973 and 1978) is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions. It was designed to minimize pollution of the seas, including dumping, oil and exhaust pollution. Its stated object is to preserve the marine environment through the complete elimination of pollution by oil and other harmful substances and the minimization of accidental discharge of such substances. All ships flagged under countries that are signatories to MARPOL are subject to its requirements, regardless of where they sail and member nations are responsible for vessels registered under their respective nationalities.
LOAD LINES CONVENTION
The International Convention on Load Lines (CLL) was signed in London on 5 April 1966, amended by the 1988 Protocol and further revised in 2003. The 1988 Protocol was adopted to harmonise the survey and certification requirement of the 1966 Convention with those contained in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and MARPOL 73/78.
According to the CLL 66/88, all assigned load lines must be marked amidships on each side of the ships engaged in international voyages. The determinations of the freeboard of ships are calculated and/or verified by classification societies which issue International Load Line Certificates in accordance with the legislation of participating States. This Convention provides for the terms of ship’s surveys, issuance, duration, validity and acceptance of International Load Line Certificates, as well as relevant State control measures, agreed exemptions and exceptions.
Annexes to the Convention contain various regulations for determining load lines, including details of marking and verification of marks, conditions of assignment of freeboard, freeboard tables and corrections, special provisions for ships intended for the carriage of timber and the prescribed form of International Load Line Certificates. Also taken into account are the potential hazards present in different zones and different seasons and additional safety measures concerning doors, hatchways etc.
IMCO COLLISION REGULATIONS CONVENTION
Sometimes referred to as the Rules of the Road, the International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions at Sea, 1972 (72COLREGS) are the Navigation Rules (COLREGS when in International Waters or waters outside the COLREGS Demarcation Line or Inland Navigation Rules inside the Demarcation Lines) are regulations which aid mariners in safe navigation, just as driving laws aid vehicles in safe driving. Professional Mariners must be proficient in the Rules of the Road but all mariners should know and understand the Rules. The Rules are legally binding and application of them makes the waterways safer for everyone.
The International Rules were formalized in the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, and became effective on July 15, 1977. The 72 COLREGS were developed by the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), which has since been renamed the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The IMO has adopted 86 amendments to the COLREGS, the most recent of which was in 2007.
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2 – BOAT BUILDING & REFITTING: (Incl. Do-It-Yourself: Boat Building & Refitting).
2.1 – Boat Designing Schools.
2.2 – Boat Designers: (Naval Architects, Boat Plans, Kits,+).
2.3 – Statutes & Standards.
2.3.1 – Laws by Country.
2.3.1.^ – Laws: Canada.
2.3.1.^ – Laws: United Kingdom.
2.3.1.^ – Laws: United States.
2.3.2 – Industry Standards.
184.108.40.206 – International Maritime Organization (IMO).
220.127.116.11 – International Standards Organization (ISO).
18.104.22.168 – American Boat and Yacht Council (ABYC).
22.214.171.124 – National Fire Protection Association (NFPA).
2.3.3 – Classification Societies.
2.3.3.^ – UK: Lloyd’s Register.
2.3.3.^ – US: American Bureau of Shipping.
2.4 – Boat Building & Refitting Tools,+: (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Recalls,+).
2.5 – Boat Materials: (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Recalls,+).
2.5.1 – Wood: (Carvel, Clinker/Lapstrake, Veneer/Plywood, Cold Molded,+).
2.5.2 – Metal: Iron, Steel, Aluminum, Copper,+.
2.5.3 – Ferrocement.
2.5.4 – Plastic & FRP Composites: Fiberglass, Carbon Fiber,+.
2.6 – Boat Equipment: (Vendors, Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls,+).
2.6.1 – Steering & Thrusters.
2.6.2 – Stabilizers & Trim Plates.
2.6.3 – Dewatering Devices: (Bailers, Bilge Pumps,+).
2.6.4 – Galvanic Corrosion Protection.
2.6.5 – Hull Penetrations & Openings: (Thru-Hulls, Scuttles, Skylights, Hatches,+).
2.6.6 – Deck Hardware & Equipment.
126.96.36.199 – Ground Tackle.
188.8.131.52 – Commercial Fishing Gear.
2.6.7 – Rigging: (Rig Types, Standing Rigging, Running Rigging, Vendors, Riggers,+).
184.108.40.206 – Sails: (Sail Types, Aerodynamics, Vendors, Sailmakers,+).
2.6.8 – Propulsion Machinery: (Types, Configurations, Features, Control Systems,+).
220.127.116.11 – Engines: (Manufacturers, Marinizers, Resellers,+).
18.104.22.168 – Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces: (SAE Specs, Damper Plates, Jackshafts,+).
22.214.171.124 – Marine Gears: (Reversing, Reduction; Mechanical, Hydraulic).
126.96.36.199 – Shafting: (Propshafts, Couplings, Seals, Bearings, Struts, Keys, Nuts,+).
188.8.131.52 – Propellers.
2.6.9 – Electrical Systems: DC & AC: (Direct Current, Alternating Current,+).
184.108.40.206 – Auxiliary Generators.
220.127.116.11 – DC-to-AC Invertors.
2.6.10 – Navigation & Communication Systems.
2.6.11 – Safety Equipment: (Life Rafts, PFDs, Firefighting Eq., Alarms, Medical Kits,+).
2.6.12 – Domestic Systems.
18.104.22.168 – LPG Systems.
22.214.171.124 – Cabin Heating & Cooling.
126.96.36.199 – Galley Appliances: (Refrigeration, Galley Stoves, LPG/CNG Systems).
