Officially Assigned Country Codes per ISO 3166-1

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Officially Assigned Country Codes

The following is a complete ISO 3166-1 encoding list of the countries which are assigned official codes. It is listed in alphabetical order by the country’s English short name used by the ISO 3166/MA.

Note: Each country’s alpha-2 code is linked to more information about the assignment of its code elements. IND = Independent.

English short name (using title case) Alpha-2 code Alpha-3 code Numeric code Link to ISO 3166-2  subdivision codes Ind
 Afghanistan AF AFG 004 ISO 3166-2:AF Yes
 Åland Islands AX ALA 248 ISO 3166-2:AX No
 Albania AL ALB 008 ISO 3166-2:AL Yes
 Algeria DZ DZA 012 ISO 3166-2:DZ Yes
 American Samoa AS ASM 016 ISO 3166-2:AS No
 Andorra AD AND 020 ISO 3166-2:AD Yes
 Angola AO AGO 024 ISO 3166-2:AO Yes
 Anguilla AI AIA 660 ISO 3166-2:AI No
 Antarctica AQ ATA 010 ISO 3166-2:AQ No
 Antigua and Barbuda AG ATG 028 ISO 3166-2:AG Yes
 Argentina AR ARG 032 ISO 3166-2:AR Yes
 Armenia AM ARM 051 ISO 3166-2:AM Yes
 Aruba AW ABW 533 ISO 3166-2:AW No
 Australia AU AUS 036 ISO 3166-2:AU Yes
 Austria AT AUT 040 ISO 3166-2:AT Yes
 Azerbaijan AZ AZE 031 ISO 3166-2:AZ Yes
 Bahamas BS BHS 044 ISO 3166-2:BS Yes
 Bahrain BH BHR 048 ISO 3166-2:BH Yes
 Bangladesh BD BGD 050 ISO 3166-2:BD Yes
 Barbados BB BRB 052 ISO 3166-2:BB Yes
 Belarus BY BLR 112 ISO 3166-2:BY Yes
 Belgium BE BEL 056 ISO 3166-2:BE Yes
 Belize BZ BLZ 084 ISO 3166-2:BZ Yes
 Benin BJ BEN 204 ISO 3166-2:BJ Yes
 Bermuda BM BMU 060 ISO 3166-2:BM No
 Bhutan BT BTN 064 ISO 3166-2:BT Yes
 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) BO BOL 068 ISO 3166-2:BO Yes
 Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba[a] BQ BES 535 ISO 3166-2:BQ No
 Bosnia and Herzegovina BA BIH 070 ISO 3166-2:BA Yes
 Botswana BW BWA 072 ISO 3166-2:BW Yes
 Bouvet Island BV BVT 074 ISO 3166-2:BV No
 Brazil BR BRA 076 ISO 3166-2:BR Yes
 British Indian Ocean Territory IO IOT 086 ISO 3166-2:IO No
 Brunei Darussalam BN BRN 096 ISO 3166-2:BN Yes
 Bulgaria BG BGR 100 ISO 3166-2:BG Yes
 Burkina Faso BF BFA 854 ISO 3166-2:BF Yes
 Burundi BI BDI 108 ISO 3166-2:BI Yes
 Cabo Verde CV CPV 132 ISO 3166-2:CV Yes
 Cambodia KH KHM 116 ISO 3166-2:KH Yes
 Cameroon CM CMR 120 ISO 3166-2:CM Yes
 Canada CA CAN 124 ISO 3166-2:CA Yes
 Cayman Islands KY CYM 136 ISO 3166-2:KY No
 Central African Republic CF CAF 140 ISO 3166-2:CF Yes
 Chad TD TCD 148 ISO 3166-2:TD Yes
 Chile CL CHL 152 ISO 3166-2:CL Yes
 China CN CHN 156 ISO 3166-2:CN Yes
 Christmas Island CX CXR 162 ISO 3166-2:CX No
 Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC CCK 166 ISO 3166-2:CC No
 Colombia CO COL 170 ISO 3166-2:CO Yes
 Comoros KM COM 174 ISO 3166-2:KM Yes
 Congo CG COG 178 ISO 3166-2:CG Yes
 Congo, Democratic Republic of the CD COD 180 ISO 3166-2:CD Yes
 Cook Islands CK COK 184 ISO 3166-2:CK No
 Costa Rica CR CRI 188 ISO 3166-2:CR Yes
 Côte d’Ivoire CI CIV 384 ISO 3166-2:CI Yes
 Croatia HR HRV 191 ISO 3166-2:HR Yes
 Cuba CU CUB 192 ISO 3166-2:CU Yes
 Curaçao CW CUW 531 ISO 3166-2:CW No
 Cyprus CY CYP 196 ISO 3166-2:CY Yes
 Czechia CZ CZE 203 ISO 3166-2:CZ Yes
 Denmark DK DNK 208 ISO 3166-2:DK Yes
 Djibouti DJ DJI 262 ISO 3166-2:DJ Yes
 Dominica DM DMA 212 ISO 3166-2:DM Yes
 Dominican Republic DO DOM 214 ISO 3166-2:DO Yes
 Ecuador EC ECU 218 ISO 3166-2:EC Yes
 Egypt EG EGY 818 ISO 3166-2:EG Yes
 El Salvador SV SLV 222 ISO 3166-2:SV Yes
 Equatorial Guinea GQ GNQ 226 ISO 3166-2:GQ Yes
 Eritrea ER ERI 232 ISO 3166-2:ER Yes
 Estonia EE EST 233 ISO 3166-2:EE Yes
 Eswatini SZ SWZ 748 ISO 3166-2:SZ Yes
 Ethiopia ET ETH 231 ISO 3166-2:ET Yes
 Falkland Islands (Malvinas) FK FLK 238 ISO 3166-2:FK No
 Faroe Islands FO FRO 234 ISO 3166-2:FO No
