Governmental Regulation

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PAGE CONTENTS:
^  Introduction, History, etc.
^  SOLAS Convention
^  MARPOL Convention
^  Load Lines Convention
^  IMCO Collision Regulations Treaty (72COLREGS)
^  Governmental Regulation by World Regions & Countries
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NOTES:

Nations around the world have developed statutes and regulations that effect boat construction, and the design and manufacture of boat equipment; and have participated in international conventions, treaties, and agreements that apply to boats of various types. Most countries welcome visiting vessels from other countries however they have on occasion denied entry or restricted non-conforming vessels for safety or environmental reasons.

A new Hans Christian 41 Traditional receiving final fitting out at Pantawee Marine Co., Ltd. near Pattaya, Thailand. Courtesy of BlueWaterBoats.org and Francis Mertens.

New Hans Christian 41 Traditional receiving final fitting out at Pantawee Marine Co., Ltd. near Pattaya, Thailand. Courtesy of BlueWaterBoats.org and Francis Mertens.

In the United States, Statutes include the United States Code (USC) especially Titles 33 and 46, and regulations such as the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) especially Titles 33 and 46. The US has participated in the SOLAS, MARPOL, Load Line and Collision Regulations Conventions, and joined the resulting treaties.

SOLAS Convention

The International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) is an international maritime safety treaty. It ensures that ships flagged by signatory States comply with minimum safety standards in construction, equipment and operation. The Radio watchkeeping requirements are promulgated by it. The SOLAS Convention in its successive forms is generally regarded as the most important of all international treaties concerning the safety of merchant ships.

MARPOL Convention

MARPOL is short for Marine Pollution. MARPOL 73/78 (short for the years 1973 and 1978) is one of the most important international marine environmental conventions. It was designed to minimize pollution of the seas, including dumping, oil and exhaust pollution. Its stated object is to preserve the marine environment through the complete elimination of pollution by oil and other harmful substances and the minimization of accidental discharge of such substances. All ships flagged under countries that are signatories to MARPOL are subject to its requirements, regardless of where they sail and member nations are responsible for vessels registered under their respective nationalities.

Load Lines Convention

The International Convention on Load Lines (CLL) was signed in London on 5 April 1966, amended by the 1988 Protocol and further revised in 2003. The 1988 Protocol was adopted to harmonise the survey and certification requirement of the 1966 Convention with those contained in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) and MARPOL 73/78.

According to the CLL 66/88, all assigned load lines must be marked amidships on each side of the ships engaged in international voyages. The determinations of the freeboard of ships are calculated and/or verified by classification societies which issue International Load Line Certificates in accordance with the legislation of participating States. This Convention provides for the terms of ship’s surveys, issuance, duration, validity and acceptance of International Load Line Certificates, as well as relevant State control measures, agreed exemptions and exceptions.

Annexes to the Convention contain various regulations for determining load lines, including details of marking and verification of marks, conditions of assignment of freeboard, freeboard tables and corrections, special provisions for ships intended for the carriage of timber and the prescribed form of International Load Line Certificates. Also taken into account are the potential hazards present in different zones and different seasons and additional safety measures concerning doors, hatchways etc.

IMCO Collision Regulations Treaty (72COLREGS)

Sometimes referred to as the Rules of the Road, the International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions at Sea, 1972 (72COLREGS) are the Navigation Rules  (COLREGS when in International Waters or waters outside the COLREGS Demarcation Line or Inland Navigation Rules inside the Demarcation Lines) are regulations which aid mariners in safe navigation, just as driving laws aid vehicles in safe driving. Professional Mariners must be proficient in the Rules of the Road but all mariners should know and understand the Rules.  The Rules are legally binding and application of them makes the waterways safer for everyone.

The International Rules were formalized in the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972, and became effective on July 15, 1977. The 72 COLREGS were developed by the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO), which has since been renamed the International Maritime Organization (IMO).  The IMO has adopted 86 amendments to the COLREGS, the most recent of which was in 2007.


Governmental Regulation by World Regions & Countries

WORLD REGIONS (Based on UN Country Grouping)
^  THE AMERICAS
^  ^  North America (Canada, United States, etc)
^  ^  The Caribbean
^  ^  Central America
^  ^  South America
^  EUROPE
^  ^  European Union
^  ^  Non-European Union
^  MIDDLE EAST
^  AFRICA
^  ^  Northern Africa
^  ^  Western Africa
^  ^  Eastern Africa
^  ^  Middle Africa
^  ^  Southern Africa
^  ASIA
^  OCEANIA

Click On The Country’s Link Below To Go To That Country’s Directory

THE AMERICAS

North America
Bermuda
Canada
Greenland
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States
The Caribbean
Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
British Virgin Islands
Cayman Islands
Cuba
Curaçao
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Guadeloupe
Haiti
Jamaica
Martinique
Monserrat
Puerto Rico
Saint-Barthélemy
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Saint Martin
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sint Maarten
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
Virgin Islands (US)
Central America
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
South America
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
French Guiana
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela

EUROPE

European Union
Austria
Belgium
Bulgaria
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Netherlands
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
United Kingdom
Non-European Union
Albania
Andorra
Belarus
Bosnia
Croatia
Faroe Islands
Gibraltar
Guerney and Alderney
Iceland
Jersey
Kosovo
Liechtenstein
Macedonia
Man, Island of
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Norway
Russia
San Marino
Serbia
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
Vatican City State (Holy See)

MIDDLE EAST

Bahrain
Iraq
Iran
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Palestine
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syria
United Arab Emirates
Yemen

AFRICA

Northern Africa
Algeria
Egypt
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Morroco
South Sudan
Sudan
Tunisia
Western Sahara
Western Africa
Benin
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Nigeria
Saint Helena
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo
Eastern Africa
Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius
Mayotte
Mozambique
Reunion
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia
Tanzania, United Republic of
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Middle Africa
Angola
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Congo (Brazzaville)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe
Southern Africa
Botswana
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Swaziland

ASIA

Afganistan
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bangladesh
Bhutan
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
China
Georgia
Hong Kong
India
Indonesia
Japan
Kazakhstan
Korea, North
Korea, South
Kyrgyzstan
Laos
Macao
Malaysia
Maldives
Mongolia
Myanmar (ex-Burma)
Nepal
Pakistan
Phillippines
Singapore
Sri Lanka (ex-Ceilan)
Taiwan
Tajikistan
Thailand
Timor Leste (West)
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Vietnam

OCEANIA

Australia
Fiji
French Polynesia
Guam
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Micronesia
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Papua New Guinea
Samoa
Samoa, American
Solomon Islands
Tonga
Vanuatu


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Main Topic Page Links

BOAT PRODUCTION
^  Boat Designing Schools
Boat Designers (Naval Architects, Boat Plans, Kits, etc)
Statutes & Standards
^  ^  Governmental Regulation
^  ^  Classification Societies
^  ^  ABYC (American Boat and Yacht Council – US)
^  ^  NFPA (National Fire Protection Association – US)
^  ^  International Standards (IMO. ISO, etc)
Boat Building Tools & Equipment (Manufacturers, Specs, Manuals, Recalls, Suppliers, etc)
Boat Materials (Manufacturers, Specs, Manuals, Recalls, Suppliers, etc)
^  ^  Wood
^  ^  Metal
^  ^  Ferrocement
^  ^  Fiberglass
Boat Equipment (Manufacturers, Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls, Suppliers, etc)
^  ^  Steering & Thrusters
^  ^  Stabilizers & Trim Plates
^  ^  Dewatering Devices
^  ^  Galvanic Corrosion Protection
^  ^  Hull Penetrations & Openings
(Thru-Hulls, Scuttles, Skylights, Hatches, etc)
^  ^  Deck Hardware & Equipment
^  ^  ^  Ground Tackle
^  ^  ^  Commercial Fishing Gear
^  ^  Rigging (Riggers)
^  ^  ^  Sails (Sailmakers)
^  ^  Propulsion Machinery (Types, Control Systems, etc)
^  ^  ^  ENGINES: 4-Stroke & 2-Cycle (Petrol/Gasoline, Diesel, CNG, A~Z, etc)
^  ^  ^  Engine-to-Marine Gear Interfaces (SAE Specs, Damper Plates, Jackshafts, etc)
^  ^  ^  Marine Gears (Inboards, V-Drives, IOs, OBs, Surface-Piercing, etc)
^  ^  ^  Shafting (Propshafts, Couplings, Seals, Bearings, Struts, Keys, Nuts, etc)
^  ^  ^  Propellers (Screws, Water Jets, Paddle wheels, etc)
^  ^  Electrical Systems (Direct Current, Alternating Current, etc)
^  ^  ^  Auxiliary Generators
^  ^  Domestic Systems
^  ^  ^  Cabin Heating & Cooling
^  ^  ^  Galley Appliances (Refrigeration, Galley Stoves, LPG/CNG Systems)
^  ^  ^  Water Systems
^  ^  ^  Trash Disposal
^  ^  ^  Furnishings (Cabinetry, furniture, Coverings, Entertainment, Weather, etc)
^  ^  Navigation & Communication Systems
^  ^  Safety Equipment (PFDs, Life Rafts, Fire Ext., Alarms, Medical Kits)
^  ^  Personel Equipment
^  ^  ^  Diving (Commercial & Sport)
^  ^  ^  Fishing (Sport)
^  ^  ^  Sailing (Foul Weather Gear, Safety Harnesses, etc)
^  ^  ^  Racing (Sail, Offshore Power, Powerboat, Hydroplane, etc)
^  ^  ^  Watersports (Surfing, Skiing, Boarding, Tubing, etc)
^  ^  Boat Trailers
^  Marine Suppliers by Regions
^  ^  Marine Suppliers – United States

Boat Building Schools
^  Boat Builders (Model Specs, Manuals, Reviews, Recalls, etc)
^  ^  Boat Builders A~Z
^  ^  Boat Builders by MIC (Manufacturer’s Identification Code)
^  ^  Boat Builders by Regions
^  ^  ^  Boat Builders – United States

^  ^  Boat Builders by Vessel Types
Do-It-Yourself Boat Building


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