188.8.131.52 – Water & Waste Systems.
184.108.40.206 – Trash Disposal.
220.127.116.11 – Furnishings: (Cabinetry, furniture, Coverings, Entertainment, Weather,+).
2.6.13 – Personal Equipment.
2.6.13.^ – Diving: (Commercial & Sport).
2.6.13.^ – Fishing: (Sport).
2.6.13.^ – Racing: (Sail, Offshore Power, Powerboat, Hydroplane,+).
2.6.13.^ – Sailing: (Foul Weather Gear, Safety Harnesses,+).
2.6.13.^ – Watersports: (Surfing, Skiing, Boarding, Tubing,+).
2.6.14 – Tenders.
2.6.15 – Boat Trailers.
2.7 – Marine Suppliers by Country.
2.7.^ – Marine Suppliers: Canada.
2.7.^ – Marine Suppliers: United Kingdom.
2.7.^ – Marine Suppliers: United States.
2.8 – Boat Building & Refitting Schools.
2.9 – Boat Builders: A∼Z and Vessel Types.
2.10 – Boat Builders by Country.
2.10.^ – Boat Builders: Canada.
2.10.^ – Boat Builders: United Kingdom.
2.10.^ – Boat Builders: United States.
2.10.^.^ – Boat Builders by US MIC.
2.11 – Boat Refitters by Country: (Shipyards, Boatyards, Riggers, Repair Shops,+).
2.11.^ – Boat Refitters: Canada.
2.11.^ – Boat Refitters: United Kingdom.
2.11.^ – Boat Refitters: United States.
2.12 – Do-It-Yourself: Boat Building & Refitting: (Incl. Troubleshooting & Repair).
3 – BOAT MARKETING: (Online Classified Ads, Free Magazines with Ads, Price Guides).
3.1 – Boat Shows by Country.
3.1.^ – Boat Shows: Canada.
3.1.^ – Boat Shows: United Kingdom.
3.1.^ – Boat Shows: United States.
3.2 – Boat Dealers & Yacht Brokers by Country.
3.2.^ – Boat Dealers & Yacht Brokers: Canada.
3.2.^ – Boat Dealers & Yacht Brokers: United Kingdom.
3.2.^ – Boat Dealers & Yacht Brokers: United States.
3.3 – Importing & Exporting.
3.4 – Auctions & Sales: (Government, Seizure, Foreclosure, Repo, Insurance, Donation,+).
3.5 – Do-It-Yourself: Private Boat Sales: (Buyers & Sellers).
4 – BOAT INSPECTION:
4.1 – Types of Marine Surveys.
4.2 – Marine Surveyors by Country.
4.2.^ – Marine Surveyors: Canada.
4.2.^ – Marine Surveyors: United Kingdom.
4.2.^ – Marine Surveyors: United States.
4.3 – Marine Surveying Schools.
4.4 – Do-It-Yourself: Boat Inspections.
5 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY:
5.1 – Boat Titles & Registration.
5.2 – Vessel Registry: (Documentation, Licensing).
5.2.1 – Vessel Title Companies by Country.
5.2.1.^ – Vessel Title Companies: Canada.
5.2.1.^ – Vessel Title Companies: United Kingdom.
5.2.1.^ – Vessel Title Companies: United States.
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: (Operator Qualification,+).
13.1 – Boating Safety Classes: (Pleasure Craft Operator’s Cards,+).
13.1.1 – Boating Safety: (Accidents, Prevention, Man-Overboard, Search & Rescue,+).
13.2 – Boating & Seamanship Training.
13.2.1 – Seamanship Schools.
13.2.2 – Sailing Schools.
13.2.3 – One-On-One Training.
13.3 – Maritime Schools.
13.3.1 – Captain’s License Classes & Testing.
14 – MARINE LAW:
14.1 – Laws by Country: (Operator & Equipment Requirements,+).
14.1.^ – Laws: Canada.
14.1.^ – Laws: United Kingdom.
14.1.^ – Laws: United States.
14.2 – Admiralty Law.
14.2.1 – International Treaties: (SOLAS, MARPOL, COLREGS,+).
14.3 – Insurance Law.
14.4 – Personal Injury.
14.5 – Product Liability.
14.6 – Consumer Protection.
14.7 – Law Firms by Country.
14.7.^ – Law Firms: Canada.
14.7.^ – Law Firms: United Kingdom.
14.7.^ – Law Firms: United States.
14.8 – Investigators, Consultants & Expert Witnesses.
14.9 – Actual Cases.
15 – DO-IT-YOURSELF (DIY):
15.1 – DIY: Boat Building & Refitting: (Incl. Maintenance, Troubleshooting & Repair).
15.2 – DIY: Private Boat Sales: (Buyers & Sellers).
15.3 – DIY: Boat Inspections: (Pre-Survey, Pre-Purchase, Pre-Sale, Pre-Voyage, Sea Trials,+).
15.4 – DIY: Schools & Classes: (Boat Building, Refitting, Inspecting, Troubleshooting, Repair,+).
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory: (Authors, Editors, Publishers,+) + Lending Library.
16.1 – Documentation: (Catalogs, Ads, Specs, Parts, Manuals, TechVids, Bulletins, Recalls,+).
16.2 – Books: (Bound, eBooks,+).
16.3 – Magazines: (Incl. Back Issues,+).
16.4 – Videos: (How-to-Tutorials, Documentaries, Travelogues,+).
16.5 – Websites: (Incl. Forum Posts, Tech Tips, Tech Notes,+).
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