 Fiji FJ FJI 242 ISO 3166-2:FJ Yes
 Finland FI FIN 246 ISO 3166-2:FI Yes
 France FR FRA 250 ISO 3166-2:FR Yes
 French Guiana GF GUF 254 ISO 3166-2:GF No
 French Polynesia PF PYF 258 ISO 3166-2:PF No
 French Southern Territories TF ATF 260 ISO 3166-2:TF No
 Gabon GA GAB 266 ISO 3166-2:GA Yes
 Gambia GM GMB 270 ISO 3166-2:GM Yes
 Georgia GE GEO 268 ISO 3166-2:GE Yes
 Germany DE DEU 276 ISO 3166-2:DE Yes
 Ghana GH GHA 288 ISO 3166-2:GH Yes
 Gibraltar GI GIB 292 ISO 3166-2:GI No
 Greece GR GRC 300 ISO 3166-2:GR Yes
 Greenland GL GRL 304 ISO 3166-2:GL No
 Grenada GD GRD 308 ISO 3166-2:GD Yes
 Guadeloupe GP GLP 312 ISO 3166-2:GP No
 Guam GU GUM 316 ISO 3166-2:GU No
 Guatemala GT GTM 320 ISO 3166-2:GT Yes
 Guernsey GG GGY 831 ISO 3166-2:GG No
 Guinea GN GIN 324 ISO 3166-2:GN Yes
 Guinea-Bissau GW GNB 624 ISO 3166-2:GW Yes
 Guyana GY GUY 328 ISO 3166-2:GY Yes
 Haiti HT HTI 332 ISO 3166-2:HT Yes
 Heard Island and McDonald Islands HM HMD 334 ISO 3166-2:HM No
 Holy See VA VAT 336 ISO 3166-2:VA Yes
 Honduras HN HND 340 ISO 3166-2:HN Yes
 Hong Kong HK HKG 344 ISO 3166-2:HK No
 Hungary HU HUN 348 ISO 3166-2:HU Yes
 Iceland IS ISL 352 ISO 3166-2:IS Yes
 India IN IND 356 ISO 3166-2:IN Yes
 Indonesia ID IDN 360 ISO 3166-2:ID Yes
 Iran (Islamic Republic of) IR IRN 364 ISO 3166-2:IR Yes
 Iraq IQ IRQ 368 ISO 3166-2:IQ Yes
 Ireland IE IRL 372 ISO 3166-2:IE Yes
 Isle of Man IM IMN 833 ISO 3166-2:IM No
 Israel IL ISR 376 ISO 3166-2:IL Yes
 Italy IT ITA 380 ISO 3166-2:IT Yes
 Jamaica JM JAM 388 ISO 3166-2:JM Yes
 Japan JP JPN 392 ISO 3166-2:JP Yes
 Jersey JE JEY 832 ISO 3166-2:JE No
 Jordan JO JOR 400 ISO 3166-2:JO Yes
 Kazakhstan KZ KAZ 398 ISO 3166-2:KZ Yes
 Kenya KE KEN 404 ISO 3166-2:KE Yes
 Kiribati KI KIR 296 ISO 3166-2:KI Yes
 Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of) KP PRK 408 ISO 3166-2:KP Yes
 Korea, Republic of KR KOR 410 ISO 3166-2:KR Yes
 Kuwait KW KWT 414 ISO 3166-2:KW Yes
 Kyrgyzstan KG KGZ 417 ISO 3166-2:KG Yes
 Lao People’s Democratic Republic LA LAO 418 ISO 3166-2:LA Yes
 Latvia LV LVA 428 ISO 3166-2:LV Yes
 Lebanon LB LBN 422 ISO 3166-2:LB Yes
 Lesotho LS LSO 426 ISO 3166-2:LS Yes
 Liberia LR LBR 430 ISO 3166-2:LR Yes
 Libya LY LBY 434 ISO 3166-2:LY Yes
 Liechtenstein LI LIE 438 ISO 3166-2:LI Yes
 Lithuania LT LTU 440 ISO 3166-2:LT Yes
 Luxembourg LU LUX 442 ISO 3166-2:LU Yes
 Macao MO MAC 446 ISO 3166-2:MO No
 Madagascar MG MDG 450 ISO 3166-2:MG Yes
 Malawi MW MWI 454 ISO 3166-2:MW Yes
 Malaysia MY MYS 458 ISO 3166-2:MY Yes
 Maldives MV MDV 462 ISO 3166-2:MV Yes
 Mali ML MLI 466 ISO 3166-2:ML Yes
 Malta MT MLT 470 ISO 3166-2:MT Yes
 Marshall Islands MH MHL 584 ISO 3166-2:MH Yes
 Martinique MQ MTQ 474 ISO 3166-2:MQ No
 Mauritania MR MRT 478 ISO 3166-2:MR Yes
 Mauritius MU MUS 480 ISO 3166-2:MU Yes
 Mayotte YT MYT 175 ISO 3166-2:YT No
 Mexico MX MEX 484 ISO 3166-2:MX Yes
 Micronesia (Federated States of) FM FSM 583 ISO 3166-2:FM Yes
 Moldova, Republic of MD MDA 498 ISO 3166-2:MD Yes
 Monaco MC MCO 492 ISO 3166-2:MC Yes
 Mongolia MN MNG 496 ISO 3166-2:MN Yes
 Montenegro ME MNE 499 ISO 3166-2:ME Yes
 Montserrat MS MSR 500 ISO 3166-2:MS No
 Morocco MA MAR 504 ISO 3166-2:MA Yes
 Mozambique MZ MOZ 508 ISO 3166-2:MZ Yes
 Myanmar MM MMR 104 ISO 3166-2:MM Yes
 Namibia NA NAM 516 ISO 3166-2:NA Yes
 Nauru NR NRU 520 ISO 3166-2:NR Yes
 Nepal NP NPL 524 ISO 3166-2:NP Yes
 Netherlands NL NLD 528 ISO 3166-2:NL Yes
 New Caledonia NC NCL 540 ISO 3166-2:NC No
 New Zealand NZ NZL 554 ISO 3166-2:NZ Yes
 Nicaragua NI NIC 558 ISO 3166-2:NI Yes
 Niger NE NER 562 ISO 3166-2:NE Yes
 Nigeria NG NGA 566 ISO 3166-2:NG Yes
 Niue NU NIU 570 ISO 3166-2:NU No
 Norfolk Island NF NFK 574 ISO 3166-2:NF No
 North Macedonia MK MKD 807 ISO 3166-2:MK Yes
 Northern Mariana Islands MP MNP 580 ISO 3166-2:MP No
 Norway NO NOR 578 ISO 3166-2:NO Yes
 Oman OM OMN 512 ISO 3166-2:OM Yes
 Pakistan PK PAK 586 ISO 3166-2:PK Yes
 Palau PW PLW 585 ISO 3166-2:PW Yes
 Palestine, State of PS PSE 275 ISO 3166-2:PS No
 Panama PA PAN 591 ISO 3166-2:PA Yes
 Papua New Guinea PG PNG 598 ISO 3166-2:PG Yes
 Paraguay PY PRY 600 ISO 3166-2:PY Yes
 Peru PE PER 604 ISO 3166-2:PE Yes
 Philippines PH PHL 608 ISO 3166-2:PH Yes
 Pitcairn PN PCN 612 ISO 3166-2:PN No
 Poland PL POL 616 ISO 3166-2:PL Yes
 Portugal PT PRT 620 ISO 3166-2:PT Yes
 Puerto Rico PR PRI 630 ISO 3166-2:PR No
 Qatar QA QAT 634 ISO 3166-2:QA Yes
 Réunion RE REU 638 ISO 3166-2:RE No
 Romania RO ROU 642 ISO 3166-2:RO Yes
 Russian Federation RU RUS 643 ISO 3166-2:RU Yes
 Rwanda RW RWA 646 ISO 3166-2:RW Yes
 Saint Barthélemy BL BLM 652 ISO 3166-2:BL No
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha[b] SH SHN 654 ISO 3166-2:SH No
 Saint Kitts and Nevis KN KNA 659 ISO 3166-2:KN Yes
 Saint Lucia LC LCA 662 ISO 3166-2:LC Yes
 Saint Martin (French part) MF MAF 663 ISO 3166-2:MF No
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon PM SPM 666 ISO 3166-2:PM No
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VC VCT 670 ISO 3166-2:VC Yes
 Samoa WS WSM 882 ISO 3166-2:WS Yes
 San Marino SM SMR 674 ISO 3166-2:SM Yes
 Sao Tome and Principe ST STP 678 ISO 3166-2:ST Yes
 Saudi Arabia SA SAU 682 ISO 3166-2:SA Yes
 Senegal SN SEN 686 ISO 3166-2:SN Yes
 Serbia RS SRB 688 ISO 3166-2:RS Yes
 Seychelles SC SYC 690 ISO 3166-2:SC Yes
 Sierra Leone SL SLE 694 ISO 3166-2:SL Yes
 Singapore SG SGP 702 ISO 3166-2:SG Yes
 Sint Maarten (Dutch part) SX SXM 534 ISO 3166-2:SX No
 Slovakia SK SVK 703 ISO 3166-2:SK Yes
 Slovenia SI SVN 705 ISO 3166-2:SI Yes
 Solomon Islands SB SLB 090 ISO 3166-2:SB Yes
 Somalia SO SOM 706 ISO 3166-2:SO Yes
 South Africa ZA ZAF 710 ISO 3166-2:ZA Yes
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands GS SGS 239 ISO 3166-2:GS No
 South Sudan SS SSD 728 ISO 3166-2:SS Yes
 Spain ES ESP 724 ISO 3166-2:ES Yes
 Sri Lanka LK LKA 144 ISO 3166-2:LK Yes
 Sudan SD SDN 729 ISO 3166-2:SD Yes
 Suriname SR SUR 740 ISO 3166-2:SR Yes
 Svalbard and Jan Mayen[c] SJ SJM 744 ISO 3166-2:SJ No
 Sweden SE SWE 752 ISO 3166-2:SE Yes
 Switzerland CH CHE 756 ISO 3166-2:CH Yes
 Syrian Arab Republic SY SYR 760 ISO 3166-2:SY Yes
 Taiwan, Province of China TW TWN 158 ISO 3166-2:TW[d] No
 Tajikistan TJ TJK 762 ISO 3166-2:TJ Yes
 Tanzania, United Republic of TZ TZA 834 ISO 3166-2:TZ Yes
 Thailand TH THA 764 ISO 3166-2:TH Yes
 Timor-Leste TL TLS 626 ISO 3166-2:TL Yes
 Togo TG TGO 768 ISO 3166-2:TG Yes
 Tokelau TK TKL 772 ISO 3166-2:TK No
 Tonga TO TON 776 ISO 3166-2:TO Yes
 Trinidad and Tobago TT TTO 780 ISO 3166-2:TT Yes
 Tunisia TN TUN 788 ISO 3166-2:TN Yes
 Turkey TR TUR 792 ISO 3166-2:TR Yes
 Turkmenistan TM TKM 795 ISO 3166-2:TM Yes
 Turks and Caicos Islands TC TCA 796 ISO 3166-2:TC No
 Tuvalu TV TUV 798 ISO 3166-2:TV Yes
 Uganda UG UGA 800 ISO 3166-2:UG Yes
 Ukraine UA UKR 804 ISO 3166-2:UA Yes
 United Arab Emirates AE ARE 784 ISO 3166-2:AE Yes
 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland GB GBR 826 ISO 3166-2:GB Yes
 United States of America US USA 840 ISO 3166-2:US Yes
 US Minor Outlying Islands[e] UM UMI 581 ISO 3166-2:UM No
 Uruguay UY URY 858 ISO 3166-2:UY Yes
 Uzbekistan UZ UZB 860 ISO 3166-2:UZ Yes
 Vanuatu VU VUT 548 ISO 3166-2:VU Yes
 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) VE VEN 862 ISO 3166-2:VE Yes
 Viet Nam VN VNM 704 ISO 3166-2:VN Yes
 Virgin Islands (British) VG VGB 092 ISO 3166-2:VG No
 Virgin Islands (U.S.) VI VIR 850 ISO 3166-2:VI No
 Wallis and Futuna WF WLF 876 ISO 3166-2:WF No
 Western Sahara EH ESH 732 ISO 3166-2:EH No
 Yemen YE YEM 887 ISO 3166-2:YE Yes
 Zambia ZM ZMB 894 ISO 3166-2:ZM Yes
 Zimbabwe ZW ZWE 716 ISO 3166-2:ZW Yes

Reserved and user-assigned code elements

Besides the officially assigned codes, code elements may be expanded by using either reserved codes or user-assigned codes.

Reserved code elements are codes which have become obsolete, or are required in order to enable a particular user application of the standard but do not qualify for inclusion in ISO 3166-1. To avoid transitional application problems and to aid users who require specific additional code elements for the functioning of their coding systems, the ISO 3166/MA, when justified, reserves these codes which it undertakes not to use for other than specified purposes during a limited or indeterminate period of time. Codes are usually reserved for former countries, overseas territories, international organizations, and special nationality status. The reserved alpha-2 and alpha-3 codes can be divided into the following four categories (click on the links for the reserved codes of each category):

User-assigned code elements are codes at the disposal of users who need to add further names of countries, territories, or other geographical entities to their in-house application of ISO 3166-1, and the ISO 3166/MA will never use these codes in the updating process of the standard. The following codes can be user-assigned:

  • Alpha-2AAQM to QZXA to XZ, and ZZ
  • Alpha-3AAA to AAZQMA to QZZXAA to XZZ, and ZZA to ZZZ
  • Numeric900 to 999

User-assigned codes in wide use


The ISO 3166/MA updates ISO 3166-1 when necessary. A country is usually assigned new ISO 3166-1 codes if it changes its name or its territorial boundaries. In general, new alphabetic codes are assigned if a country changes a significant part of its name, while a new numeric code is assigned if a country changes its territorial boundaries. Codes for formerly used country names that were deleted from ISO 3166-1 are published in ISO 3166-3.

ISO used to announce changes in newsletters which updated the currently valid standard, and releasing new editions which comprise a consolidation of newsletter changes. As of July 2013, changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only, and no newsletters are published anymore. Past newsletters remain available through the search option on the ISO website.

Edition/Newsletter Date issued Contents
ISO 3166:1974 1974 First edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1981 1981 Second edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1988 1988-08-15 Third edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166:1994 1994-02-10 Fourth edition of ISO 3166
ISO 3166-1:1997 1997-09-25 First edition of ISO 3166-1 (ISO 3166 expanded into three parts)
Newsletter V-1 1998-02-05 Change of official name (Samoa)
Newsletter V-2 1999-10-01 Inclusion of new country name and code elements (Palestinian Territory, Occupied)
Newsletter V-3 2002-02-01 Change of alpha-3 Code Element (Romania)
Newsletter V-4 2002-05-20 Name changes (AfghanistanAzerbaijanBahrainBosnia and HerzegovinaFijiHong KongKazakhstanKiribatiMacaoNiueSomaliaVenezuela)
Newsletter V-5 2002-05-20 Change of names and alphabetical code elements of East Timor
Newsletter V-6 2002-11-15 Change of names of East Timor
Newsletter V-7 2003-01-14 Change of official name of Comoros
Newsletter V-8 2003-07-23 Deletion of “Yugoslavia“; inclusion of “Serbia and Montenegro” with new alphabetical code elements
Newsletter V-9 2004-02-13 Inclusion of an entry for Åland Islands
Newsletter V-10 2004-04-26 Name changes (AfghanistanÅland Islands)
Newsletter V-11 2006-03-29 Inclusion of an entry for JerseyGuernsey and Isle of Man. Change of remark for the United Kingdom
Newsletter V-12 2006-09-26 Inclusion of the new entries for “Serbia” and “Montenegro” (replacing Serbia and Montenegro)
ISO 3166-1:2006 2006-11-20 Second edition of ISO 3166-1
ISO 3166-1:2006/
Cor 1:2007
2007-07-15 First Technical Corrigendum to ISO 3166-1:2006
Newsletter VI-1 2007-09-21 Assignment of code elements for Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin and update of France and other French Territories (French PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGuadeloupeRéunion)
Newsletter VI-2 2008-03-31 Name changes for MoldovaMontenegro and other minor corrections (MadagascarPalestinian Territory, OccupiedSaint Barthélemy)
Newsletter VI-3 2008-09-09 Name change for Nepal and other minor corrections (GreenlandGuernseyMoldovaNigeria)
Newsletter VI-4 2009-01-07 Name change for the Republic of Moldova and other minor corrections (Central African RepublicComoros)
Newsletter VI-5 2009-03-03 Name change for Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and other minor corrections (KiribatiTuvalu)
Newsletter VI-6 2009-05-08 Name change for Plurinational State of Bolivia
Newsletter VI-7 2010-02-22 Name change for Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Newsletter VI-8 2010-12-15 Code elements for Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and SabaCuraçao and Sint Maarten (Dutch part), update of other territories (NetherlandsNetherlands Antilles) and minor corrections (Bosnia and HerzegovinaCroatia)
Newsletter VI-9 2011-06-12
Name changes for Fiji and Myanmar as well as other minor corrections (Åland IslandsBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBulgariaNetherlandsNiue)
Newsletter VI-10 2011-08-09 Code elements for South Sudan (and new numeric code for Sudan)
Newsletter VI-11 2011-11-08 Name change for Libya
Newsletter VI-12 2012-02-15 Name change for Hungary and other minor corrections (BangladeshBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaCentral African RepublicEquatorial GuineaEritreaGermany)
Newsletter VI-13 2012-08-02 Name change for Eritrea and other minor corrections (GermanySri Lanka)
Newsletter VI-14 2013-02-06 Name change for State of Palestine and other minor corrections (BulgariaBouvet IslandJerseySaint Martin (French part)SeychellesSint Maarten (Dutch part)Viet Nam)
Newsletter VI-15 2013-05-10 Name change for Papua New Guinea
Newsletter VI-16 2013-07-11 Name change for Somalia
ISO 3166-1:2013 2013-11-19 Third edition of ISO 3166-1 (changes are published in the online catalogue of ISO only and no newsletters are published anymore)
ISO 3166-1:2020 2020-08

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10 – BOAT MOORAGE & STORAGE: Builders‚ Anchorages‚ Marinas‚ Yards‚ Racks‚ Stacks‚+. T
11 – BOATING ORGANIZATIONS: Yacht Clubs‚ Paddling Clubs‚ Owners‚+. Education‚ Gov-Aux‚+. T
12 – BOATING & TRAVEL: Events‚ Destinations‚ Boat Rentals‚ Charters‚ Cruises‚ Voyages‚+. T
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: Recreational Seamanship‚ Ship's Master & Crew‚+. T
14 – MARINE LAWS & REGULATIONS: International & National LawsLawyers‚ Investigators‚+. T
15 – DO-IT-YOURSELF (DIY): Boat Building & Refitting‚ Boat Sales‚ Boat Inspections‚ Classes‚+. T
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory: (Authors‚ Editors‚ Publishers‚+) + Academy eLibrary. T
16.01 – Documentation: (Catalogs‚ Ads‚ SpecSheets‚ Manuals‚ TechVids‚ Bulletins‚ Recalls‚+). T
16.02 – Books: (Bound‚ eBooks‚+). T
16.02 –  ^  Origins of Sea TermsJohn G. Rogers B
16.02 –  ^  Sailor's Word Book : A Dictionary of Nautical TermsAdmiral W. H. Smyth B
16.02 –  ^  Salty WordsRobert Hendrickson B
16.02 –  ^  The Overlook Illustrated Dictionary of Nautical TermsGraham Blackburn B
16.03 – Magazines: (Incl. Articles‚ Back Issues‚+). T
16.03 –  ^  The ANCHOR — Anchors Aweigh Academy M
16.03 –  ^  DIY Boat Owner - The Marine Maintenance MagazineBoatUS Mad Mariner (OoB) M
16.04 – Videos: (How-to-Tutorials‚ Documentaries‚ Travelogues‚+). T
16.05 – Websites: (Incl. Articles‚ Forum Posts‚ Tech Tips‚ Tech Notes‚ Social Media‚+). T
16.05 –  ^  Anchors Aweigh Academy W
16.05 –  ^  International Institute of Marine Surveying (IIMS) W
16.05 –  ^  ^  Ship and Boat Building TermsIIMS WA
16.05 –  ^  Welding W
16.05 –  ^   ^  The Welder's Glossary. — Welding WA
00.00 –  ^  ΞTitleΞ – + (ΞNotesΞ) — ΞCreatorΞ – ΞSourceΞ ?

If any Related Resources should be added to this list, please submit info/links via email To:
Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")

CLICK HERE to discover how you can become a Member and gain FULL access to
thousands of expanded pages and dozens of excellent programs including our eLibrary!

CLICK HERE to view ALL the books, magazines, videos, etc. in our Academy eLibrary.
Media are also listed by category on the Topic Pages found on the Right Sidebar
CLICK HERE to donate any books, magazines, manuals, or videos, etc. to our Library.

If there is anything on this webpage that needs fixing, please let us know via email To:

Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")

The page may contain rough drafts that include raw source materials.

to see examples of our website's comprehensive contents!

Thanks to our amazing contributors for the steady flow of articles, and to our dedicated all-volunteer staff who sort, polish and format them, everyday we get a little bit closer to our goal of
Everything About Boats. If you would like to submit an article,
See Submitting Articles.


Detroit Diesel 8.2 Liter “Fuel Pincher” V8 Engine
Cummins V-555 & VT-555 “Triple-Nickel” V8 Diesel Engine
Lehman 120 (6D380) Diesel Engine (Ford 2704C & 2715E)
Ford Industrial Power Products Diesel Engines
How to Identify Ford Diesel Engines
Ford 2715E Diesel Engine
Lehman Mfg. Co.
Perkins Engines
Universal Atomic 4
Sears Boat Motors: Motorgo, Waterwitch, Elgin, etc.
Chrysler & Force Outboards
Eska Outboard Motors
Allison Transmission
ZF Friedrichshafen AG
Marine Surveyors by Country
American Marine Ltd (Grand Banks)
Boat Inspection (Types of Marine Surveys)
Boat Builders: (A∼Z) (w/Vessel Types, Locale & Years Active)
USCG NVIC 07-95 Guidance on Inspection, Repair and Maintenance of Wooden Hulls
American Boat and Yacht Counsel (ABYC)

Layout of the Website's Pages

— Types of Webpages —
This website consists almost entirely of 3 types of webpages as follows:

  1. TOPIC PAGES (See Main Topic Pages listed on Website Contents or the Right Sidebar)
  2. VENDOR PAGES (Vendors of Products, Services, Events,+, DestinationsMedia Creators)
  3. PRODUCT PAGES (Equipment, Events, Media: pDoc, Books, Magazines, Videos, Websites,+)

Clickable Links that lead to other webpages appear in Blue Text and usually open in a new window.
Links in the Right Sidebar and most directories open in the current window, not a new window.

Note in the examples above that these pages form a natural hierarchy.
The unnumbered "^" pages are listed alphabetically in most tables.

Media Titles in tables are distinguished by their smaller font size.
Media (Books, Magazines, Videos, Articles,+) are treated as Products.
Vendors' Product Documentation (pDoc) are considered Media.
Destinations & Media Creators are treated as Vendors.
All Website Pages are optimized for viewing on
full-width disktop computer monitors,
but can be viewed on phones.

— Contents of Webpages —
Website Pages typically contain the following Sections:

  1. PATH (Shows the chain of EAB pages w/links that lead to the page being viewed).
    1. EXAMPLE:
      BOAT BUILDING & REPAIR » Boat Equipment » Propulsion » Engines » ∨∨
      ∧∧ Ford, Ebro, American Diesel, AmMarine, Barr, Beta, Bomac, Bowman, Couach,
      Lees, Lehman, Mermaid, Parsons, RenaultSabre, Thornycroft, Wortham Blake »
      DO-IT-YOURSELF » DIY Boat Building & Repair » DIY Schools & Classes »
      MEDIA w/Creator Directory » Documentation, BooksMagazinesVideosWebsites »
    2. (The "»" right pointing Guillemet symbol shows the chain through the page links.)
    3. (The "," comma between page links in the chain indicates pages are not subordinate, but are instead at the same level. See engine brands in the example above.)
    4. (The "∨", "∨∨", "∨∨∨",+ symbols indicate that the path line continues with whatever follows the "∧", "∧∧", "∧∧∧",+ symbols respectively. "∧" Precedes each MAIN TOPIC Page.)
  2. PAGE CONTENTS (Table of Contents with links to each main section on the page).
  3. PAGE BODY (The type of page determines the contents of its body as follows:).
    1. TOPIC PAGES (Topic Treatment: Introduction, Overview, Background, Details,+).
      • (Many Topic Pages contain Directories of Vendors with Links).
      • (Most Directory Listings are Alphabetical and/or by Locale).
    2. VENDOR PAGES (Vendor's Profile, Contact Information, Products, Services,+).
      • (Manufacturers, Resellers, Refitters, Yards, Surveyors, Clubs, Schools, Authors,+).
      • (Boating & Travel Destinations are treated as Vendors on their own Vendor Pages).
    3. PRODUCT PAGES (Product Features, Vendor Links, Specifications, Documentation,+).
      • (Media created by a vendor is often treated as a Product on its own Product Page).
      • (Boating & Travel Events are often treated as Products on their own Product Pages).
  4. RELATED RESOURCES (Topics, Vendors, Products, Media: Books, Websites,+ with Links).
  5. PAGE TAIL Contains the following Anchors Aweigh Academy & EAB Website Features:
    1. The Anchors Aweigh Academy's Header.
    2. A link to our Featured Articles EAB Home Page.
    3. Top 20 Most Popular Articles. (The section that appears right above this section).
    4. Layout of the Website's Pages. (This very section).
    5. Topics of Webpages. (The very next section below).
    6. What we have accomplished so far.
    7. Members must Sign-In to gain full access to Expanded Pages & Programs.
    8. Sign-Up (if not already a member).
    9. Public Comments (about the website & about this page).
  6. RIGHT SIDEBAR (Website Contents menu with links to Main Topic & Subtopic pages).
    (On some smart phones, the Right Sidebar may appear at the bottom of the webpage)

— Topics of Webpages —
Website Pages are categorized under the following 16 MAIN TOPICS:

The MAIN TOPICS follow a natural progression from conception of the vessel thru its
building, marketing, survey, financing, insuring, transport, moorage, use and upkeep.
The MAIN TOPICS (all Caps) below are followed by their Main Subtopics with Links.

00 – HOME: CONTENTSABOUT EAB: Contact EAB, Abbreviations & Symbols, FAQ, GLOSSARY, ADs,+.
01 – ABOUT BOATS w/Museum Directory: Early History, Recent History, Modern Vessel Types,+.
02 – BOAT BUILDING, OUTFITTING, REFITTING & REPAIR: Materials, Equipment, Builders,+.
03 – BOAT MARKETING: Boat Shows, Dealers & Brokers, Importing & Exporting, Auctions & Sales,+.
04 – BOAT INSPECTION: Types of Marine Surveys, Marine Surveyors, Schools, DIY Inspections,+.
05 – BOAT TITLES & VESSEL REGISTRY: Boat Title & Registration, Vessel Registry, Title Co's,+.
06 – BOAT FINANCING: Conventional (Banks, Credit Unions,+), Unconventional (Creative),+.
07 – BOAT INSURANCE: Maritime & Recreational: Coverage, Carriers, Agents,+., Claim Processing,+.
08 – BOAT TRANSPORT: By Sea (Piggyback, Delivery Skippers & Crews, & Towing), Over-Land,+.
09 – BOAT HAULING & LAUNCHING: Drydocks, Ways, Lifts, Cranes & Hoists, Launch Ramps,+.
10 – BOAT MOORAGE & STORAGE: Builders, Anchorages, Marinas, Yards, Racks & Stacks,+.
11 – BOATING ORGANIZATIONS: Yacht Clubs & Sailing Clubs, Paddling Clubs, Boat Owners,+.
12 – BOATING & TRAVEL: Events, Destinations, Boat Rentals & Charters, Cruises, Voyages,+.
13 – BOATING & MARITIME EDUCATION: Recreational Seamanship, Ship's Master & Crew,+.
14 – MARINE LAWS & REGULATIONS: International & National LawsLawyers‚ Investigators‚+.
15 – DO-IT-YOURSELF: DIY Boat Building & Repair, DIY Boat Sales, DIY Boat Surveys, DIY Classes,+.
16 – MEDIA w/Creator Directory + Academy eLibrary: pDocs, Books, Magazines, Videos, Websites,+.

The above MAIN TOPICS and a more detailed listing of Subtopics can
be found on the Website Contents page and on the Right Sidebar.

What we have accomplished so far.
Anchors Aweigh Academy and its website.

  • Published over 50,000 website pages about boats and boating, bringing us closer to reaching our goal of becoming "The ultimate reference resource about boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner!"
  • Published over 300 website main topic webpages, many with full articles on the topic. See our Website Contents or the Right Sidebar for the listing of the main topic pages.
  • Published over 9,000 marine vendor webpages, all with their contact information, most with a description of their products and services, many with product documentation, specifications and independent reviews. (incl.: Boat designers, boat building tools, material and equipment manufacturers and suppliers, boat builders and dealers, yacht brokers, marine surveyors, boat insurers, boat transporters, skippers and crews, boatyards and marinas, yacht clubs, boat rentals and yacht charters, boating, seamanship and maritime schools, marine law attorneys and expert witnesses, boat refitters and repairers, book authors, magazine publishers, video producers, and website creators)
  • Acquired over 120,000 pages of product documentation including Catalogs, Brochures, SpecSheets, Pictures, Serial Number Guides, Installation Manuals, OpManuals, Parts Catalogs, Parts Bulletins, Shop Manuals, Wiring Diagrams, Service Bulletins, and Recalls. And have made all viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Acquired over 1,200 books and magazine back issues in our academy library and so far have made over 700 viewable to Academy Members through our EAB website eLibrary.
  • Published over 500 DIY How-To articles about boat design, construction, inspection, operation, maintenance, troubleshooting and repair. We are working hard to do more.

We are currently formatting and polishing the Anchors Aweigh Academy online and hands-on courses. Our Marine Surveying course has proven to be excellent for both the beginner and the seasoned surveyor, and especially helpful to the Do-It-Yourselfer.

Current Academy Members must SIGN IN to gain FULL access to this
website including expanded pages and valuable Academy programs
like our Academy eLibrary and our Ask-An-Expert Program!

If your membership has expired, CLICK HERE to Renew.

CLICK HERE to discover how you can become a Member and gain FULL access to
thousands of expanded pages and articles, and dozens of excellent programs

Comments for Public Viewing

Submit any comments for public viewing via email To: Comments♣ (Replace "♣" with "@")
Please remember to put this webpage's title in the subject line of your email.
All comments are moderated before they appear on this page. See Comment Rules.

General Comments About the Website

FROM Donald: "This is an awesome website. I found the information that I needed right away from one of the over 20,000 free articles that you provide as a public service. I'm surprised that so much if this site is free. But I still signed up so I could access the thousands of expanded pages, interesting articles, and dozens of valuable programs! The member's library of books, magazines and videos that I can view online is really terrific! I understand that you and your staff are all unpaid volunteers. Please keep up the good work. And I commend you for your plans to add another 10,000 free informative articles over the next year. I'm thrilled to support you in this endeavor with my small membership donation. Thanks again for all your hard work."

FROM Huey: "I agree with my Uncle, I too have found the articles to be very enlightening. They say that it will take about 100,000 articles to cover the full scope that they have envisioned for the website. They have over 20,000 articles so far and that's doing pretty well, but it could take several years to get the rest. I also noticed that many of the Main Topic Pages and some of the article pages are still in the rough draft stage. I guess that they will fill in as they can get volunteers to work on them. But what I can't figure out is why anyone would spend the time writing informative in depth articles just to give away free to this website for publication? What's in it for them?"

FROM Dewey: "Well Huey, to me It looks like most of the articles on this website are written by very informed people, like boating instructors, boat designers, boat builders, riggers, electricians, fitters, marine repair technicians and marine surveyors. Writing such articles helps establish them as knowledgeable professionals. After all, this website was originally created by a school for marine technicians and marine surveyors. The website is growing in content every day. They even had to move to a bigger, more powerful server because the website's traffic has been growing exponentially."

FROM Louie: "I agree with everyone above. This site is quickly becoming the ultimate reference resource about every aspect of boats and ships for everyone from the beginning recreational boater to the seasoned professional mariner. I use the topic pages on the right sidebar to browse around the website. It's like a Junior Woodchucks' Guidebook for Boaters. Their Members' Library of over 300 popular and obscure books and over 200 magazine back issues that can be viewed online is fabulous. The Academy's magazine is especially informative. On top of that, there is the "Ask-An-Expert program for members where you can get an expert's answer to any of your boat questions. And a whole years membership is only $25. What a deal! I really love being part of this "Everything About Boats" community and help provide thousands of helpful articles free to the public. I think that I'll sit down right now and write an article about my experiences boating with my uncle."

FROM Scrooge: "You rave about this website like it was the best thing since sliced bread. Well, I think it stinks. Sure, it has a lot of good information for boaters, and they're adding more every day, but it will probably never be finished. Furthermore, I don't even own a boat. And I wouldn't have a boat even if someone gave me one. Boats are a waste of money and time and energy and money! They're just a hole in the water you pour money into. If you gave me a boat, I'd sell it quicker then you could say Baggywrinkle. Then I'd lock up the cash with all my other money so I could keep my eye on it and count it every day. Bah humbug."

FROM Daisy: "I'm just so glad that Donald got the boat so we and the boys could enjoy boating — together. And of course all of the girls, April, May, and June, love to be on the water too, especially when that is where the boys are. Oh poor Scrooge, boating is more fun then you could possibly imagine."

FROM Scrooge: "After seeing how much fun you all have on the water together, I regret that I didn't have that much fun when I was young. I've had a change of heart, and I'm giving each of you a Lifetime Academy Membership."

FROM Editor: "For those of you that have stayed with us this far, many thanks, and we hope that you found this little narrative informative. Your faithful support inspires us to keep working on this phenomenal website. We know that we have a lot more to do. Ultimately, we hope that we can help you enjoy the wonder filled world of boating as much as we do. We are all waiting to see what you have to say about this webpage article. Submit any comments via email To: Comments♣ (Replace "♣" with "@"). Be sure to include this page's title in the subject line. Also, your corrections, updates, additions and suggestions are welcomed. Please submit them via email To: Editor♣ (Replace "♣" with "@"). It has been truly amazing to see what we have been able to accomplished when we've worked together. Thanks to all those that have donated their valuable time and energy, and a special THANK YOU to all that have supported this cause with their membership donations."

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